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William and Mary College 
quarterly historical magazine 

College of William and Mary 

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William and Mary College 


Editor: LYON G. TYLER, M. A., LL. D., 



t .' '. 8 

•• • • • 

• • • • 

• •• 


Whittst & Shsppbrson, Publishers and Printers. 

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View of Bruton Churchyard, 

Showing Obelisk of David Bray, Jr., and Box Monument of his father, 
David Bray, Sr. (See p. 51.) 

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TKIlniiam mb Hban Collede 

^uarterli? Di0torical flDaoasine^ 

Vol. XIV. JULY, 1905. No. 1. 


Amy, daughter of Robert Hicks and Mary his wife, bom 
7 April, 1742. 

Absalom, son of Joseph Harwood and Sarah his wife, bom 
2 August, 1743. 

Benjamin, son of Willet Robards and Faith his wife, born 
October 8, 1749. 

Edward, son of Hartwell Marable, christened October 2, 1774. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Collier and Lucretia his wife, 
bom August 23, 1734. 

George, son of Benjamin Wyche and Elizabeth his wife, bom 
March 7, 1759. 

Hannah, daughter Clement Hancock and Anthony his wife, 
bom Febmary 14, 1741. 

Goodwynn, ©on of John Woodward, Jr., and Susanna his wife, 
bora. November 25, 1766. 

Herbert, son of Augustine Claiborne and Mary his wife, bom 
April 7, 1746. Godfathers: Leonard Claibome, Wm. Willis. 
Godmothers: Susanna Stith and Elizabeth Willis. 

James, son of William Hicks^ and Mary his wife, bom Sep- 
tember 3, 1735. 

John, son of Thomas Eldridge and Martha his wife, bom 
April 22, 1741. Godfathers: Wm. Eppes, Wm. Willis. God- 
mothers: Ann Boiling, Ann EUdridge. 

James, son of Edward Rufiin and Anne his wife, bom July 23, 

Kinchin, son of Joseph Stacy and Faith his wife, bom Janu- 
ary 18, 1763. 

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2 William and Mary College Quakterly. 

Nathan, son of Robert Hicks and Mary his wife, born No- 
vember 6, 1743. 

Nathan, son of Samuel Harwood and Agnes his wife, born 
November 14, 1752. 

Philip, son of Philip Harwood and Eebecca his wife, born 
August 13, 1742. 

Eobert, son of Eobert Tucker and Dinah his wife, born August 
22, 1727. 

Eobert, son of John Goodwin and Winnifred his wife, born 
March 15, 1739. 

Eolfe, son of Thomas Eldridge and Martha his wife, born 
December 29, 1744-^45. 

Susanna, daughter of Augustine Claiborne and Mary his wife, 
born November 29, 1752. 

Charles Augustine, eon of Wm. Claiborne and Mary his wife, 
bom February, 1777. Godfathers: Augustine Claiborne and 
William Leigh. Godmother : Hannah Claibom. 

William, son of Goodrich Hatton, bom April 23, 1753. 

William, son of Thomas Pennington and Eebecca his wife, 
born July 11, 1753. 

William, son of William Shands, Jr., and Priscilla his wife, 
bom September 22, 1755. 

William, son of William Shands, Jr., and Priscilla his wife, 
born September 5, 1757. 

William, son of Henry Faison and Lucy his wife, christened 
November 2, 1760. 

Benjamin, son of Wm. Brodnax and Mary his wife, born 
August 28, 1772. 

Bathurst, son of Augustine Claiborne and Mary his wife, 
christened April 6, 1774. 

Eliza Power, daughter Henry Brodnax and Anne his wife, 
born March 2, 1765. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Walker and Lucy his wife, 
bom May 9, 1766. Godfather: David Walker. Godmothers: 
Eleanor Nobbs, Ann Wilson. 

Eobert, son of John Walker and Hannah his wife, bom Octo- 
ber, 1771. 

Eichard Bland, son of Henry Faison and Lucy his wife, born 
January 30, 1772. 

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Notes fbom Albemarle Parish Register. 3 

William, son of Benjamin Wycheand Elizabeth his wife, 
christened February 28, 1762. 

William Smith, son of Charles Collier and Susanna his wife, 
born May 26, 1762. 

William, son of Henry Brodnax and Anne his wife, born 
March 3, 1762. 

Augustine Claiborne, son of Eichard Cocke and Ann his wife, 
bom November 20, 1771. Godfather: Augustine Claiborne. 
Godmothers: Betty Claiborne and Susanna Claiborne. 

Christopher Tatum, who had been forty years clerk at Notto- 
way Church, died January 16, 1750. Certified by John Tatum. 

John Stokes died of the small-pox, February 23, 1750-^51. 
Certified by John Knight. 

George Pasmore, aged 100, died July 15, 1751. Certified by 
Mattihew Gibbs. This old man came into ye countr}' a soldier in 
the time of brave Mr. Bacon being in arms for his countxy. * 

Ann Clack died August 21, 1752. 

Benjamin Hyde and Mary his wife and three children, all 
murdered by their own negro man, January 14, 1754. 

Daniel Eppes, aged eighty-one, died June 6, 1753. Certified 
by Edward Eppes. 

James Wyche, a child, died September 2, 1753. 

Thomas Eldridge died December 4, 1754. 

Mary Brown died February 15, 1755. Abraham Brown's 
second wife. 

Capt. John Mason died September 3, 1755. Certified by Capt. 
John Mason. 

Clement Hancock died November 16, 1758. Certified by 
Clement Hancock. 

Judith Eldridge, aged sixty-seven, died October 14, 1759. 
Certified by William Eldridge. 

Capt. James (Jee, aged sxty-five, died October 28, 1759. Cer- 
tified by Henry Gee. 

George Booth, aged eighty-four, died August 14, 1763. Cer- 
tified by George Booth, his grandson. 

Elizabeth Mason, wife of John, died August 21, 1763. Cer- 
tified by Major John Mason. 

Edward, son of Henry Faison and Lucy his wife, born May 10^, 

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4 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Elizabeth Mason, wife of John, died August 21, 1763. Cer- 
tified by Major John Mason. 

Eliza Green, daughter of William Hancock and Eebecca his 
wife, born October 27, 1766. Gfodfather: David Jones. God- 
mothers: Mary and Sarah Jones. 

Sarah Capel, aged 102, died September 19, 1763. Certified by 
Moses Johnson. 

John, son of John Hancock and Mary his wife, bom August 6, 

Jonathan, son of Jonathan Ellis an-d Hannah his wife, bom 
January 22, 1752. Godfathers: William Ellis, Thomas Poem. 

Jemima, daughter of Eobert Hancock and Elizabeth his wife, 
bom December 9, 1753. 

Mary, daughter Richard Hill and Margery his wife, bom 
April 15, 1760. 

Mary, daughter of John Power and Elizabeth his wife, bom 
March 27, 1759. 

Susanna, daughter Charles Collier and Susanna his wife, bom 
February 27, 1761. 

Sara, daughter Benjamin Hancock and Jane his wife, bom 
April 6, 1747. 

Eobert Jones, son of Robert Jones of this parish, Attorney- 
General of North Carolina, in the forty-ninth year of 'his age, 
died October 2, 1766. 

Jean Wyllie,* my niece, in her twenifcieth year, died Septem- 
ber 16, 1767. She came into the country at the beginning of 
June last. 

Mary, wife of Hartwell Marable, died December 26, 1770. 

Mr. George Nicholas, clerk of Dinwiddie county. ^T. preached 
his funeral sermon, 20 March, 1771; d. March 9, 1771." Cer- 
tified by Mr. John RuflSn, Jr. 

Henry Tyler, aged seventy-three, died January 2, 1774. Cer- 
tified by John Tyler. 

Oapt. Henry Harrison died January 28, 1772. This gent, was 
taken ill on Saturday, the 25th of this month. 

George Randall, clerk of St. Mark's Parish Church, died Feb- 
mary 8, 1772. Certified by Nathaniel Dunn. 

* Rev. William Willie was minister of this parish during the period 
of this Register, 1738-1776. 

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Notes fbom Albbmable Pabish Eegisteb. 5 

Capt. William Eldridge died April 7, 1772. 

Major Edward Pettway died February 13, 1773. 

Mary, wife of Charles Harrison, died July 25, 1775. Certified 
by Cole Claiborne. 

Richard Jones, in his fieventy-seeond year, died February 18, 

Ann, his wife, in her sixty-sixth year, died February 21, 1774 
Certified by Hamilton Jones'. 

Hannah, wife of Capt. James Jones, died January 25, 1774. 
Certified by Thomas Jones, her son. 

James Brown — ^this young man was married to Mary, daugh- 
ter of Capt. James Jones, 12 April last — died February 18, 1774. 

Col. Eichard Blunt died April 13, 1774. He was in his thirty- 
sixth year, bom January 4, 1739. 

Henry Hartwell Marable died September 17, 1774. 

Eobert Jones, in his eighty-first year, died February 14, 1775. 
Mr. Jones was bom in November, 1694. 

William Brodnax died March 13, 1775. Certified by William 
W. Wyche. 

Samuel, -son of William Brodnax and Mary his wife, bom 
March 24, 1774. 

William Cole, eon of William Claiborne and Mary his wife, 
bom August 13, 1773. Godfathers: Ferdinand Leigh, Thos. 
Moore. Godmother: Eliza West. 

Capt. Wm. Parham died of the flux May 16, 1775. Certified 
by Peter Randall. 

Henry Briggs, died October 25, 1739. 

Sarah Wyche, died December 29, 1739. Certified by George 

Thomas Eldridge, died November 4, 1740. Certified by 
Thomas Eldridge. 

Elizabeth Eldridge, died September 15, 1745. Certified by 
Thomas Eldridge. 

Capt. Riohard Hill, died July 9, 1775. 

Martha Eldridge, bom October 23, 1749. Certified by Thomas 

Ann Ruffin, died October 26, 1749. Certified by Edmund 

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6 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Ann RuflSn, a child, died November 3, 1749. Certified by 
Edmond Ruffin. 

Col. Thomas Cocke, of Southwark Parish, died December 2, 
1750. Certified by Capt. Lemuel Cocke. 

Capt. Howell Briggs, in his sixty-sixth year, died April 21, 
1775. Certified' by Gray Briggs. 

Capt. Matthew Parham, in hie eighty-first year, died April 18, 
1772. Certified by Gray Briggs. 

Rev. Alex. Finnie, M. A., rector of Brandon Parish, in Prince 
George, forty-six years, in the seventieth year of his age, died 
November 17, 1770. Certified by John Austin Finnie, his son. 

Sylvanus Stokes died February 6, 1748-'9. Certified by Jonee 


Department op the Interior^ 
Bureau op Pensions^ 
Washington, D. C, November 21, 1904. 
Wid. 11021 : Rev. War. 

Sir : In reply to your inquiry relative to the service of Peter 
Francisco in the Revolutionary War, addressed to Mr. Worth- 
ington C. Ford and referred to this Bureau, you are advised 
that such of his pension papers and those of his widow, Mary B. 
Francisco, as are on file in this Bureau have been carefully ex- 
amined, and not many details of his services are mentioned 
thereiiu There are on file with the papers eeveral afl&davits from 
oificers who were in the service with him, and from these docu- 
ments the following information has been taken : 

Hezekiah Morton, who was a captain in the Continental 
line, certified, under date of October 6, 1818, "that Peter Fran- 
cisco enlisted in the Continental army early in the year 1777, 
and continued in the said service until 1779, and was badly 
wounded in one or two actions, and afterwards, while Lord 
Cornwallifi was marching through the Carolinas, he joined (Jen. 
Green's army, and acted very bravely in several instances, par- 
ticularly in the Guilford action, when he was severely wounded." 

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Correspondence op Peter Francisco. 7 

William Evans, a lieutenant in the Tenth Virginia Regiment, 
made the following aflBdavit: 

"This is to certify that Peter Francisco entered the Conti- 
nental army as a soldier, with myself, in the Tenth Virginia 
Eegiment. Enlisted in the fall, 1776; joined at headquarters, 
in the spring of 1777; was that summer drafted in the light 
infantry under General Wayne; was at the storming of Stony 
Point, where he received a wound; then continued three years 
to the North; after which he was under the command of (Jeneral 
Green at the battle of Guilford, with myself, and generally 
known to be one of the best veterans of his day, serving the 
whole of those campaigns, and one of the most meritorious 
soldiers I have ever been acquainted with. 

"Given under my hand. 


"Formerly Lieut, in Tenth Virginia Eegiment." 

Philemon Holcombe and John Woodson also furnish an affi- 
davit, as follows: 

^T^e hereby certify that Peter Francisco, early in the Eevo- 
lutionary War, entered the Continental service; that he 
continued in the said service until about the year 1779 or 1780, 
at which time he entered the State service and enlisted in the 
troop of Cavalry (of which I, Philemon Holcombe, was Lieu- 
tenant) in Prince Edw. County, and was in the battle of Guil- 
ford. We know that the said P. Francisco rendered important 
service to the country. . . . 

"Given under our hand, this 24th Septmr., 1818. 

"Philemon Holcombe. 

^T hereby certify that as relates to the Guilford battle, the 
above named, Peter Francisco, did act bravely and was severely 
wounded. I acted as a Lieutenant from the County of Cum- 
berland, State of Va., and was in company with said P. Fran- 
cisco upon leaving the battle-ground, and he was very bloody, 
also was his sword from point to hilt. As relates to his service 

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8 William and Maky College Quabterly. 

in the Northward army, he enlisted from my neighborhood, and 
returned three years after, and was said to have several wounds. 

"John Woodson/' 

His claim was allowed. He married Mary B. West, July 3, 
1823, and died January 16, 1831, and she was pensioned as his 
widow. Very respectfully, 

E. T. Wake^ Commissioner, 

Depaktment of the Interior^ 

Bureau of Pensions, 
Washington, D. C, April 15, 1905. 
J. R. W., Exr. No. 11021 Widow, Eev. War. 

Sir : In compliance with your recent request, you are advised 
that Mary B., widow of Peter Francisco, aged sixty-eight years, 
residing in Botetourt county, Va., applied for pension Februar}' 
27, 1854. She stated that she was the widow of Peter Francisco, 
deceased, who was an invalid pensioner of the United States 
at eight dollars per month; that his pension was payable at 
the agency at Richmond, Va.; that she was married to him 
July 3, 1823, and that he died January 16, 1831; that she 
applied for pension under the Act of February 3, 1853; that 
she was a widow at the date of its passage, and was still a widow, 
and had never before applied for pension. 
Very respectfully, 

V. Warner^ Commissioner, 

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Record of Peaked Mountain Church. * 9 . 


Rockingham County^ Va. 

Edited bt Pbof. William J. Hinke and Chables E. Kemper. 

{Continued from VoL XIIL, page 265.) 


John Ermeiitraut(105), Anna Maria, born April Peter Miller and Anna 

and Catherine. 6, 1776. Maria. 

Sebastian Nadler (106), Christian, born Jan. 20, Conrad Bietefisch (Peter- 

and Sophia. 1776. fish) and Catherine. 

Peter Miller (107), Anna Maria, born Feb. Anthony Oehler and 

and Elisabeth. 20, 1776. Catherine. 

Heinrich Noll (108), Adam. 

(Null) and Margaret, 

John Risch and (109), Catherine, born July 17, Catherine Winkhaus and 

Anna Maria. 1776. Michael Traudt. 

Lewis Koeller (110), John Philip, born April John Tanner and Cathe- 

and Gertrude. 8, 1776. rine. 

John Tanner (117), Catherine, born Catherine Miller. 

and Catherine. 
Peter Runckel (112), Margaret, bom April 4, Mathias Kersch and Mar- 
aud Margaret. 1776. garet. 
Conrad Fotsch (113), David, born June 26, David Fotsch (Fox). 

and Maria Magdalene. 1776. 

Henry Demuth (114), Jacob, born . Jacob Julius and . 

and Margaret. 

August Preisdi (116), Elisabeth, born July 27, Augustin Preisch and 

and Mary. 1776. Elisabeth. 

[This is the last baptism entered by Rev. Jacob Frank.] 


John Beyer (116), Barbara, born March 17, Grandparents, 

and Eva. 1776; bapt. April 18, 


Anthony Oehler (Eiler) married Anna Catherine Elisa Smith, 
in the year 1753, on September 4th: ^ 


(Anton Oehler) (117), Anna Margaret, born Michael Bitner and Anna 

June 12, 1766. Margaret. 

" " (118), John, bom March 30, John Bretz and Elisa 

1767. Schmit. 

" " (110), Anna Barbara, bom Anna Barbara Smith. 

Nov. 16, 1769. 

" " (120), Anna Catherine, born Philip Fischborn (Fiah- 

Jan. 26, 1762. burn) and Anna Cath- 

" *' (121), John George, born June John George Schmit, 

30, 1764. Anna Margaret Ament 

" ** (122), Anna Susanna, bom Philip Armbrister and 

Feb. 11, 1766. Christina. 

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William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Anton Oeliler, (123), Anna Maria, born Sept. John Peter Mueller and 

20, 1769. Anna Maria. 

" " (124), Magdalene, born Sept. Magdalene Ermentraut. 

21, 1772; bapt. Oct. 

On June 16, 1783, the following children were baptized in the 
"Piekit Mountain" church by Eev. Mr. Schmidt.* 


Adam Pence and (125), 

Abraham Roo (126), 

[Ruh] and Margaret. 
Martin Schneider (127), 

and Mary. 
William Hini (128), 

(Heine) and Margaret. 
John Boyer (129), 

[Beyer] and Eva. 

Creorge Zimmer- (130), 
mann, Sr., and Anna. 



John Risch and (133), 
Anna Maria. 


Elisabeth, born April 23. 

Mary Magdalene, bom 

April 3. 
Mary Elisabeth, born 

April 25. 
Mary Margaret, born 

Dec. 24, 1778. 
Mary Margaret, born 

June 1, 1781; bapt. 

July 13, 1781. 
Salome, born Aug. 22, 

1771; bapt. July 13, 

William, born May 28, 

1776; bapt July 13, 

Henry, born May 12, 

1778; bapt. July 13, 

Sarah, born March 10; 

bapt. June 16, 1783. 


Elisabeth Ergebrecht. 

Anna Maria Zeller (Sel- 

Jacob Lingel and Cathe- 

Martin Schneider (Sny- 
der) and Mary. 

Matthias Kirsch and 
Anna Margaret. 

Peter Nicolas, Jr. 

Baptized June 16, 1783, by Eev. Mr. Schmidt. 


Augustin Prisch (134), Barbara, born Dec. 7, Barbara Miller. 

and Margaret. 1782. 

Frederick Prisch (135), Anna Maria, born Feb. Anna Maria Prisch and 

and Catherine. 8. Michael Mallo. 

Lewis Ronckel (136), Frederick, born Feb. 15. Frederick Hene and wife. 

and Catherine. 

Conrad Brisch (137), Michael, born Feb. 16. Michael Mallo. 

and Elisabeth. 

Lewis Becker (138), George, born Feb. 8. George Ergebrecht and 

(Baker) and Anna Ma- Elisabeth Herman. 

ria. George, born Oct. 23, Parents. 

George Weber (139), 1782. 

and Catherine. 

Garret Berry (140), Elisabeth, born April 13. Augustin Prisch, Jr., 

and Mary. and wife. 

Jacob Kissling (141), Christina, born June 5. Christine Baer (Bear). 

and Barbara. 

Peter Stein (142), Catherine, bom April Charles Schmidt and 

and Elisabeth. 22. Catherine Ermentraut. 

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Record of Peaked Mountain Church. 


On April 25, 1784, the following children were baptized in this 
church by Rev. Mr. Schmidt: 


Charles Schmidt^ (143), Zachariah, born Feb. 24, 

and Anna Maria. 1784. 

Auflrustin Prisch, (144), Margaret, born March 

Jr., and Margaret. 16. 

George Mallo, Jr. (145), John Peter, bom Jan. 

and Catherine. 

Henry Venus (146), 
and Margaret. 

John Bright (147), 

[Brett] and Cathe- 

Christian Geyger (148), 
and Margaret. 

Jacob Hamann (149), 
and Elisabeth. 

Henry Pence and (150), 

Anna Margaret, born 

Feb. 23. 
Anna Margaret, born 

Jan. 26. 

John, bom April 10. 

Elisabeth, bom Oct. 7, 

Barbara, bom Sept. 22, 


Frederick Miller and 
Elisabeth Herman. 

John Risch and Anna 

Peter Prisch and Elisa- 
beth Mallo. 

Jacob Herman and wife. 

Augustin Prisch, Jr., and 

Jacob Ergebrigth, Jr., 
and Elisabeth Ermen- 

Widow Reiss. 

Adam Pens and Marga- 

On June 6, 1784, the following children were baptized by Rev. 
Mr. Schmidt: 


John Barki (161), 

[Birke] and Sarah. 
(George Pens (152), 

and Margaret. 
George Adam (153), 

Mann and Elisabeth. 


Catherine, born May 4. 

Anna Barbara, bom 

July 29, 1783. 
David, bom March 10. 


Her grandmother Cath- 
erine Pens. 

John Beyer and Eva. 

On June 27, 1784^ the following children were baptized by Rev. 
Mr. Schmidt: 


John Mildeberger (154), William, born May 25, Parents. 

and Anna. 1784. 

Henry Koch (155), Jacob, born May 25, 

(Cook) and Magda- 1784. 


George Risch (156), Mary Juliana, born 

and Mary. Sept. 1, 1784; bapt. 
Nov. 2. 

Martin Schneider (157), Catherine, bom Oct. 5, Parents. 

and Mary. 1784; bapt. Nov. 2. 

On April 20, 1785, the following children were baptized in this 
church by Rev. Mr. Schmidt: 

William Trarbach (Tro- 
baugh) and wife. 




Peter Niclas (158), 

and Anna Marg. 

Conrad Prisch (159), Augustin, bom March 5, 

and Elisabeth. 1785. 


Anna Barbara, 
Feb. 12. 


Her gprandmother Anna 
Barbara Niclas. 

Augustin Prisch 
Anna Margaret. 


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William and Makt Collbge Quakteblt. 


Frederick Prisch (160), Sarah, born March 31, George Mallo and Anna 

(Preuss) and Anna 1785. Catherine. 

Peter Miller (161), Anna Maria, born June Grandmother, 
and Anna Barbara. 13, 1785. 

On September 11, 1785, the following children were baptized b> 
Bev. Gottlieb Abraham Deechler : ® 


William Michel (162), John Frederick, born John Frederick Michel 

and Elisabeth. Aug. 27, 1785. (Michael) and Elisa- 

James Frazor (163), Elisabeth, bom June 19, Margaret Hoffman, 
and Elisabeth. 1785. 

John Boyer (164), John George, born July John George Koehler and 

and Eva. 18. Mary Elisabeth Mallo. 

On October 25, 1785, was baptized by Eev. Abraham 6. Deschler: 


Abraham Ruh (165), Jacob, bom August 10. 
and Margaret. 


John Weinberg and Anna 

On December 25, 1785, was baptized by Eev. Abr. G. Deschler: 


Charles Schmidt (166), John Jacob, born Nov. John Jacob Ergebrecht, 
and Anna Maria. 14, 1785. Jr., Anna Catherine 


On August 20, 1786, were baptized by the Refonned minister, 
Frederick Henry Qieee : ^ 


( 167 ) , John, born June 4, 1786. 


George Mallo 

and Catherine. 
Peter Miller (168), John, bom August 2. 

and Anna Barbara. 
George Kugler (169), Barbara, born June 4, 

and Elisabeth. 1786. 

Jacob Kissling (170), John Henry, born Janu- 

and Barbara. ary 3. 


John Pentz and Marie 
Catherine Preiss. 

John Risch and Anna 

Jacob Kissling (Kisling) 
and Anna Barbara. 

Jacob Baer, Jr. 

On September 10, 1786, were baptized by Eev. Mr. Ronckel: ^® 


Michael Mallo (171), Anna Barbara, bom Grandparents. 

and Christina. Aug. 25, 1786. 

Augustin Prisch, (172), Anna Maria, born July Anna Maria Prisch. 

Jr., and Margaret. 5. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

Record op Peaked Mountain Church, 


On November 19, 1786, w«i8 baptized by Rev. John Jacob Wey- 
mar : ^^ 




Conrad Prisch (173), Elisabeth, born Sept. 11, Peter Preisch and Elisa- 

and Elisabeth. 1786. beth E^ermann. 

On May 4, 1788, were baptized by Rev. Christiftn Streit : ^^ 


Charles Schmidt (174), Anna Maria, bom Sept. John Risch (Rush) and 

and Anna Maria. 13, 1787. Anna Maria. 

Henry Miller (176), Elisabeth, born Feb. 22, Grandmother Miller. 

and Anna Maria. 1788. 

Peter Nicholas (176), Jacob, born Sept. 9, Jacob Nicholas. 

and Juliana. 1787. 

Peter Miller and (177), Elisabeth, bom Jan. 30, Elisabeth Nicholas. 

Barbara. 1788. 

Henry Nicholas (178), Anna Barbara, bom Qrandmother Nicholas. 

and Magdalene. Feb. 27, 1788. 

William Kaul (179), Christian, born Dec. 22, Parents. 

and Anna Barbara. 1787. 

Christopher Hau (180), Anna Catherine, bom George Mallo, Jr., and 

and Elisabeth. Oct. 10, 1787. Anna Catherine. 

Adam Pens (181), Gteorge, bom Jan. 16, Greorge Pens, Jr., single. 

and Margaret. 1788. ) 

Augustin Prisch (182), Juliana, born Dec. 15, Peter Nicholas and Ju- 

and Margaret. 1787. liana. 

Baptized on October 19, 1788, by Rev. Jacob Wejrmar: 


Peter Nicholas (183), Anna Maria, born Oct. 9, John Risch and Anna 

and Juliana. 1788. Maria. 

Baptized on June 7, 1789, by Rev. Jacob Weymar 


Wm. Jackson 
and Margaret. 


Conrad Prisch 

and Elisabeth. 
George Mallo (187), 

and Anna Catherine. 
Martin Schneider (188), 

and Anna Maria. 
Jacob Kissling (189), 

and Barbara. 
Christian Geiger (190), 

and Margaret. 
Wm. Michael (191), 

and Elisabeth. 
Jonas Hene (192), 

and Christina. 


Sarah, born July 19, 

George Charles, bom 

Dec. 28, 1788. 
Frederick, bom July 27, 

Elisabeth, bom Dec. 30, 

Maria Barbara, born 

Oct. 19, 1788. 
Anna Maria, born Sept. 

6, 1788: 


Christian Geiger and 

Charles Schmidt and 
Anna Maria. 

Frederick Prisch and 

Augustin Prisch and 

George Elirsch and Mar- 
garet Lingel. 

Martin Schneider and 

Anna Maria, bom March Henry Pens and Susanna. 

28, 1789. 
Jacob, born May 23, Jacob Mann. 

Elisabeth, born May 18, Catherine Hene. 


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William and Maby College Quarterly. 

Baptized on Nov. 22, 1789, by Bev. W°» Carpenter: ^^ 


George Malic, Sr., and 
Anna Barbara. 

Peter Miller and Bar- 

parents. childben. 

Charles Schmidt (193), George Michael, born 

and Anna Maria. Sept. 29, 1789. 

John Risch (194), Barbara, born Nov. 12, 

and Anna Maria. 1789. 

Peter Miller (196), Margaret, bom March 

and wife. 18, 1790; bapt. Oct. 

1, 1791. 
Christopher Wet- (196), Anna Maria, born April 
zel and wife. 25, 1791 ; bapt. July 

John Risch (197), Daughter, born Jan. 15, 

and wife. 1791 ; bapt. Oct. 16, 


This baptismal register was written by me, Peter Ahl,^* and begun 
March 1, 1792. 


George Mallo 
and wife. 


(198), George, bom July 31, George Heyne. 
1791; bapt. Feb. 19, 

Christopher Hau (199), John George, born Oct. John George Ermentraut. 

2, 1791; bapt. April 

8, (1792). 

Frederick Preiss (200), Elisabeth, bom March John Mann and Cathe- 

9, 1791; bapt. April 8. rine Koehler. 
Francis Reiner (201), John Matthias, bom Matthias Kirsch. 

Jan. 31, 1792; bapt. 
^ April 8. 
Christopher (202), Elisabeth, bom Dec. 19, Frederick Preiss. 

Menner. 1791 ; bapt. April 8. 

Adam Schillinger (203), John George, born Feb. John George Mann. 

27, 1791; bapt. April 
Christian Geiger (204), John Peter, born Nov. 

22, 1791; bapt. April 
Michael, bom May 11, 

1792; bapt. June 4. 
Anna Maria, born Jan. 
6; bapt. June 17, 
Christina, bom June 7, Christian Hartmann. 
1791; bapt. June 18, 
Catherine, born June 5; George Mallo and Cath- 
bapt. June 24, 1792. erine. 

George Wagner (209), John George, bom June George Mallo and wife. 
. 14, 1792; bapt. July 
Peter Preiss (210), Henry, bom Nov. 29, Henry Mueller and wife. 

( Price) , 1790 ; bapt. Dec. 12. 

John Ermentraut (211), Mary Catherine, born Catherine Ermentraut. 

(Armen trout). July 4; bapt. Aug. 4. 

Henry Miller (212), Sarah, born 1791; bapt. George Mallo. 

Sept. 21. 

Peter Preiss 
Conrad Preiss 


Jacob Argenbrecht. 

William Michel. 

Peter Preiss (Price) and 

Henry Kissling (207), 
Peter Ahl (208), 

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Record of Peaked Mountain Church. 



Jacob Kissling 


Jacob Hellendahl 
Clu-istian Luecke 


John Buesch 


Martin Schney- 
der (Snyder). 


Peter Mueller 


Augustin Ermen- 


John Fey 
and Susanna. 


Peter Neu (221), 

and Juliana. 
John Hardman ( 222 ) , 

and Anna Maria. 

Jonas Hoehn 


John Beyer 


Frederick Preuss 


Conrad Preuss 


Francis Reinert 


Peter Preuss 


George Wagner 


Augustin Preuss 


Frederick Geiger 


Philip Reyer 


John Ruesch 



Anna, born 1792; bapt. 

Feb. 26. 
Catherine, born 1792; 

bapt. July 20. 
John Henry, bom May 

26, 1792; bapt. Dec. 2. 
Anna Elisabeth, born 

Oct. 11, 1792; bapt. 

Jan. 26, 1793. 
John Matthias, born 

Jan. 4; bapt. Jan. 26, 

Catherine, born Dec. 26, 

1792; bapt. Feb. 24, 

John George, born April 

26, 1793; bapt. May 

12 (1793). 
Abraham, born Oct. 29, 

1792; bapt. June 23, 

Eva, bom Oct. 30, 1792; 

bapt. June 23, 1793. 
Sarah, born June 2, 

1793; bapt. June 23, 

John Jacob, bom July 

1, 1793; bapt. July 

22, 1793. 
John, bom May 2 ; bapt. 

Aug. 18, 1793. 
John George, born Dec. 

13, 1792; bapt. Feb. 

3, 1794. 
John Peter, bom Dec. 

5, 179^; bapt. Feb. 3, 

Eva Catherine, born 

Sept. 20, 1793; bapt. 

March 2, 1794. 
Peter, born April 2, 

1794; bapt. June 24, 

John, bom Feb. 28, 

1794; bapt. June 29, 

Christina, born July 2, 

1793; bapt. July 20, 

Anna Elisabeth, born 

Dec. 1, 1794; bapt. 

Feb. 19, 1795. 
John, bora Dec. 8, 1794; 

bapt. Feb. 19, 1795. 
John, born Nov. 30, 

1794; bapt. March 8, 



Jacob Miller. 
Catherine Herman. 
William Hettrich. 
Anna Elisabeth Niclas. 

Matthias Kirsch. 

John Ermentraut and 

John George Ermentraut, 


Maria Kissling. 
Peter Neu and Juliana. 

John Jacob Kirsch. 

Martin Schneider and 

George Mallo. 

Peter Preuss. 
Eva Catherine Hauel. 
Frederick Preuss. 
Peter Preuss. 
John Weyberg. 

Christian Lucke and wife 

John Reyer (Royer) and 

wife Elisabeth. 

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16 William and Maby College Quarterly. 


Peter Miller (234), John Peter, born Aug. 3, Peter Nicholas and wife. 

1794; bapt. Aug. 12, 

On March 6, 1796, the following childiren were baptized in this 
church at the Peaked Mountain by Eev. V. G. C. Stochus : ^^ 


George Wagner (235), Elizabeth, born Oct. 22, Martin Schneider and 

1795. wife. 

Edward Hatfield (236), Isaac, bom Oct. 28, 1795. Martin Schneider and 

Francis Reinert (237), Sally, born Sept. 8, 1795. George Mallow. 

Frederick Er- (238), (Christian, born Jan. 1, Frederick Geiger. 
mentraut. 1796. 

On the last of March, 1796 : 


Peter Miller (239), Anne Elisabeth, born Anna Elisabeth (?) . 

Feb. 8, 1796. 
Henry Koenig (240), Anna Maria, born Feb. Anna Maria Argebrecht. 

Christian Lichy (241), Elisabeth, bom Feb. 23. Peter Nicolaus. 

Gottfried Spilky (242), Mary Elisabeth, born (?). 

Dec. 28, 1796. 
Christopher Wer- (243), Christopher, bom Feb. Christopher Ermentraut 

bel [Wirbel]. 28; bapt. March 27. and wife. 

Jacob Heyl (244). Jacob, born April 3; Christopher Werbel and 

} bapt. April 17 (1796). wife. 
Jacob Heyl (245). Barbara, born March 8, Catherine Sprenckelsen. 

X 1796; bapt. April 17 
John Zeller (246), Margaret, bora Feb. 12, Margaret Manger. 

(Sellers). 1796; bapt. April 17 

James Smith (247), Joseph, born March 12, David Manger. 

1795; bapt. April 17, 

1796. : 

Jacob Kissling (248), Elisabeth, born March Margaret Ermentraut. 
• 4, 1796; bapt. April 
17, 1796. 
Christopher Wet- (249), Juliana, born March 30, Peter Nicholas, 
zel. 1795; bapt. May 5, 

Adam Andre (250), Elisabeth, born April Parents. 
\ 19, 1795; bapt. May 
8, 1796. 
John Oche (251), Hannah, bom Jan. 6, John Megert. 

1795; bapt. May 8, 
Daniel Nunne- (252), Anna Maria, born June Philip Reyer. 
macher. 27, 1796; bapt. July 


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Hecord of Peaked Mountain Church. 



JuliuB Bertram 

Julius Bertram 

John Oche 

John (George 

Peter Bisch 
Jacob Algebrecht 

Christopher Er- 

Jacob Schaefer 

Jonas Hain 


Henry Zeller 
and Magdalene. 

John Bens 

Philip Ryer 
George I^Uo 

Daniel Nunne- 

Peter Miller 
and Barbara. 

Francis Reiner [t] 

Jacob Schaefer 

and Mary. 
George Wagener 


Jacob Reb 
Jacob Reb 

Henry Koenig 












Mary Elisabeth, bom 

June 14, 1794; bapt 

Feb. 11, 1796. 
John, bom July 22, 

1796; bapt. Aug. 21. 
Abraham, bom July 11, 

1796; bapt Aug. 21. 
John George, bom July 

27; bapt. Sept 18 

Anna Maria, bom Oct. 

2; bapt Oct 10 (died 

on same day). 
Henry, bom Oct 31, 

1796; bapt March 12, 

Mary Catherine, bom 

Nov. 12, 1796; bapt 

March 12, 1797. 
John, born Feb. 8, 
^ 1797; bapt. April 2, 

Eva Elisabeth, bom 

April 12; bapt. May 

2, 1797. 
John Frederick, bom 

Nov. 29, 1796; bapt. 

May 14, 1797. 
John, born March 11, 
- 1797; bapt June 24, 

John, bom May 27; 

bapt July 30 (1797). 
Elisabeth, bom July 2; 

bapt July 30 (1797). 
Anna Maria, bom July 

26; bapt Aug. 6 

Peter John, bom Aug. 

2; bapt Sept 3 

Jacob, bora Sept. 28, 

1797; bapt Oct 2, 

Elisabeth, bom Jan. 24, 

1798; bapt March 11. 
Jacob, born Jan. 12; 

bapt March 11, 1798. 
Jacob, bora Dec. 30, 

1797; bapt March 11 

John, bora Oct. 8 ; bapt. 

March 11 (1798). 
Anna Margaret, bora 

Feb. 25; bapt April 

8 (1798). 


Martin Schneider. 

John Bentz. 
Henry Manger. 
John Jacob Risch. 

Charles Risch and wife. 
Her grandparents. 

Henry Bentz. 

Mary Catherine Ermen- 


John Beyer and wife. 

John Busch (Bush) and 
Cath. Mallow. 

William Hedrich and 

Henry Bens (Pence). 

Peter Ryer. 

Martin Schneider. 


Elis. Koehler. 

Jacob Nicklas and wife. 

Philip Lung (Long). 


Jacob Nicklaus. 

George Mallo. 
David Manger. 

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William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Julius Bertram (275), 

John Hehn (276), 

Christian Geiger (277), 

Gottfried Spilke (278), 

Thomas Brill (279), 

Ck)nrad Becker (280), 


John Michael and Oath. 

John JacoD Risch. 

Margaret Bens (Pence). 

George Koeler (Kaylor). 
Jacob Nicklas. 


John Henry, bom Feb. 

19, 1798; bapt. April 

8, 1798. 
John Jacob, born Feb. 

15, 1798; bapt. April 

8 (1798). 
Lydia, born Aug. 29, 

John Frederick, born 

Sept. 24, 1797; bapt. 

Nov. 9, 1797. 
Daughter, born Jan. 11, 

1798; bapt. April 29, 
William, born March 

29, 1798; bapt. May 


{To be Continued.) 


'Baptisms Nos. 117-124 are entered in a wretched script, probably 
by the father himself. Notice the date of his wedding. 

•Nothing is known thus far about this Rev. Mr. Schmidt. Neither 
the Lutheran nor the Reformed records mention his name. He can 
hardly be identical with the Rev. Mr. Schmidt, who labored in Virginia 
before 1747. See Virginia Magazine, Vol. XII., p. 282. Nor can he be 
identical with Mr. Charles Schmidt, mentioned in the next note, who 
signed himself as schoolmaster to the accounts of 1785. 

' From a later signature, placed under the accounts of October 25, 
1785, it appears that Charles Schmidt was the school teacher of the 
congregation. The chirography of the baptismal entries shows that he 
made them from 1784-'89. 

■R^v. Gottlieb Abraham Deshler is mentioned in the record of the 
Frieden's Church, near Harrisonburg, as the first Lutheran pastor of 
that congregation in 1786. 

•Rev. Frederick Henry Giese was settled in Loudon county, Va., 
1783-1794. He supplied during that time numerous Reformed congrega- 
tions in Virginia. See Fathers of the Reformed Church, Vol. II., 
pp. 314-16. 

^•* Rev. John. William Runkel was the Reformed pastor at Frederick, 
Md., 1785-1802. For a sketch of his life see Fathers of the Reformed 
Church, Vol. II., pp. 284-308. 

" John Jacob Weymer was the Reformed pastor at Hagerstown, Md., 
1770-1790. See Fathers, Vol. II., pp. 193-6. 

"Rev. Christian Streit was the Lutheran minister at Winchester, 
Va., after 1785. See Eallesche Nachrichten, Vol. I., p. 31. 

"Rev. William Carpenter was the pastor of the Hebron Church, in 
Madison county. See Eallesche Nachrichten, new ed.. Vol. I., p. 582. 

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Letters of William T. Barry. 19 

^* Mr. Peter Ahl appeared before the Lutheran Minkterium of Peirn- 
sylvania in 1790, asking to be admitted as a member of the Minister ium, 
but his request was not granted. See Documentary History of the Evaii- 
geliciU Lutheran Miniaterium, 1898, pp. 231 f., 241. In the record of the 
l«Yieden'8 Church, near Harrisonburg, Peter Ahl is mentioned as the 
third Lutheran pastor of that congregation. The list of the Lutheran 
pastors, as given in the Frieden's record, between 1786-1820, is as 
follows: "(Jottlieb Teschler, Johann Georg Bottler, Peter Ahl, Adolph 
Stittdel and Georg Riemenschneider. They served, no doubt, the Peaked 
Mountain congregation at the same time. 

"Candidate Carl Stock (Stochus is the Latinized form of the name) 
presented himself before the Lutheran Ministerium in 1791, asking to be 
ordained, but he was advised to continue teaching school for a while 
(Documentary History, p. 241). He was licensed by the Ministerium 
in 1793. In 1796 and 1797 he is reported as serving the Peaked Moun- 
tain congregation (Documentary History, pp. 283, 290). He entered 
baptisms Noe. 235-262, hence he was the pastor of the Lutheran con- 
gregation from October, 1796 to May, 1797. 

(Continued from Vol. XIII,, page 244.) 

Washington^ 26th February, 1830. 
My Dear Daughter: 

. . . You speak of rumors that a division exists in the 
Cabinet. I say to you and Mr. Taylor and John what I say to 
no others but my own family who are near me, politically speak- 
ing, there is no division, but aome unpleasant circumstances 
have occurred to affect the harmony of social intercourse between 
the females of some of the families, originating, probably, and 
stimulated by ultimate political views of aspirants to office. 
Major Eaton is known to be the intimate friend of the Presi- 
dent. The extreme jealousy of some of Mr. Calhoun's friend-s 
induces them to believe that Major Eaton is rather more friendly 
to Mr. Van Buren than to Mr. Calhoun. 

They fear his influence will control the Executive patronage 
in favor of Mr. Van B. They want him to leave the Cabinet, 
and are willing to give him any other office whatever. The 
President brought Major Eaton in against his inclination, and 
will not part with him. To compel him to do so is the cause 

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20 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

of the attack on Mrs. E. Judge McLean, Mr. Berrien, and 
others, who are now unwilling to exchange civilities with Mrs. 
Eaton, were present at her marriage to Major E., and it is 
believed if Major E. were not now in the Cabinet, that Mrs. 
Eaton would be unmolested. I am on good terms with all the 
members of the Cabinet, and so is Mrs. B. with the families 
of all, but we would not join in the prosecution of Major and 
Mrs. E. Mr. Van Buren and myself thought, and have acted, 
alike on the subject; so does the President. The females of the 
President's family until lately did not exchange civilities with 
Mrs. E. 

The gentlemen, Mr. Ingham, Berrien and Calhoun, are, and 
have been all along, personally friendly with and civil to 
Major E. (Mrs. Calhoun is not here.) Mr. Branch and Major 
E. had a personal difference. Mr. Berrien and myself were 
present at an interview between them; they were reconciled 
and are now friends. Harmony prevails at present, personally 
as well as politically. On the 23d inst. we had a Cabinet dinner. 
All were present but Mr. Berrien, who was sick. Mrs. Eaton 
and Mrs. Donaldson and the other ladies were present and ex- 
changed the usual civilities. A few impudent men and women 
of our own party, stimulated by the coalition, still are busy with 
Mrs. Eaton's character. She, however, is sustained by the For- 
eign- Ministers; indeed, a favorite with some of them because 
of her prosecution, and by many members of Congress of both 
houses and their families. Society is unhappily divided about 
her, but her circle of acquaintance is large and respectable. 
My family visit all parties, and will continue to do so. I will 
not join the band of calumniators, and will stand by and sustain 
Major E. against such vile assaults; but his and Mrs. Eaton's 
diflBculties are not mine, nor do they desire me to consider them 
so. I believe my course has endeared me to General Jackson ; 
it has to Major E., and some of Mr. Calhoun's friends are jealous 
of me, but utterly without cause, for I like Mr. C. as I do Mr. 
Van B., but I like General Jackson better than either, and will 
allow myself to think of no other candidate for the next Presi- 
dential term but General Jackson, and this should be the lan- 
guage of all friends ; it will prevent divisions in our own ranks. 

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Letters of William T. Barry. 21 

[Letter to Mr. James Taylor, son-in-law of the writer.] 

Washington, February 27th, 1830. 
My Dear Sir : 

At fir«t, in reflecting upon the propriety of Susan's visiting 
Washin^on this spring in company with your mother, appre- 
hending some risk as to the health of your youngest daughter, 
I was inclined to advise against it^ and perhaps in my letter 
to Susan a few days ago said so. But, upon mature considera- 
tion, and after consulting with Mr. Barry, I am satisfied there 
is no danger, but rather a prospect of improving the health of 
your children by travelling elowly. The trip would be made 
easy. A steamboat to Wheeling, and there the Accommodation 
Coach to Washington. The contractors, Messrs. Moore and 
Stockton, the former at Wheeling, the latter residing at Union 
Town, Pa., are now here. The other contractors, Stockton and 
Stokes, own the line on to Baltimore and this city. Their 
coaches are of the finest kind, equal indeed, on account of 
strength and size, and accommodation superior to any private 
carriage, and much easier to the rider. They will furnish Mrs. 
Taylor and Susan, and those with them, a separate coach all 
the way through, avoiding altogether night travelling, and rest- 
ing as they may choose. This is done as a compliment to me, 
and will be free from expense, except Tavern bills, etc. When 
Mrs. Taylor and Susan are here we have a carriage at their 

Washington, November 22nd, 1830. 
My Dear Susan : 

I heard by a letter from Mr. Taylor of your safe arrival at 
Kewport; it was the first account of the upsetting near Colum- 
bus that I had received, and I rejoice at the escape of you and 
the rest of the family from injury. 

Washington, 2nd January, 1831. 
My Dear Daughter : 

. . . Poor Armistead; he is deeply aflflicted. ... To 
divert his mind I have purchased him chessmen, that he may 
learn the game of chess; so well calculated to amuse, whilst it 
gives wholesome exercise to the mind. Major Eaton, who is a 

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22 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

most excellent man, is kindly instructing him how to play the 
game. Unfortunately, we have no youths near us who are fit 
company for Armistead; in Philadelphia he was happy in this 
respect. He has within a few day^ become acquainted with 
Mr. Van Buren^s son, Martin, who is about a year or two older 
than Armistead, and who is very interesting and well informed 
and an excellent companion. His company will serve to cheer 
Armistead during the confinement of the winter. . . . General 
Taylor [from Kentucky] is still in Washington, and is in very 
good health. I met him at the President's yesterday, it being 
New Year's day, amidst a large concourse of ladies and gen- 
tlemen who had called to offer respect to the Chief Magistrate. 
Upwards of two thousand people must have called on the Presi- 
dent yesterday. He appeared unusually well, and received his 
company with the most distinguished courtesy. It was a matter 
of regret that the Vice-President was not present. A personal 
difference exists between him and the President. But both are 
disposed to act with becoming magnanimity so as to restore 
social intercourse and the exchange of the usual civilities ; and 
no public evil is likely to result from their personal difference, 
as I mention this to advise my friends of the l-eal state of things, 
as the opposition will not fail to use this to make an impression 
that our party are divided. General Jackson never was stronger 
with the people than he now is, and so long as he retains their 
confidence, the politicians will affect to be, if they are not really, 
his friends. . . . Tell Mary that Jack called to see the 
President yesterday, passed through the vast crowd, looked at 
all the pretty things in the East room, heard the beautifal 
musick of the Marine Band, made his bow to the President, who 
caressed him very kindly and called him his son. All this made 
Jack very proud, and he walked about as stately as a soldier 
dressed in uniform on parade. 

Mr. Vaughn gave a splendid party on New Year's Eve. Your 
mama and myself were present and passed a very pleasant 

Washington^ 21st January, 1831. 
My Dear Daughter: 

. . . We have had a very severe snowfall and storm, such 
as I never witnessed before. The Pennsylvania Avenue is now 

Digitized by LjOOQIC J 

Letters of William T. Barry. 23 

full of sleighs, but both your Mama and myself are too much 
indisposed to partake of this a^iusement. Both of us are labor- 
ing under bad colds. . . . Jack is as lively as a cricket, and 
is singing and dancing about in Armistead^'s room, looking over 
his and Armistead's scrap book and adding new pictures to 
them. Chloe is in the midst of them in fine spirits, waiting for 
her free papers, ae she calls them, which I hope Dr. Henry will 
have made out and forwarded as early as convenient. I wrote 
to Mr. Taylor to aid him in having the business completed, and 
enclosed the draft of Dr. Henry, and the receipt of Mr. Duncan, 
in whose favour it was drawn, for the balance of the purchase 
money. Her fidelity and affectionate conduct towards dear 
Armistead makes me anxious to see her rewarded by the enjoy- 
ment of her liberty. 

I will take much pleasure in naming Mr. Gordon for the 
appointment of Assistant Surgeon in the Army. I know his 
worth, and the strong claims he has to the patronage of the 
government. . . . 

We have parties almost every day, but Armistead's sickness 
will prevent us giving any, and of course we shall not be induced 
to attend those given by others. As you suppose, I am much 
occupied with public duties. I am prepared to answer the reso- 
lutions of enquiry. I fear no attack of the enemy, but they 
give me much trouble and cause me to neglect my private cor- 

{To he Continued.) 


{Virginia Oazette, Williamsburg, November 10-17, 1738.) 

On Wednesday, the 15th Instant, the following Petition of the 
People called Quakers was presented to the House of Burgesses. 

To the Honourable the Oovernor and Council, and Burgesses^ 

met in General Assembly at Williamsburg, 

The Humble Petition of the People called Quakers. 

We lay hold of this Opportunity, with all Humility of Mind, 
to beseech You that You would be pleased to consider the Case 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 

24 William and Mary College Quartehly. 

of our Society in this Dominion, who, for the most Part, are 
the Descendants of Early Inhabitants; and who, as well as our 
Ancestors, are, and have been, subject to great Loss and Detri- 
ment in our Substance and Employment, by Annual Seizures 
and Distress made upon our Goods and Persons on Account of 
Parish Levies: A Hardship, we hope. You do not desire we 
should lie under. And as we humbly conceive it is in Your 
Power to relieve us, are therefore the more emboldened to lay 
before You this our present aggrieved Caee ; and the rather, for 
that, as we have understood. You have been pleased to bestow 
the like Favour on Sundry German Protestants, by exempting 
them from Parish Levies: We (being Native Subjects) are en- 
couraged to hope You will charitably look on our Condition, and 
afford us some relief: That being once freed from a Burthen, 
which we have long and patiently borne, we may be the better 
enabled to follow our Callings, for Support of our Families, ac- 
cording to Faith and good Conscience. 

We need not, we hope, tell You that in most of the Provinces 
under the British Government our Friends sit easy in this Be- 
half ; either by a Charter of Privileges or by a Special Law, made 
for that Purpose. 

This, our Native Country, is the first English Colony, and im- 
mediately under Our most Gracious Sovereign King George, who, 
we hope, looks on us to be universally attached to his Interest, 
and the Succession of his Noble House; and a People not useless, 
nor inconsiderable, in his Dominions. For, 

We pay all Taxes for Support of Government ; we transgress 
no Laws of Trade ; we keep back no Part of the Eevenue due to 
the Crown; the Public are not charged, in the least, with our 
Poor; and we nevertheless willingly contribute to the Public 
Poor, and endeavour to follow Peace with all Men. 

To conclude, we are not numerous, which makes it the less 
diflBcult for You to grant us such Ease as we pray for : And are 
far from thinking that such an Indulgence would increase the 
Number of real Quakers; and for hipocritical Pretenders, we 
shall hold ourselves under Obligations to detect them ; so as the 
Government shall not be imposed on, nor Your Favour any ways 
abased ; And further be pleased to know, it is for Tender Con- 
science Sake, and not wilfully nor obstinately, we have hitherto 

Digitized by LjOOQIC i 

Meetings of President and Masters^ etc. 25 

suffered, having sustained more than Treble Damages for our 
Conscientious Eef usal : And by the Assistance of Divine Grace, 
preserved from Prejudice, against those who have been most 
active against us; We hope it will please Almighty God to put 
it into Your Hearts to say Amen to the Prayer of our Petition; 
and also to hear our Prayers, which are for Your Tranquility and 
Happiness, both in This World and That which is to come. 
Signed in Behalf of the Society called Quakers in Virginia. 

John Cheadle, Thomas Pleasants, 

Abraham Bicks, Matthew Jourdan, 

Wike Hunnicut, Thomas Newby, 

William Lad, Thomas Trotter, 

Anniger Trotter, Eobert EUyson, 

Peter Denson, John Crew, 

William Outland, John Pleasants, 
John Murdaugh, and Samuel Sebrel, 
Edmund Jourdan, Samuel Jourdan, 
John Denson. 



{Continued from Vol, XIII., page 255.) 

(215) Oct. 17^^ 1772. 
At a meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary 


Present : 
The Rev* M' John Camm, President, M' Jones, M*" Johnson, 
& M' Gwatkin. 

Resol : That the Society do agree to take a Bond of James 
Parke Farley, Esq' for One hundred Pounds sterling in part 
of Col. Ben : Harrison^s ace* due to the College, — ^that the said 
Harrison must give Bond & Security for the Balance, & also pay 
the costs of the Suit that has been commenced against him for 
the said Account. 

(216) December 12^ 1772. 
At a mee»ting of the President & Masters of W° & Mary 


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26 WiLUAM AND Mary College Quarterly. 

Present : 
The Kev^ M' Camm, President, E. Jonee, M' Johnson, and 
Mr. Gwatkin. 
Eesol: That Mess" Walker Maury, John Nelson, Burwell 
Starke, Emmanuel Jones, & William Yates be removed to the 
Philosophy Schools after Christmas. 

January 29"», 1773. 
At a meeting of the President & Masters of W™ & Mary 
Present : 

The Eev^ M' Camm, President, M"* Jones, M' Dixon, M*" 
Henley, & M' Gwatkin. 
Eesol : That M' James Wilson be appointed Gardiner of the 
College in the Eoom of M'" Ja" Nioolson, deceas'd. 

Eesol : That a Salary of £50 Sterling P. Ann : be allowed the 
Gardiner in consideration of his performing the Offices of Jani- 
tor & Steward, and as a compensation for his not being allowed 
to sell any Seeds out of the Garden. 

(217) February I**, 1773. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W°* & Mary 
Present : 
The Eev^ M' Camm, President, M*" Jones^ M' Johnson, M*" 
Dixon, M' Henley, & M' Gwatkin. 
Eesol : That Miss Molly Digges be appointed housekeeper of 
the College in the Eoom of M" Garrett, deceas'd. 

February 9^ 1773. 
At a meeting of the President & Masters of W™ & Mary 
Present : 
The Eev^ M' Camm, President, M*" Jones, M' Johnson, M"^ 
Henley, & M' Gwatkin. 
Eesol : Unanimously, that Mess" Walker Murray & Emmanuel 
Jones be elected on two studentships. 

Eesol : Unanimously, that M' William Yates be elected on a 
studentship vacant by the resignation of M' John Leland. 

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Meetings of President and Masters^ etc. 27 

(218) February 26'^ 1773. 
At a meeting of the President & Masters of W™ & Mary 


Present : 

The Eev'' M' Camm, President, M'' Jones, M' Johnson, M' 
Dixon, & M' GwatMn. 

Kesol : That the Boom on the South Side of the Library Door 
be -set apart for an Infirmary, the Boom formerly appointed 
being lookM upon as improper for that Purpose ; that the Key 
be kept with the Housekeeper, and not to be deliver'd out, but 
upon particular Occasions. 

Eesol : That Mess" Stuart, Jones, and Yates have the Boom 
on the North Side of the Library. 

Eeeol : That Mes" Todd, Shields, and Burton have the Boom 
on the South Side the old Dormitory Stair-Case. 

Besol : That Mes" Tho" John, and Bob' Nelson, & Carter Bur- 
well have the Boom on the North Side the old Dormitory Stair- 

Besol : That Mes" Eggleston, Fontaine, White, and Clay have 
the Boom at the Head of the New Dormitory Stair-Case. 

Besol : That four Loads of Wood be sent to M" Wager, who 
has the care of «ome young Negroes belonging to the College. 

Besol : That the Sum of Forty Shillings P. Ann : be added to 
the Stocking-mender's Salary. 

Be€ol : That M' Dixon be desir'd to reprimand M' Todd for 
being absent from his Duty without Leave from the President, 
or any of the Professors. 

(219) March 23'^ 1773. 
At a meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary 

Present : 
The Bev^ M' Camm, President, M' Jones, Mr. Johnson, M^ 
Dixon, M' Henley & M' Gwatkin. 
Besol: That M' Thomas Clay, formerly mentioned to be 
recommended to the Visters, be now appointed to a Notaway 
Foun<Jation in the Boom of M' Walker Mauray, elected a 
Besol: That M' William Dixon be appointed on a Notaway 

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28 William and Maby College Quarterly. 

Foundation in the Eoom of M' William Yatos, elected a Stu- 

Eesol : That M' John White be recommended to the Vistera 
for a Foundation vacant by M"^ Emmanuel Jones being elected 
a Student. 

Eesol : That M' Langhom Dade be recommended to the Vis- 
ters for a Foundation in the Eoom of M*" Thomas Clay, now 
elected on a Notaway foundation. 

Eesol:- That M' W°* Smelt be recommended to the Visters 
for a foundation vacant by the resignation of M' Ed ; Yates. 

Eesol: That M' David Stuart have leave to reside at M' 
Wrays as long as the Society find no Inconvenience arise from it. 

(220) At a meeting of the President & Masters of the Col- 
lege of W°» & Mary, held on the 8 day of May, 1773. 

Present : 
The honourable & rev^ M"^ Camm, the rev* Mes" Dixon, 
Henley and Gwatkin, & M*" Madison. 

It is ordered {nem con.) that Travis Tucker, for behaving in 
an insolent and contemptuous manner and making use of any 
indecent language to the rev* M"^ Gwatkin, be expell'd, & that 
all the young gentlemen be directed not to entertain him in the 

It is order'd that M' Eobert Burton be appointed Writing 
Master in the room of M' Madison. 

It is ordered that M' Joseph Eggleston be appointed a Student 
in the room of M*" Madison. 

June 25^^ 1773. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W" & Mary 

Present : 
The Eev* M*" Camm, President, M*" Jones, M' Dixon, M'' 
Henley, M' Gwatkin, & M*" Madison. 

Ordered — ^that 4 hhd. Tob° be consigned to Mes" Hanbury & 

Ordered — that 8 hhds. Tob° be consigned to M' Sam : Athawes. 

Ordered — that the Eemainder of the College Tob** be consigned 
to Mes" John Norton & Son. 

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Meetings of President and Masters^ etc. 29 

(221) July 12^S 1773. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W"" & Mary 

Present : 

The Eev: M. Camm, President, M*" Jones, M' Dixon, M*" 
Henley, M' Gwatkin, & M*" Madison. 

Agreed, unanimously, that M*" Innes be appointed Usher of 
the College in the room of M*" Davis, who has resigned. 

Agreed, unanimously, that M*" Yates be appointed to succeed 
M"" Innes as assistant Usher. 

Agreed — that M*" Burwell Starke be appointed a Student in 
the room of M' Yates. 

July 29^ 1773. 
At a meeting of the President & Masters of W°* & Mary 
Present : 

The Bev: M*" Camm, President, M' Jones, M*" Dixon, M' 
Henley, M*" Gwatkin, & M*" Madison. 
Agreed — That the Student who has obtained one of the 
Medals assigned for the encouragement of Philosophical & Clas- 
sical Learning be not allow'd to stand as a Candidate for the 

Agreed — That the Medal assigned for Philosophical Learning 
be given to M' David Stewart. 

Agreed — That the Medal assigned for the Encouragement of 
classical Learning be given to M"^ Samuel Shield. 

(222) Oct^ 14th, 1773. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W*° & Mary 


The Rev* & Hon^^ John Camm, President, M"* Jones, M' 
Dixon, & M*" Gwatkin. 

Agreed unanimously — That M^ Thomas Jefferson be ap- 
pointed Surveyor of Albemarle in the Room of M' Nicholas 
Lewis, who has sent his Letter of Resignation, & that he be 
allowed to have a Deputy. 

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30 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Oct' 19^S 1773. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W™ & Mary 

The Eev^ & Hon"* John Camm, President, M"^ Jones, M' 
Dixon, M' Gwatkin & M*" Madison. 

M' President represented to the Society that the Governor 
had received Information that M' Thomas BuUett, who formerly 
appointed Surveyor of certain Lands on the Ohio, in this Colony, 
was giving much Disturbance to the Indians and others on the 
Frontiers: the Society being of Opinion that a Continuance of 
him in the said OflBce would be productive of ill Consequence, 
dc order i;he Commission appointing him Surveyor as aforesaid 
be revoked & superseded. 

A Eevocation of the Commission formerly granted to Thomas 
Bullett being prepared agreeable to the Order of the Society, 
the same signM, seaFd & duly executed by the Society, and was 
directed to be sent away by the first convenient opportunity. 

Agreed unanimously — That M' George Braxton be appointed 
a Scholar on the Foundation left to the Society by the late 
Eev^ & Hon^*« M' Commisary Blair. 

Agreed unanimously — That M^ Thomas Evans be recom- 
mended to the Visitors for the Foundation vacant by the Eesig- 
nation of M^ William Fontaine. 

(224) Jan^ 28^ 1774. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W°* & Mary 

Present : 
The Rev^ & Hon^»« M' Camm, President, M' Jones, M' 
Dixon, M' Henley, & M^ Gwatkin. 

Order'd — That the Eev: M' Gwatkin be desir'd to write to 
M^ Clay^fl father, and give him a full account of his late be- 
haviour, and in what manner he left the College ; that the said 
Clay be readmitted to his Foundation, provided he submit to 
the Discipline required, or be expell'd the College, & in the 
meantime that he be suspended. 

Ordered — That M'^ Christopher Todd's Studentship be de- 
clared vacant from 24*^ June last. 

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Meetings of President and Masters, etc. 31 

Ordered — That the Kev: M"^ Gwatkin be desir'd to write to 
Charles Eead's Guardian, and acquaint him that the said Eeade 
will loose his Foundation unless he returns immediately. 

Ordered— That Mes" John White & Nath: Nelson be elected 

Order'd — That a fire Engine be provided for the use of the 

(225) May 3*, 1774. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W°^ & Mary 

Present : 

The Eev^ & Hon»»« M' Camm, President, M*" Jones, M' 
Dixon, M' Henley, M*" Gwatkin, & M*" Madison. 

Order'd — That M*" William Blunt be appointed Surveyor of 
Sussex County in the Room of M' Eich'd Blunt, Dec'd. 

Order'd — That M*" Nicholas Meriwether be appointed Sur- 
veyor of Louisa County in the Eoom of M*" Pettit. 

Order'd — That Charles Hay be recommended to the Visitors 
for a Foundation in the Room of Charles Reade. 

Ordered — That Thomas Dixon be appointed on a Nottoway 
Foundation in the Room of Thomas Clay. 

Ordered — That a Memorial be presented to His Excellency the 
Governour & Council in behalf of Cap^ Tho* BuUett. 

(226) June d^\ 1774. 

At a meeting of the President & Masters of W°* & Mary 

The Rev^ & Hon*>*« John Camm, President, M' Jones, M' 
Gwutkin, & M*" Madison. 
Order'd — That a farther Indulgence be allow'd to Col : Benj* 
Harrison, of Berkley, & that we accept of his son, M' Benj* 
Harrison, Jun% as his Security. 

Order'd— That M' Edward Digges be appointed Keeper of the 

(7*0 be Continued,) 

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32 William and Maby College Quakterly. 

OF Prince George County. 

Joseph B. Anderson and Sarah Scott Meriwether were married 
on July 14, 1819. 

Josiah M.^ Jordan, of Prince George, and Mary C. Anderson, 
of Amelia, daughter of Joseph B. and Sarah Anderson, were 
married Sept. 16, 1845, by Eev. Theodorick Pryor. 

Josiah^ Jordan, father of Joeiah M.*, was bom October 24, 
1789 ; died October 19, 1834. He married Eebecca B. Eoane, a 
widow, who was bom Heath. 

Eebecca B. Jordan, n6e Heath, died January 29, 1852. 

Joseph B. Anderson, son of Henry Andereon ♦ and Elizabeth 
Bass, of Amelia county, wa© bom June 9, 1795. 

Sarah Scott Anderson, wife of Joseph B. Anderson and daugh- 
ter of Dr. William Meriwether, was bom January 20, 1806. 

Joeiah M.^ Jordan was bom January 12, 1824. 

Mary C. Anderson, daughter Joseph B. and Sarah A., was 
bom November 11, 1829. 

Dr. William Meriwether f was father of Judge Joseph Meri- 
wether, of Arkansas, and brother of Lord(?) Charies Meri- 
wether, of England, who remained a bachelor. 

Dr. Joseph B. Anderson, of Amelia, served in the war of 1812, 
for which he received a pension. He was a ruling eider in the 
Presbyterian Church, and built with little assistance the first 
Presbyterian Church in Amelia county — "Mount Zion.^^ 

Dr. Wm. Meriwether married Miss Scott,$ of Kent. She was 
sister of Govemor Scott, of Kentucky, and first cousin of Win- 
field Scott. 

Children of Josiah M. and Mary C. Jordan: 

Sarah Eebecca, bom September 10, 1846. 

Mary Jane, bom August 4, 1849. 

Josiah Meriwether, born March 31, 1852. 

Lemuel Peebles, bom April 17, 1855. 

Wateon Pendleton, bom February 24, 1860. 

Charles Berthier, bom April 1, 1862. 

Willianna Gregory, bom December 4, 1864. 

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Bible Becobd of Josiah M. Jordan. 33 

Josiah M.* Jordan married, secondly, Miss Hill, of Petersburg, 
Va. Issue, a daughter named Susan. He died at his residence, 
"Clermont,^^ Prince George county, November 18, 1886. Buried 

Willianna Gregory married Mr. John B. Pinner, of Suffolk, 
Va. Issue, John F. and Katherine Peebles. 

Lemuel Peebles Jordan married Miss Frances Lewie, daughter 
of Dr. Willis Lewis, of Granville county, N. C. Issue, a daugh- 
ter, Lemme McKenzee. 


• Henry Anderson was probably a brother of Claiborne Anderson, 
whose will, proved in Amelia in 1803, names wife Mary Branch Ander- 
son and brothers Chamberlain, Frank and Henry. Francis Anderson 
made his will in 1793, which was proved in 1795, and names son Clai- 
borne, daughter Elizabeth Wilson, and six other children, Ann, Henry, 
Dorothy, Frances, Chamberlain and Susannah Anderson. Administra- 
tors, Bichard Jones, Daniel Wilson and Claiborne Anderson. 

In the records of Amelia county, Va., are marriage bonds: 

September 27, 1759, John Scott and Sarah Scott. 

January, 1789, William Meriwether and Ann Munford. 

May, 1801, William Meriwether and Sarah Scott. 

f Will of William Meriwether, dated November 25, 1818: Names wife 
Lucy, children, William Weaver Meriwether, Sally Scott Meriwether, 
Joseph Mauro ( ?) Meriwether and Ann Eliza Meriwether. Administra- 
tor Joseph Scott. 

Whose son was Dr. William Meriwether? 

The will of Joseph Scott, proved in Amelia January 20, 1748, names 
sons John and William and daughter Judith. Administrator, George 

X The will of John Scott, proved in Amelia July 23, 1770, names sons 
Joseph and Edward, mentions wife, and Robert Fields and Frances his 
wife, and friends Alex. Trent, George Carrington, Jacob Williamson. 

Col. John Scott was a resident of New Kent county, and married 

Judith . He died October 23, 1729, and had issue (1) Samuel, 

bom February, 1707, (2) Sarah, baptized March 3, 1710, (3) Mary, 
baptized Feb. 17, 1711-'12, (4) Jane, baptized Feb. 7, 1713, (6) Martha, 
bom April 28, 1716, (6) Jesse, born May, 1718. He had also, it is be- 
lieved, a daughter Judith ( aunt of Gen. Charles Scott, of the Revolu- 
tion), who married, first, Peter Ware, second. Col. Samuel Jordan; and 
it is believed that Joseph above, whose will was proved in 1748, was an- 
other child. 

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34 William and Makt College Quakterly. 


In Vol. XIII., page 215, the name is erroneouely printed 
Worrell. He was a painter of much merit. Mr. R. A. Brock 
writes as follows : 

"I think that I have heard that Warrell was an Englishman. 
In 1804 he taught dancing in Petersburg, and I have a receipt 
from him, dated March 1, 1804, Pd;ersburg, to Dr. (Geo.) 
Evans for $5 as ^entrance money for one quari«r*s tuition in 
dancing for his daughter.' 

"James Warrell was proprietor at one time of the Eichmond 
Museum. He painted portraits and probably landscapes.*' 

Among the pori:raits painted by Warrell are those of John 
Tyler (father of President John Tyler), now in the library of 
William and Mary College, and Washington and Lafayette, hang- 
ing in the Council Chamber at Eichmond. 



Papers in a chancery suit in Williamsburg clerk^s office, en- 
titled "Charles City Charity School vs. Jesse Cole and others," 
show that in 1778 the citizens of Williamsburg associated and 
formed a fund by subscription for the purpose of establishing a 
free school within the city, and having purchased a piece of 
ground, caused a building thereon to be erected, and they agreed 
that the conveyance should be made to the Mayor, Eecorder, Al- 
dermen and Common Council of the city of Williamsburg. In 
1821 William M. Dennis> of James City county, died, and de- 
vised one moiety of the residue of his estate, after the payment 
of several legacies, for the purpose of educating the poor of 
Williamsburg at the free school of said city, '^the place of my 
mental nativit}^^ and the other moiety for the education of the 
poor of Charles City county, "the place of my bodily nativity." 
He made Jesse Cole, John Minge, the Common Council of Wil- 
liamsburg and the Board of Trustees of the Charity School of 
Charles City his executors. 

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Will of William Broadribb. 35 

Of Jambs City Co.^ Va.* 

In the name of God, Amen. I, William Broadribb, of James 
City County, in Virg*, being in perfect Sound Sence & memory, 
all praise be given to Almighty God for the same. Considering 
with my self of the frailty of Mankind, the Certainty of Death 
& the uncertainty of the time when, do make this my last will 
& Testament, & first & principally above all earthly things, I 
Oomitt my Soule to God who gave it, trusting and Assuredly be- 
lieving, through the bitter Death and passion of my Lord & 
Savior Jesus Christ, I shall receive full pardon of & remission 
ot all my Sins, & my Body to the Earth from Whence it come, 
to be buried in Christian like Manner. 

First. It is my will & desire, & I do hereby appoint, that all 
my Just debts due by bill or Account be duly paid. 

Item. I do give unto my Son Benj* Brodribb, after the Death 
of my Loveing wife Lydia Brodribb, my plantacon whereon I 
now Live & the land bounded as foUoweth, beginning at y* mouth 
of the Spring branch before the Door & up the branch to y* de- 
videing of it & from the fork of the s^ branch up the Middle of 
the point straight up to the Maine road & down the s* Maine 
Road, till it meets with Wormley^s line at Dickett of trees be- 
tween the 8* Wormeley^s old feild & mine by the Schoole house 
& downe that Same Line till it meet with the Line between W°^ 
Baylys land & Mine & along that same Line till it Comes to 
powhatan Swamp & then up the said Swamp to the mouth of the 
s^ bra[nch], where it began (Excepting the land whereon the 
Schoole house now standeth with half an Acre of Land & fire 
wood of [mutilated] my Land I do give for the use of a Schoole 
for ever, I do give to my s* Son Benj* my plantaoon & lands as 
aboves* (Except what is before Excepted) to him & the heires of 
his Body Lawfully begotten for Ever. 

Item. I doe give unto my Son W"* Broadribb at y* age of Eigh- 
teen years all the land whereon Lawrence Usher now liveth 
bounded according to the s* Lawrence's lease & more then the s* 

• Copied from the Ambler MSS. in Congressional Library. 

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36 William and Maby College Quabterly. 

Larence holde, I give to my s* Son William all my land between 
the road that leads between Coll" Lndwell^s Mill & Powhatan 
Mill, all y* Land between that Eoad & y* Line between M' Benj* 
Eggleetone's land & Mine (Excepting one acre of Land for the 
nee of the Mill to him & the heires of his body Lawf idly begotten 
for ever.) 

Item. I do give unto my Son Abraham Broadribb, at the Age 
of Eighteen years, all my land beyond the Maine road & all that 
I have beyond the Drinking Swamp branch Exprest in my Pat- 
ent, all but what is already disposed of, to him & the heirs of his 
Body Lawfully begotten for ever. 

Item. I do give unto my Son Thomas Broadribb, at y* Age of 
Eighteen years, all my land lying between the bounds of my son 
Benjamin's land & the bounds of my Son W"" land aboveeaid 
comonly called Pursers Hill, to him & the heires of his Body 
Lawfully begotten for Ever. 

Item. I do appoint, Impower & desire my three Loveing 
friends, M*" W"* Drumond, Cap^ George Marable & M'. Benj. 
Eggleston, or either two of them, with my Loveing wife, trustees 
to sell & dispose of my Land & plantaoon whereon Emanuell Dees 
now liveth, & the produce of it I bequeath Equally between my 
Son Thomas Broadribb & my two daughters to-wit Susan & 
Lydia, leting the s* Dees Continue his time on it as by Indenture 
of Lease may appear. 

Item. I do give my Mill & an Acre of Land to be Equally de- 
vided amongst all my Children (as they Attaine to the age of 
Eighteen years) (viz*) to Benj* Broadribb, Will Broadribb, 
Abraham Broadribb, Susan Broadribb, Thomas Broadribb & 
Lydia Broadribb & Considering the many Shares in the s* Mill 
& for fear of their disagreeing, I do appoint my two sons (Benj* 
& William) who will be both of age before M^ John TuUit his 
Lease of the s* Mill be Expired that if they think it beet when 
M'. Tullits lease be out, I do appoint them or the Survive' of 
them if one should dye to Sell the said Mill & the produce of 
the s* Mill I do give to be Equally devided amongst all my be- 
fore named Six Children. 

Item. I do give all my Personall Estate to be Equally devided 
amongst my Loveing wife Lydia Broadrib & all my aboves'' Six 

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Eebellion to Tyrants. 37 

Lastly, I do Constitute and appoint my Loveing wife Lydia 
Broadribb whole & Sole Executrix of this my last will and testa- 
ment, to all w** I set my hand & seale this third day of May, 
1703. Will Broadribb.^ (Seal) 

Sealed & signed In presence of 

Lawrence Usher, John Spratley, 

his her 

William W. Wager, Eliz : E. Spratley. 

mark, mark. 

At a court held for James City county, the 7th day of June, 

This will was this day proved in court by the [mutilated] Law- 
rence Usher & W° Waiger two of the witnesses, and admitted to 
record. Test, C. C. Thacker, CI. Cur. Copia Test, C. C. 
Thacker, CI. Cor. 

Endorsed : Broadribb's Will. 

(See QuABTEBLY, XIII., 192-194.) 

Dr. A. A. Folsom sends the following clipping from the New 
York SuUj April 9, 1905. He writes^ "By the above it seems that 
JefEerson did see the aphorism before he wrote the Declaration.^' 

"Who is the author of the aphorism so frequently quoted, ^Re- 
sistance to tyrants is obedience to God,' and under what circum- 
stances was the sentiment delivered ? Kent.'^ 

"Not quite correct in the citation, ^Eebellion to tyrants is obe- 
dience to God' is the form having authority. In the Memoirs of 
Thomas Hollis (London, 1780) it is stated that in many Ameri- 
can homes was displayed the epitaph of John Bradshaw, the regi- 
cide. HoUis says that the epitaph is engraved upon a cannon at 
the summit of a steep hill near Martha Bray, Jamaica, where lie 
buried the remains of Bradshaw. The epitaph, which must have 

^The chief interest in this will consists in its afifording proof of a 
school in James City county. William Broadribb's widow, Lydia, mar- 
ried, secondly, Christopher Smith, Clerk of Jamestown Church, and 
teacher of the Indian children at the College of William and Mary in 

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38 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

fairly covered the cannon of the period, and is far too Jong to 
qnote entire, oonclndes: *0h! reader, pass not on till thon hast 
blest his memory! And never, never forget that rebellion to 
tyrants is obedience to Qod.^ Unfortnnately, Edwards, in his 
History of the British West Indies, says that there was ^eve^ any 
such storied* cannon in Jamaica. Furthermore, Bradshaw was 
buried in Westminster Abbey in the Commonwealth. On the 
Eestoration his body was dug up and hanged, the tnmk was 
buried at the gibb^ foot and the head exposed upon a spike. A 
copy of the epitaph in Mr. JeflEerson^s handwriting and dated 
1776 was in 1824 given to De Lyon, who accompanied Lafayette 
on his return to this country in- the latter year. On this copy Mr. 
JeflEerson had made a note in these terms, Trom many circum- 
stances there is reason to believe there does not exist any such 
inscription as the above, and that it was written by Dr. Franklin, 
in whose hands it was first seen.' '^ 

(Continued from Vol. XIII, , pa^e 224.) 

Friday, Octob : 9, 1772. Many mush rooms are now springing 
up. I have had abundance gathered for home use. I hear that 
Hogs die about with eating them. Would it not be better to 
keep hogs up from the time of their springing (vizt.), about 
August to the oool weather, at least in the Sties every night? 

Two days ago the hair brained Molly Beale fell from her 
horse and broke her arm, a good warning to all madcaps. 

I understand by my daughter Lucy, just come, that Presid* 
Nelson is now in great danger. 

10. Col. P. Lee, his Lady and two children came here last 
night at candle light. The Colonel in his way to town, his Lady 
and Childrrai' make a visit of it to the family. A very fine 
morning. I rode out. In those fields cleared of their fodder 
the com has not really a good look, but to open one of those 
pike Ears it is surprising. It puts me in mind of a comparison 
made on Dr. Jones^ small Jemmy coat. Take it off, and to 
look at his body occasions a wonder how such a carcase coidd 
be contained in such a coat; like the shell of a soft crab, the 
body of the crab after the shell is off seems by much too large 

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DiABY OP Col. Landon Cabteb. 39 

for the shell. Just so these Ears; when shucked the husk 
and grain seem really more than the shuck could contain. 
Therefore, hy my qty. tended things may turn out, but I fear 
not quite so great a qty, as wh* the steward, Beale, and under- 
overseer, Lawson, seem to be sure of, that is, a greater crop 
than last year. 

Wheat looks prodigious fine except at the Fork. It really 
makes me mad, but it is owing to the seed sown; it got heated. 

I can-'t yet sow in either the barley or spelt because my 
ground is not quite broke up. I intend the same ground that 
brought me barley, Pease, & oats last year to bring me barly, 
spelt & Peas this year. That is, I have every other pea row 
plowed into a ridge, and in the middle a drill of Barley, then 
the intermediate row to be sown with spelt, and in May a drill 
of Pease between the Barley & spelt. 

14. Wednesday. October, 1772. My people seem to be quite 
dead hearted*, and either cannot or will not work, and overseers, 
especially those on wages, will lie with expectations of great 
things. Lawson not two days ago told me should fill at least 
3 90foot houses of good tob**. But I wish he may fill 9 inch 
ones. And he was certain of a better crop of com than last 
year, when I am afraid he will not make one half of it. 

19. Monday. Unwilling to let things come to an in-jury by 
too much confidence in the weather, I have set 11 heads to cut- 
ting down every plant that will make tob°. It is rather too 
green and thin, but one frost would have made it worse, and I 
have not seen any likelihood of its growing either larger or 
thicker for now more than a week. 

I am at kst sowing my Barley & spelt. Barley every other 
3 foot drill, and spelt between. 

William Lawson went up to take possession of my Park 
Quarter Thursday, the 15 of the month. He is to get things 
in order, and to bring down all my hogs to fatten here, for that 
raiBcal, Brown, not only sold all my last crop of com, but even 
did not intend to make any this year; for he never wed the 
little that he tended ; neither did he ever work xny tobacco. 

John Selfe, Jun., came to Laweon^s place the 17 of this 
month; he seems to be a brisk man. 

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40 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

James Purcell is to be at the Fork Quarter on Monday next. 
I needed not to have a man there, but my dog of a foreman is 
now grown a lazy villain. 

24. Saturday. Lawson came down on friday. He likes the 
Park Land much; says there will be about 10,000 good tob** 
made, and as there are no hoggs to be fattened there, he thinks 
he shall (have) corn enough made to keep the Quarter this 
year, altho' there has been but little planted and hardly any 
of that tended. 

Lawson is to marry & go up immediately, and after him 
Talbot shall carry the peoples things and his goods to the Falls. 

25. Sunday. This day being a Sacrament day appointed by 
our minister, and as Ch : Warden I had all the elements & plate 
ready. We had notice to begin at 11. The Parson came there 
about 10, read prayers, & was gone before any body but a few 
was there, & said it was 11 minutes after 11 o'clock by his time. 
I got there 25 minutes after 10 with my fSamily, & got back 
25 before 11. Col° Lee came to church after me, and was at 
my house before 11. I am contented; the Gent entertains me 
when he pleases to go into his Pulpit, and I said nothing. Gk)d 
knows I went to commemorate the love and Passion of my divine 
redeemer, & if his servant was otherwise disposed, I hope it is 
to be imputed to some other cause than my neglect. 

I have had too much reason in my life to observe that few 
think there is any kind of duty or trust in the ofiSoes they under- 
take of every kind. Thus does social virtue gradually die away. 

The Year 1774. 

1. Tuesday. February. On Saturday last, in all the bad 
weather, M*" Carter, of Corotoman, came here on his way to the 
Cleve sail (sale?). 

Yesterday he with my son set oflff to that sail, the day very 

Last night N. 0. Doc^ Lee came with Henry Lee, nephew to 
the N. 0., as being the son of Harry above. This youth has 
been at the Jersey College. I think him an improved, well 
behaved youth; modest, & yet one that expresses himself very 
satisfactorily. I have now my daughter Lucy, grandchildren 
Fanny, Betty (?), Lucy & Wormeley Carter & his sister Molly 

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DiAKT OF Col. Landon Carter. 41 

ill. She took a vomit yesterday & to-day opening powders. Her 
brother & Fanny vomited. My daughter Lucy will take nothing. 

2. Little Luey^s meazles very full out. Her Aunt Lucy, 
Molly Carter, my son Landon'e daughter, & Nancy Carter, 
Lucj^s sister, & their maid Qraoe, all broke out. I hope in 
God all may do well. As yet no very great complaint. 

12. Saturday. I sent to M' Parker yesterday to tell him 
of a vacancy now for his son Tom, my Godson. He intends 
to bring him when he can spare the time. Mr. Christian, as 
hie «on shows no good Principles, took him away, & intends to 
teach him his own business, or if that fail, to bind him to 
the aea. 

Col® fiichard H. Lee was at Monokin ill with the gout and 
immovable on Tuesday last, but on Wednesday he was gone 
home, and oflE went Col" Frank & his Lady. 

19. Saturday. Thursday last an examining court, but no 
clerk or Justices met. Parker, the King's Atomey, & W. Beale, 
Jun', came home with Bob & I. Next Thursday appointed for 
the same purpose. 

21. Monday. Billy Beale oflE this day (to) Lover'€(hall, my 
Northumberland Plantation. I do suppose that his brother, 
the overlooker there, may be miffed at it; but I cannot bear 
to make nothing there with such fine land and such good hands. 
He is to bring me a particular account of everything, and to 
examine narrowly into everything. 

23. Mr. J. McKay came here yesterday. 

24. Thursday lanother called court, but no clerke. 

27. I had a letter yesterday from Backbum by Alexander, 
w*^ tells me, aJtho' he did not care to make any further advance, 
he had paid my bill to Blane & those to Hopkins for £90. 

I shall tell him it was kind to do so, but at the same time 
he was something like old Pirate Low, aV 50 years ago, who 
always whipped every imfortunate Prisoner & afterwards gave 
tliem a ball on board. However, I will not quarrel with him, 
for I know him to be so good a man that if he does wrong it 
cannot be intentionally. 

1 March. This is the third Court called on examination of 
Moor Bragg on suspicion of felony, in company with a brother 
Benjamin of his, for stealing a slave from Bailey Suttle. But 

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42 William and Maby Collbge Quarterly. 

our Clerk being ill, and as I had catched a prodigions oold 
both the first and second called courts, by setting in a very large 
ordinary room, with two doors to it, one of them broke down, 
and perhaps a room without any fire in it from month to month. 
I say I was a full week getting rid of my first cold, and the 
oold I catched the last Court day is still on me, and I know not 
when I shall clear that off. I would not attend, believing also 
the Clerk either still abed or unwilling to venture out such 
unlikely weather, especially as the Court in Course is so near as 
next Monday. I say I stay at home to take care of my aged self. 

This morning two doz° of Trout came from Captain Beale, 
but I want no communication with a man who must have been 
concerned in his son's fascinating a dear girl away from me, 
tho' I don't suppose him concerned in that vile behaviour shown 
to me by the monster, his son, sometime before my deluded 
child went away. I say I want to drop all connection with this 
fatter, by much too guilty in effecting that, my certain misery. 
Yet as he shewed a kindness to the family, indeed his blood 
relations by the marriage of his daughter with my son, I thanked 
him in their behalf, & ordered a bushel of Bernard Creek oysters 
to be returned. I shall not eat of these fish, and have only 
behaved consistent with my determined reflection to have no 
intimacy or connection with one that every circumstance favors 
... in this strangest of fascinations. 

2 May. Mr. Carter, of Corotoman, came here yesterday ; his 
horse gave out, and borrowed one of me to perform his journey 
upwards. Thus do the Bepresentatives of the people go out 
of the way of their duty instead of into it. Such is the nature 
of Public Virtue in this colony, where there is such a Cry for 
Liberty; there is hardly a man to be met with who pays the 
least regard to it. 

My son set off for the Assembly to do his duty, and God 
send he may do it. 

I am going to Court, that is, the Court of Claims; for as 
to the Court in Course, the Insult I met with was too great 
to sit any more with such coadjutors. 

Billy Beale gone with my cart to fetch my goods from Lewis', 
at Monday's Point. In this affair Major Mottison, as they call 
him, has shewed him-self just such another hj'pocritical fellow 

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DiAKY OF Col. Landon Cabteb. 43 

as his brother Willkm; promising services, and even boasting 
of them, bnt so far from performing as even to do injuries in 
their stead. This monster 'w^s over solicitous to send these 
goodfi to my own Landing, tho* I only desired him to land where 
he pleased and let me know when. And instead of doing one 
thing that he promised, he has landed them as far as they could 
be landed from me without sending out of the ship's way, and 
never so much as sending me word when or where they were 
landed ; and after 5 or 6 weeks I by aocidient have heard where 
they were, and I suppose they may have been Pillaged. Eascals 

3. Mai*" GrifiBn came home with me yesterdlay ; behaved really 
very pleasantly, as he always does. I did not say one word 
about Peachey'e difference & mine. He wanted me to sit 
again on the Bench, but I read him my Justification, & he left 
off, sajring if (it) could be consistent with my honour, he sh'd 
be glad. I told him not. He owned it was a public insult, & 
sh^d be as publickly acknowledged. 

My son told me some body had drawn up a Pompous Paper 
ag* mine to Jameson, signed T. Beale, Ju^, gone to the Press. 
Aut Erasmi out diaboli, 

4. I am surprised to hear old W°* Brockenbrough, he sh* 
deny his behaviour March Court. It seems he says he did not 
know J. Thornton had been in but once into Court; and that 
he did not offer that he sh'd not disturb the Court any more, 
or that he spoke out of turn when the motion was made to bind 
Thornton to his good behaviour. He who denies these things 
is able to deny anything. In the first Place, my motion set 
forth the two days he had been- misbehaving, and when he 
offered he should not do so any more, I bid him to tejl the Clerk 
it was all that was wanted; and I dare to appeal to the mem- 
bers if he did not (say?), as soon as I made the motion, that 
the poor fellow was drunk & ought tc^ be excused, before even 
Miskel spoke. 

5. I said yesterday there would be a frost, and I really 
ordered my plants to be thicker covered; but more knowledge 
would not obey me except at home, & here about dark I had 
it done, by wh*^** means I saved most of them; but everywhere 
else, except at the Fork, where the overseer obeyed my orders, 
the plants are much hurt. And all the com killed everywhere. 

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44 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

I therefore ordered all to go replanting 2 grains in a hill ; not 
to touch the standing com, so that if that comes to anything, it 
will not be hurt. But Selfe, a knowing fool, wanted to trust 
to another frost. Which is better, John, a fresh grain in May 
or a wounded plant of corn? and if a frost comes to-night, 
what then? 

The ice was hard enough for a dog to walk on it. 

6. Friday. A clear looking day. No frost, by everybody's 
account, tho' all night full cold enough. 

We planted cotton at home the day before yesterday, and yes- 
terday at the Forks. 

I rode out to make a further examination into the effects of 
yesterday's frosts. I could not have conceived the severity of it. 
I before took notice of its injury to almost every domestic Plant 
such as affords food or raiment, and I am convinced the wheat 
is too much injured to recover. The spelt alone has stood it, 
w'^** is that this is both an aquatic & a hardy winter plant; at 
the same time it cannot endure the least dry weather. 

This day examined the wood, &c., and, except the Pine & 
Cedar, every tree almost everywhere burnt as if by a fire. 

(Potatoes in 3 acres killed.) I am glad I reserved about 
half an acre to be planted in June, as rattle brained Jack 
Wormeley advised me. 

My Fork cotton will be all planted this day, and then the 
Potatoes, and then to repairing my garden necessaries. 

I was surprised this day to hear that in the Philadelphia 
Oazette the whole E. W. estate on Shenandoah, slaves & all, 
were to be sold. I say I was surprised, because there has been 
a prodigious boast of great Profits made there, and not long 

ago I heard a Gentleman declare his was thence clear 

of debt. There is nothing like our modes of deceiving ourselves 
& the world. 

(To he Continued,) 

Communicated by Miss Anna Melissa Graves. 

Charles Copland wae an eminent lawyer, and figrured in the Vir- 
ginia courts as the rival of John Wickham and William Wirt. Nothing is 
known of his ancestry. He married first Rebecca Nicholson, whose family 


Diary of Charles Copland. 45 

ie better knawn. Her father, Robert Nicholson, was a merchant of Wil- 
liamsburg, and married Mary Waters. Issue: 1 William, who married 

( ?), and had issue: John, who went into .the navy and became a 

commodore; Mary Tabb, Margaret Joy, Martha and Caroline. 2 Greorge 

married , and had issue: Mary, who married Chapman Johnson, 

Agnes, Margaret, married Robert Gwathmy; Elizabeth or Rebekah, mar- 
ried Carter Braxton Page; William. 3 Robert, married Elizabeth 
IWgges, and had George, married Sarah Tayloe Wormeley, and Sallie 
Berkeley married Pey. 4. Andrew, married Judith Digges, and had 
Elizabeth, married Col. T. N. Burwell; Rebekah, who married Rev. 
George Woodbridge; Mary, George. 5. Thomas, never married. 6. Re- 
becca, married, February 4, 1786, Charles Copland, and had issue: Mary, 
bom March 16, 1787, married John A. Brown; Elizabeth, married Park- 
hill; Peter, born Sept. 22, 1790; Margaret, Charles, born February 17, 

1794, married Adams; Alexander, born July 12, 1795; William, 

bom April 8, 1797; Robert, born May 14, 1799, married Ayers; 

Rebecca, died infant. 7. Margaret, married L. Gibbons. 

John A. Brown and Mary Copland had issue: Margaret, married 
John Wight, who had Emily, married William Graves, parents of Anna 
Melissa Graves. 

Charles Copland married, second, Henningham Bernard, October 13, 
1808, and she died November 24, 1836. 

A diary of Charles Copland's is still extant and in the posses- 
sion of his great-great-granddaughter, Mary Copland Wight, of 
Baltimore, Md. He says of it himself: 

"There is dispersed in my books and papers an unmethodical 
register of domestic events, and statements of the profits of my 
profession,* my house expenses, a notice of my joumies, etc., etc., 
and which I now mean to extract from my books and papers 
and enter into a regular series in this book, that I may readily 
turn to them at any time when I shall have occasion to do so. 

"C. Copland^ 

''June, 1823." 
The "register of domestic events'' is very meagre, usually being 
merely notices of the births, marriages and deaths of the imme- 
diate family and those most nearly related. The statements 
concerning his profession are much more interesting. For eleven 
years he kept a detailed account of the profits of his profession, 

• He was a lawyer. 

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46 William and Mary College Quakterlt. 

and also gives dates of ids qualification in the different courts. 
He does not state whether he studied law at college, whether 
he was prepared and practicing before he moved to Bichmond, 
or whether he carried on his studies entirely after establishing 
himself there. He moved from Charles City county to Bich- 
mond on December 29, 1788. His entry — ^the first in the diary — 
is as follows: 

"Dec. 29"*. I moved from Charles City to Bichmond into a 
house I had built there on a lot of land, No. 422, which I bought 
of John Dandridge. 

The lot cost me $333.33 

The improvements cost me 1,748.96 

Total, $2,082.29 

"My poverty made it needful that I should use economy in 
forming this establishment, and therefore the houses I put on 
the lot were framed in Charles City, and of scantling got from 
trees that grew on my own land, and the frames were brought 
to Bichmond by water.'^ 

Although he came to Bichmond in the end of 1788, yet his 
first entries about his qualifications are the following. 

"1790. May 22. I qualified as a Lawyer in the High Court 
of Chancery. 

"1790. November 25. I qualified as a Lawyer in the Federal 

"1792. November 24. I qualified as a Lawyer in the General 

"1793. April 15. I qualified as a Lawyer in the Court of 

From 1791 to 1802 he kept a separate account of the profits 
of his practice in each court. After 1802 he blended the whole 
together in one sum. Up to the year 1795 he practiced regularly 
in Charles City, his native county. 

His first detailed account is on the following page : 

1791. The produce of my practice this year: 

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Diary of Charles Copland. 47 

Henrico Court, $779.20 

Ch«s. City Court, 448.40 

High Court of Chancery, 385.66 

District Court, 276.68 

- Hustings Court, 223.67 

Federal Court, 73.33 

Extra business, 80.80 

Drawing deed6 & other writings, 45 . 16 

Advice, 33.92 


In 1800 he says, *! make more by my practice than I ever did 
in any year before or since.'* The detailed account is as follows : 

Henrico Court, $1,968.75 

Federal Court, 1,501.20 

High Court of Chancery, 651 . 75 

District Court, 613.60 

Hustings Court, 546 . 77 

Drawing, 142.33 

Extras, 108.00 

Advice, 25 69 

Commissions without suit, 1,263 . 04 


In 1802 he saj« : "My average annual income from my prac- 
tice alone for this and the four last years was $6,094.72, which 
I believe was a better practice than any other lawyer in Eich- 
mond had at that time, one only excepted.*^ 

From 1802 the profite of hi« profession gradually decreased. 
This decrease was probably due to the condition of the country 
at the time, and also probably due to the fact that he evidently 
thought that he had accumulated enough and could afford to 
spend more time away from his legal duties. 

In 1810 his practice produced $3,682.20. 

In 1815 his practice produced only $1,091.11. 

Of 1816 he says : At the close of thia year I formed the strange 
resolution of retiring from the bar, and actually did so in 

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48 William and Mary College Quabteblt. 

March in the succeeding year — a resolution I have sorely re- 
pented of since. To detail the grounds of that resolution would 
be to no purpose. All the grounds, however, I have since found 
to be wholly falacious." 

In 1819 he resumed the practice of law, but for the next 
three years it did not produce a thousand dollars a year. His 
diary ends in 1822. 

Besides the profits of his profession he had an income derived 
from other sources. He does not enter this in his diary, though, 
until after 1804. He says : "For fourteen years, namely, from 
the beginning of this year (1791) to the end of 1804, I did 
not make out, nor have I any statement of my income from 
any other source than my practice, although within that period 
I made the bulk of the estate I have ever owned." In 1803 he 
says : "Notwithstanding the produce of my practice w£is dimin- 
ished, I had a hand-some income from other -sources, and I this 
year lent out on legal interest twenty thousand dollars." 

In 1805 his income from other sources than his prac- 
tice was $3,468. 94 

His income from his practice was 3,950. 14 


His other income decreased after 1806, probably because be- 
ginning at about that time he must have spent a good deal of 
his principal in portioning off his daughters and establishing 
his sons. He makes several entries about profits on real estate, 
and speaks of shares in the James Biver Canal Company. In 
January, 1819, he was elected a Director in that company. He 
had a great deal of land in Ohio, in Muskingham county. Some 
of this he seems to have given to his sons Charles and Peter 
in 1811 and 1819, but some he kept and had at the time of his 

He not only gives detailed accounts of his income, but also 
of his expenditures. At first he tried to make his profession 
pay his running expenses and saved his other income; but hie 
expenses increased so that he soon had to give up this plan, and 
later on he found that he had even to use some of his principal. 
But he never went into debt, and reduced his expenses soon 
until they came well within his income again. 

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Diary of Chables Copland. 49 

His entry at the end of 1803 is as follows : 

"This year ... I resumed the practice of keeping a house 
expense account, which I had very improperly intermitted for 
12 years. This was the first year of my life since I was a prac- 
ticing Lawyer that the produce of my practice alone did not 
pay my house expenses." 

The following are some of his * house expense accounts : 

1803. Expenses, $4,335.38 

"In this sum of $4,335.38 is embraced expenses of our trip 

to Bethlehem, $303. and 

Board and tuition of 
my two daughters at 

Bethlehem, 430.0." 

1804. House expenses, $4,502 . 56 

1805. " " 4,387.47 

1806. " " 4,977.69 

But in this year is included not only his daughter's expenses 
at Bethlehem, but also his son Peter's expenses for half a year 
at Princeton, which were $230. 

1807. House expenses, $5,087 . 57 

Peter's half year expenses were $270. 

1808. House expenses, $4,524. 14 

1809. " " .... 4,471.39 

1810. " " .... 4,802.84 

1811. " " 7,250.73 Income was $6,373.08 

In this year a very expensive trip to the North cost him 
$1,057.20. Alex.'s expenses at Yale, $403.25. 

1812. House expenses, $4,531.20 A.'s expenses at Yale, $635.00 

1813. " " 5,091.47 " " " " 757.42 

1814. " " 5,021.79 " " " " 923.98 

1815. " " 6,530.13 Income only $3,930.07. 

1816. " " 5,204.00 

1817. " " 4,022.63 

1818. " '' 3,548.92 

1819. " " 2,233.44 

1820. " " 1,849.18 

1821. " " 2,097.76 

* House expense account means with him total living expenses. 

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60 William and Mart Collboe Quabterly. 

In 1822 be gives a still more detailed account of his expenses, 
as follows : 

Food, animal & vegetable, $490.09 

Groceries of all sorts, 286.35 

Fuel, 124.91 

Clothes for wife,* self and servants, . . . 283 . 54 

Food for horses and cows, 181 . 24 

Furniture, postage, pew rent. 

Subscriptions, medical bill & ice, 190. 32 

Taxes, 35.75 

Miscellaneous, 155 . 13 

{To he Continued,) 



(Continued from XIIL, 278.) 

See April, 1905, page 271, thiri>eenth line from top. 

163 William' (William*, John*, Thomas*, Humphrey^) was 
a soldier in Capt. Hugh Stephenson^s Company during the Rev- 
olution. I sent you a copy of his brother George's honorable dis- 
charge from the army. 

Same page, twentieth line from top: 

186 Capt. John Leland* Tabb was Captain of Cavalry during 
war of 1812, and not his son-in-law Nathaniel Mitchell, who is 
mentioned in same paragraph lower down. 

Same page, fourth line from bottom, my father's name is 
Charles Benjamin Stephenson, not Stephens; he was bom and 
raised in Harper's Ferry. 

Page 272, third line from bottom. Strike out the statement 
that 164 Edward.** Tabb was a member of Continental Army. 
Page 276, beginning of second paragraph. You give wrong 

* His wife had an independent income of her own. 

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Bray Family. 51 

number and generation tx) John Tabb, who you say "wbls probably 
another «on of John Tabb and Martha Hand." If this John is 
the son of John Tabb and Martha Hand, then his number is 
52 John^ Tabb (see October, 1904, page 126, sixth line from 
top), and you have imintentionally given him in this number, 
hie father^s number and generation, 5 John* Tabb — ^being John 
Tabb who married Martha Hand. 

If the John, eon of 5 John* and Martha Hand, married Mary 
Ann, widow of AUaman, and their children were left wards to 
his brother William Tabb, then that brother William must have 
been my great-great-great-grandfather, 51 William* Tabb, who 
was bom 1702 (eee page 270), and it was thie William who John 
and Thomas Edmundson sued in 1754 for an account of the 
estate of William AUaman. 

(Continued from XIIL, 269.) 

To an account current of the estate of Arthur Allen, deceased, 
settled in Surry county, by Mrs. Elizabeth Allen, adminietratrix, 
in August, 1728, there is attached a memorandum as f oUowe : 

"Memo. There ie a bond made to Mr. Arthur Allen and my- 
self from my brother Thomas Bray of the penalty of one thou- 
sand pounds sterL dated the 2l8t day of Jany, 1725, conditioned 
for payment of 500 £ at two payments to my late hueband or 
myself, one payment wae past in Mr. AUen'e lifetime, and the 
money, vizt., 200 £ received by him ; the other payment was not 
due in his lifetime, and I claim that, vizt., 300 £ as my money. 
Elizabeth Allen.'' And an additional account current of the 
estate of said Arthur Allen returned in 1737 is signed by Arthur 
Smith, Jr., Elizabeth Smith, and James Bray, administrators. 
And on March 16, 1736, James Bray qualified as guardian of 
James Allen, with John Euffin and Arthur Smith, Jr., his se- 
curities. (Surry County Beoords.) 

The above extracts from the records proves that Mrs. Elizabeth Allen 
(XIII., 267) was sister of Thomas Bray. 

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52 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Among the families of County Kent, in England, the Brod- 
naxes held a respected position. The following pedigree is taken 
from Berry^s Kentish Oenealogies: 

1 BoBERT^ Brodnax, living temp. Henry V., married Alice 
Scoppe, and had 2 Robert Brodnax, of Hythe, who died in 1487. 

2 EoBERT^ Brodnax^ of Hythe (Eobert^), married 

Julian, and had issue : 3 John, 4 Cecelia, 5 Margaret, married 
John Home. 

3 John* Brodnax (Bobert*, Eobert^) married Margaret , 

and had issue: 6 William^, of Burmarsh; 7 Winifred, 8 Joan, 
9 Marth€u 

6 William* Brodnax (John®, Eoberii^, Eobert^) married 

Agnes f and died in 1527. Issue : 10 Eobert, of Chariton, 

married Joan Knight and had fourteen children; 11 Thomas^, 
of Godmerfiham, 12 Joan, 13 Wilmynn. 

11 Thomas' Brodnax, of Qodmersham (William*, John', 

Eoberir^ Eoberir^) married first Gilberi;, and had 14 John, 

who married Bebecca Leeds, and had three daughters, 15 Bobert, 

of New Bomney, died 1605, married first Joan , who 

d. 8. p. 1592 ; married second Ursula , and had Bobert, 

William, Thomas, John, Bichard, Henry and Elizabeth, who 
married Balph Knight. Thomas' Brodnax married secondly 
Julian Brockman, sister of Sir William Brockman, of Beach- 
borough, and had 16 Thomas, of Godmersham, Esq. ; 17 Henry, 
died young; 18 Henry, 19 John, 20 William, 21 Margaret, mar- 
ried Bobert Jenkins; 22 Mildred, married Alexander Bayner; 
23 Elizabeth, married John Chapman; 24 Joan, married Wil- 
liam Pysing; 25 Anne, married George May; 26 Jane, married 

Nicholas Pemble; 27 Susan, married Lambe; 28 Sarah, 

married William Curteis. 

16 Thomas* Brodnax (Thomas', William*, John^ Bobert*, 
Bobert^), of Qodmersham, Esq., died in 1658. He married first 
Katherine, daughter and coheir of John Southland, of New 
Bomney, who died sine prole; married second Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Taylor, of Wilsborough, and had 29 Thomas, 30 Wil- 
liam, died infant; 31 Henry, 32 Bobert Brodnax, born Novem- 
ber 5, 1615, died February 22, 1673, and buried at Tenterden ; 

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Enlarged Photographs from Seal which belonged to 
Gen. Wm. Henry Brodnax. 

Digitized by 


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Brodnax Family. 53 

married August 8, 1643, Elizabeth Curteis, of Woodohurch, who 
died April 26, 1644, aged twenty-five, and had Katharine; 32 
John Brodnax, who married Dorothy, and had Thomas, John, 
William, Robert, Elizabeth and Martha ; 33 Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried Daniel White, of Winehekea; 34 Mary, married John 
Knowles; 35 Martha, married William Wotton; 36 Susan. 

29 Thomas^ Brodnax (Thomas^ Thomas*^, William*, John^ 
BobertS Eobert^), of Qodmersham, Esq., died 1667. Married 
Jane, daughter of William James, of Ightham, Esq., and had 
issue: 37 Thomas, 38 Robert, died infant; 39 Robert, married 
Gibbon; 40 Henry, 41 Roger, 42 Sir William, of Qod- 
mersham, knighted in 1664, died in 1673, married Mary, daugh- 
ter of John Digges, Esq., of Chilham in Kent ; 43 Jane, married 
Thomas Papillon, of London; 44 Elizabeth, married Thomas 
Turner, of Canterbury; 45 Sarah, died infant; 46 Sarah. 

So far the English records. 

In the York county (Virginia) records appears Major John 
Brodnax, whose will, proved Nov. 16, 1657, names wife Dorothy, 
and children: Thomas, eldest son, "living in England at the 
Golden GriflSn with Mr. Thomas Turget (?), Fair Church 
Street,^' to whom he gave the proceeds of any goods or servants 
arriving by this next shipping. John Brodnax, *^ving with Mr. 
Joseph King at the Golden Sonne in Gracious Street,^^ one gold 
ring with the motto engraved, "Thinke on thy ende, and also 
the life and death of thy f reinde,^' Elizabeth Brodnax, "my Bible 
booke, also my Eare-Ring w^ a diamond in it.^^ As he does not 
appear in the list of the milftili olfioers of any of the counties, his 
title "Major*^ indicates that he was a refugee cavalier oflBcer, a 
fact also shown by his personal estate outcried at York, Novem- 
ber 19, 1657, which consisted of the fine outfit of a gentleman of 
high standing — 3 periwigs, one rapier and belt, five broadcloth 
suits, slippers, ribbons, etc. 

This Major Brodnax was evidently 32 John* (above), as the 
names of his wife and children are identical. 

Towards the end of the seventeenth century there appeared in 
Virginia two brothers, William and John Brodnax, sons of 
Robert Brodnax, a goldsmith of London and a native of God- 
mersham. County Kent, England. They must have been great- 
nephews of Major John^ Brodnax, and sons of 29 Robert* Brod- 

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54 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

nax, who married Gibbon. William Brodnax, the younger 

son^ settled at Jameetown Island, and John Brodiuui:, his elder 
brother, settled first in Henrico county, and afterwards in Wil- 
liamsburg, where he carried on his father's trade as a goldsmith, 
and died in 1719. 

The following is a letter from Dr. John W. Brodnax, of Man- 
chester, enclosing a copy of Bible entries illustrating the de- 
scendants of William Brodnax, of Jamestown. 

Manchester, Va., December 22, 1900. 

Mt Deab Sib: I would have answered your letter before, but have 
been waiting to get the information you desired. The Bible record of 
the Brodnax family is in the possession of Mrs. W. S. Roulhac, of Spray, 
N. C. The portraits are owned by Mr. Frederick Brodnax, of Wilming- 
ton, N. C. I send you a copy of the record from the "Old Bible." The 
portraits are very old and difficult to photograph; some of them are too 
dark to be photographed at all. I have negatives of some of them, and 
the picture I send you is a fair sample of how they print. If you think 
you can use them, will gladly have pictures struck off from the other 
negatives for you. 

The branch of the family to which I belong is the one from which 
(General William Henry Brodnax descended. His brother Meriwether 
Bathurst Brodnax was my grandfather, Judge Henry Brodnax, who 
emigrated to Kentucky, was their imcle. I have not yet been able to 
connect them with the other Brodnaxes, although I know they are of 
the same family. The photo of the seal, which I also send, belonged 
(Seal) to General Brodnax, and it corresponds to the coat of arms in 
the possession of the other branch. If you can aid me in finding the 
missing link, I assure you it wilLbe. a^rcat favor to me. 

It will afford me great pleasi^eHo ^jve you any information I have 
about the family, and hoping thai" what I send will be of some service 
to your. 

I am. Yours truly, John W. Bbodnax. 

Copies of Entries in the Brodnax Bible. 
(Now in possession of Mrs. W. S. Roulhac, Spray, N. C.) 

William Brodnax was bom Feb. 28, 1675, the youngest son of 
Eobert Brodnax, goldsmith, in Holbom, in London. He was 
bom at (Jodmersham, in Kent. 

Eebeckah Brodnax died December 19, 1723, aged forty-six 
years, and was interred at the burying at her former husband's, 
Mr. Edward Travis, in James City Island, and has left issue by 

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Brodnax Family. 55 

William Brodnax, her late husband, William, Edward and Eliza- 
beth Bebeckah. This was my dear father's Bible, Eobert Brod- 
nax. I desire it may be given to my eldest son after my decease 
to keep in memory of his grandfather and me, William Brodnax. 
It being my father^s. William Brodnax died February 16, 1727, 
aged fifty-one years, eleven months and sixteen days, and was 
interred at the burying place in James City Island. (The Lord 
in heaven receive his soul. Amen.) 

This Bible was given by Eobert Brodnax, goldsmith, to his 
son William Brodnax, who came to Virginia and intermarried 
with Mrs. Travis at Jamestown. By her he had my father Wil- 
liam Brodnax, who intermarried with Ann Hall, and at his 
death he gave it to be kept in remembrance of him and my 
grandfather, and I desire that it may be given to my son Eobert 
Brodnax at my death, William E. Brodnax. I was married to 
Sarah Jones on 24th December, 1785, and on 30th April, 1787, 
we had bom Eobert Brodnax, who was baptized on 26th of June 
following, and his gossips were Mr. Fred Jones, Dr. Nichols, 
Joseph Bowedon, Hall Brodnax, William Call, Miss Ann Jones, 
Betty Jones, Mary Walker and Mary Brodnax — William E. 

Betty Epes Brodnax was bom on 20th September, 1789, and 
was baptized 28th December, 1789, and her gossips were Mr. 
Sterling Peebles, Mr. Turner Powers, and Mr. William Wilkins, 
Mrs. Polly Call, Miss Bettie Jones, Miss Sallie Jackson. 

2nd June, 1792, had a daughter bom (rest tom off).* 

July 23, 1793, had bom a son called William Frederick, who 
was baptized on 2nd of January, 1794. Gossips were Charles B. 
Jones, Henry Jackson, Eichard Clark and Thomas H. Brodnax, 
Travis Jones, Nancy Jones, Betsy Jones, Sallie Cargele, Patsy 
Brodnax and Ann Jackson. 

April 1, 1796, had a son bom called Edward Travis. My 
mother, Mrs. Sarah Brodnax, died at 3 o'clock Sunday evening, 
7th November, 1830, aged about seventy. A. Brodnax. 

My father, Mr. William E. Brodnax, died at 5 o'clock, Wed- 
nesday evening, January 12, 1831, aged seventy-six. 

• This was Ann Brodnax, as shown by another copy. 

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56 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Descendants of William Brodnax. 

1 William* Brodnax, bom February 28, 1675, died February 
16, 1727 ; wa8 burgess for Jamestown, Va., in 1718, and in 1723. 
He married the widow of Edward Travis (who died in 1700), 
Eebeeca Champion (bom 1677; died December 19, 1723). Issue: 
2 William Brodnax, 3 Edward, 4 Elizabeth Eebeeca. 

2 William^ Brodnax (William^) married Ann Hall, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Hall, of Prince George, and in 1746 sold his lands 
on Jamestown Island and moved to Prince George county, and 
later to Bmnswick county. In 1730 he was justice for James 
City county, and in 1745 justice for Prince George. Issue: 5 

Elizabeth, married William Evans ; 6 a daughter, married 

Wall, and had John and William Brodnax Wall; 7 Ann, married 

Jackson; 8 Mary, married Smith; S , married 

Power,* and had Henry Power, William Brodnax Power, 

and John Power; 10 William, bom in Prince George county, 
Nov. 26, 1745 (Bristol Parish Register) ; 11 John, 12 WUliam 
Edward, bom 1755; 12 Thomas Hall Brodnax. 

William Brodnax made his will in Brunswick county, April 
22, 1770, and it was proved March 25, 1771. Names wife Ann, 
brother Edward Brodnax, William Brodnax, of Dinwiddle, son- 
in-law William Evans, son John Brodnax, ^'wife and all my chil- 

His wife Ann Hall Brodnax made her will Sept. 29, 1788, and 
it was proved March 23, 1789. It names son John Brodnax and 
his daughters; Mari;ha Kennon Brodnax; son William E. Brod- 
nax, to whom she gave "the family pictures and the money due 
me that came by his father, my deceased husband;" my grand- 
sons John Wall and William Brodnax Wall; daughter Elizabeth 
Evans; daughter Ann Jackson; daughter Mary Smith; grand- 
sons Henry Power, William Brodnax Power, John Power, her 

* There were other marriage connections between the Halls, Powers 
and Brodnaxes. In 1739, Thomas Hall, of Prince George, married Molly, 
daughter of Major Henry Power, of James City county. In Albemarle 
Parish Register, Sussex county, Elizabeth Power, daughter of Henry 
Brodnax and Anne his wife, was born March 2, 1765. Mary, daughter 
of John Power and Elizabeth his wife, was born March 27, 1759. (For 
Power pedigree, see VII., 129.) 

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Brodnax Family. 57 

tiiree 8ons John, William Edward and Thomas Hall Brodnax. 
Witnesses, Frederick Jones, Mary Call. 

12 William Edward'* Brodnax (William*, William^) was 
justice of Brunswick in 1794 and sheriff in 1807. He married 
Sarah Jones December 24, 1787, probably a daughter of Fred- 
erick Jones, son of Thomas Jones and Elizabeth Cocke, eldest 
daughter of Dr. William Cocke, Secretary of State, and his wife 
Elizabeth Catesby, sister of Mark Catesby, the celebrated natur- 
alist. See Jones Family (by Judge L. H. Jones), page 42. Is- 
sue: 14 Robert, of "Cascade,^' North Carolina, bom April 20, 
1787 ; 15 Betty Eppes, born Sept. 20, 1789 ; 16 Anne, born June 
2, 1792; 17 William Frederick, born July 23, 1793; 18 Edward 
Travis, born April 1, 1796, member of North Carolina House of 
Commons for Rockingham county, 1822-1824. 

Mrs. Sarah Brodnax died Nov. 7, 1830, aged about seventy. 
William Brodnax died January 12, 1831, aged seventy-six. 

3 Edward^ Brodnax (William^) moved to Charies City 
county, where he was one of the justices in 1745. In 1738 
Thomas Moody, of Charies City county, made a deed for land in 
Flat Rock Creek, in Brunswick county, to Edward Brodnax, of 
Charies City county, gent. : Witnesses, William Brodnax, John 
Hall, Thomas Hall. In 1748 he was elected as a burgess to the 
General Assembly from Charles City county, but died before 
taking his seat. {Colonial Virginia Register, pages 122, 124.) In 
1749, William Brodnax, his brother, was his administrator 
(Charies City Co. Record's). He had issue, 19 William Brod- 
nax, mentioned as son in a deed recorded in Brunswick county ; 
20 Henry Brodnax, who emigrated to Kentucky, and was a judge 

19 William* Brodnax (Edward^ William^) attended Wil- 
liam and Mary College in 1761, and married Frances Belfield, 
widow of Robert Walker, of Dinwiddie county. She was daugh- 
ter of Thomas Wright Belfield, of Richmond county, and Mary 
Meriwether, who was widow of William Colston and daughter 
of Francis Meriwether and his wife Mary Bathurst, daughter of 
Lancelot Bathurst, fifth son of Sir Edward Bathurst, of County 
Kent, England (bom 1615). See Jones Family, by Judge L. H. 

Issue: 20 Gen. William Henry Brodnax, lawyer, born in 

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58 William and Maby College Quabterlt. 

Brunswick county, 1786, educated probably at Hampden-Sidney 
College, from which he received the honorary degree of M. A. in 
1830. Studied law in Petersburg under Sterling Eufl5n ; General 
Winfield Scott and Judge Thos. Eoane EuflBn, of North Carolina, 
his fellow-students; settled in Dinwiddle county, and practiced 
his profession in Brunswick, Greensville, Dinwiddle and city of 
Petersburg; practice large and lucrative. He was chief marshal 
at Yorktown when Lafayette visited there; appointed by the 
Legislature of Virginia to meet him in Baltimore in 1824 ; mem- 
ber of Virginia Legislature from Dinwiddle county for many 
years; of the State Convention of 1829-30; brigadier-general 
Virginia militia ; commanded the troops during the Nat Turner 
insurrection ; president elector in 1825 ; an active member of the 
American Colonization Society; died in Dinwiddle county Octo- 
ber 23, 1834. He married Ann Eliza, daughter of Thomas 
Withers. 21 Meriwether Bathurst, bom in 1799; died August 
17, 1832, at White Sulphur Springs, aged thirty-three. He was 
a lawyer of ability and high standing in the Southside counties ; 
member of the Legislature from Southampton county in 1827, 
and married a daughter of Dr. Robert Walker, of "Kingston," 
Dinwiddle county, by whom he had the late Dr. Eobert W. Brod- 
nax, of Manchester. 22 John Belfield married Sallie Woolfolk, 
of Bowling Green, Caroline county. 

The following were students of William and Mary College : 
William Brodnax, said to be of Brunswick in 1813; Alexander 
Brodnax, in 1817; Wm. A. Brodnax, of Greensboro, Ala., son 
of Dr. D. W. Brodnax, aged nineteen, in 1852-'53; Edward T. 
Brodnax, aged nineteen, eon of E. Brodnax, Cascade, Pittsyl- 
vania county, Va. 

From newspapers and other sources I find that Alexander 
Brodnax, of Brunswick county, died February 21, 1832, aged 
thirty-three. Henry Brodnax was living in Petersburg in 1786. 
John W. Brodnax, of Pittsylvania county, married in 1848 
Susan M., daughter of Thomas Euffin, Chief Justice of North 
Carolina. C. A. Brodnax, of Petersburg, was captured June 9, 
1864, while serving in front of that city. 
{To he Continued.) 

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Wyche Family. 59 


{Continued from XII L, 259.) 

In the floor of the South Aisle, of Sutton Church, Surrey, 
England, there is a flat blue marble stone bearing this inscrip- 








Th€ Parish Kegister of Sutton fully confirms the records 
already given of Eev. Henry Wyche^s family, but the following 
two items from this Register moet vitally concern this iword. 

1648. Henry Wyche y* son of Henry Wyche, Rector de Sutton, 
was borne Jan. 27th. Baptised y* fourth of flfeb. following. 

1678. Burial Mr. Henery Wych, Rector of Sutton, Sept. 15. 

On Sept. 2, 1679, Henry Wyche first appears in the records of 
Surry county, on the south side of James River, Va., a year, 
lacking a few daye, after the burial of hie father. 

In 1687, 1 Henry Wyche is mentioned among the foot sol- 
diers of Surry county. His will dated Aug. 1, 1712, was proved 
in Surry county, March 18, 1714, and according to this will he 
had issue: 2 Aillinor (Eleanor), 3 William, 4 George, 5 Sarah, 
6 Henry, 7 James. 

3 William^ Wyche ( Henry ^) lived in Surry county, where 
hifi will, dated February 1, 1719-20, was proved February 15, 
1720. It gives to '*my son Cyril" three slaves, and gives the rest 
of hifi property to his ''other children^^ and wife Judith, who is 
made sole executrix. Witnesses: Richard Parker, Sr., Henry 
Beddingfield, Richard Parker, Jr. He patented lands October 1, 
1716. He had issue by Judith hie wife, 8 Cyril, 9 Sarah. Other 
children not named. Hie wife married, secondly, Parker. 

6 Henry* Wyche^ patented 370 acres on the north side of 
Meherrin River, June 22, 1722. He removed to Brunswick 

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60 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

county, where his will was proved March 4, 1740. It names sons 
Henry, William, daughters Abigail Brewer, Rebecca and Eliza- 
beth Wyche, and wife Frances. His wife's will was proved in the 
same county in 1747, and names daughters, Abigail Brewer, Re- 
becca Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, grandchildren William Lucas 
(son of Samuel and Rebecca Lucas), John Brewer and Frances 
Brewer, son-in-law William Lucas and Greorge Brewer; son Wil- 
liam Wyche and Greorge Brewer, executors. Issue of Henry* 
Wyche, 10 Henry, 11 William, 12 Abigail, married Greorge 
Brewer; 13 Rebecca, married Samuel Lucas, 14 Elizabeth, mar- 
ried William Lucas. Of these children Henry died without issue, 
as is evidenced by a deed of William Wyche in 1752, to Nathaiiiel 
Edwards for 590 acres patented by Henry Wyche, deceased, fa- 
ther of said William, who devised it to his son Henry, deceased. 
William Wyche, "son and heir of Henry Wyche,'' was living in 
Brunswick in 1754, when he made a deed of gift to his sister 
Rebecca Lucas. The appraisement of his estate was made De- 
cember 3, 1757, in Brunswick. 

7 James^ Wyche ( Henry ^) lived in .Albemarle Parish, Surry 
county, afterwards (1754) Sussex county; he married Elizabeth. 
His will was dated 24 February, 1748, and was proved June 20, 
1749. According to this, he had issue, 15 Amy, married Am- 
brose Jackson; 16 Tabitha, married Lucas; 17 James^, 18 Mar- 
tha, married Bridges; 19 Elizabeth, married Johnson; 20 Sarah, 
21 Ann, 22 Frances, 23 Rebecca, 24 Nathaniel. 

17 James' Wyche (James*, Henry^) was one of the first to 
subscribe the oath of Gentleman Justice of Sussex county. He 
married, 1755, Leah Maclin, daughter of Capt. James Maclin, of 
Brunswick county. (See marriage bond W. M. Quar., VII., 
page 381.) She married, secondly, in 1774, Capt. James Jones, 
of Sussex. James Wyche died about 1760, when Leah Maclin 
Wyche obtained letters of administration on the estate of her 
deceased husband. He was a captain in the French and Indian 

24 Nathaniel^ Wyche ( James^ Henry*) subscribed the oath 
of Gentleman Justice of Surry N"ovember 17, 1763. He married 

Mary . His will dated 28 February, 1775, was proved in 

Sussex county May 15, 1777. Issue named in his will, 25 Na- 

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Wyche Family. 61 

thaniel, 26 Anthony, 27 Nancy. Mentions wife Mary and "chil- 

25 Nathaniel* Wyghe (Nathaniel', James^ Henry*) mar- 
ried Mary (Chapman?). He died in Sussex county about 1789, 
when "Mary Wyche, widow of Nathaniel Wyche, deceased, Arm- 
istead Goodwin and Ann his wife, David Putney and Mary his 
wife, and Nathaniel Wyche, sued Martha Wyche, an infant under 
twenty-one years of age, one of the children of the said Nathaniel 
Wyche, deceased.^^ According to this suit and the will of the 
widow Mary, and the division of the land of the said Nathaniel 
Wyche, deceased, he had issue, 28 Ann, married Armistead Good- 
win, and had issue Fanny and Mary Ann Chapman Goodwin; 
29 Bebecca, married John Fletcher ; 30 Mary C, married David 
Putney, and had Mary C. Putney, Anthony Putney, Martha 
Wyche Putney; 31 Nathaniel, who died before 1806; 32 Martha, 
married William Stokes. 

4 George^ Wyche ( Henry ^) resided in Sussex county, where 
his will dated Oct. 5, 1753, was proved July 15, 1757. He gives 
to his son Peter a tract of land on Fountain's Creek, in Brunswick 
county, 200 acres, more or less, "where he now lives,'' son-in-law 
Abraham Greene, eon-in-law Theophilus Goodwyn, daughter 
Elizabeth Woodroof, daughter Hannah, wife Sarah, son George 
Wyche, son Benjamin, grandson Drury Wyche son of Peter 
Wyche — Benjamin Wyche residuary legatee and executor. Issue 
of 4 George* Wyche : 33 Peter, 34 daughter, married Abraham 
Greene; 35 daughter, married Theophilus Goodwin; 36 Eliza- 
beth, married Woodroof; 37 Hannah, married in 1758 William 
Howell; 38 George, 39 Benjamin. 

33 Peter^ Wyche (George^ Henry ^) lived in Brunswick 
county. His will dated Sept. 29, 1756, names wife Alice, and 
issue, 40 Henry, 41 George, 42 Drury, 43 Lucy, 44 Eebecca, 45 
Ann. In 1775 Drury Wyche, of South Carolina, sold to Batte 
Peterson land in Brunswick county once dwelt upon by his father 
Peter. Alice Wyche, wife of Peter, was probably daughter of 
Thomas Soott, of Prince George, as there is deed of gift from 
said Scott to Peter Wyche in 1743 for 100 acres land on Foun- 
tains Creek, in Brunswick. 

39 Benjamin' Wyche (GeorgeS Henry^) married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. Samuel Peete, of Sussex county. He had issue, 

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62 William and Maby Colleob Quabtkrly. 

46 George, bom March 7, 1759, died young; 47 Peggy, 48 Ben- 
jamin*, 49 Elizabeth ; 50 William, christened February 28, 1762. 
Benjamin* Wyche's wife Elizabeth, married secondly, in 1775, 
Henry Caytor. Benjamin* died before 1769, when his wife gave 
an account of his estate to the couri; of Sussex county. 

48 Benjamin* Wyche, in 1791, mad© a deed' in Surry county 
as ^'the only son and heir^' of his father 39 Benjamin'. His will 
was proved in Sussex county, January 2, 1817, according to 
which his wife was named Elizabeth Mason, and he had issue, 51 
Frances B. M.; 52 Elizabeth J.; 53 John M.; 54 Edmund; 55 
Benjamin F. He names hie brother-in-law John E. Mason. 

40 Henry* Wychb (Peter», George*, Henry*) lived in Greens- 
ville county, and his will dated July 20, 1803, was proved there 
in 1806. In his will he names sons 56 Peter, 57 William, 58 
Henry, daughters 59 Sally, 60 Eebecca Walton, and grand- 
daughter Abigail M. Wyche, Sons William and Henry, execu- 

41 George* Wyche (Peter*, George^ Henry^) moved to 
Georgia, and according to family tree had sons 61 Batte, 62 
Robert, 63 Littleton. In 1766, as George Wyche, Jr., late of 
Brunswick county and Meherrin Parish, he deeded to William 
Peterson, land on Fountain's Creek left him by his father's last 

42 Drury* Wyche (Peter*, GeorgeS Henry^) moved to South 
Carolina, and is said to have married Miss Taylor, a sister of 
Col. Thomas Taylor, of Taylor's Springs. He had two sons, 64 
John, 65 William. ^ 

{To he Continued.) 

By William Wallace Tookeb. 
Arrohatbc — Arahatecoh. 

Archer writes: '^Ohiefe of all the Kyngdomes, his name is 
Arahatec, the Country Arahatecoh." — Smith, p. xlii. 

This word is cogniate with the Natick Ahanditau, 'Tie laughs 
at him." Arahatecoh — 'Hhe country of Arahatec." The same 
concept is seen in the appellation, "Arahatec's joy." 

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Meaning op Indian Names. G3 

I regard this word as cogmite with the Katick kodtohkoag, 
"top of a hill," "the highest place." 

Thifi is the Natiek kuppoho-we-es-^t, "at or near the place of 
shelter," ^^ haven," "covert," ^*or woods." The main stem means 
to stop or to close np. Martha's Vineyard was called Capawick, 
a similar name. 

This is the Natick keihtotan — ^^^city," "great town" — from 
keiht or keht, "great," "large," "principal"; -otan, a "town." 
Eliot also writes it kehtotan. 


This is the Natick kiahki-ohke — "wide land," "a broad place." 
It no doubt described the place where the Indian town was 
located. Eliot wrote: '^eitotan missi fcah kishki" — 'Hhe city 
(was) large and great." So it might be translated the "great 

Nausamund — Nandsamund — Nawsamund. 
I translate this name as "the point or comer fishing-place." 
It is possible it described the place where Smith (p. 32) says: 
"The riuer diuideth in two ; the neck a plaine high come field." 
Naus, "it makes an angle." Perhaps the diminutive, "it makes 
a little angle or comer" ; amund, "a fishing-place." See nause, 
"a little point of land." Nantaquack (Nan-tukq-ack), "a point 
of land on a tidal stream." {8miWs map. Eastern Shore.) 

Paspahegh — Paspeiouk. 
Smith says (p. 11) : "The mouth of this riuer (Chickahominy) 
falleth into the great riuer at Paspahegh, 8 miles aboue our 
forte." On his map, however, he locates the town some little 
distance further up the stream. This is the new town of the 
Paspaheghs, and not the original one so often mentioned. 
Smith (p. 542) speaks of a settlement at "old Paspahegh." This 
fact must be considered when writing of the origintil town, for 
the Indian mame did not describe the new town. The same 
stem was applied to the mouth of the Connecticut river. In 

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64 William and Mary College Quakterly. 

the Indian deed for Gardiner's Island we find, "Pashpeshauks 
als Saybrook Forte/' On Long Island it occurs as Puspatuck, 
a locality at the mouth of a creek. Paspei-ouk — "land at the 
flowing out," "where it bursts forth,'' like a "stream's mouth/' 
Natick Paspishau — "it bursts forth," "it blooms or blossoms 
as a flower." In the Powhatan it described the land at t-he 
junction of the Chickahominy with the James river. 


On October 8, 1630, the Council of Virginia determined to 
plant a settlement in the Indian district called Chiskiack, on 
the south side of York river. The leaders of the settlers were 
two councillors. Captain John XJtie and Captain John West,, 
brother of Lord Delaware, who were allowed 600 acres apiece 
on York river, on opposite sides of the mouth of King's creek. 
Captain Utie settled at 'TJtimaria," on the west side, and Cap- 
tain West on the east side, at a plantation afterwards called 
"Bellfield." Other settlers ranged themselves on the river on 
either side of Utie and West, and soon there were two parishes. 


Chiskiack and York. Two years later, in 1632, palisades were 
run by Sir John Harvey across the peninsula from Archer's 
Hope creek to Queen's creek, six miles long, and Williamsburg 
(first called Middle Plantation) was built within the centre of 
the line of palisades. In 1633 was bom, at "Bellfield," John 
West, Jr., founder of West Point, the first child born on York 

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Historical and GEifXALOoiOAL Notbs. 65 

ri^erv In 1634 the colony wae formed into eight counties, and 
Charlefi River county (afterrrardfl York county) was created, 
taking in the plantations on the York. Court was held for many 
years at the different large plantations, but about 1660 it began 
to be held regularly on the west side of Wormeley's creek, at a 
place called ^TTork,*' first established by Sir John Hanrey. After- 
wards, about 1676, court was held at the "Half-way House,'* on 
the road between Yorktown and Middle Plantation. In 1691 
fifty acres of the estate of Benjamin Reade, on York river, was 
bought for a town called Yorktown, and in 1698 the coui-t ret 
moved to the place, which was about three miles above York. 
Yorktown continued to develop until the incident occurred which 
at once proved its glory and destruction. It became the scene of 
the surrender of Lord Comwallis in 1781, but by the war it was 
zeduced to a mass of ruins, and has never since regained the 
trade which it once had. It was (mce a corporation and had 
a council, and the town seal is still preserved. The accom- 
panying cut is from a wax impression given me by the late 
Captain Robert A. Bright, who had the original seal in his 


William Taylor Barry. — Taylor; Dr. B. B. Minor writes 
as follows : *^ James Taylor, who married Barry's daughter, was 
my cousin, and my father and I were their guests at Newport, 
Ky., not long after the close of the Confederate War. Cousin 
James inherited a fine establishment, which his father built 
and rebuilt in Kentucky, just opposite Cincinnati. I first visited 
Uncle James Taylor in May, 1842, on my way to Columbia, 
Tenn., after my bride. I was invited to bring her to see them 
on my return to Virginia, and I did so. But at that time the 
grand mansion had been burnt, and the family were living in 
one of their own cottages, just outside the capacious and highly 
improved grounds around the burnt residence. Uncle James 
rebuilt it in even handsomer style, and it was this which his 
son end Barry's wife inherited. 

''My wife and I had some hearty laughs over the queer recep- 
tion? which Aunt Taylor first gave us. When Unqie James m&r • 

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66 William and Mary Collbob Quabtbrlt. 

ried her she was a widow Keturah Moss {nee Ford). She was 
very fond of her cousin, Mrs. General Ashley. When my bride 
and I drove up to her cottage, in Newport, Ky., she came out 
and, before she got to the carriage, exclaimed, ^0 Cousin Ashley ! 
I em so glad to eee you.' As soon as I could, I informed her 
that it was not ^CoU/Sin Ashley,' but Cousin Ben Minor and his 
bride. She then formally greeted us and ushered us into the 
house, but kept harping upon Tousin Ashley.' At length my 
independent bride bristled up and said, TTou seem so disap- 
pointed about Cousin Ashley I am afraid you do not care to 
see us.' This seemed to bring her to, and then die welcomed 
us for the first time. TTes, my children, I am glad to see you, 
but I did think you were Cousin Ashley.' They treated us very 
well, and we went thence by stage to Kenyon College, to see 
my wife's brother, Paul Hooker, who was a indent there in 
1842. My wife and I were afterwards introduced, at Mrs. 
E. C. Stanard'fl, in this city, to ^Cousin Ashley,' as the third 
wife of the Hon. John J. Crittenden, who was also one of my 
distant relations. Mrs. Crittenden was also married three times. 
She wafl first a Mrs. Wilcox. 

"Cousin James Taylor had an attractive eon named Barry, 
but he was too wild. He married the daughter of Judge Logan 
Hunton, who wrote General Taylor's letter accepting the nomi- 
nation for the Presidency. But Barry behaved so badly that 
there was a divorce. Both parties married again and were 
happier than they had been. I think Barry reformed." 

AsHTON — Clare. — ^In Vol. VII., Wiluam and Mart Quar- 
terly, at p. 115, is said, ''Charles Ashton . . . m. Isabella," 
etc. In the first record book at Heathsville I found, at p. 61„ 
a deed of gift, 21 May, 1654, consid" love & affection, from 
Richard Clare "unto John Ashton, sonne to Charles Ashton/' 
a oow and calf. This creates a strong probability that Isabel, 
wife of Charles Ashton, was daughter of Richard Clare, and 
the latter gave his grandson a cow and calf to encourage the 
eight or ten-year-old boy, as is often done in the country. 
Charles m one of my mother'e ancestors, and among my father's 
Aubrey ancestors was a Sir Reginald Awbrey, who married 
Isabel, daughter of Richard de Clare, Earl of Brionne (Ifor- 
mandy). The concurrence of the names Isabel, Richard and 
Clare can hardly be accidental. — Oeorge Wilson, Lexington, Mo. 

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Historical and Genealogical Notes. 67 

Travis. — ^Papers in the Clerk^s oflSce of Williamsburg (filed 
in 1787) show that Benjamin Carter Waller sued Maurice Lang- 
horn^ adminietrator of John Travis, deceased, and Judith, widow 
and relict of John Travis, and Champion Travis, Judith Travis, 
Maiy Travis and John Travis, infaat children of 6aid John 
Travis, deceased, son of Edward Champion Travis, whose will 
was proved in York county, 20 September, 1779. 

Maxwell. — '*! belong to the Orange county, Va., set, ai^ am 
trying to trace our history back to one Thomas Maxwell, who 
lived in Orange county prior tx) and during the Bevolution. If 
you have any information, and would let me have it, I would 
be glad i» pay the necessary costs. Or if you could direct me 
to some authentic sources I would highly appreciate it.*^ — John 
Maxwell, Waco, Texas. 

Thornton — Taliaferro — ^Hubbard. — ''The kte Dr. A. H. 
Grinnan stated to me once that the aecond Francis Thornton 
married Mary Taliaferro. Is this information correct? 
Through the diary of Lady Alice Thornton, the Thomtons are 
undoubtedly traced back to 1300. This id in on© of the pub- 
lications of the Surtees Society, England. Does any one know 
who were the parents of Benjamin Hubbard, who married 
Elizabeth Todd? They were the parents of Ann Hubbard, who 
married my aneestor. Col. James Taylor, and are the grand- 
parents of Gen. James Taylor, of N"ewport, Ky., whose wife was 
Eeturah Moes. I have traced back the Todd line through the 
Todd family as given in the Virginia Magazine, but cannot get 
any information in regard to Benjamin Hubbard.*' — Mrs. EHza- 
beth Ward Doremus, The Hanover, 2 E. Fifteenth street. New 

Peter Jones. — '1 note the Peter Jpnes inquiry, on page 290 
of the current April No. of the Magazine. I am interested in 
the same line. I procured, some years since, a large bateh of 
those Jones wills from Amelia C. H. They all named their 
children 'Teter** or "Eichard,** and there were so many that 
after the name eome designating initial was placed. I think 
my great-great-grandfather, who came to Tennessee, was desig- 
nated "Peter Jones, P.*' His will is recorded at Springfield, 
in Bobertson county, about one hundred miles north of here. 

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68 WttLiAK ANj) Maby Colleob Quabtetot. 

He settkci an the Sulphur Fork of Bed River, but I do not 
know where he is buried. After his death hi« family removed 
to ^'Todd's Kjiob," at the Junction of Stone's and Cumberland 
rivers, about six miles east of and above ITaehville.. One of 
his sons was the father of the Governor, Lean Jimmy, who de« 
feated President Polk. This Peter Jones' wife was Rebecca 
Ward, of the Setb Ward descent of Southeast Virginia, The 
Peter Jones who is said to have been the original of Petersburg 
I do not know about. These details will explain my interest 
in the Jones inquiry, and I should like to know if any detailed, 
coherent inquiry is to be conducted about them.*' — Flovxnoy 
Rivers, Pulaski, Tenn. 

Gibbon.— In the article on "Peter Francisco," in last number, 
James Gibbon© should be James Gibbon, "the hero of Stony 
Point/' He was known subsequently as major, and wae promi- 
nently identified with the Virginia CincinnatL Mr. B. A. 
Brock, of Richmond, writes: ^TPhere was a portrait of him by, 
I think, Martin, at the Westmoreland Club-house. His son^ 
Lieut. James Gibbon, was one of the victims in the burning of 
our Richmond Theatre on the night of December 26, 1811. 
Major James Gibbon is now represented in the names of Minne- 
gerode and others in Richmond. Our Rev. Dr. Charles Minne^ 
gerode, of fragrant and cherished memory, had his first service 
in the country of his adoption, I believe, as a tutor in your 
beneficent institution of William and Mary," 

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Historical and Genealogical Notes. ♦ 69 


The undersigned proposes, as soon as a sufficient number of sub- 
scribers has been secured, to publish a genealogy of the Seldens of 
Virginia, giving as full an account of the families into which they 
married as could be ascertained. Some of the records date back for 
hundreds of years, notably that of the Kennedys. This from a record 
published in 1830, taken from manuscript written in 1620, which goes 
back to 886. This is very quaint and full of interest. Many old letters, 
portraits, wills and court records help to embellish and make interesting 
this compilation, which brings in most of the prominent names in 
Virginia. The following names will rppear in the book: Abell, Addison, 
Alexander, Allen, Allison, Anderson, Archer, Armistead, Appleton, Aylet, 
Babcock, Bacon, Bagnall, Bailey, Baker, Ball, Baldeck, Barber, Bard, 
Barrett, Barron, Barroe, Beale, Bedell, Bedinger, Belmaine, Benton, Bell, 
Bennett, Berkeley, Beverley, Bische, Blackford, Blackburn, Blair, Bliss, 
Blow, Boiling, Bonaparte, Bonnycastle, Bonum, Bonville, Boswell, 
Bowles, Bowie, Bowyer, Boyd, BothwicK Bradford, Bray, Braxton, 
Breckenridge, Brent, Bridges, Bronaugh, Brooke, Brown, Bruce, Bryce, 
Buchanan, Bullett, Buckingham, Brumley, Burton, Burwell, Byrd, 
Cabell, Galhoim, Caldwell, Campbell, Caile, Carr, Cary, Carroll, Car- 
michel, Carrington, Carter, Cashier, Catlett, Caton, Chichester, Chinn, 
Chew, Christian, Churchill, Claiborne, Clark, Clay, Clayton, Clanton, 
Cocke, Cole, Coleman, Collier, Colston, Colgate, Cooke, Copley, Craighill, 
Crawford, Croshaw, Croome, Croxalls, Crutcher, Cutts, Cuthbert, Custis, 
Curie, Dallas, Daingerfield, Dandrid^, Daniels, Diggs, Deimer, Din- 
widdle, Dimmock, Dugan, Easley, EUiot, Ellyson, Eleason, Eggleston, 
Ellode, Eskridge, Everard, Eilbeck, Ferguson, Fines, Fitzhugh, Floyd, 
Fleming, Fontaine, Forbes, Forest, Frazier, Frizell, Fry, Fowke, Q&lt, 
Garland, Gamble, G^scoigne, Garnett, Gibson, Gill, Gillis, Gilmer, Golds- 
borough, Gordon, Gooch, Grubbs, Grady, Grandy, Grason, Griswold, 
Hamilton, Hancock, Hansborough, Harmer, Hart, Harrington, Harrison, 
Hartwell, Harvey, Hazelhurst, Haveild, Heith, Henley, Herbert, Henry, 
Higginbotham, Hobson, Holloway, Holson, Holmes, Hoff, Hughes, Hunt, 
Hunsdon, Howard, Ingles, Ireland, Isabell, James, Jackson, Jennings, 
Jett, Kearsley, Kemp, Kello, Keyser, Knapp, Ejiight, Lanier, Lane, 
Latham, Lackland, Lambert, Leaming, Lee, Leiper, Lloyd, Lightfoot, 
Lippitt, Lockey, Love, Lucas, Luce, Lyon, Macon, Madison, Mainwaring, 
Magill, Magmder, Mahone, Mann, Manly, Marshall, Mason, Mathes, 
McClurg, McCormick, McCoy, McDonald, McDowell, McLaughlin, Mc- 
Guire, McMechen, McTavish, Meade, Mercer, Merserau, Merriweather, 
Michie, Minor, Miles, Miller, Milner, Montgomery, Monroe, Moale, 
Mohun, Moore, Morton, Moreton, Mortimer, Morrison, Morris, Mowbray, 
Manford, Nelson, Newton, Nicholson, Norton, Ogden, Owens, Paca, Page, 

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70 William and Makt College Quarterly. 

Palmer, Patterson, Payne, Peachy, Pearson, Pegram, Pe-vJeton, Pen- 
bury, Penn, Perry, Perviance, Peyton, Pettengall, Pleasants, Preston, 
Price, Pollard, Porterfield, Powell, Poythress, Kandolph, Hanson, Riddle, 
Risk, Roane, Roberts, Robertson, Roscow, Rose, Ross, Roy, Royals, 
Rutherford, Sampson, Saunders, Selden, Sharp, Shacelford, Shelton, 
Shepherd, Sinclair, Sorrel, Sothel, Southall, Stark, Starkey, Stephen, 
Strode, Stockton, Straith, Strieker, Staunley, Swann, Sweeny, Spottis- 
wood, Tasker, Tayloy, Tilman, Tinsley, Thompson, Todd, Tudcer, Tyler, 
Tyree, Tutt, U pshaw, Vaughan, Vass, Venable, Waller, Wallace, Walker, 
Warfield, Washington, Watkins, Watts, Wattles, Webster, Williams, 
Wilkins, Willis, Wilson, Winston, Whitaker, Whittle, Whitehead, Whit- 
ing, Willoughby, Wilcox, Woodson, WoodviUe, Worthington, Yates, Yeo, 
Yuille, Young. 

Mbs. Stephen Dandbidge Eennedt, 
Member of Virginia Historical Society, 
Warrenton, Va. 

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{President of WiUiam andMa$y CoUege.) 

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n /<^%^7^^->'(i>^;^^^>u-/ ' 

.>...^ / 

Vol. XIV., No. 2. October 1905. 

MUliam anb /fcarie 

Ibidtorical • nDaaasitie. 

pvcfiUnt of tOUlltam and Aatv CoUcqc, 

Vlillfam and ilSari2 ColledCt VAlUiatrabtttd, Va* 

Copi^ ot tbis Humbert $t«00. $3*00 pet |?ear» 

(Ekitered as second-olass matter at the Post Office in WiUiamsbuiv.] 

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. William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical MagaaEine. 

VcH. XIV. OCTOBER, 1905. No. 2. 




CaULMGM 7'-^ 

a. HtNBY'ft Mapop VwdiNiA IN 1770 i .,. 83-87 

3. DBSctiPTioK OP ViSGimA Couumat ...«. 87-94 

4. EMioftATioiv PROM YnKHNiATOTHE West...., 94-95 

5. Emigsatioic psoii VtsdNu TO NoKTH Cabouka and the 

OTHER Southern C6loni£S 95-96 

6. Several Early Physicians.. ^ 96-101 

7. Early Letters Regarding Virginia 101*103 

8. Wyche Family (continued)...,.. .,. iO3»i07 

9. Peter FRANasco AND His Descendants 107-113 

la Walker-Field- Wilson-PescCd 113-114 

II. Pescud Family ..♦ 114-117 

13. Reade Family 117-125 

13. Bible Records op Reads Famay., .• 125-126 

14. Will of Richard Amkxr c^ Yorktdwn.. 126 129 

15. Ransom Family ^ . • 129-130 

16. Bible Records op Camm Family. 130-132^ 

17. Kennon Family (continued) I3a-i35 

18. Brodnax Family ^concluded).. *,..... 135-138 

19. Historical and GsNEiooGiCAL Notes. .f. ........ .. 138-140 

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(Seep. 103.) 

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XKHilUam anb flbar^ College 

^uarterli? 1}i0torica[ nDagasine. 

Voi,. XIV. OCTOBER, 1905. No. 2. 


For about twenty years after the charter in 1693 *^ 
College was only a grammar school where boys from 8 to 15 
years were taught reading and writing, and the Latin and 
Greek languages. During this time its staflF of officers con- 
sisted of a president who had no classes, a principal who was 
called master of the grammar school, an usher who assisted 
the grammar master, and a person who taught the boys to 
write, called a writing master. These earliest days of the Col- 
lege were not days of peace, and there was from the beginning 
bitter dissensions between the president of the College and 
the several governors of the colony. In the famous quarrel 
between President Blair and Governor Nicholson, the gram- 
mar master. Rev. Mungo Inglis, sided with the latter and com- 
plained much of Dr. Blair's doing no work and taking full pay, 
while he, Mr. Inglis, was confined to the College from 7 to 1 1 
in the morning and from 2 to 6 in the evening and received 
but half his salary. But the President of William and Mary 
was a mighty man in those days, and walked rough shod over 
such small things as grammar masters and colonial governors. 
Mr. Inglis resigned* and Governor Nicholson was recalled, and 
his successor, Spotswood, went down in similar manner before 
President Blair. 

^Extract from an address delivered by President Lyon G. Tyler, 
Dec 5, 1904, before Alpha Chapter, Phi Beta Kappa Society, William 
and Mary College. 

*See letter of Mungo Inglis, William and Mary College Quarterly, 
VI., 87. 

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^2 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

In 17 12 a professor of mathematics was appointed, and for 
over ten years the College consisted of a grammar school and 
a mathematical school. Soon after more professors were ap- 
pointed and in 1729 there were a president and six professors. 
This was the number contemplated by the charter as complet- 
ing the founding, and a transfer was made that year of the 
corporation from the trustees to the Faculty, the former re- 
taining a visitorial character only. 

The Board of Visitors in 1727 drew up a plan of govern- 
ment which provided for three courses. The boy first entered 
the grammar school where he studied the same Latin and 
Greek books as by law and custom were used in England. At 
fifteen or thereabouts, he stood an examination before the pres- 
ident and masters and ministers of the colony skilled in the 
learned languages, and for satisfactory work was promoted to 
the philosophical schools. The scholar now became a student, 
and assumed the cap and gown. In this second course there 
were two schools, viz. : The school of Natural Philosophy and 
Mathematics in which physics, metaphysics and mathematics 
were taught, and the school of Moral Philosophy embracing 
rhetoric, logic and ethics, the latter a term covering natural 
and civil law. We are informed that the youth were exercised 
not only in "disputation" which I take to mean "debate," but 
in "declamations and themes on various subjects." Four years 
study in the philosophical schools entitled the applicant to the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, and seven years to that of Master 
of Arts.^ 

The third course was post graduate and professional and 
was confined to preparing young men for the ministry. In 
those days law and medicine were studied through an ap- 
prenticeship under some prominent practitioner, and had no 
place in a College. At William and Mary, which, like the col- 

iThe first published edition of the "Laws of the College" appeared 
in 1727. A copy is in the Library of Congress. Then followed the 
edition of 1742, which I have not seen. Next was that of 1756, of which 
a copy is preserved in the Lenox Library, New York. About 1794 
another issue appeared and a fifth (a reprint) in 18 17. Finally a sixth 
appeared in 1827. Copies of the two last are in my library. See 
Quarterly VL, 176-187. 

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Early Courses and Professors. 73 

leges of Europe, had an ecclesiastical origin, there were two 
divinity schools. One professor taught the Hebrew tongue 
and expounded the old and new testaments, while the other, 
as the statutes of the Trustees declared, explained "the com- 
mon places of divinity and the controversies with heretics.'' 
As in the philosophical schools, so in the divinity schools the 
student exercised constantly in debates, the only diflference 
being in the subjects which were of a theological character. 

There was also a common English school for Indian boys 
established through the munificence of Hon. Robert Boyle, 
who in his will left a large sum of money for "pious and chari- 
table uses." This money had been invested in the BraflFerton 
Manor or Lordship in the north riding of Yorkshire and the 
proceeds, in the shape of rents, came annually to the College. 
In this school the attendance was made up of Indian boys 
from the neighboring tribes and white boys from Williams- 
burg, and the pupils were instructed in "reading, writing and 
vulgar arithmetic." 

The government of the College was also thoroughly Eng- 
lish. The Board of Visitors had the power to appoint the pres- 
ident and professors and could pass general laws for their 
guidance, but the particular administration was in the hands 
of the faculty, or "Society" as it was called till a recent date. 
They appointed all the other officers — usher of the grammar 
school, bursar, librarian, janitor, cook, butler and gardener, and 
had control of the funds of the College and provided for the 
disbursement thereof. 

At meetings of the Faculty all questions were determined 
by a majority, and in case of a tie the side on which the presi- 
dent voted prevailed. The president had a handsome house 
on the campus, or "College yard" as it was called, and each 
professor was entitled to apartments in the College building 
which was then two stories and a half high, with dormer win- 
dows. After the monastic views of a college then prevailing, 
the privileges of a wife and family were accorded to the Pres- 
ident alone. But this regulation was several times violated. 
When William Preston, professor of moral philosophy, and 
Thomas Robinson, professor of humanity (grammar master), 

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74 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

married, respectively, Misses Mary and Edith Tyler (great- 
aunts of President John Tyler), and removed their apartments 
to the town, a tremendous excitement was raised in the college 
circle. The Board of Visitors promptly evicted them; but 
these enterprising professors appealed to the authorities in Eng- 
land, and obtained an order for their reinstatement. In 1769 
the sin was repeated by the celebrated John Camm, treasurer 
of the college and professor of divinity. Then the visitors pro- 
mulgated a decree that thereafter entering into marriage, or 
removing into the town, ipso facto, vacated the office of any 
professor in the college.^ 

In matter of salaries the President was allowed £200 sterling 
annually, the master of the grammar school £150 besides fif- 
teen shillings for every scholar, the two professors of Philoso- 
phy £80 sterling and 20 shillings sterling a year for every stu- 
dent, and the two professors of Divinity £150 sterling without 
any fees. But these salaries were supplemented from other 
sources. The President received money not only as president 
of the College, but as commissary to the Bishop of Lx^ndon, 
and member of the governor's council, so that his total income 
amounted to £550, equal to $5,000 in present money. After the 
same manner each of the professors being generally incumbent 
of neighboring churches received in addition to what they 
obtained from the college 16000 lbs. of tobacco, with an allow- 
ance of 1700 lbs. for shrinkage. They were probably better 
paid than professors at any other college in North America. 

Among the officers of the college under this old regime 
several won literary distinction in their day and generation. 
James Blair (President from 1693- 1743) was the author of a 
series of published sermons, William Stith (President from 
1752-1755), wrote a history of Virginia which on account of 
its broad philosophic spirit ranks perhaps first among colonial 
histories, Rev. Hugh Jones, professor of Mathematics 
(171 6- 1 722) was the author of an interesting and spirited ac- 
count of the colony entitled "The Present State of Virginia," 
Joshua Fry, another professor (1729-1737) compiled with 
' {Thomas JeflFerson's father. Col. Peter Jefferson, a famous map 

1 Quarterly VI., 178. 

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Early Courses and Professors. 75 

of Virginia, called by their names, "Fry and Jefferson's Map," 
a copy of which hangs in my study ; Gronow Owen, the pro- 
fessor of Humanity, another term for Master of the grammar 
school (1758-1760), wrote poems in Welsh which place him 
at the head of the Cymric bards ; and Samuel Henley, professor 
of Moral Philosophy (1770-1775), acquired fame and reputa- 
tion through his translation of the French romance Vathek 
written by William Beckford, but unknown till Henley brought 
it in English to the attention of the world. 

This William and Mary system was a mere colonial repro- 
duction of the higher education at Oxford and Cambridge in 
England. It had its foundation in ecclesiastical dogmatism and ^ 
developed according to a curriculum which permitted little 
deviation. But there were indications at a very early date of 
a speedy breakdown and the adoption of a more liberal sys- 
tem. The principles of inductive logic first promulgated by 
Lord Bacon began about the middle of the i8th century to 
receive a more extensive recognition throughout the world, and 
the natural sciences struck deep root in American soil. Favor- 
ing causes at the time made Pennsylvania and Virginia tem- 
porarily the leading colonies in the new dispensation. In 
Pennsylvania the spirit of religious toleration had been con- 
spicious from the beginning, and in Virginia the State church 
had fallen into such disrepute that free enquiry was general. 
Then in both colonies appeared several remarkable leaders of y. 
thought, and while the American Philosophical Society at/^ 
Philadelphia, and the College of Philadelphia attested the in- 
fluence of Benjamin Franklin, the totally changed curriculum 
at William and Mary evidenced the influence of Dr. Small^ 
and his pupil Jefferson. ^ '\ 

Dr. William Small came to Virginia in 1758, and remained ^ 
till 1764, then he returned to England, and died at Birming- 
ham in 1775. Of his life in England we know very little ex- , 
cept that he was the intimate friend of Watt, the inventor of^—- 
the Steam Engine, and of Erasmus Darwin, an eminent scientist 
and grandfather of the Darwin, who in our day startled the 
world with his theory of evolution. He must needs have been 
a man of great ability ; for Mr. Jefferson, who attended his lee- 

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76 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

i r 

^, ,J tures in Natural Philosophy declares that "he fixed the <iestinies 
of his life/' and Governor John Page, another of his pupils, re- 
ferred to him as "the illustrious Dr. Small of Birmingham, tlie 
darling friend of Darwin." He left a lasting impress on the 
College by introducing the "Lecture system" and popularizing 
the study of Natural Philosophy, for which department he went 
specially to England and purchased, as the agent of the College, 
an extensive apparatus.^ 

After the final removal of Small from the colony in 1764 his 
place in influencing colonial education was filled by his pupil 
Thomas JeflFerson, who found a congenial co-worker in James 
Madison, President of the College in 1777. 

In 1779 the College studies were reorganized, and while the 
classical department and the two divinity schools were abol- 
ished, chairs of Medicine, Law, and Modem Languages were 
introduced. The two latter were the first chairs of their kind 
in the United States, and the chair of Medicine yields in time 
only to that established at the College of Philadelphia. This 
change was made chiefly through the influence of Mr. JeflFerson, 
who was a member of the Bosird of Visitors and sought to con- 
form the curriculum of the College to the provisions of the 
bill which he had introduced in the Legislature to make the Col- 
lege the University of the State, and head of the educational 
system of Virginia. The Faculty as now constituted was re- 
markably able. There was first the President James Madison, 
who had charge of the department of Natural and Moral Phil- 
osophy, International Law and Political Economy. He was 
a graduate of William and Mary, and afterwards studied in 
England where he attended the lectures of the celebrated 
Cavallo on Natural Science. Though subsequently Bishop of 
the Episcopal church, his proper place was in the class room, 
where he spent as much as four to six hours a day. Under 
his tutelage, Adam Smith's great work "Inquiry into the 
Nature and Sources of the Wealth of Nations/' and Vattel's 
''Law of Nations^' were taught at William and Mary earlier 
than at any other College in the United States. We are told 
that President Madison was the first to introduce into any Col- 


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Early Courses and Professors. tj 

lege a regular course of lectures on political economy, and that 

in the department of Natural Philosophy he excelled, his en- / 

thusiasm throwing a peculiar charm over his labors.^ ^^// ^n f^ l/Xa 

Madison was a member of the American Philosophical Societj^ ^ .^ ^^ 

and contributed various articles on questions of Natural '^^^'^ j,^ i^^ 

Science. He was, of course, a great believer in Republican 

principles, and, though high in the church, would never speak 

of heaven as a kingdom, but as "that great Republic where 

there is no distinction of rank and where all men are free and 


The professor of medicine was James McClurg, another 
graduate of the College, and who had accomplished his medical 
education at the University of Edinburgh and on the continent 
of Europe. In 1787 he was a member of the Federal conven- 
tion and was recommended by JeflFerson as the President of 
"The Virginia Society for the promotion of useful knowledge.'' 
Another professor, Robert Andrews, a graduate of the College 
of Philadelphia, filled during most of his stay at William and 
Mary the chair of mathematics, and in 1779 served with Pres- 
ident Madison on a commission to define the boundary line of 
Virginia and Pennsylvania. // 

^ In the modem languages French, Italian, Spanish and Ger- 
man were taught, and the professor was Charles Bellini, an 
Italian, who in 1773 came to Albemarle County, as I believe, 
with Philip Mazzei to introduce the culture of the gjape, the 
olive and other fruits of Italy. His abilities have been favor- 
ably commented upon by Mr. Jefferson, and the fact of his 
connection with the college so early as 1779, becomes more 
interesting when we learn that as late as 1814 George Ticknor 
could find in Cambridge, Massachusetts, neither a good teacher 

" of German, nor a dictionary, nor even a German book either 
, in the town or College. 

J];^ But the pride of the institution under the ilew organization 
was George Wythe, one of the chancellors of the State, and.^ 
^e^receplor in the law of both Thomas Jefferson and Johir" 
Marshall. He gave lectures regularly on municipal and con- 
stitutional law, held moot courts and moot legislatures, and 

ilbid 181. 

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^1 ^ r *^ ^— 


78 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

trained the young men in public speaking and parliamentary 
procedure.^ When he resigned in 1789 to remove to Rich- 
mond, he was succeeded by Judge St. George Tucker, whose 
"Commentaries" on Blackstone was the first American text- 
book on the law. 

I have noticed the introduction of the "Lecture System," by 
Dr. Small, and now in the adoption of the elective system at the 
reorganization in 1779 another important feature was added to 
render the intellectual culture at William and Mary s%A generis. 
The volatile minds of the Virginians were not easily subject 
to restraints, and in the records of the Faculty there is proof 
that the Board of Visitors as early as 1770 had already inter- 
fered with the established order to the extent of permitting the 
youth to enter the mathematical classes without the prelimi- 
nary training in Latin and Greek of the grammar school. In 
1779 this choice was permitted among all the departments, and 
although afterwards there was a regular course prescribed for 
A. B., the student might be an "irregular," if he preferred. 
Hence JeflFerson wrote to Francis Eppes four years before the 
opening of the University:^ "At William and Mary students 
are allowed to attend the schools of their choice, and those 
branches of science only which will be useftd to them in the 
line of life they propose." W. B. Rogers, chairman of the 
Faculty of the University of Virginia, spoke^ as follows in his 
report to the Legislature in 1845: "Many years before the 
I establishment of the University the privilege of an election of 
i studies was allowed at William and Mary. Within her venerable 
precincts liberal methods of instruction found a home before 
they were adopted by the thronged and applauded colleges of 
New England ; and in her halls were delivered by Bishop Mad- 
ison the first regular courses of lectures on physical science 
and political economy ever given in the United States." 

To this time ( 1779) is to be referred what has been called 
the "Honor System," which from its influence upon educational 
discipline must be deemed worthy of especial note. It was the 

IQUARTERLY VI., 183 ", IX, 80. 

2Randall, Life of Jefferson III., 483. 
SRogers, Life of William B, Rogers I., 401.' 

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Early Courses and Professors. 79 

aim of the professors of William and Mary to control the stu- 
dents without harassing them with petty regulations or subject- 
ing them to a system of espionage in the class room and on ex- 
aminations. The published rules of the College in 1817 con- 
tain a provision requiring students "to give evidence on their 
honor" respecting offences. But that the Honor System had 
been recognized many years before is evident from the words 
of Judge Nathaniel Beverley Tucker, who was a student at 
the College in 1801, and as Law Professor in 1834, referred 
to the system as one of "long experience." Judge Tucker 
said:* "It has been the study of its professors to cultivate at 
the same time the intellect, the principles and the deportment 
of the student, laboring with equal diligence to infuse the spirit 
of the scholar and the spirit of the gentleman. He comes to 
us as a gentleman. As such we receive and treat him and reso- 
lutely refuse to know him in any other character. He is not 
harassed with petty regulations ; he is not insulted and annoyed 
by impertinent surveillance. Spies and informers have no 
countenance among us. We receive no accusation but from the 
conscience of the accused. His honor is the only witness to 
which we appeal. * * * The effect of this system in in- 
spiring a high and scrupulous sense of honor and a scorn of 
all disengenuous artifice has been ascertained by long experi- 
ence and redounds to the praise of its authors." v 

When Mr. Jefferson founded the University of Virginia, this ) 
feature of William and Mary, together with its kindred prin- J 
ciples, the lecture and elective systems, was transplanted to 
Charlottesville and successfully tried there upon a wider and 
more extensive field of operations. The example of that insti- } 
tution has, I believe, been potent in bringing about the adoption / 
of the same principles to some extent at least by all the col- / 
leges and universities of the Union. / 

The College of William and Mary continued to perform a 
useful part down to the war between the States. The depart- 
ment of Natural Science continued very strong. After the 
death of Dr. Madison the chair was filled successively by Dr. 
John McLean, Dr. Thomas L. Jones, Dr. Robert Hare, Dr. P. 

^Southern Literary Messenger, 1834. 

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8o William and Mary College Quarterly. 

K. Rogers, Dr. William B. Rogers, his son. Dr. John Milling- 
ton and William F. Hopkins. Of these Hare, the two Rogers, 
and Millington, were authors of famous scientific works, and 
attained high reputation. William B. Rogers especially was a 
bright ^nd shining light. He was bom in Philadelphia in 1804 
and entered William and Mary in 18 19. In 1822 he was orator 
at the Jamestown jubilee, and after teaching five or six years in 
Maryland succeeded his father as professor at William and 
Mary. While here he became absorbed in the study of geology, 
and in 1835 was appointed by the Legislature at the head of a 
commission to make a geologic survey of the State. This was 
the first work of this nature done in Virginia. The same year he 
was called to the chair of Natural Philosophy at the University 
where he continued for 18 years, the bright ornament of that 
institution. At last in 1853 he removed to Boston, where he 
founded in i860 the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
which ranks among the greatest institutions of its kind in the 

No less brilliant was the line of teachers that held the chair 
of law at William and Mary. Judge St. George Tucker was 
succeeded in 1904 by Judge William Nelson, and the latter 
by chancellor Robert Nelson, and on his decease in 1820, Judge 
James Semple was appointed. On the death of Judge Semple 
in 1834 Nathaniel Beverley Tucker filled the position. He 
raised the work of the department to the highest plane, and his 
varied talents as lecturer, author and political writer caused 
his friendship to be sought by men of the first importance in 
the Union. Suceeding Judge Tucker, who died in 1851, were 
Judge George P. Scarburgh, Lucien Minor and Charles Morris. 
This school has not been revived since the war. 

After the discontinuance of the grammar school in 1779, the 
study of the ancient languages was not resumed till 1792, when 
the school was re-established under Rev. John Bracken. Then 
followed Rev. R. Keith, Dabney Browne, Charles Minnegerode, 
J. Morgan Snead, Edwin Taliaferro and Edwin S. Joynes — 
all of them rich in classic knowledge, and the last, after a dis- 
tinguished career in Virginia, filling now the chair of Modem 
Languages in South Carolina College. 

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Early Courses and Professors. 8i 

The study of history has been long emphasized at William 
and Mary. As we have seen several of the pre-revolutionary 
professors wrote histories, but the first to whom the subject 
was formally assigned for class work was Hugh L. Girardin, - 
the friend of Jefferson and historian of Virginia, who, in 1803, 
was professor of "Modem Languages, History and Geography." 
We know nothing of the details of his lectures, but it is to be 
assumed that the history taught was very different from the 
old time religious history embraced in the curriculum of 
Harvard in 1646, and that of the College of New Jersey in 
1756. After Mr. Girardin removed to Richmond in 1805, the 
subject seems to have been dropped till Rev. R. Keith in 
1822 was appointed to teach it along with the classics. In 1827, 
Thomas R. Dew, a graduate of the institution, was advanced 
to a chair, and given history, metaphysics, natural and national 
law, government and political economy. Dr. Herbert B. 
Adams declares that Dew's course in history was the most 
thorough and comprehensive of which he has found any record 
in this early period. "When most colleges," he says, "were 
teaching merely by text-books and chiefly along classical lines 
of study, this man was lecturing systematically to his classes 
upon the laws, customs, manners and institutions of ancient 
and modem nations." I may add that his lectures on the re- 
strictive system in economics had great weight in shaping 
Sou them opinion upon the tariff laws. In 1836 he became 
president, and his vigorous administration supported by Judge 
N. Beverley Tucker, John Millington, Robert Saunders, and 
Dabney Browne, who then constituted the Faculty, brought 
about a golden period for the college. Owing to various causes 
the attendance on the institution ever since the Revolution had 
been very limited. Sometimes the number of matriculates did 
not exceed twenty all told, but under Dr. Dew^ the roll was 
raised in the year 1839 to 140, of whom about 30 were law 

iDr. Dew was a very tall, angular man, bearing a striking resem- 
blance to Abraham Lincoln. On one occasion in winter, when Dr. 
Dew slipped on the sidewalk as he came to the College, one of the 
witty ladies of the town (Miss Matilda Southall) remarked that "it 
was the largest dew drop she ever saw." 

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82 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Dr. Dew died in 1846 and was succeeded as professor of his- 
tory and political economy by George Frederick Holmes, who 
for many years afterwards discharged similar duties at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. He in turn was succeeded by Henry S. 
Washington, who was employed by the Federal Government 
to edit the works of Thomas Jefferson. 

During all this time the chair of mathematics was also ably 
filled. There were George Blackburn, Ferdinand S. Campbell,^ 
Robert Saunders and Benjamin S. Ewell. 

From the time of the Revolution the different presidents 
generally acted as professors of moral philosophy, rhetoric, and 
ethics. The full roll of the presidents is as follows: James 
Blair, William Dawson, William Stith, William Yates, James 
Horrocks, Thomas Dawson, John Camm, James Madison, John 
Bracken, John Augustine Smith, William H. Wilmer, Adam 
P. Empie, Robert Saunders, John Johns and Benjamin S. 
Ewell. Of Col. Ewell so kindly remembered by many among 
us, it may be said that the most important literary work he ever 
performed was the Historical Catalogue of the College pub- 
lished first in 1855, and which afterwards, much improved by 
Professor Robert J. Morrison, went through three further edi- 
tions. (1859, 1870, 1874.) 

The influence of William and Mary in one other respect 
may be noticed before closing. Both George Wythe and St. 
George Tucker, who stood at the head of the law department 
from 1779 to 1804, were advocates of the emancipation of the 
slaves, and their teachings no doubt had much to do wifflT pro- 
ducing that spirit of philanthrophy so prevalent in Virginia 
till the sudden onslaught of the abolitionists. When Garrison 
went to Baltimore city about 1829 to join Benjamin Lundy in 
the publication of an emancipation newspaper, there were some 
300 societies in the Southern States bottomed upon a moral 
dissatisfaction with the institution of slavery. Garrison 
changed the direction of Lundy's work, who had done much 
to promote the cause in the South, and entered upon a crusade 

iThe students had some verses upon Campbell which ran as follows: 
"Here comes old Ferdy with a rectilinear walk. 
His head full of diagrams and his pocket full of chalk." 

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Henrv's Map of Virginia in 1770. 83 

of abuse and incendiarism which in some measure changed the 
course of sentiment in Virginia. The reaction took place and 
the benefits of slavery "socially, politically and economically/' 
were preached at William and Mary from 1826 to 1857, by 
Thomas R. Dew and Nathaniel Beverley Tucker. Their teach- 
ing had undoubted effect, but I am happy to know that Vir- 
ginia did not take to any great extent to the new doctrines, but 
adhered to the opinions of the older professors that slavery 
was an evil, which was to be eliminated as soon as practicable. 
Thus have I recounted some of the features of our past his- 
tory and recalled to your memory the names of men whose 
lives to a great extent make up the life of this ancient College. 
Their work, their example, and their ideas still survive, and 
we have still with us the lecture, elective and honor systems. 


In the Historical Magazine for September, 1863, VII., 
286-288, occurs an interesting description of this rare and 
curious map, which was made by Col. John Henry, father of 
Patrick Henry.^ 

Henry's Map of Virginia in 1770. 

The title-piece is characteristic of Virginia in her earlier 
days. It represents an arch, surmounted with a capstone, upon 
which is seated an Indian maiden holding in the right hand 
a likeness of George III., while her left encircles a cornu- 
copia, from which Indian corn, tobacco leaves and fruit pro- 
trude, while the bow and arrows lie across the picture. The 
ground upon which the arch is based represents a recumbent 
negro, basket of fruit, Indian corn, tobacco leaves, young negro 
bearing fruits, hogshead of tobacco; a ship from which the 

^Campbell, History of Virginia, 521, states "A copy of this rare map 
is in the possession of Joseph Homer, Esq., of Warrenton, Virginia. 
Appended to it is an epitome of die State and conditions of Virginia. 
The Marginal is profuse and, like the map, well executed." I learn 
that the map is still preserved in the Homer family. 

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84 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

little negro seems just to have landed. The title-piece, really 
a beautiful piece of engraving, contains the following words : 
"A new and accurate map of Virginia, wherein most of the 
counties are laid down from actual surveys, with a concise ac- 
count of the number of inhabitants, the trade, sale, and pro- 
duce of the Provinces, by John Henry." "Engraved by Thomas 
Jeffereys, Geographer to the King." "London, February, 1770 ; 
Published according to act of Parliament for the author, by 
Thos. Jeffereys, at the comer of St. Martin's Lane, in the 

It is a map exclusively of Eastern Virginia. That portion 
of the State west of the AUeghanies is marked as a wilderness, 
with the Kanawha, spelt "Konhaway," which is traced from its 
rise in North Carolina to the Ohio, with very great accuracy ; 
but the country is represented as a wilderness for which th^re 
is a treaty now on foot between the colony and the Six Nations, 
by >yhich it is expected that all this tract of country, contain- 
ing 9,000,000 or 10,000,000 of acres, lying between the Ohio 
River and the Konhaway will be added to Great Britain. It 
is here laid down from "the best information that could be 

All the rivers of Eastern Virginia are beautifully and ac- 
curately traced, from their remote risings in the mountain 
through all their turnings and windings to the bay. 

There being but few towns in Virginia at that time, the 
plantations of distinguished gentlemen are all laid down. 

Tracing the north side of James River from "Point Com- 
fort," we come to Hampton, Newport News, Roscow, Blunt 
Point, Burreirs Bay, Burrell's, Jamestown, Green Sprmg, 
Row, Kennon, Weeke, (Weyanoke?), Westover, Taylor's 
Ferry, Shirley, Ry. Randolph, Col. Cocke's, R. Randolph, 
Woodson's, Selden's, Cocke's, Verino (Varina), Younghus- 
band's, W. Randolph's, Mayo, Richmond, Belvidere, T. M. 
Randolph, Good's, Woodson's, Goochland Court House, Boil- 
ing's Island, Woodson's; these being the plantations on the 
north side of James River. 

On the south side we find no plantations marked until we 
come to Cobham in Surry County, then Cocke, Wakefield, City 

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Henry's Map of Virginia in 1770. 85 

Point; crossing the Appomattox we find Eppes, Bermuda, 
Hylton, Archer, Woodson, Wathall, Osbum's, Col. Ward's, 
Warwick, Gary's, Dr. Nevin's, R. Goode's, Falls Plantation 
opposite Richmond, Rocky Ridge, Tabb's Island, J. Nicholas', 
opposite the Seven Islands, W. John Peter Salley at the junction 
of North and Fluvanna rivers, as the James is called. 

The Rappahannock River has all the plantations legibly 
marked. Beginning on the north side, we find in Lancaster 
County, Carter, Grossman, Fairwather's, Burger's Ball, Grif- 
fin, Tarpley, Hornby, Bowler's, Tomlin, Sabine Ball, Fauntle- 
roy, Tayloe, Weeks', Leeds, Donaphon, Falmouth, Germanna 
at the junction of the Rapidan River and Ground Fork. At 
the bottom of the map is found the "concise account," as fol- 

"In the colony of Virginia are 131,000 tithables — 55,958 of 
which number are white men, and the residue consists of negro 
men and women. It will, I suppose, be reckoned a very mod- 
erate computation, to allow three children for every pair of 
negro tithables ; if so, the number of negro slaves will amount 
to 187,606; and as none but white men are listed as tithables, 
we must suppose that there are 50,863 women, the proportion 
between the sexes being commonly stated as 11 to 10; and al- 
lowing three children to every woman, there will be 152,589 
children. Consequently, the number of inhabitants, white and 
black, in Virginia, will amount to 447,008 — a number greatly 
exceeding any of the colonies in America. As to the value of 
this great number of slaves, we can only make a probable com- 
putation, founded on principles well known, and admitted in 
the colony. A negro man or woman between 16 and 40 years 
of age is believed to be worth fifty pounds (though three or 
four years ago they went at double that price), reckoning then 
the above number of negroes tithable, but at 40 pounds each, 
they will amount to 3,001,680 pounds Virginia currency, and 
as to the residue, valuing them at but 30 pounds each, they will 
amount to 3,376,800 pounds, and all of them to 6,378,570 
pounds. As to the trade of the colony, its staple is tobacco, and 
though it does not yield much to the planter, notwithstanding 
that between 50,000 and 60,000 hogsheads are communibus 

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86 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

annis exported to Great Britain, yet as 17,000 tons of shipping- 
are employed and many thousand British inhabitants supported 
thereby, it is very valuable to the subjects, and may also be 
said to be a jewel to the crown, as so large a sum arises out of 
the duties. The country indeed is very capable of improvement, 
and some attempts have been made to raise hemp, though not 
considerable — the soil, however, is very proper for such pro- 
ductions. As to the drink used in the colony, it is generally 
cider, every planter having an orchard and they make from 
1,000 to 5,000 or 6,000 gallons annually, in proportion accord- 
ing to their rank and fortune. As to the soil it is very differ- 
ent in different parts ; that which lies upon the rivers and their 
branches, is generally a black, deep soil, and produces the 
largest tobacco and all other plants, and, as the country 
abotmds in large navigable rivers, a great proportion of the 
land is of this kind, the produce of which is very easily brought 
to market ; but the land that lies distant from the rivers is gen- 
erally of a middling quality, yet produces maize or Indian com 
sufficient for the supply of the inhabitants, who chiefly use 
bread made from the grain; and the meanest and hilly lands 
are very proper for the peach tree, every planter having an 
orchard of those trees, the brandy made from that fruit being 
excellent, and indeed might be made in sufficient quantities for 
the supply of the people, was there not so much rum imported 
from the Sugar Islands. As to the manufactories of Virginia, 
they consist chiefly of cotton, for very little woolen and linen 
cloth is made in the Province, there being but few sheep ; and 
as little land is spared from tobacco and grain, few of the in- 
habitants understand the management of flax. Most of the 
men, as well as women of the lower classes, wear cotton clotli, 
both in the summer and winter, and it has been computed that 
there has been manufactured, for one or two years past, of this 
kind of cloth, to the amount of 250,000 pounds annually. Al- 
though this necessarily lessens the importation of foreign 
goods, it is not wholly of choice, the people being obliged to 
it, as the balance of trade, has, for many years, been against 
them, the colony being much indebted to Great Britain, even 
in the opinions of good judges, to the amount of 1,500,000 

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Description of Virginia Commerce. 87 

In regard to the stocks of horses, cattle, and hogs, they are 
very considerable, especially the first, there being a great num- 
ber of the best English breed now among us. And, as to plate 
and houeshold furniture, this colony exceeds all the others upon 
the continent, so that, upon the whole, it is much the richest as 
well as of the greatest importance to Great Britain, and there- 
fore, well deserves its encouragement and protection." 


Chapter VII. 

The Produce and Commerce of Virginia and Maryland ; with 

a Specimen of the Accounts Usually Kept by the 

Merchants or Storekeepers There. 

Section I. 

The Produce and Commerce of Tobacco Colonies. 

The produce or commodities of the growth of Virginia and 
Maryland are, pitch, tar, turpentine, plank, clif-board, hogs- 
head and barrel staves, shingles, wheat, flour, biscuit, Indian 
com, beef, pork, tallow, wax, butter, and live stock, such as 
hogs, geese, and turkeys. 

These they generally export in small sloops of thei^ own to 
the West India Islands, particularly to Barbadoes, Antigua, 
and St. Christopher's ; and, in return, bring home rum, sugar, 
molasses, and cash, being mostly Spanish coins, viz.: pistols 
of all sorts, from D. D. 00ns, value that currency L.4 7 :6, to 
chequins, value 10 s. 6 d. and pieces of eight. 

This trade is carried on mostly from the lower parts of Vir- 
ginia, especially James River; and in Maryland, chiefly from 
the eastern shore. They have likewise some small trade with 
Madeiras; sending thither lumber, such as pipe-staves, head- 
ings, wheat, and com, with some peas and beans ; and getting 

iProm Mair, Book-keeping Modernised, 3rd Edition, 1784. 


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88 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

wine in return. Sloops also from Bermudas and New Eng- 
land carry away from them a considerable quantity of all sorts 
of provisions ; for which they bring them joiners work, salt, 
spirits, and iron work, and some molasses. 

But the chief and staple comniodity, both of Virginia and 
Maryland, is tobacco; of which there are a great variety of 
kinds, as distinguished by the planters when gfrowing ; such as, 
long-green, thick joint, Brazil, lazy, shoestrings, etc. But all 
the tobacco in the country, when brought to the warehouse, 
comes under one of two denominations, viz.: Aronoko, and 
Sweet-scented. The latter is distinguished by its stem and 
flavor, is most valued, and grows in greatest plenty in the lower 
parts of Virginia, viz. : James River, York River ; and begins 
now to be planted also on Rappahannock, and the south side 
of Potomack. The planters are in use to strip a great part of 
it, by taking the stem out of the leaf, which then gets the name 
of stemmed tobacco, as before the stripping it was called leaf. 
The Aronoko, denominated by an Indian name, is generally 
^planted up Chesapeake Bay, and the back settlement on all 
the rivers. It is this sort the merchants generally purchase; 
they do not deal much in the sweet-scented; and any of that 
sort they buy is commonly leaf. The planters seldom or never 
strip the Aronoko, as they do the sweet-scented. 

The quantity of tobacco in Virginia and Maryland, in the 
production and preparing of which all the labourers in the coun* 
try are employed, is so very considerable, that from these two 
colonies have been imported yearly to Britain about 80,000 hogs- 
heads ; whereof the half, or rather more, from Virginia. The 
value of this to the planters may be computed at £5 sterling 
per hogshead, which makes their yearly income for this article 
£400,000; and allowing the tobacco, when exported from 
Britain to France, Holland, Norway, Hamburg, the Baltic, 
Guernsey, Jersey, or Ireland, to be sold at £g sterling per hogs- 
head, the returns will amount to £720,000 sterling. Three- 
fourths of all the tobacco brought home is imported by private 
merchants, or companies residing in Britain, and purchased in 
exchange for European and India goods sent out, a great part 
of which are British manufactures. The other fourth part is 

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Description of Virginia Commerce. 89 

supposed to be consigned, and sent over to Britain, mostly to 
London, by the planters themselves ; which is paid for generally 
in bills ; and it is commonly reckoned, that the colony of Vir- 
ginia alone receives yearly i 16,000 sterling in cash, from their 
neighbors in Pennsylvania, for bills of this kind. 

There are factors who have their constant residence in the 
colonies, and whose sole profession is to do business for mer- 
chants, as they are employed. Their commission is stated at 
ten per cent, on all sales and returns ; and to them ships with 
slaves are generally consigned. But though this be the case, 
yet the British merchants who carry on the tobacco trade find 
it their interest to employ factors or supercargoes of their own, 
who go over to Virginia or Maryland, and usually settle for 
some years in the country. Their wages are commonly by the 
year, with bed, board, and necessary charges, as their em- 
ployers and they can agree. These carry with them, and are 
supplied from time to time by their employers, with large 
quantities of all kinds of European and India goods, which 
they expose to sale in shops or houses, which, in the country, 
go under the name of stores. These merchants or storekeepers 
generally sell their goods on trust, or time; and receive pay- 
ment, not in cash but in tobacco, as the planters can get it 
ready. Before a merchant open store in this retail way, it is 
his interest to have it well provided with all sorts of commodi- 
ties proper for clothing and family use ; and the greater variety 
he has, the better; for wherever planters find they can be 
best suited and served, thither they commonly resort, and there 
dispose of their tobacco. 

The purchasing of tobacco is now, by an inspection-law, 
made easy and safe, both to the planter and the merchant.^ 
This law took place in Virginia in the year 1730, but in Mary- 
land not till the year 1748. The planter, by virtue of this, may 
go to any place, and sell his tobacco, without carrying a sample 
of it along with him; and the merchant may buy it, though 

^Matters are here represented as they were before the independence 
of America was established. It is not known what changes that revo- 
lution may produce in the laws and practice of commerce with that 

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90 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

lying loo miles or at any distance from his store, and yet be 
morally sure both with respect to quality and quantity. 

For this purpose, upon all the rivers and bays of Virginia 
and Maryland, at the distance of about twelve or fourteen miles 
from one another, are erected warehouses, which generally 
take their name from the bays or creeks on which they are 
situated. Those on the south side of Potomack River are, Wi- 
comico, Coan, Yeocomico, Nomony, Mattox, Boyd's Hole, 
Caves, Acquia, Quantico, Occoquan, Hunting Creek, and Falls. 
Those on the north side of Raphannock are: Indian Creek, 
Deep Creek, Glascocks, Totuskey, Nailers, Bray's Church, Gib- 
son's, Falmouth. On the south side of that river are : Urbanna, 
Hobb's Hole, Port Royal, Fredericksburg, etc. To these ware- 
houses all the tobacco in the country must be brought, and 
there lodged, before the planters can oflfer it to sale. And men 
of good character, generally planters, two for each warehouse, 
chosen yearly by the county court in Virginia, and by the 
vestry of each parish in Maryland, are commissioned by the 
governor, and appkjinted inspectors of all tobacco brought to 
their respective warehouses. Before their admission to that 
office, they are obliged to g^ve oath and bond, with security in 
iiooo sterling, to the faithful discharge of the same. Their 
salaries vary from £25 to ;£6o, that currency, according to the 
importance of the place where they serve. Their business is 
to examine all the tobacco brought in, receive such as good 
and merchantable, condemn and bum what appears damnified 
or insufficient. 

The greatest part of the tobacco is put up or prized into hogs- 
heads by the planters themselves, before it be carried to the 
warehouses. Each hogshead, by act of assembly, must be 
950 lb. neat, or upwards. Some of them weigh 14 C, nay even 
18 C. ; and the heavier they are, the merchants like them the 
better; because four hogsheads, whatever their weight be, by 
long custom, is esteemed a ton, and pays the same freight The 
hogsheads thus prized, and brought to the warehouses by the 
planters, are called crop, probably because the greatest part of 
the annual produce of their grounds are made up in this man- 
ner. The inspectors, upon receiving the hogsheads into the 

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Description of Virginia Commerce. 


warehouse, deliver the planters a crop-note, of the following 

Potomack River. 

Nomony warehouse, the 5th day of January, 1783. 


Swect-Sccnted Aronoko 

Received of G. 
Johnson 1 hhd. 





of crop tobacco, 
marks, num- 
bers, weights, 
and species, as 
per margin, to 
be delivered by 
us to the said 
Geo. Johnson, 
or his order, for 









when demand- 
ed. Witness our 






NIC Minor. 
E. Ransdsix. 

The planters sometimes have occasion to bring small quan- 
tities of tobacco in light hogsheads, in bags, or in loose parcels, 
to the warehouse, particularly any overplus that remains after 
their crop hogsheads are prized up ; or perhaps are obliged to 
do it, in order to satisfy the demands of a dunning creditor, to 
pay a levy, or answer some other pressing necessity. Those 
parcels of tobacco are called transfer, probably because, upon 
their being afterwards made up into hogsheads, they change 
that denomination for crop. The inspectors, upon receiving 
these parcels, deliver the planter a transfer-note, of the follow- 
ing form: 

Potomack River. No. 34. 

Yeocomico warehouse, the loth day of February, 1783. 

This shall oblige us the subscribers, our, and each of our ex- 
ecutors and administrators, to pay, upon demand, to Robert 
More, or his order, at the above mentioned warehouse, five 
hundred and sixty pounds of good merchantable Aronoke 
tobacco, according to the directions of the act of assembly for 
amending the staple of tobacco, and preventing frauds in his 
Majesty's customs; it being for the like quantity received. 
Witness our hands, 

Daniel Tebbs. 
Matthew Rust. 

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92 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

The tobacco being thus lodged in the warehouse, the planter 
goes to the merchant, sells his tobacco, and delivers him the 
notes. If the merchant happens to purchase tobacco that lies 
at a great distance, to save the trouble, risk, and expense of 
slatting, he exchanges or swaps the notes for other tobacco 
that is lodged in warehouses of a more convenient situation. 
Thus the notes, whether crop or transfer, circulate, and pass 
from hand to hand, without indorsation ; the title to or property 
in the tobacco lying entirely in the possession of the notes. If 
a note happen to be lost, the loser is allowed to make oath, be- 
fore a justice of peace, as to the niunber, mark, and quantity 
of the note ; and, upon a certificate or order produced from him, 
a new note is issued by the inspectors. If the old note should 
happen to return to the warehouse, it is refused any honor. 

When a merchant comes to be possessed of as many transfer- 
notes as will make up a hogshead, he delivers the notes to the 
inspectors, who prize the tobacco into a hogshead, and issue 
a crop-note for the same. The merchant pays them 2 s. 6 d. 
curreny in cash for prizing, and 30 lbs. of tobacco for the hogs- 
head. The inspectors also, according to act of assembly, de- 
duct for inlack 2 per cent, from the transfer-notes for the first 
two months, though the notes were but one day old, 3 per cent, 
for three months, 4 for four, etc. But this deduction is not to 
exceed 6 per cent., though the notes have been longer out than 
six months. 

In Virginia they have no paper currency, as in Maryland, 
and several other colonies in North America; nor have they 
any coin of their own ; but yet all kinds of gold and silver coins 
are current among them, of whatever nation, whether Dutch, 
German, French, Spanish, or Portuguese. The Dutch silver 
is indeed prohibited in Virginia, by act of assembly, on account 
of the great quantity of alloy mixed with it; but yet it is never 
refused in payments. No brass coin is current in Virginia; 
though it be in Maryland, and in the other colonies. The gold 
coins most frequent, both in Virginia and Maryland, are, 
pistols of all kinds, moidores, Joanneses, French guineas, and 
some German pieces ; which are all received and paid away by 
weight, at £5 per oz. that currency ; and so in proportion for 

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Description of Virginia Commerce. 93 

greater or lesser quantities. The silver coins most common are, 
Spanish pieces of eight, French crowns, pistereens, and some 
few German pieces ; which likewise are received and paid away 
by weight, at 6 s. 8 d. per oz. that currency. Any British 
money they have goes by tale ; one shilling sterling passing for 
I s. 3 d. currency, and six-pence sterling is equivalent to a bit, 
or yYi d. current money. 

The par of exchange with Britain is settled, as to the real 
or intrinsic value of coin, at 25 per cent. ; so that iioo sterling 
is equivalent to £125 currency in the colonies. But the course 
of exchange varies every now and then, according to the bal- 
ance of trade. Bills on Britain, before the year 1744, generally 
sold below par, often at 15 per cent. But trade of late having 
turned precarious, by the wars with France and Spain, and the 
colonies having few effects in Britain to draw for, bills of ex- 
change rose far above par ; so that, in the years 1745 and 1746, 
exchange run from 35 to 40 per cent. 

When merchants or planters draw bills on Britain, they gen- 
erally make out four copies of the same tenor and date, which 
they dispatch by different ships, that some one of them at least 
may come, to hand ; and this they call a set of exchange. These 
bills are generally of the following form. 

Exchange for iioo sterling, Vir^nia, April 3, 1783. 

Sixty days after sight of this my first of exchange, my 
second, third, and fourth, of the same tenor and date, not paid, 
pay to Mr. Andrew Barclay, or order, at the Exchange coffee- 
house in Glasgow, the sum of one hundred pounds sterling; 
which place to the account of the cargo of the ship Peggy, as 
per advice from. Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

James Mitchelson. 
To Mess. Gore and Buckly, 

Merchants in Liverpool. 
The second bill runs thus : 

Sixty days after sight of this my second of exchange, my 
first, third, and fourth, of the same tenor and date, not paid, pay 
to Mr. Andrew Barclay, or order, etc. 

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94 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


/. Watkins to Nathaniel Massie. 

27th August, 1796. 

Dear Sir: I am very desirous and without hopes, but that 
this will be handed you, by my relation & particular friend Mr. 
Abram B. Venable — Our member of Congress for this Dis- 
trict, one of the most deservedly esteemed among us — ^who has 
at this time of the Recess of Congress — a desire to see your 
much famed Western Country — should he find you on the 
Banks of the Ohio — ^where you directed me, when I had the 
pleasure of those few moments of your Company in Richmond 
last winter, the first & only time, that I ever saw this one of my 
sister's sons, — who has strayed off from us — ^and taken a 
course different from all other of our relations — ^but judiciously 
& fortunately I hope, as 'tis said for himself. Before I quit 
this subject, I trust you will excuse me when I give it you 
in particular charge — ^not to let the Indians scalp my friend — 
I have no doubt of your friendly offices to him while with you. 

It would afford me a real pleasure to have accompanied him 
out, as I am anxious to see those fine Lands — But tied down 
as I am here to some offices, I am deprived of this pleasure as 
well as that of seeing you at this time. But not altogether 
without hopes I may at some future day have this pleasure at 
your Ohio Villa. 

I am one of those of your relations who have been accus- 
tomed to the busy scenes of life, have a numerous family, — 
and saved some money to settle them. But undetermined in 
the choice of plans — all our most Independent & married men 
seem to be running to the West, the greater proportion to the 
Kentucky & Tennessee States. 

The migrations from the Eastward who have an aversion 
to slavery — ^go your way — ^and these are the most valuable class 
of citizens & among these I had rather choose settlements for 
my family. But as I have before observed I can't look out for 
them on account of the reasons already mentioned. 

^Massie, Life of Nathaniel Massie, 127. 

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Emigration from Virginia to the South. 95 

If you have not forgot the ties of relationship in the pursuit 
of wealth, and there is any Garden Spot left on your side of 
the Ohio which you do not wish to possess such as it is — 
esteemed of the Rich Old Cream, in the Vicinity of a good 
body of Land — claim title, & 8 or 10,000 Acres — ^belong^ng to 
any person on the Eastern Waters. (I mean Atlantic States), 
which in your Opinion can be purchased, please drop me a 
line, describing every necessary particular. I shall esteem the 
favor highly, and a very great favor indeed. 


Letter of James Maury to Hon. Philip Ludwell.^ 

I beg leave to inform you, that such numbers of people have 
lately transplanted themselves hence into the more southerly 
governments, as must appear almost incredible to any except 
such as have had an opportunity of knowing it, either from 
their own observation, or the credible information of others. 

From the waters of Potomac, James River, and Roanoke, 
on the eastern side of the above-mentioned ridge of mountains, 
nay, from the side of the Blue Ridge, hundreds of families 
have, within these few months past, removed, deserted their 
habitations, and conveyed themselves and their most valuable 
movables into other governments. 

By Bedford Court House, in one week, it is said, and I be- 
lieve truly said, near three hundred persons, inhabitants of this 
colony, passed on their way to Carolina. And I have it from 
good authors, that no later in autumn than October five thou- 
sand more had crossed James River, only at one ferry, that at 
Goochland Court House, and journeying towards the same 
place ; and doubtless great numbers have passed that way since. 
And, although all these lands had not been settled in Virginia, 
yet a large proportion of them had. From all the upper coun- 
ties, even those on this side the Blue Hills, great numbers are 

iMaury, Memoirs of a Huguenot Family, 431. Letter is without date. 
The context shows that it was written about 1756. 

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96 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

daily following, and others preparing to follow in the spring. 
Scarce do I know a neighborhood but has lost some families, 
and expects quickly to lose more. What aggravates the mis- 
fortune, is, that many of these are not the idler and the vagrant, 
pests of society, whom it is ever salutary to a body politic to 
purge off, but the honest and industrious, men of worth and 
property, whom it is an evil at any time to a community to 
lose, but is most eminently so to our own in the present and 
critical juncture. 

Now, sir, as many have thus quitted fertile lands and com- 
fortable habitations, left behind them their friends, relations, 
and country, to all which they were attached by many power- 
ful and endearing ties, we may conclude that weighty have 
been the reasons, at least these people have thought them such, 
which have already determined so many to act as these have 
done, and will determine others to follow their example. But, 
whether they be weighty in themselves or not, it is certain they 
are such as reduce the numbers of our inhabitants very fast, 
to the great detriment and loss of the public. 


In all adventures entailing danger or risk, provision is gen- 
erally taken to have representation from the medical profes- 
sion. And so among the first settlers at Jamestown we hear of 
William Wilkinson and Thomas Wotton, "surgeons." In the 
first supply which arrived at Jamestown in January, 1608, 
Walter Russell, "Doctor of Physic," and Post Guinnat, a chirur- 
geon, appeared. Russell accompanied John Smith the next 
summer in his exploration of Chesapeake Bay, and it was due 
to his skill that Smith escaped death by a fish near the mouth 
of the Rappahannock River. He was stung by a stingray. 
His hand, arm and shoulder swelled to such a size that his 
death was so certainly expected that his companions prepared 
a grave for him on an Island ; but Doctor Russell, by dressing 
the wound with an ointment which he had on hand, so re- 
lieved the pain and swelling that, instead of filling a grave with 
his dead body. Smith filled his stomach that very evening with 

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Several Early Physicians. 97 

the fish which had so tormented him. Russell died prior to 
September, 1609. 

The next physician we hear of was Dr. Lawrence Bohun, 
who arrived with Lord Delaware in June, 1610. He was edu- 
cated "among the most learned surgeons and physicians in the 
Netherlands." His services were of great value to the poor 
survivors of the Starving Time and the many sick among the 
new arrivals. Lord Delaware in his letter to the Council, 
July 7, 1610, especially commended him. The next year he 
accompanied Delaware to the West Indies and thence to Eng- 
land. Eight years later he was one of a company who ar- 
ranged to plant 300 settlers in Virginia, to raise tobacco. 
Thereupon, the London Company appointed him "Physician 
general of the Colony," and to support the dignity of the office 
gave him 500 acres and ten servants. In January, 1 621, he set 
out for Virginia in the Margaret and John, commanded by 
Captain Anthony Chester ; but in the West Indies the ship was 
attacked by two Spanish men of war. The English ship was 
160 tons burden and carried 8 guns, and in handling them the 
gunners were much embarassed by the household goods with 
which the ship was loaded. The Spanish vessels were each 
300 tons burden and carried in all 38 big guns. And yet so 
gallantly did the English conduct themselves that they drove 
off the Spaniards and inflicted heavy damage upon them. Dur- 
ing this fight, which takes its place among the most glorious 
exploits of the English, the passengers and sailors fought side 
by side, and Dr. Bohun received a mortal wound. Captain 
Chester embraced him and exclaimed, "Oh ! Dr. Bohun, what 
a disaster is this!" The noble Doctor replied, "Fight it out 
brave man, the cause is good, and the Lord receive my soul." 

After the news of the death of Dr. Bohun the London Com- 
pany selected as his successor John Pott, who was a Master of 
Arts and was recommended to the company by the famous Dr. 
Theodorick Gulstone as "well practiced in chirurgerie and 
Physic and expert also in distilling of waters." He was made 
one of the council to the new governor. Sir Francis Wyatt, and 
came over to Virginia with him in the George in November, 
1621. Dr. Pott came from the Harrop branch of the Pott 

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98 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

family, and was probably son of Henry Pott, of Harrop and 
his cousin Grace Pott, daughter of John Pott, of Dunge, in 
Cheshire, and Bridget, daughter of Roger Jodrill, of Ersnick.* 
He was followed to Virginia by his brother, Francis Pott, and 
in a land grant to the latter for 2000 acres at Matchepungo, 
Northampton Co., there are mentioned also among the head 
rights— Hattill Pott, Henry Pott, John Pott, Jr., and Bridget 

Dr. Pott had a varied experience in Virginia, and his name 
is curiously mixed up with several very grave offenses. After 
the treacherous massacre by the Indians in 1622, the feelings 
of the English settlers were naturally much embittered against 
a people who had violated all laws of faith and hospitality ; and 
as the Indians hid themselves in out of way places, poison, .it 
is said, was made use of to destroy them. Of the details of 
this iniquity we know nothing for certain, but it enabled his 
enemy. Sir Robert Rich, Earl of Warwick, who charged Pott 
with being the author, to have his name dropped from the list 
of councillors named in the commission granted to Sir Francis 
Wyatt in 1624. As, however, his name was restored two years 
later, we have reason to suppose that on a more thorough in- 
vestigation the charge was found erroneous. It was not long 
before a new trouble developed. 

In 1629, on the departure of Col. Francis West, Pott be- 
came acting governor, and discharged the duties for a year. 
During Pott's administration George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, 
visited Jamestown with a view to a settlement, but was coldly 
treated and sailed to England, where he obtained a patent for 
Maryland in 1632. Upon Harvey's arrival as governor in 
March, 1630, charges were preferred against Pott by his 
enemies. He appeared before the general court on July 9, 1630, 
and before a jury of thirteen was tried for stealing cattle. The 
first day was occupied in pleading, and Richard Kingsmill, an 
old planter, testified adversely. The next day Pott asserted 
that the witness was unreliable and hypocritical, and told the 
story of Gussman of Alfrach, the Rogue. Don Juan Gussman 
in his narrative declared that he reached Ireland in a ship and 

^See peligree of the Potts in Familiae Gentium Minorum, 

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Several Early Physicians. 99 

was seized by the servants of Mahona and taken to his castle, 
and from thence was sent to the Earl of Desmond, where he 
was examined by the legate of the Pope and escaped suspicion 
by a forged passport and then went to Limerick, where he at- 
tended the church of England and assisted to expel cattle 
stealers. This story was a tissue of falsehoods. 

The jury declared Pott guilty, but Harvey declined to pro- 
nounce judgment until the king's pleasure could be known, 
and he wrote to England that Pott was "the only physician 
in the colony skilled in epidemical diseases," and suggested that 
his estate should be restored in view of his long residence and 
the value of his services. Elizabeth, the Doctor's wife, im- 
pelled by affection, reached London in September, after an 
absence of ten years, and with earnestness pleaded for her hus- 
band. The case was referred to commissioners, who consid- 
ered the case against Pott and reported that there was no suffi- 
cient proof to justify the proceedings against his life and es- 
tate, and that the sentence was "rigorous if not erroneous." 
They recommended the pardon which was granted. 

In the quarrel between William Claiborne and Lord Balti- 
more for the possession of Maryland, Dr. Pott was prominent 
in maintaining the side of the Virg^ia colonists and was one 
of the daring councillors who arrested Sir John Harvey in 
1635, and sent him back to England ; but the King sent orders 
for the conspirators to appear in England, and Pott must have 
died soon after, as his name ceased to appear in the records. 

Dr. Pott had a house in Jamestown on the Back Street near 
Orchard Run, and, in 1624, he patented three acres adjoining 
it. In 1629, he patented 9 acres more reaching back towards 
Back River. He was the first man to build in the neighbor- 
hood of Williamsburg, and on June 6, 1632, obtained a patent 
for land at the head of Archer's Hope Creek, which he called 
Harrop, north of Tuttey's Neck. This land fell afterwards to 
Col. Humphrey Higginson, who married perhaps Pott's widow, 

He appears to have died without issue, since in a grant to 
Richard Brewster, in 1642, the land is described as purchased 

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loo William and Mary College Quarterly. 

from Captain Francis Pott/ "brother and heir of Dr. John 

^Captain Francis Pott came to Virginia before 1628, since in that 
year he renewed a patent taken out in the name of Dr. John Pott 
After the Fort at Old Point was rebuilt, in 1630, by Col. Samuel 
Mathews, Francis Pott was made Captain. He was removed by Sir 
John Harvey about 1634 and Francis Hooke of the Royal Navy was 
put in command. Harvey's conduct doubtless fired Pott's resentment, 
and when MarylaiKl was granted away and Harvey sided with Lord 
Baltimore, Francis Pott took a leading part in getting up a meeting at 
York to protest to the King against the governor. Harvey had him 
and two other leading mutineers, Nicholas Martian and William 
English, arrested and thrown into prison. But the Councillors, one of 
whom was Dr. John Pott, did not stand by Harvey and, on the con- 
trary, arrested him and sent him prisoner to England in the custody 
of Thomas Harwood and his quondam prisoner, Francis Pott Here 
the tables were again turned and Francis Pott was confined for a long 
time close prisoner in the Fleet Prison. Regaining his liberty, he re- 
turned to Virginia and settled in Northampton County, where he ob- 
tained, as already mentioned, a grant for 2000 acres. His will was 
proved in Northampton County, October 12, 1658, and names his 
nephew, John Pott, kinsman Captain Henry Perry and his wife, and 
his three sisters, Katherine, Mary and Bridget. Bridget Pott, sister of 
Captain Francis Pott, married (I) Doctor John Severn, of North- 
ampton Co., and (H) Captain Stephen Charleton, who married 
secondly Ann West, widow of Captain Anthony West By her mar- 
riage with Doctor Severn, Bridget Pott had John and Peter Severn, 
and by her marriage with Captain Charleton she had Elizabeth and 
Bridget Charleton, who married respectively John Gittings and Isaac 
Foxcraft, Jun., a ship captain of Hull in Yorkshire. Neither of the 
daughters had issue, but the Severns are numerously represented in 
Virginia to-day. John Pott, nephew of Captain Francis Pott, moved 
to Patuxent in Maryland, where he was one of the justices in 1657. 

John Severn speaks of his "uncle Francis Pott," in the records of 
Northampton County. He married Elizabeth Chapman. John Pott is 
also spoken of as "brother (brother-in-law) to Stephen Charleton," 
and in the same records Bridget Pott speaks of her "son, John 
Severn." The name "Severn" has come down in the names of Severn 
Eyre, Severn E. Parker, and others. 

According to the will of Captain Charleton, Bridget Charleton's 
share of his estate went to the Parish on her demise without children. 
The glebe consisting of 1500 or 1600 acres of the best land in the coun- 
try has been in the possession of the vestry ever since. Charleton 
himself is honorably mentioned by Col. Charles Norwood in the ac- 
count of his visit to the Eastern Shore in 1649. 

Meade, Old Churches and Families, I. 255. 

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Early Letters Regarding Virginia. ioi 



(This letter recorded in Northampton County is from a factor 
in Amsterdam to a prominent settler in Virginia.) 

Amsterdam the 6th of October 1651 
M' Browne : 

Yo' Lletter of the 19th of September is come to hand. I 
understand yo" have reed of Mr. Scarburgh sixty pounds 
sterlinge more w*^** is wel, for yo"^ Tobacco is yet unsoulde ; much 
of late has bine sould in outcryes in a publiq waye soe y* people 
keepe of (f ) from buyeinge ; but I doubt not of a good markett : 
This weeke I looke ov"^ yo' tobaco & finde it not y® better but 
much worse (somewhat of it) for keepeinge And none of it 
soe good to looke on as att first. But I wil labou' to put it off 
w^ the first; & what shall be found comeinge to you I shall 
receive for yo" Garberant Dervicke went lately out of Vessell 
towards Maryland ; I have adventured nothing this yeare, but 
a little for my kinsmans own pviscon. I have writt to sevall 
friends in Virgininna; but whether they will deliv"^ or noe, I 
know not, & I fear it partly ; I wrote Mr. Nuthall^ I sould his 
Tobaco for 600 the Hogh, & tell John Ellis his Tobaco pved 
well, this I intreat yo° to doe when it shall please god to send 
yo° safe to Virginnina; yo' bedd & rugg I shipt by Robert 
Neblett who goeth hence w^ y® first convoye. Thus intreatinge 
to remember mee to all freinds, when yo" come home, I wish 
yo° a good voyage & soe rest 

Yo" Llawrence Coughen 
if yo™. shall not staye till M' Niblett arrives then give order to 
some one to receive yo' bedd 
Recordat 22*** of April 1656 p Edm : Mathewe Clic Cur. 

*Will of John Brown was proved in Northampton County, Va., 
January 22, 1655. He named sons John, Thomas, Stephen, and daugh- 
ters Mary, Sarah and Elizabeth, wife Ursula. Dated August 26, 1654. 
Wife sole executrix, Capt. Thomas Johnson and John Hinson assistants. 

2A noted ship captain and trader to Virgina and Maryland. 

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I02 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


(This letter, recorded in Northampton County, was written 
by William Moulle in contemplation of his return from Eng- 
land to Virginia.) 
Dearest Loveing Brother, 

I have reed yo^. Letter as willingly as a joyfuU heart can 
exp'sse) w*** my sister Lluces Toaken for y« w*** I give her 
kinde thanks, for y« same And this is to lett yo" understand 
that my Tob: is sould att Plimouth, butt att a very low rate, 
for I had as much in Llondon for one Hoghd as I had there for 
twoe; butt nowe it cannott bee healped & soe wee must bee 
content for y* seas are soe very dangerous wee could not gett 
it about to London w***outhazarding or loosinge all & I hope 
this weeke I shall receve my moneyes for y* s* Tob: And I 
reed y* twenty shillings of George Merrill y« carryer & I hope 
I shall heare from yo° once more by Merrill, & y* wil be all the 
while I shall staye in Llondon for y« shipps fall downe to 
Graves End ev'y daye, but yet I may bee in England this 
moneth or more. But wrightinge one to another will bee one 
retume of the Carryer. But when I come to Virginia & God 
bless me w*** life & health I shall not fayle in wrightinge to yo** 
The little Estate y* Lord hath blessed me w*** all in Virginia is 
most on it in Cattle & Bedds w^ Potts, Keetle, some Hoggs ; 
And (if I should doe any other ways than well) yo'* must write 
to James Jones & give him an order to sell this goods and tume 
them into Tobacco fFor hee cannott in one yeare gett sale for 
all ; therefore yo° must write unto him & he will advise yo° for 
y* best, But yo" must satisfye him in some measure. And then 
hee will not neglect to be sure ; for he is a very honest man & 
one y* yo'* may trust. Deare brother before yo° write to James 
Jones to sell any thinge ; write to him what there is & what to 
doe & howe hee shall advise yo° for y« best, & then when yo^ 
have his answer yo° will y* better knowe what to doe init ; for 
I give y" but this Instruccons, that y« best of ev'y thinge maye 
bee made of it, & y« care I take (if I shall dye single) that yo" 
should have it all. And I leave this (if I should dye att sea 
and not bee taken), that you should have the little I take w"» 
mee to sea. And if please God this should happen you must 

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Wyche Family. 103 

write to him, to whome in England he shall Assigne it ov' to 
for yo' use. And if please God that this bee, Helpe our Deare 
Mother & our goode Sisters and Brothers if there be any oc- 
casion ; for I give yo^ it with this intent And I doubt no lesse 
of yo° But y* you will pforme it, (if such a thinge should 
happen) ; the seas are soe troublesome that I dare not venter 
to take my sister Dorothy over w^ me But I would not have 
yo" thinke it is for want of good will for I vowe to God it is 
not nor to none of all that is not wantinge, But shall doe for 
any of yo" the uttrmost of my power. I cannott close butt tell 
yo" that since y* last letter, I have bine dangerous sicke, the 
Doctor & the Apothecary hath had of me sixe pds. But thanks 
bee to God I am well recovrd, And soe w*** my love to my 
Brother Edmund, my cousin Ann, my Brother John's wife & 
to all our friends in gen'll And my humble Dutye to my Deare 
Mother: And my love to ou' good Brothers & sisters & my 
Deare love unto yo' selfe w^ my prayer to God for all yo' 
healths & happines I rest 

Yo' Lovinge Brother to his powr till death 

William MouUe. 
London, Queens Armes 
in Beear Lane y* 18 September 1653 

(Continued from page 62.) 

The old vestry books of St. Andrew's Parish, Brunswick 
County, show that on Dec. 6th, 1735, at a meeting of the vestry, 
Henry Wyche was appointed to procession the land. This was 
6 Henry^ Wyche, previously mentioned in this record. At 
another meeting held on Nov. 8th, 1751, 11 William' Wyche 
was appointed to procession the land, and at a court held in 
Brunswick Nov., 1752, he was "recommended to His Honor 
the Governor as a proper person to be added to the commission 
of Peace for this County." 

At a court held in Brunswick Aug., 1758, Henry Wyche, 
Gent., was recommended for the Com. of Peace. This was 40 

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104 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Henry^ Wyche, who in 1799 was Deputy Sheriff, and in 1801 
Comr. of Revenue, Greensville County. 

56 Peter*^ Wyche (40 Henry*) moved to Georgia and ac- 
cording to family tree had sons 66 Henry, 67 Albert, 68 Alfred, 
and 69 Christopher. 

57 William*^ Wyche (40 Henry) had two children, 70 
William, who moved to Huntsville, Ala., and married a distant 
relative Anne Rebbecca Wyche, and 71 Thomas Peter. 

58 Henry' Wyche (40 Henry) lived in Greensville County. 
He married first Clara Walton, and had 72 Frances R. Wyche, 
who married Geo. E. Taylor and had Wm. Henry, Martha C, 
Eliza R., Sarah, Frances W., Georgia Ellen, and Jesse A. 
Taylor. The latter married Rebecca Wyche dau. of 79 Joseph^ 
Wyche. 73 George B. Wyche, 74 Nancy R. Wyche. 58 
Henry' married secondly Nancy Cooke, sister of Watkins 
Cooke, of Greensville, and their children were, 75 Sarah, mar- 
ried Jos. Riland. 76 Emily, married Irvin Walton, 77 Martha, 
Married Wm. Cato. 78 Ira £., 79 Joseph, 

78 Ira E.® Wyche (Henry') bom 1809, died March 19, 
1874. He married Jan. i, 1836, Ariadne Powell and had 80 
Sarah E., who married W. P. Walker. 81 Georgia A. married 
L. A. Guy, 82 Lila, married R. B. Moody. 78 Ira E. married 
secondly Sarah J. Powell, sister of his first wife, and their 
children were 83 Rebecca, married S. W. Lee, 84 Walter 
Henry, married Roberta Cato. 85 Benj, W, Wyche. 

79 Joseph® Wyche (Henry*^) bom March, 1816, 
died Dec. 28, 1892. married May 26, 1836, Margaret Harris 
daughter of Robert Harris. Their children, 86 Robert Henry, 
1837-62. 87 Rebecca, married Jesse A. Taylor. 88 William 
Peter, born Dec. 31, 1841, killed at Malvern Hill, July, 1862. 
89 James Watkins, bom 1844, killed at Manassas Aug. 30, 
1862. 90 Mary, 91 Joseph Bevill, 92 George Ira. 93 Mat- 
thew H. 

73 George B.^ Wyche (Henry') married Jane Sykes, and 
had, 94 Rebecca G., 95 Clara A., 96 Sarah J., 97 Ellen, married 
Mr. Newsom. 98 daughter, married Mr. Faison. 

85 Benjamin W.'' Wyche (Ira E.^) Treasurer of Greens- 
ville County, bom Feb. 14, 1856, married Dec. 6, 1876, Mattie 

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Wyche Family. 105 

E. Green, daughter J. W. Green, of Greensville. Issue, 99 
Rena May, 100 John Ira, loi Edward, 102 Lila, 103 Mary E., 
104 Benj. W., 105 Mattie E., 106 Anna, 107 Sarah J., 108 
Lundy, 109 Minnie A., no Laurice. 

Marthe Wyche Putney, daughter of 30 Mary C. Wyche and 
David Putney, was bom 1796, and in 1813 married Dr. 
Kinchen T. Wilkerson, of Nashville, Tenn. There was no is- 
sue from this union. She ms^rried secondly, in 1823, Mica j ah 
Autry, of North Carolina, and they had James L. Autry and 
Mary Autry. In 1835 Micajah Autry and family removed to 
Texas, and he was one of the handful of heroes who so 
gloriously defended the Alamo. He was killed there, March 
2, 1836, and his name is second on the monument commemora- 
tive of that tragic event. His only son Col. James L. Autry, 
bom Jan. 8, 1830, married June 16, 1858, Jeanie Valliant, 
daughter of Denton H. Valliant. He commanded the 27th 
Miss. Reg't, C. S. A., and was killed at Murpheysboro, Tenn., 
Dec. 31, 1862. He left one son, James L. Autry, Jr., now a 
prominent attorney of Beaumont, Texas. 

James L. Autry, Jr., born Nov. 4, 1859, married June 24, 
1896, AUie K. Kinseve. Issue, James L. Autry and AUie May 

Mary Autry, daughter of Micajah and Martha Wyche 
Autry, bom Feb. 7, 1826, married in 1842, James M. Greer, 
and had four sons, James M., Robert, Edward, and Hal Wyche 
Greer. Wyche Greer, a son of Hal Wyche Greer, is the pres- 
ent city treasurer of Beaumont. 

31 Nathaniel*^ Wyche (25 Nathaniel*), Jan. 24th, 1790, 
Middl^ton Fletcher, and they had issue, 1 1 1 William, who died 
young, 112 Anne Rebecca, 113 Alphonso, 114 Augustus, 115 
John Fletcher, He died before 1806, as is evidenced by the 
sale of his father's lands, Greensville County. 

112 Anne Rebecca® Wyche, married first 70 William® 
Wyche, and they had two children, 116 Octavia Aurelia and 
117 Marcella, died in infancy. Octavia A., bom Aug. 13, 1813, 
married in 1848, William M. Otey, of Huntsville, Ala., and 
their children were Imogen Wyche, who married William 
Fields, of Castlewood, Va., William Walter, Mary, married 

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io6 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

John M. Hampton, Matthew Wychc, Laura, Lucile, married 
John B. Walker, of Luray, Va. Anne Rebecca married 
secondly John Kirkland, and had William Wyche Kirkland, 
died in infancy, and Elise Isadore, who married Dr. James P. 

113 Dr. Alphonzo* Wyche married twice. By his first 
wife, Bettie Caldwell, he had 118 Claude, 119 Nathaniel, 120 
Ernest. His second wife was Miss Dooley, and they had one 
son, 121 William. 

114 Augustus* Wyche married Margaret Crittenden, and 
they had, 122 Margaret, 123 Laura, 124 Augusta. 

115 Dr. John Fletcher* Wyche, of Huntsville and New 
Orleans, married Lucinda Wright, of Huntsville. Issue, 125 
Chambers, 126 Robert Emmett, 127 John Fletcher, 128 James 
Egbert, 129 Olivia, who married Dr. Jas. L. Sandidge, of 

126 Maj. Robert Emmett'' Wyche, married Kate Hammi- 
ter and removed to the vicinity of Shrieveport. He served in 
the C. S. A. through the war, attaining the rank of Major. 
After the war he was for fifteen years sheriff of his Parish. 
His children were, 130 Chambers, 131 Emmett, 132 Hammiter, 
133 James, 134 Lucinda, 135 Harriet, 136 Lela, 137 Kate, 138 
Minnie, 139 Exine, 140 Josephine. He died Sept. 26, 1889. 

127 Maj. John Fletcher'' Wyche, of New Orleans, mar- 
ried Mary Peebles, a descendant of the Brunswick County 
family of that name, and they had one child, 141 James Wrighfi 
Wyche. After the capture of New Orleans he moved to New 
Iberia, La., where he organized a company of militia, and was 
elected Captain. He served in the campaign west of the Mis- 
sissippi. Subsequently he was promoted to the rank of Major. 
He died Nov. 29, 1901. 

141 James Wright* Wyche, of New Iberia, La., married 
Lucy Harrison of Virginia, a niece of Prof. J. A. Harrison, 
University of Virginia. Issue, a daughter, 142 Julia Malone* 

55 Benjamin F.*^ Wyche (48 Benj.*), of Sussex, had three 
children, 143 John, who married Miss Schoolfield, and died 
without issue. 144 Jane, who married Francis Rives, no issue. 

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Peter Francisco and His Descendants. 107 

145 Juliana Frances, married Hugh Clark Belches, of Sussex, 
and had issue, Benjamin Belches, who was a Major, C. S. A., 
and Julia Belches, who married Robert Dunn, of Petersburg, 
and had daughters Fannie and Julia Dunn. Fannie Dunn mar- 
ried Judge Joseph Budd, of Petersburg, and their children are 
Robert, Joseph, William, Fannie, Julia Wyche, Samuel and 
Josephine. These are the only living descendants of this branch 
of the Wyche family. 

(To be continued.) 


(From the Richmond Enquirer, January ly, 18 ji.) 
Obituary Notice. 

Died — On Sunday, in this city, after a lingering indisposi- 
tion, Peter Francisco, Esq., the Sergeant at Arms of H. of 
Delegates — and a Revolutionary Soldier, celebrated for his ex- 
traordinary streng^, his undaunted courage, and his brilliant 
feats. The House of Delegates have determined to pay him 
the honors of a Public Funeral, and to bury him with the 
honors of war. The House have accordingly adjourned until 
to-morrow. The Resolutions passed on this occasion, and the 
Encomiums that were paid to the old Soldier's memory, are de- 
tailed in our account of the Proceedings of the House. 

(Proceedings in the House of Delegates, January 17, 18 31,) 

Death of Peter Francisco. 

Mr. Yancey* said, that he had the painful duty to perform, 
of announcing to the House, the death of Peter Francisco, late 
seargeant at arms of this body. He had yesterday received a 
message from him, expressing, as his last dying request, a wish 
to be buried with military honours. Mr. Y. had prepared two 
or three resolutions for the occasion, which he would now sub- 

^Sce QuAOTERLY XIIL, 213-219; XIV., 6-a 
^Charles Yancey, of Buckingham Co. 

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Resolved unanimously. As a testimony of regret, for the 
death, and a token of respect for the memory of Peter Fran- 
cisco, Seargent at Arms to this House, that the members of this 
House will form a procession and attend the place of his inter- 

Resolved also. That in consideration of the distinguished 
military services rendered by the said Peter Francisco, during 
the Revolutionary War, that the Governor of this Common- 
wealth cause the remains of the said Peter Francisco to be 
interred with military honours, and at the public expense. 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed, to consist of five 
members, to superintend the funeral, arrange the order of pro- 
cession, and interment of Peter Francisco, dec'd. and that the 
committee invite the attandance of the Govenor and Council, 
the Speaker and members of the Senate, and their ofiicers. 

Mr. Barbour^ rose to second the resolutions presented to the 
House. The loss of any citizen, who was an ofiicer of the 
House, could not but be deeply regretted. But Francisco was 
no common man — ^and he was happy that some record was to 
be left of his merits and his memory. In ancient times monu- 
ments were erected to men who had performed worthy serv- 
ices; but in modem times their worth was inscribed on our 
records and by the aid of the press were sent far and wide. He 
had said Francisco was no common man. By nature he had 
been endowed with extraordinary strength, the most deter- 
mined intrepidity, and the warmest patriotism. It was not his 
lot to be advanced in rank during our Revolutionary struggle 
— But as a private soldier he gave a striking example of 
bravery, and performed exploits that have scarcely ever been 
excelled. — Not only in the North, but the South, he displayed 
his heroism. And the achievements which he performed in 
Virginia, overcoming three or four of the enemy, and causing 
them to fly, leaving their property in his possession, has seldom 
been equalled. Let us, then, perform due honors to the mem- 
ory of Francisco. Such opportunities of honoring the brave, 
would not occur very often — for the ranks of the Revolutionary 
Heroes were fast decaying. By the arms of such men, the 

ijames Barbour, of Orange Co. 

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Peter Francisco and His Descendants- 109 

liberty of our country was achieved, — ^an achievement of vast 
moment to the whole world, for it had not been confined to this 
country. It had gone across the waters, to the shores of 
Kurope, where nations were following the example of America. 
To such men, then, honor was due ; and he joined most heartily 
in the respect proposed to be paid to the remains of Peter 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted, and a committee 
was appointed to consist of Messrs. Yancey, Barbour, Eppes, 
Wood of Albermarle, and Clay. 

On motions of Mr. Yancey, it was ordered, that when this 
House adjourn, it adjourn- until 12 o'clock on Wednesday, 

The House adjourned. 

Peter Francisco's Descendants. 

iPeter^ Francisco married three times : (I) Polly Anderson, 
of Cimiberland Co., issue: 2 Sally, married Mr. Allen and 
moved South, 3 James, ^ married (H) Catherine Fauntleroy 
Brooke, of Essex Co., and had issue : 4 Susan Brooke, 5 Peter 
died unmarried, 6 Benjamin Morris, 7 Catherine Fauntleroy. 
He married (HI) Mary B. Grymes, who survived him without 
issue. Peter Francisco died January 16, 1831. 

3 James^ Francisco (Peter^), married Judith Michaux, of 
Cumberland, and had issue : 8 John, 9 Robert, by whom a son 
Charles, of New Orleans. 

4 Susan Brooke^ Francisco (Peter^), married Col. Edward 
Pescud, of Petersburg (see "Pescud pedigree"), and had issue: 
II Peter Francisco, 12 Robert Brooke, 13 Norbome Pescud, 14 
Susan Brooke, 15 Catherine Fauntleroy, 16 Marceline Armida. 

II Peter Francisco* Pescud (Susan Brooke^ Francisco, 
Peter^), married Mary Wilson, and had issue: 17 John Shaw, 
18 SiAsan Brooke, 19 Peter Francisco, 20 Mary Israel, 21 Ed- 
ward, 22 Jane Field. 

17 John Shaw* Pescud (Peter Francisco* Pescud, Susan 
Brooke^ Francisco, Peter^), married Belle Hinton, and had 
issue : 23 Jane Pescud, 24 Mary Wilson, 25 Belle Pescud, 26 
Annie Lawrence, 27 John Shaw. 

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no William and Mary College Quarterly. 

24 Mary Wilson*^ Pescud (John Shaw* Pescud, Peter 
Francisco* Pescud, Susan Brooke* Francisco, Peter^), married 
Percy Lynch, and had issue: 28 Percy Lynch, 29 Peter 
Francisco, 30 Isabella Hinton. 

18 Susan Brooke* Pescud (Peter Francisco* Pescud, Susan 
Brooke* Francisco, Peter^), married William F. Craig, and had 
issue: 31 Pescud Craig. 

19 Peter Francisco* Pescud (Peter Francisco* Pescud, 
Susan Brooke* Francisco, Peter^), of New Orleans, La., mar- 
ried in 18S3 Margaret Cecelia Maginnis, daughter of Ambrose 
Maginnis, the first successful manufacturer of cotton seed oil. 
No issue (see note). 

15 Catherine Fauntleroy* Pescud (Susan Brooke 
Francisco,* Peter^), married John W. Albertson, and had issue : 
32 John W., married Berthea H. Vaughan, and had issue: 
Mildren Vaughan, Robert Brooke, Annie M., 33. Marceline 
Pescud, 34. Robert Brooke, Married Nancy De Wolf. No is- 
sue. 35. Rebecca, 36. Thomas Edward, 37. Catherine Fauntle- 

16 Marceline Armida* Pescud (Susan Brooke* Francisco, 
Peter^), married Geo. W. Catling, and had issue: 38. Edward 
Brooke, married Birdie Bibee, issue: Margaret (died), 39. 
Marceline Armida, 40. William Fauntleroy^ 41. George Pescud, 
42. Catherine Fauntleroy, 43. Petetr Francisco, married Olive 
McGowan, issue: John, 44. Norbome Pescud, married Mar- 
garet Kent Payne, issue ; Norbome Pescud, 45. Susan Brooke, 
46. Mary Marceline. 

40 William Fauntleroy^ Catling (Marceline Armida' 
Pescud, Susan Brooke* Francisco, Peter^), married Fannie C. 
Hubert, and had issue : 47. Hubert Rathbum, 48 Annie Jayne. 

41 George Pescud* Catling (Marceline Armida* Pescud, 
Susan Brooke* Francisco, Peter^), married Mary W. Hol- 
lowell, and had issue: 49. Margaret Pescud, 50. Alpine 
Douglas, 51. Marceline Armida, 52. Lucy Spotswood, 53. Peter 
Francisco Pescud. 

6 Benjamin Morris* Francisco (Peter^), married (I) 
Mary Jane Laurence, and had issue: (all died unmarried) 54. 
Henry Laurence, 55. Peter, 56. Elmo. He married (II) 

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Peter Francisco and His Descendants. hi 

Frances Annie Goodwin, and had issue : 57. Francis Brooke 
Goodwin, 58. Benjamin Spotswood, 59. Catherine Fauntleroy, 
60. William Dandridge Francisco, 61. Elizabeth (unmarried), 
62. Mattie Armida, 63. J. C. Calhoun, 64. Marceline Armida 

57 Frances Brooke Goodwin^ Francisco (Benjamin 
Morris,* Peter^), married William Hiter Goodwin, and had is- 
sue : 65. Annie Elizabeth, 66. Frank, 67. Fanny Brooke. 

58 Benjamin Spotswood^ Francisco (Benjamin Morris,* 
Peter^) , married Ella Pettus, and had issue : 68. Rosalie Pettus, 
69. Sadie Overton, 70. Marceline Pescud, 71. John Rosser, 72. 
Mary Spotswood. 

59 Catherine Fauntleroy Francisco (Benjamin Morris^, 
Peter^), married William Henry Vaden. Issue: 73. Elizabeth 
Easley (dead). 

60 William Dandridge^ Francisco (dead) Benjamin 
Morris,^ Peter^), married Betty Waddy, and had issue: 74. 
Annie Catherine, 75. William Waddy, 76. Birtie Dandridge, 77, 
Morris, 78. Margaret. 

62 Mattie Armida^ Francisco (Benjamin Morris,^ Peter^), 
married Dennis Smelt Winston, and had issue : 79. Helen Eliza- 
beth, 80. Nannie Meade, 81. Catherine Vaden, 82. Benjamin 
Francisco, 83. Mary Baker, 84. Elizabeth Easley. 

63 J. C. Calhoun^ Francisco (Benjamin Morris,^ Peter^), 
married Virginia Irvene Hunter, and had issue: 85. Virginia 
Arlene, 86. Lilly Morris, 87. John Hunter, 88. John Wilton. 

7 Catherine Fauntleroy* Francisco (Peter^), married 
Dandridge Spotswood, and had issue: 89. William Francisco, 
90. Joseph Edwin, 91. Rosa Brooke, married Frederick Strud- 
wick, issue : Nannie, 92. Eliza Robertson. 

89. William Francisco^ Spotswood (Catherine Fauntleroy^ 
Francisco, Peter^ Francisco), married Isabella M. Dunlop, and 
had issue : 93. Dandridge, 94. Alexander, 95. Catherine F., 96. 
Colin, 97. Mattie. 

90 Joseph Edwin^ Spotswood (Catherine Fauntleroy^ 
Francisco, Peter*), married Lucy Cooper, and had issue: 98. 
William Francisco, 99. Joseph Cooper, 100. Edwin Bartlett, 
loi. John Brooke. 

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112 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Peter Francisco Pescud, underwriter (number 15 in pedigree 
above), was bom at Raleigh, Wake Co., N. C, Sept. 21, 1850, son 
of Peter Francisco and Mary Israel (Wilson) Pescud. His father 
was, before the Civil War, a wholesale and retail druggist at Raleigh, 
served as medical purveyor of North Carolina to the Confederate 
army, and later, turning attention to insurance, became one of the most 
prominent underwriters of his day : his mother was a daughter of Miles 
Wilson, a prominent merchant, and a relation of the Shaws, Fields, 
Birds and other prominent Virginia families. Mr. Pescud's grand- 
father was Col. Edward Pescud, of Petersburg, Va., a soldier in the 
Mexican war, and a journalist by profession: his grandmother was 
Susan Brooke Francisco, a daughter of the famous Peter Francisco, a 
revolutionary hero, whose exploits are still remembered in the South. 
. Peter F. Pescud was educated at the Raleigh Academy, and after 
one year at the University of North Carolina entered the University 
of Virginia, in 1870. The straitened circumstances of his family pre- 
vented his studying law, and he accordingly became general agent of 
the National Life Insurance Co. for North Carolina, also devoting con- 
siderable attention to fire underwriting, which he later followed ex- 
clusively. In 1875, he accepted the position of adjuster of claims for 
the Georgia Home Insurance Co. in Virginia and the Carolinas, and 
in 1875, became special agent for the Southern States of the Commer- 
cial Union Assurance Co. of London. He located at New Orleans in 
1883 and then engaged in general insurance business, which he has 
since continued successfully. He is one of the most public spirited 
citizens of his adopted city, and among his best services was the or- 
ganizations of a regular fire department to supplant the volunteer 
organizations. He was chairman of the first board of fire conmiis- 
sioners, and in 1888 was prominent in the reform movement that re- 
sulted in the election of Mr. Shakespeare as mayor. Although while 
in North Carolina he was on the staff of two governors, Vance and 
Jarvis, and held other offices, he has of late years declined all nomina- 
tions. In addition to his own successful business, he is a director of 
the Lafayette Warehouse Co., National Rice Milling Co., N. O. Pacific 
R. R. Co., and is connected with other corporations. He is a member 
of the Boston, Pickwick and La Variety Clubs, and Prest. La. Society of 
the Sons of the American Revolution. • 

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Walker-Field- Wilson-Pescud. 113 

( Communicated. ) 

Henry Walker married Martha Boiling Eppes; they had 
three children, viz. : Richard Walker, Jane and Tabby Walker, 
and resided in Petersburg, Va. Henry Walker and his brother 
Robert served with distinction during the Revolutionary War. 
Henry was promoted to Captain, Major and Colonel. 

His son Richard Walker married Ann Vaughan, daughter 
of Thomas Vaughan, of Mecklenburg, Virginia, by whom 
was bom three children, viz. : Martha, Ann, and Richard. 

Martha married William Nelson, of Mecklenburg, Virginia. 

Ann married James Birchett, of Mecklenburg, Virginia. 

Richard married Eugenia Davis, of Mecklenburg, Virginia. 

Jane Walker, daughter of Henry and Martha Boiling 
Walker, married John Shaw Field, and there were bom unto 
them two children, viz. : Jno. Shaw and Margaret Field. 

John S. Field, Jr., married Martha Redd. They had two 
children, viz.: John Shaw and Robert Redd, whose mother 
died and John S. Field married Martha Christian, widow of 
the late Charles Grandison Field, who had one son named 
Eaton Grandison Field. John Shaw Field, Jr., son of Jno. S. 
and Mary R. Field, married Susan Ruffin and had one child 
named Susan Field. Robt. Redd, son of John Shaw and Mary 
S. Field, married Adeline Harris, daughter of Silas H. Harris, 
of Clarksville, Virginia; they had two children named John 
Shaw and Robert Redd Field. 

Margaret Field, daughter of John S. and Jane Field, mar- 
ried Miles Wilson of Mecklenburg, Virginia; they had four 
children, viz.: Jane Field, Mary Israel, Sarah Frances and 
Christian Burwell. 

Jane Field Wilson married Edward H. Toone, of Mecklen- 
burg, Virginia, by which marriage she had seven children, viz. : 
Virginia Eppes, Edward Hogan, Mary Ann, Margaret Shaw, 
James Thomas, Sarah Frances, and Robert Redd Toone. 

Virginia Eppes Toone, daughter of Jane F. and E. H. 
Toone, married Jno. W. Stuart of R. M. College, by which 
marriage John, Edward and Charlie Stuart were bom. 

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114 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Mary Israel, daughter of Margaret and Miles Wilson, mar- 
ried Peter Francisco Pescud, of Petersburg, Virginia, 4th 
of May, 1843, 2^d by their marriage the following children 
were bom, viz.: Susan Brooke, John Shaw, Peter Francisco, 
Jane Field (latter died in her 2d year), Mary Israel and Ed- 
ward Thomas. 

Sarah Francis^ daughter of Margaret and Miles Wilson 
married Francis S. Walthall, by which marriage Sarah Cath- 
erine and Mary Jane Walthall were bom. 

Christian Burwell Wilson^ daughter of Margaret and 
Miles Wilson, married Wesley Whitaker, Jr., of Raleigh, 
North Carolina, by which marriage the following children were 
bom; Augusta Boiling, Emaline Murphy, Silas Harris, Mar- 
garet Jane, Frank Walker, Mary Reynoldson, Nellie and Sally 
Rozier were bom. 

Tabby Bolling, daughter of Henry and Martha Boiling 
Walker, married Frank Boyd, of Boydton, Virginia, by which 
marriage the following children were bom, viz.: Martha, 
Maria, Sallie, Lucy, Mary and Frank. 

Martha Boyd married Dr. Howell Jeffries. She died and 
Dr. Jeffries married Ann Matilda Nelson, daughter of Martha 
and William Nelson. 

Maria Boyd married William Easly ; she died and William 
Easly maried Nancy Morton, daughter of Anderson Morton. 

Sallie Boyd married Frank Thomton. 

Mary Boyd married William Hawkins. 

Frank Boyd married Isabella Townes, daughter of William 
Townes. He died and his wife married his cousin Alfred 
Boyd, whose first wife was Elizabeth Townes, a sister of 
Isabella Townes. 


I Robert^ Pescud was a resident of Charles Parish, York 
Co., and in 1691 petitioned the court for his estate, as he was 
of full age. He married Sarah, and had issue: (Charles 
Parish Register) 2 Thomas, bom April 21, 1691, 3 Rachel, 
born Feb. 9, 1695, 4 George, born Dec. 6, 1698, 5 Elizabeth, 

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Pescud Family. 115 

bom Jan. 23, 1701, 6 Robert, died April 3, 1736. Robert 
Pescud, the father, died Dec. 15, 1701, and in 1723 his property 
was divided. (York Co. Records.) There were then living 
Thomas, George, Rachel, the wife of Edward Miller, and 
Robert. Sarah Pescud, the widow, married 2dly. Thomas 
Bumham and had Sarah, William, Thomas and Richard Bum- 

4 George* Pescud (Robert^) married Mary, and had issue: 
8 Thomas, bora Jan. 28, 1724; died Sept. 28, 1725, 9 Sarah, 
bom Oct. 31, 1726, 10 Elizabeth, bom Jan. 17, 1729, died Nov. 
22, 1729. George Pescud died Dec. 11, 1734, and Mary, his 
wife, died Oct. 23, 1732. 

2 Thomas* Pescud (Robert^), married Elizabeth, and had 
issue: 10 Peter, bom Jan. 5, 1724; died March 4, 1726, 11 
Thomas, bom March 7, 1727. Thomas* Pescud died Sept 19, 


II Thomas' Pescud (Thomas,* Robert^), married twice 
(note i) (I) Anna Chisman, daughter of John Chisman (who 
died about 1758), and Mary, his wife (daughter of Dr. Robert 
Phillipson, whose will was proved March 17, 1745). Issue: 
12 Mary, who married Robert Manson, of York Co., and had 
issue: Anna (bom 1771), John, Mary, Dolly, Thomas Pescud, 
Robert Pescud, and Hannah Manson. He married (II) Eliza- 
beth Moss, daughter of Moss and Mary Chisman (daugh- 
ter of Edmund Chisman and Elizabeth Chisman), and had is- 
sue: 13 Elizabeth, bom Jan. i, 1768, 14 Anna, bom Nov. 9, 
1769; died Aug. 11, 1781, 15 Thomas, bom Nov. 25, 1771, 16 
Elizabeth, bom March 18, 1774, married Rev. Thomas Camm, 
son of John Camm, President of William and Mary College 
(Quarterly IV., 276). 17 Robert, bom Oct. 5, 1776, died 
unmarried, 18 Edward, bom Dec. 8, 1778, 19 Anna, bom Nov. 
9, 1769, married Thomas Robinson (Hayden's "Virginia 
Genealogies," 575, and had issue : Edmund Anthony Robinson. 

Sept. 25, 1781, Thomas Pescud died, and his estate was in 
1784 divided by order of York Court between six children then 
living, viz.: Mary Manson, Thomas Pescud, heir at law, 
Robert Pescud, Edward Pescud, Elizabeth Pescud, and Ann 
Pescud. The widow was given the Calthorpe-Neck Planta- 

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ii6 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

At Yorktown is the marriage Bond of Hawkins Reade (note 
2) and the widow Elizabeth (Moss) Pescud, dated Dec. 21, 
1785 (see Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. I, p. 54). 

15 Thomas* Pescud (Thomas,^ Thomas,* Robert^), mar- 
ried 1st Sarah, daughter of John Sclater, a descendant of Rev. 
James Sclater, of Charles Parish. She was bom Dec. 27, 1771. 
He married 2d Catherine Dudley, widow of Richard Cary, of 
Warwick, member of the House of Delegates in 1799, and son 
of Judge Richard Cary, of the Revolution. (See "Cary Pedi- 
gree" in Richmond Critic.) Issue by second wife, Catherine 
Dudley, 18 Elizabeth (mother of Mrs. J. W. Fite, of Hender- 
sonville, Tennessee), and 19 Lydia Hill, who married Henry 
Hill. As James Dudley married in 1773 Lydia Hill (marriage 
bond in York Co. Clerk's office), I think, of course, from simi- 
larity of names that Catherine Dudley was daughter to James 

The Richmond Enquirer has, in its issue of Nov. 17, 1820, 
the following: "Died on Friday last the i6th instant, at his 
residence in the County of Warwick, Mr. Thomas Pescud, in 
the 49th year of his age. He was for nine years one of the 
delegates for York and Warwick counties, and was one of the 
most active magistrates for the latter county. He has left an 
amiable wife and two daughters and friends to bemoan their 

18 Edward* Pescud (Edward,® Thomas,^ Robert^), married 
Susan Brooke Francisco, daughter of Peter Francisco, a brave 
soldier of the Revolution, noted for his physical strength. Ser- 
jeant-at-arms of the House of Delegates. Edward Pescud 
moved to Petersburg when he edited a paper called the "Re- 
publican," served in the war of 181 2 and was a prominent citi- 
zen. For issue see Francisco Family. 


^According to the parish register John Chisman and Mary, his wife, 
had issue: Catherine, bom July 31, 1729, Anna, bom March 15, 1730, 
and Elizabeth died infant John's property was divided at death about 
1758 between widow Mary, James Moss and Thomas Pescud (one- 
third each). Dr. Robert Philipson's will was proved in York Co., 
March 17, 1745, and he names his daughters, Mary Chisman and 
Dorothy Cary, and granddaughters Catherine and Anne Chisman, and 

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Reade Family. 117 

grandsons Robert and Thomas Gary. Executor Thomas Gary. Ed- 
ward Moss, Sen.j in his will proved August 15, 1785, names his two 
half-sisters Molly and Mildred Hobdy and "sister Pescud." In his 
will (1735) Edmund Chisman names his sons John and Thomas Ghis- 
man and daughters Mary and Ann Ghisman, and wife Elizabeth (Ghap- 
man). James Goodwin married the widow and in his will (i7S7) 
names his sons John, Peter, Robert and James, and daughters Rebecca, 
Elizabeth, Diana, Rachel, Mary Moss and Anne Ghisman. Elizabeth 
Chapman-Ghisman-Goodwin (widow of Edmund Ghisman and James 
Goodwin), in her will proved 1782, names her grandchildren Elizabeth 
Pescud, Edward Moss, Mary Hobday, Mildred Hobday, Nancy Buck- 
ner Hobday, &c. Thus Thomas Pescud married the daughter of one 
brother and the granddaughter of the other. 

2The descent of Hawkins Reade appears to have been as follows: 
Thomas Reade, of Warwick Go., was living about 1669, in which year 
he is called in the York records "a kinsman" of Gol. George Reade 
and was arrested for striking an officer. He married Elizabeth Tip- 
lady, daughter of John Tiplady (died about 1669) and Ruth, his wife, 
and had issue named in the wills of John Tiplady, Jr., and his mother 
Ruth Tiplady (1688), John and Thomas. Thomas Reade died before 
1688, and Thomas Reade, second of the name, made his will, and it 
was proved in Elizabeth Gity Go. in 1738. He named his son Thomas, 
third of the name, who married Elizabeth Hawkins, daughter of 
Richard Hawkins, whose will was proved in Elizabeth Gity Go., Sept 
21, 1737. Hawkins Reade, their son, married ist Rachel Gurtis (sister of 
Robert Gurtis, of York Go., who died in 1785), and had issue: i. Eliza- 
beth, bom Oct. 19, 1782, 2 John, bom March 15, 1784. He married 2d 
Elizabeth Pescud, widow, and had 3 Richard Hawkins, bom March 18, 
1787, 4 Mary, bora May 27, 1789, who married Robert Sheild. 
(Quarterly, IV., 591.) 


George Reade came to Virginia about 1637, ^^^ settled in 
York County. He was one of five (or perhaps six) brothers: 
I. Andrew, mentioned in the House of Lords Calendar as An- 
drew Reade, D.D., of Lurgershall, Wilts: II. William; III. 
Dr. Thomas, born at Linkenholt, 1606, was admitted scholar of 
New College, Oxford, December 10, 1624; Fellow January 15, 
1626; LL.D., 1638; Principal of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 1643. 
In 1642 he volunteered in the King's army and saw some serv- 
ice ; but on the decline of the Royal cause, went to France and 

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ii8 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

became a Catholic priest In 1659 he published in Paris a 
work in defense of Catholicism. He returned to England at 
the Restoration and died in 1669. There is a sketch of his life 
in the Dictionary of National Biography, which states that he 
was a brother to Robert Reade, who was private secretary to 
his uncle, Sir Francis Windebanke, Secretary of State to 
Charles I. ; IV. Robert, just referred to as private secretary to 
Windebanke. In March, 1641, he was in Paris, having prob- 
ably fled abroad with Windebanke to escape prosecution by 
Parliament, which was then bringing to account the agents of 
Charles the First's misgovemment. He was living in 1669; 
V. George, who came to Virginia. VI. Probably Benjamin, 
who also came to Virginia. 

The father of these brothers was Robert Reade, who mar- 
ried Mildred Windebanke^ (his third wife) on July 31, 1600. 
This Robert Reade was one of nine children : Henry, Robert, 
John, George, Andrew, and four sisters — children of Andrew 
Reade of Linkholt, Hampshire, whose will was proved Oct. 
24, 1623. 

' George Reade came to Virginia in 1637, and is several times 
mentioned in letters in Vol. I., Calendar of Colonial State 
Papers. He was a friend and adherent of Governor Harvey 
and Secretary Kemp, and when Kemp was in England in 
1640, was appointed Secretary of State pro tern. He was 
Burgess for James City County in 1649 {Hening, Statutes at 
large I., 358) and again in December, 1656 (Ibid, 421), prob- 
ably for Gloucester. He was elected member of the Council 
March 13, i657-'8 (Ibid, 432), and again elected April 3, 1658 
(Ibid, 505), holding the office until his death in 1671. 
(General Court Minute Book). On November 20, 1671, the 
will of Colonel George Reade was admitted to probate in the 
General Court on the oaths of Mr. Thomas Reade and Henry 
Richardson. (Va. Magazine, IV., 205; Quarterly, XII., 
65, 66.) 

iDaughter of Sir Thomas Windebanke (buried Nov. 25, 1607), of 
Haine*s Hill, parish of Hurst, Berkshire, clerk of the signet to Queen 
Elizabeth and King James I., and Frances, daughter of Sir Edward 
Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, Lincolnshire, hereditary Champion of England. 

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[dwdu^V >UO^/iU^ OC'ArJl 7ysi4lU. CCs) i\<Aitc^i^ 


Reade Family. / ;' 1 19 

I George^ Reade^ married Elizafc^i, daughter of Captain 
■Nicholas Martian, a French WalloonTwho was the first to pat- 
ent the site of YonctowiOindTo^^ Kent Island, York 
and Chiskiack in the House of Burgesses (1632). (Note i.) 
Elizabeth Reade made her will in York Co., which was proved 
January 24, 1687, ^^^ names sons Robert, Francis, Thomas 
and Benjamin Reade (the last two under age), daughter 
Elizabeth Chisman, and grand children Elizabeth, Mildred and 
Thomas Chisman. Issue: 2 George, to whom Sir William 
Berkeley gave a bay mare in 1665 (York Co. Records) ; died 
sine prole, 3 Mildred, married about 1670 Col. Augustine War- 
ner, speaker of the House of Burgesses, and had issue : George 
d. s. p., Elizabeth married Major John Lewis, of Warner Hall, 
Mildred married Lawrence Washington, Mary married John 
Smith, of Portan (Hening, Statutes at Large, VIII., 483 ; 
Quarterly IX., 264), 4 Elizabeth, married Captain Thomas 
Chisman (Note 2). 5 Robert, 6 Francis, 7 Benjamin, 8 

5 Robert^ Reade (George*), was justice, &c., of York Co., 
lived near Yorktown, and married Mary, daughter of John 
Lilly, whose wife was the heiress of Edward Malison, a cooper 
of said county ( deed dated January, 1693) (Note 3). His will 
was proved March 16, 1712, and his wife's November 20, 1722. 
They had issue: 9 John, of King and Queen Co., 10 Margaret, //' 

r married Thomas Nelson, of Yorktown, 11 Robert, 12 Thomas, / /y^ 
\v 13 George, 14 Samuel, 15 Mildred married (I) James Good- 
^win, (II) Col. 

Lawrence Smith. By the latter marriage she 
had MargareT, CatnermeTRobert, Lucy and Lawrenc e Smith. ^ 
(Quarterly II., 11.) (>^^^^<.-c;l:>a/.t/^^:i^ 7ic^^'^:K-i' 

12 Thomas^ Reade (Robert,* George^), made his will in , ./ .; . ./ 
1719, and died without issue. Mentions mother Mary, . ) ,\ " 

brothers John, Greorge, Francis and Samuel Reade, and sis- * * 

ters Margaret Nelson and Mildred Goodwin. 

9 JoHN^ Reade (Robert,* George^), married — , and had 
16 John^ 17 probably Elizabeth, who married Aaron Phillips 
on February 9, 1741. (See Bible record of Phillips's family 
Vol. XIII., page 66, and Note 4 this issue), 18 probably 
Mildred, whose will was proved in York County in 1775, and 


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I20 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

contains legacies to "nephew William Phillips and niece Ann 

i6 John* Reade (John,* Robert,^ George^), married Sarah 
— , and had issue: 19 Elizabeth (bom July 4, 1751, and died 
March 4, 1777), ist wife of Col. Edward Harwood, of War- 
wick. Issue : four children, of whom Mary Chapman was one, 
to whom in 1797 Col. Harwood was heir. Sarah Reade, 
widow of John Reade was bom March 7, 1732^ ^^nd died 
March 18, 1800, married Hinde Russell, of York Co., bom 
January 11, 1756. (See deed from Edward Harwood, of the 
county of Warwick, gent., and Elizabeth, his wife, and Hinde 
Russell and Sarah, his wife, to Thomas Nelson, the younger, 
of the county of York, Esq., 1774; also a deed from Col. Ed- 
ward Harwood for 400 acres descended to his first wife, Eliza- 
beth Reade from George Reade, through Robert, John and 
John Reade, great-grandfather, g^ndfather, and father re- 
spectively of said Elizabeth Reade; also Bible records in 
Quarterly XL, 264, 265.) 

14 Samuel® Reade (Robert,^ George^), lived in York 
Hampton Parish, York Co., and married Mary Sclater (bom 
March 9, 1712), daughter of Richard Sclater, and Mary, 
daughter of Captain Thomas Nutting and his wife, Elizabeth 
Booth; and his will was proved in York Co., Nov. 20, 1758. 
It names children: 19 Mildred, 20 Mary Cary, 21 Frances 
(died August 26, 1762), married Dec. i, 1757 Major Anthony 
Robinson. Samuel Reade speaks in his will of his plantation 
in King and Queen Co. His wife Mary Reade died Feb. 7, 
1773, ^^^ her will dated Feb. 21, 1762, and proved March 15, 
1773, names "grand-daughter, Mary, daughter of Anthony 
Robinson." In the Va, Gazette for 1773 is the announcement 
of the death of Mary Reade, wife of Samuel Reade, aged 59 
years, which is not quite right as she was about two years 
older. (For Sclater, Nutting, Robinson see Quarterly II., 
and Hayden, Virginia Genealogies,) 

6 Francis^ Reade (George*), married (I) Jane Chisman, 
daughter of Edmund Chisman, whose will was proved in 1679. 
Issue: 22 Mary, who married Edward Davies, of King and 
Queen County, and 23 Elizabeth, who married Paul Watling- 

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Reade Family. 121 

ton. He married (II) Ann before 1693, and died about 

1694, leaving issue: 24 George, 25 Benjamin of Petsworth 
Parish, Gloucester Co., who made a deed in 171 5, 26 Anne. 

7 Benjamin^ Reade (George^), moved to Kingston Parish 
in Gloucester Co., afterwards Matthews, and he married prob- 
ably a Miss Gwyn, and had issue ; 2^ Gwyn, eldest son ; prob- 
ably 28 "Robert, of Gloucester Co., yeoman," who in 1734 
made a deed with Margaret, his wife, to John Dixon for land 
"adjoining to John Reade an infant." Witnesses: Gwyn 
Reade and others, 29 piobably Mildred, who married John 
Gwyn and had Humphrey Gwyn, bom Dec. 6, 1727, died 
Dec. 8, 1794 (Hayden, Virginia Genealogies, 469). 

27 GwYN^ Reade (Benjamin,^ George^), lived in Kings- 
ton Parish, Gloucester Co., now Matthews, and married 

Dorothy . In 1738 he sold five acres at Yorktown as a 

commons for the citizens. He died in June, 1762, and his wife, 
Dorothy, afterwards married Francis Armistead, February 2, 
1766, and in 1768 Dorothy Armistead and Robert Reade ad- 
vertised as executors of Captain Gwyn Reade. (See Quar- 
terly XII., page 182.) Dorothy Armistead died in May, 1797. 
Issue of Captain Gwyn Reade and Dorothy, his wife: 30 
Robert, a book is extant in the family with "Robert Reade, 
William and Mary College, 1752." He was probably Rev. 
Robert Reade, who lived in Kent Co., Maryland. In the Vir- 
ginia Gazette from 1775 the creditors of Rev. Robert Reade, of 
Kent Co.; Maryland, are advised to apply to James Hubard, 
attomey-at-law, in the City of Williamsburg, 31 Thomas, 32 
Mary Reade died Nov. 6, 1759, 33 probably Lucy, married 
George Armistead, 34 probably John, married May 16, 1769, 
Judith Plummer. {Kingston Parish Register.) 

31 Thomas* Reade (Gwyn,» Benjamin,^ George^), at- 
tended William and Mary College in 1754, and in the Bursar's 
book states that "he was put to College by Mr. Robert Reade." 
He afterwards moved to Maryland. He was "bom March 18, 
1748, at Gwyn's Island, Matthews Co., Va.," and married 
Sarah Magruder, daughter of Zadok and Rachel Magruder, 
October 14, 1779. Sarah Magruder was bom in Montgomery 
Co., Maryland, June 23, 1755. They had issue: 35 John 

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122 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Magruder Readc, born July 12, 1780, 36 Ann Reade, born June 
18, 1783, died infant. 37 Elizabeth, born January 12, 1787, 38 
Robert, born April 22, 1789, married Oct 21, 1817, Jane Lynn 
Lackland, 39 Susannah, bom July 4, 1791, married Alexander 
Suter April 20, 181 5 Their youngest child was Rev. Hen- 
derson Suter, 40 Thomas, bom May 7, 1794; died June 5, 1853, 
unmarried, 41 James, bora June 7, 1796, died July 10, 1854, un- 
married. Rev. Thomas Reade, the father, died January 5, 1838, 
aged 89 years, and Sarah, his wife, died March 10, 1822 aged 
66 years. 

35 John Magruder*^ Reade (Thomas,* Gwyn,' Benjamin,* 
George^), married Mary Ann Qarke Nov. 9, 1802, and had 
issue: 42 Gwyn Reade, bora March 9, 1809, 43 Robert, 44 
Nelson Clarke Reade. 

8 Thomas^ Reade (George^), married Lucy Gwyn, daugh- 
ter of Edmund Gwyn, and had, it is said, eleven children, of 
whom only five are really known : 45 Thomas, eldest son, bora 
in 1797, and died without issue April 17, 1739,^ 46 John, 47 
Mildred, married John Rootes, 48 Mary, married Mordecai 
Throckmorton, 49 Lucy, married Roger Dixon, 50 probably 
Ann, married Matthew Pate, 51 probably Clement Read, 
founder of the Lunenburg family. (Quarterly III., 29, 40; 
v., 54, 279; Virginia Magazine, IV., 204.) 

46 JoHN^ Reade (Thomas,^ George^), probably attended 
William and Mary College, and was ordained a minister in 
England from which he returaed in 1737. {List of Emigrant 
Ministers to America, by Gerald Fothergill.) He married 
Febraary 2, 1738, Frances Yates, daughter of Rev. Barthol- 
omew Yates and Sarah Mickleburrough. She was bora Nov. 
15, 1718. He was rector of Stratton Major Parish in King 
and Queen Co., and probably died before 1760. After the death 
of the first Bartholomew Yates July 26, 1734, he officiated 
temporarily in Christ Church, Middlesex Co., where he prob- 
ably became acquainted with his wife. (See Virginia Maga- 
zine VIL, 94.) He had issue: 52 John, bora June 19, bap- 

iThe tombstone of Thomas Reade lies near Gloucester C. H., and 
bears for Crest, a shoveller and for arms Guttee, a cross crosslet Htchee, 
See Quarterly II., 133-134 

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Reade Family. 123 

tized June 20, 1744 This son died in infancy, 53 Sarah, who 
in 1760 married John Rootes (Quarterly IV., 122), 54 Lucy, 
bom December 28, 1758. (Abingdon Parish Register,) 
(Note 5.) ijj^^^^^'^<^ ^>^>Uo (^ ^Jc/)JUU^^ / 


1 Nicholas Martian's name is rendered variously in the records, i 
Marlier, Martue, Martin, Martian, &c In 1621 a large party of French y 
Walloons appliedtothe London Comgany for leave to settle in Vir- 
ginia. PermissionwaT'gfante^rlSul^as^ . 
terms from the Dutch, they sailed to New York in 1622 and constituted r y 

the first Dutch colony in America. Some few, nevertheless, came tot^ . 

Virginia, and among them was Nicholas^Majtmi, who received his 
denization in England. In the lisfof^alloons presented in 1621 to 
the London Company, there is entered "Nicholas de la Marlier, his wife 
and two children ;" and in the census for 1624 Nicholas Martin is men- 
tioned as living in "the Maine;" and in the census of 1625 "Capt 
Nicholas Martue" is named as living at Elizabeth City. (Hotten, 
List of Emigrants to America, 99, 176, 249.) When Chiskiack, on 
York River, was opened in 1630 for settlement he obtained the land 
at Yorktown and was the first representative in the Assembly for 
Chiskiack and Kent Island He was one of the first justices of York 
County, and in 1639 obtained a patent for land at Yorktown due him 
on account of importing himself, Nicholas Marlier, wife Jane, Nicholas, 
his son, Elizabeth Marlier, his daughter, and Jane Berkeley her daugh- 
ter and several others "the first year to Chiskiack." In 1625 Lt. 
Edward Berkeley had living with him his wife, Jane Berkeley, and 
daughter Jane. It seems that Martian married his widow. In 1635 
he took a leading part in protesting against the tyranny of Governor 
Sir John Harvey, and the loss of Kent Island to Lord Baltimore, and 
was arrested and confined But Sir John Harvey was deposed by the 
council and Martian and his friend were released. In the records of 
York he is mentioned in 1645 as married to Isabella Beech. His will 
dated March i, i656-*7, and proved April 4, 1757, names his eldest 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of George Reade, Mary who married John 
Scasbrook, of York Co., and Sarah who married Captain William 
Fuller, distinguished as Puritan governor of Maryland. These daugh- / 

ters were probably by the second wife Jane, the widow of Edward ,^. / 

Berkeley, and Col. Scasbrook had a daughter named Jane. Martian's ^ ^ 

I French wife and children probably did not survive the "seasoning 
j period." He was the common ancestor of George Washington, Robert 
/ K Lee and many other eminent Virginians. 

^Chisman Family in Quarterly, I., 89-98. Capt. Thomas Chisman 
was son of Edmund Chisman which last made his will in 1673, and 


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124 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

was brother of Col. John Chisman of the Virginia Council. Capt. 
Thomas Chisman was a brother of Major Edmund Chisman, a gallant 
ofl&cer under Bacon, who was arrested and died in prison. The lat- 
ter's wife was Lydia, niece of Capt Farlow, another of Bacon's offi- 
cers, who is described as not only a brave man, but expert in mathema- 
tics and engineering. Lydia had the spirit of her uncle, and when 
Major Chisman was arraigned before Sir William Berkeley, took the 
blame of his rebellion, upon herself, and desired to be hanged in his 
stead. Captain Thomas Chisman and Elizabeth Reade, his wife, had 
issue: Thomas, bom about 1673, Mildred, bom February 19, i675» 
Elizabeth, John, Jane, George, Sarah, Anne. Of these Thomas Chis- 
man married Anne and had Edmund, John, George, Thomas, Ann, 

Mildred and Elizabeth. Of these John died abiut 1758; married Mary, 
daughter of Dr. Robert Phillipson and Elizabeth Lilly his wife, daugh- 
ter of John Lilly, of Gloucester Co. (marriage contract in 1703). John 
Lilly was son of John Lilly and Dorothy Wade (daughter of Armiger 
Wade, of York Co.), and was bom August 3, 1669. John Chisman 
and Mary Phillipson had issue : Catherine, bora July 31, 1729, married 
James Moss, and Anna, bom March 15, 1730, who married Thomas 
Pescud; and Pescud married 2dly Elizabeth Moss, daughter of — Moss 
and Mary Chisman, daughter of Edmund Chisman above named, 
brother of John Chisman, who married Mary Phillipson. 

^Edward Malison was 70 years old in 1660 and his wife Margaret 
.was 57. Robert Reade named a daughter Margaret, who married 
"Scotch Tom Nelson," founder of the Nelson family. 

*The Phillips' record Quarterly XIIL, 66, is imperfect in two par- 
ticulars: "My daughter Mary Ken(ner) Throckmorton, &c.," should 
be "Mary Kemp Throckmorton, &c" Then in the list of the children 
of Aaron Phillips "Son Thomas Phillips was bom April 12, 174S," is 
omitted. William Throckmorton married Elizabeth Phillips, April, 
1781, and she was bora April 27, 1755. Some of her descendants arc 
living in Henrico County, it is believed. 

^Col. (jeorge Reade was not the only emigrant of his family to Vir- 
ginia. In 1668 Andrew Reade made a deed in Westmoreland Co. 
There was also a contemporary in Warwick Co., Thomas Reade, styled 
"kinsman" in the records. Benjamin Reade, probably a brother, made his 
will in York Co., which may be abstracted thus: 

Will of Benjamin Reade of York Co. : To my two nephews (George 
Reade, son of Mr. Thomas Reade, and Robert Reade, son of Mr. 
Robert Reade, land in King and Queen Co., by name "Tower Hill," 
failing them or heirs, then to nephew John Reade, son of the aforesaid 
Robert Reade : lands in England if not sold by my atty (^pt Zachary 
Taylor, my exor. to sell to best advantage; 20 £ sterl. to the poor of 
Mulberry Island parish to be paid out of y« produce of my said land 
in England; the remainder of y« produce to Mildred Chisman, daugh- 

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Bible Records of Reade Family. 125 

ter of Capt. Thomas Chisman; Amy Reade, daughter of Mr. Francis 
Reade, Margaret Reade, daughter of Mr. Robert Reade, James 
Jtfanders, bro: of my deed wife; niece Anne Gary, dau. of Mr. Henry 
Gary one new stuff gown & Petticoat & one pr of new silk stayes; 
Mrs. Eliz. Flowers, mother of my said deed wife, to have the remainder 
of my wife's clothes : all the rest of my land in King & Queen Go. to 
^y two kinsmen Mr. Robert Reade and Mr. ffrancis Reade to be 
equally divided between them when their two sons George & Robert, 
come of age; niece Elizabeth Ghisman, dau. of Gapt Tho". Ghisman all 
the receipts of my land I rent of George Gill in Merchants Hundred, 
James Gity Gounty, now in possession of William Woodland, who 
is to pay 500 lbs. of sweet scented tobacco & caske per year, a lease of 
which sd land is in the custody of Mr. John Morse at Skiffe's Greek; 
.after all debts are paid all the remainder of his crop due to me to go 
to Ralph Flowers, jr. & Sam" fflowers to be equally divided between 
them. Kinsman Robert Reade my Exor. Dated 18 Oct. 1692, proved 
Jan. 24, 1692; wit. Jon Doswell, his mrke, Roger Bouth, Edward Gon- 

Memorand before signing and sealing, 5 i sterl to my ant M" Mary 
Myhill, to be paid out of the produce of my lands in England when 


( Communicated. ) 

Rev. Tho. Reade was married to Sarah Magruder, daugh- 
ter of Zadok and Rachel Magruder, Oct. 14th, 1779. 

Their children were : 

John Magruder Reade, bom July 12th, 1780. 

Ann Reade, bom June i8th, 1783. 

Elizabeth, born Jan. 12th, 1787. 

Robert, bom April 22d, 1789. 

Susanna, bom July 4th, 1791. 

Thomas, bom May 7th, 1794. 

James, bom June 7, 1796. 

Rev. Thomas Reade, the father of the above children, was 
bom March i8th, 1748, at Gwyn's Island, Matthews Co., Va. 

Sarah, his wife, was bom June 23d, 1755, Montgomery Co., 

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126 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Rev. Thomas Reade died Jan. sth, 1838, aged 89 years. 

Sarah, his wife, died March loth, 1822, aged 66 years. 

Dr. John Magruder Reade died May loth, 1822. (Ann 
Reade died in infancy, can't make out the date.) 

James Read died July 10, 1854; Thomas Reade died June 5, 
1853 y Elizabeth Reade died Nov. 30, 1871 ; unmarried. 

Died, June 17, 1762, Gw}^ Reade, father of Rev. Thomas 
Reade. Dorothy, his wife. May, 1797. 


John Magruder Reade to Mary Ann Clarke, Nov. 9, 1802. 
Susanna Reade to Alexander Suter, April 20th, 181 5. 
Robert Reade to Jane Lynn Lackland, Oct. 21, 1817. 
Robert Reade to Frances Rebecca Davis, Nov. 12th, 1822. 


Children of Dr. John M. Reade : 

Gwynn Reade, bom Mar. 9th, 1809. 

Robert and Nelson Clarke Reade (date of birth not given). 

The Rev. Henderson Suter, my father, was the youngest 
child of Susanna Reade and Alexander Suter. 

There is in the possession of the family an old book in which 
is written "Robert Reade. Wm. & Mary College 1752." 


In the name of God Amen I Richard Ambler of the Town 
& County of York in Virginia Merchant being of sound mind 
and disposing memory this twenty third day of January in the 
Year of our Lord Christ One thousand Seven hundred and 
Sixt}^ five Do make and Declare this writing contained on one 
sheet of paper to be my last Will and Testament hereby revok- 
ing all other former Wills 

I give my sone Edward all those my Negroe Slaves and their 
encrease which were employed on my Plantation in Caroline 
County which Plantation was lately sold to Col** John Baylor 
being Thirty seven Slaves old and young. And I give him all 

iprom the Ambler MSS. in Library of Congress. 

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Will of Richard Ambler of Yorktown. 127 

the Stocks of Cattle Horses Sheep and Hogs and the Planta- 
tion utensils — ^I give my said son Edward all my Negroe Slaves 
& their encrease which were employed on my Plantation on 
Taylor's Creek in Hanover County being Thirteen slaves old 
and young together with the Stock of Cattel and Plantation 
utensils the money for which the said Plantation was sold I 
have already given him 

I give my said son Edward and to his Heirs forever my 
Plantation on Black Swamp in Warwick County and all my 
labouring Slaves usually employed thereon together with their 
encrease and also the Stocks of Cattel Horses Mules and Hogs 
with the Plantation Utensils 

I give my said son Edward and his Heirs forever my dwell- 
ing house wherein I now live together with the Lots of Land 
whereon that and my Out houses and Stable stands also the 
Garden ground adjoining I give him likewise my Storehouse 
situate on the bank near the River 

I give my son John One Acre of Land whereon is a Smith's 
Shop being part of Ten Acres which I bought of Capt° Gwyn 

I give my son Jaquelin the remaining nine acres of said Land 
to him and his Heirs forever and alsoe the One Acre after my 
son John's decease 

I give to my son John and to his Heirs forever all my Lands 
in James Town Island which I purchased of Christopher Pur- 
kins also the Ferry house and Land belonging to it ; out of the 
Rent of said Ferry he shall pay my son Jaquelin Twenty 
pounds Yearly during the Space of Ten years to commence 
from the time of my death, I give my said son John and to his 
Heirs for ever a small piece of Land near his House which I 
purchased of M' Edw^ Travis who bought the same of M** 
Drummond it formerly belonged to John Harris to whom M' 
Sherrard sold it being part of three acres and an half which the 
said Sherrard bought of John Page Esquire 

I give my said son John and to his Heirs forever my Planta- 
tion on Pohatan swamp which I purchased from his aunt M" 
Martha Jaquelin I give him also all the Negroe Slaves imployd 
thereon with the Stocks of Cattle 
Richard Ambler 

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128 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

I give my Said Son John Three Leases of three hundred and 
ten Acres of Land situate in the Maine near James Town which 
I hold of the Gover' at the yearly rent of Sixty two bushels of 
Corn I give my said son John all my Negroe Slaves which are 
imploy'd at James Town Island and the Main and also all their 
Negroe and Mulatta Children together with all the Stocks of 
Cattle Sheep Horses Mules and Hogs and Plantation utensils 
I give my said son John all the House furniture left in my 
House at James Town together with the Dairey Woman named 
Moll Cook, Negroe Hannah, Jupiter, Phillis, boy Cupil The 
three Carpenters viz* Old Ben Mark and John I give my Son 
Jaquelin One thousand pounds Sterling in the hands of Mess" 
Athawes and Company of London I give my Son Jaquelin and 
to his Heirs for ever my Lot of Land and the Houses erected 
thereon situate between the Fort hill and Church yard now in 
the tenure of John Gibbons 

I give my Son Jaquelin and to his Heirs forever One Acre of 
Land which joines to York Town part of the Acre is a garden 
on the other part are houses in the occupation of John Davis I 
give my Son Jaquelin two Negroe boys now on the Black swamp 
Plantation named Ned and George also two boys at York Town 
named George and Guy and old Ediths two Girles named 
Grace and Venis also my Negroe woman named Grace who is 
now sick I give my Son Edward all the furniture of my dwell- 
ing house He acquiting my promise of the House and Lot now 
in the tenure of John Gibbons which by this will I give my Son 
Jaquelin but if Son Edward insists on my said promise then 
I give my son Jaquelin all the furniture of my said Dwelling 
house, that is to say my Plate Beds Bedding Tables Chairs and 
all other Utensils belonging to my said dwelling house Kitchen 
and Stable My Stock in trade I mean all the Goods and Mer- 
chandise in the Store on hand and also all the Goods and Mer- 
chandise now sent for and expected in at the time of my death 
likewise all the Debts due to me by my Store book a List of 
which shall be taken and therein shall be included the balances 
due from my Son Edward and my Son John the amount of all 
which I give my Son Edward and Son Jaquelin to be equally 
divided between them and it is my request they carry on Trade 

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Ranson Family. 129 

in partnership I give all my Bonds and Obligations which are 
not Entered in my Storebook to my said Sons Edward and 
Jaquelin to be equally divided between them — (turn over) 
Richard Ambler 

I give my Son John and to his Heirs for ever Two Acres of 
Land in James Town Isleland bounded to the South by the 
River to the north by the main road to the east by a smal Marsh 
which divides it from the ferry house Land which two Acres 
was given me by M' Edw^ Jaquelin's Will Now I have given 
M' John Smith and my Son Edward by Deed their Lives in 
the said two Acres. I give my Son Edward my Slaves under 
mentioned, to wit Old Edith, Peg Abel Will America, Sawney, 
Polly Jerry James Genney and the Carpenter named Sharper 
and His Son Named Ben I give to my Grandsons Edward and 
John Two boys named Ned and Scip[io?] also I give them 
little Edith and Pegs boy named Billy 

I give my Grand daughters Sally & Molly Pegs youngest 
child named Hannah and Polly's child named Tamo 

It is my desire that M" Martha Gooseley be paid out of my 
Store Goods the value of Twenty pounds in consideration of 
her care in attending my dear daughter in her last sickness if 
M" Gooseley should die then the twenty pounds be paid to her 

As I have given my Estate amongst my Children (except a 
smal Legacy) and as I make them my Executors I desire they 
may not be compeled to give Security for the Administration 
of it Lastly I appoint my three Sons Edward, John, and 
Jaquelin Ambler Executors of this my last Will and Testament 

Richard Ambler 

Endorsed : Copy of my Will 


It is a mistake to suppose that the Ransone and Ransom 
families were the same. (See Quarterly X., 265.) They 
were entirely destinct. 

I James^ Ransom made his will in Surry Coimty, which was 

^Information obtained from family sources is put in parenthesis. 

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130 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

proved Oct. 15, 1740. It names daughters Catherine, Mary and 
Elizabeth, gives to father and mother £5, and names sons 
2 Gwathney* and 3 Jamey^; makes James Baker, Charles 
Binns and John Ruffin, executors. 

3 James* Ransom (James^), married (Amy Davis) and had 
issue: 4 [Richard, bom 1752], 5 Seymour, and other children 
see will of Seymour Powell, proved in Greensville County, 
April 6, 1 781. James Ransom moved to Warren Co., North 
Carolina, married in 1763 (date of marriage bond in Greens- 
ville Co.) Priscilla Jones, daughter of Edward Jones and 
widow of Gideon Macon. This James Ransom was grand- 
father of Gen. Matthew Ransom of North Carolina- 
Investigations in the records of Surry might carry the family 
further back. 


Commtmicated by Mrs. Ellen T. H. Minor. 

John Camm and Mary Bullock was married on the 22d of 
May, 1722, by the Rev. Mr. Lewis Lattany. 

Ann, the daughter of the said John and Mary, was bom the 
Sth day of January, 1723. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. Goodwin ; 
Humphrey Hill, Richard Bullock, Alice Bullock and Ann 
Arnold Gossips. 

Mary, a daughter of the said John and Mary, was bom the 
I Sth of October, 1725. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. Brunskill. 
and Ann Madison, Christopher and Elizabeth Beverley 
\ Gossips. Note, the said Mary died the 22d day of August, 
; 1726. 

Mary, another daughter of the said John and Mary, was 
born the i6th day of October, 1727. Baptised by the Rev. 
Mr. Hancock Dunbar. Richard Bagly, Thomas Hill, Sarah 
Powell, and Catharine White Gossips. 

Elizabeth, another daughter of the said John and Mary, was 
bom the 12th day of February, 1729. Baptised by the Rev. 

\ John 

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Bible Records of Camm Family. 131 

Mr. Dunbar. Joseph and Ann Temple, Richard Gwathmey 
and Ann Aylett, Jun' Gossips. 

John, a son of the said John and Mary, was bom the 4th 
day of May, 1731. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. Dunbar. Hum- 
phrey Hill, his wife, Joseph Temple and Francis Orrill 
Gossips. The said John died the 30th day of the same month. 

John, another son of the said John and Mary, was bom 
the 30th day of May, 1732. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. Dun- 
bar. Joseph and Ann Temple, Benjamin Hubbard and Francis 
Hill Gossips. Note, the said John died the sth day of De- 
cember, aged three years, six months and six days. 

Richard, another son of the said John and Mary, was bom 
the first day of July, 1736. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. Dunbar. 
John Gibson, John Walker, Alice Bullock and Mary Watkins 
Gossips. Richard died aged 12 years and i month and 21 

Sarah, another daughter of the said John and Mary, was 
bom the 28th of Febmary, 1738. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. 
Dunbar Holt Cluverius, James Taylor, Ann Camm, and 
Sarah Gwathmey Gossips. Note — The said Sarah married Dr. 
John Walker and died on the 13th of October, 1756, aged 18 

John, another son of the said John and Mary, was bom the 
17th of January, 1745. Baptised by the Rev. Mr. White. John 
Pendleton, William Temple, Philadelphia Gwathmey and 
Hannah Temple Gossips. John died the 30th day of July, 
1748, aged two years, 6 months and 13 days. 

Mary Camm, wife of John Camm, died the ist day of Jan- 
uary, 1753, aged 49 years, i month and 17 days. 

Alice Bullock died the 22d day of August, 1759, aged 76 

Robert Pollard died the 30th of April, 1819, aged 63 years. 

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132 * William and Mary College Quarterly. 

(See pedigree published in Richmond Critic, Oct. 29, 1888.) 

I. Richard^ Kennon, or Cannon as the name was pro- 
nounced and sometimes spelled, was a merchant resident at 
Bermuda Hundred as early as 1680. In 1685, he was factor 
and attorney for Mr. William Paggen, a merchant of Lon- 
don, who had extensive trade with Virginia. To provide his 
storehouse at Bermuda, Kennon visited England repeatedly. 
He married Elizabeth Worsham, daughter of William Wor- 
sham and Elizabeth, his wife. (Henrico Co. Records.) His 
mother-in-law married 2dly. Lt. Col. Francis Eppes (son of 
Lt. Col. Francis Eppes, the immigrant). In a grant of land 
to Mr. Francis Eppes in 1680 the latter was allowed to count 
Richard Kennon 8 times. It was the policy of Virginia at 
that time to encourage immigration by allowing 50 acres for 
every time a person passed to Virginia, and it would seem 
from this grant that Kennon crossed the ocean as many as 
eight times prior to 1680. He was justice for Henrico in 1680 
and 1683. In 1686 Capt. William Randolph and Mr. Richard 
Kennon were paid as burgesses for 32 days. In 1686 (June i ), 
he made a power of attorney to his brother-in-law, Mr. John 
Worsham. The preamble of the deed states that he was then 
about to sail again to Europe. In 1691 he made a deed of 
gift to his children Mary, Elizabeth, Martha, William and 
Sarah. His will was proved in Henrico Co., August 20, 1896. 

Issue of I Richard^ and plizabeth Kennon: 2 Richard, 
eldest son, born December 5, 1684; died March 8, 1688, 
(tombstone at "Conjuror's Neck"), 3 Col. William^ Kennon, 
of "Conjuror's Neck," on the Appomattox River. 4 Mary, 
married Major John Boiling of Cobbs; 5 Elizabeth, married, 
in 1698, Joseph Royall, Sr., 6 Martha, married, in 1701, Robert 
Munford, 7 Sarah, 8 Judith, married Thomas Eldridge, of 
Surry. In 171 1 he received from his father-in-law a deed for 
Rochedale in Chesterfield, 9 Richard. 

3 CoL. William^ Kennon (Richard*), of "Conjuror's 
Neck" was vestryman of Dale parish, justice in 1710, married 

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Kennon Family. i33 

Anne Eppes, daughter of Col. Francis Eppes (son of Col. 
Francis and grandson of Col. Francis.) Anne Kennon is 
named as "sister" in the will of Isham Eppes, proved in 1717. 
He had issue: 10 Richard , 11 William, 12 Francis, born Sept. 
13, 1715, died before his father, 13 Henry Isham, bom April 
22, 1718, died unmarried Aug. 8, 1747 (tombstone at "Con- 
juror's Neck"), 14 John, bom Dec. 20, 1721, said to have died 

ID CoL. Richard^ Kennon (William,^ Richard^), bom 
April 15, 1712, settled in Charles City Co. at a place still called 
"Kennons" opposite to Brandon, married Anne Hunt, daugh- 
ter of William Hunt, of Charles City Co., who made his will 
May 14, 1714. (See deed of Richard Kennon, of Charles 
City gent, and his wife Anne recorded in Surry Co., dated 
Oct. 16, 1739), rector of the Board of William and Mary Col- 
lege in 1729. Justice of Charles City Co., burgess from 1738 
to 1755 for Charles City Co. His will dated July 19, 1761, 
was proved in Chesterfield Co., and by his wife, Anne Hunt 
he had issue: 15 Johtty^ to whom his father left "Conjuror's 
Neck" in Chesterfield, and 24 negroes, 16 Anne, to whom her 
father gave 4 negroes, and the mill in James City Co. (on 
Coleman's Creek near a pond called Durfey's), 17 Mary, 18 
William^ To wife Anne (Hunt) Col. Richard Kennon gave 
"his chariot and six horses, and all my breeding mares and 
colts, my large silver bowl, &c." Anne Kennon's will dated 
July 24, 1766, was proved in Chesterfield Co., and names her 
daughter Anne and Mary, and two sons William and John. 

15 John* Kennon (Richard,* William,^ Richard^), mar- 
ried Hannah and had issue : 19 William, born June 5, 1742. 

18 CoL. William* Kennon (Richard,* William,^ 
Richard^), married Priscilla Willis, daughter of Col. 
Francis Willis, of Gloucester County. He was burgess from 
Charles City Co., from 1758 to 1765, after which time he moved 
to North Carolina, and had issue : 20 William, died unmarried, 
21 daughter married Boiling, 22 daughter married Stott, 23 
daughter married Lewis Burwell. (See Slaughter's Bristol 
Parish Register,) 

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134 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

II Col. William^ Kennon (Richard^), of Henrico and 
Chesterfield, born Feb. 9, I7i3-'i4, justice in Henrico Co., 
married in 1744 Elizabeth, daughter of Col. Charles Lewis of 
the Bird. (Marriage bond in Goochland Co. See also will 
of Charles Lewis 1779.) His will was proved in Chester- 
field Co., and was dated Oct. 31, 1759. He had issue named 
in will: 24 Richard, 25 William, 26 Charles, 27 John. In 
Nov., 1767, the following paper was entered of record in 
Chesterfield County: "We, the subscribers, being appointed 
by the will of Col^. William Kennon, late of the county of 
Chesterfield, deed, to divide his out lands with 4-7 part of the 
personal estate equally among his sons, in reference to said 
will we, the executors, have allotted his lands in Amelia county 
to be divided equally between his three sons Richard Kennon, 
William Kennon and Charles Kennon 26 Oct. 1767. Signed 
Eliza Kennon, Howell Lewis and Edmimd Taylor. Recorded 
November, 1767." (Of this line more hereafter.) 

9 Richard^ Kennon (Richard^), of Chesterfield County, 
in 171 1 received from his brother, William Kennon, 370 acres 
on Swift Creek, bought by Mr. Richard Kennon, deceased, from 
John Piggott. He married Agnes Boiling, bom Nov. 30, 1700, 
daughter of Robert Boiling and Anne Stith. He had issue : 28 
Elizabeth, bom Dec. 12, 1720, 29 Robert, bom April 14, 1727, 
30 Anne, bom Nov. 30, 1721, 31 Mary, bom Jan. 29, i728-'9, 
32 Martha. The will of Agnes Kennon was proved in Chester- 
field County and is dated June i, 1762. She names daughter, 
Mary Clack, and leaves property to her and her children, ex- 
cept Anne and Patty Kennon Clack; granddaughter Elizabeth 
Jones ; son Robert Kennon ; friend Theodorick Bland, of Prince 
George Co., executor. Witnesses, Herb* Haines, Thomas 
Eaton, Edward Wyatt. 

30 Robert^ Kennon (Richard,* Richard*), of Mount Pleas- 
ant, Chesterfield Co., justice, 1764, county committee of safety 
i774-'76, married Sarah, daughter of Sir William Skipwith, 
baronet, and had issue: 33 Eliza, married John Hartwell 
Cocke, of Surry, 34 Richard. 

34 Richard* Kennon (Robert,* Richard,^ Richard^), of 

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Brodnax Family. 135 

Finewood, Mecklenburg Co., entered the Revolutionary army 
as lieutenant in the Fifth Virginia regiment ; served with dis- 
tinction, and was promoted to brigadier-general of State 
troops; county lieutenant of Mecklenburg, 1789, member of 
State Senate and House of Delegates ; Speaker of Senate, 1801, 
and first governor of the territory of Louisiana, where he died 
at the age of forty- four ; married Elizabeth Beverley, daughter 
of Col. Robert Munford, of Richland, Mecklenburg Cotmty. 
Issue of Richard and Elizabeth (Munford) Kennon: 35 
Richard, surgeon United States Navy; married Mary Ann, 
daughter of Richard Byrd, of Westover, and had Emily, mar- 
ried E. C. Doran, United States Navy, 36 William, lieutenant 
United States Navy; married Nannie, daughter of Beverley 
Randolph, of Norwood, Powhatan, and had Charles Randolph 
and William Upshur, 37 Beverley, 38 Sally Short, married 
Commodore Arthur Sinclair, United States Navy, 39 Eliza- 
beth, married W. C. Whittle, U. S. N., 41 George, 42 ErasmuSy 
43 Robert, died at sea. Richard Kennon's will, dated February 
4, 1805, was proved in Mecklenburg, April 8, 1805, and names 
wife Elizabeth, son Erasmus and daughter Sarah. Refers to 
other children but does not name them. 
(To be continued.) 


(Continued from page 58.) 

Additional information enables the Editor to correct that 
part of the Brodnax pedigree which has to do with the de- 
scendants of Edward Broadnax, of Charles City Co. 

3 Edward^ Brodnax (William^), of Charles City Co., mar- 
ried, it is said, three times: (I) wife's name unknown, (II) 
Mary Brown, (III) Elizabeth Hall. She married 2dly. Ed- 
ward Munford, May i, 1769. Edward Munford and Betty, his 
wife of Halifax Co., N. C, sold land on Tomahim Creek, 
Charles City Co., Va., "devised for life to Betty Brodnax now 
Munford." Issue of Edward Brodnax 19 William Brodnax. 
A deed in Lunenburg County, August 13, 1756, from William 

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136 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Brodnax, of Dinwiddie to Robert Ruffin of same place recites 
this fact. 20 Henry, There is no direct evidence that Henry 
was the son of William Brodnax, but as William Brodnax, of 
Jamestown had no issue by this name, this seems to be a neces- 
sary inference. 21 Elizabeth, married Vivian Brooking, 22 
Edward, married Rebecca Dansy, 23 Ann, unmarried. (The 
last three names are added by family authority.) 

19 William* Broadnax (Edward,^ William^), married (I) 
Mary Cole, and died March 13, 1775, in Sussex Co. Issue: 

24 Mary, married Mulford, and had Mary, who married 

Judge John Schley, parents of Governor William Schley. He 
married (H) Mary Ward, daughter of Seth Ward and had 
issue : 25 Ann, 26 Rebecca, 27 Benjamin, bom August 28, 1772, 
28 Samuel, bom March 24, 1774. In 1799 Samuel Brodnax 
conveyed 900 acres on Tomahun Creek in Charles City County. 

20 Henry* Brodnax (Edward,^ William^), married (I) 
Ann Holmes, sister of Col. John Holmes and had issue: 29 
William, bom March 3, 1762, 30 Elisabeth Power, bom March 
2nd., 1765, 31 Henry Power emigrated to Kentucky and was 
Judge there. He never married. Henry* Brodnax married 
(II) Frances Belfield, widow of Freeman Walker, and had 
issue: 32 John Belfield, 33 Rebecca, 34 Susan, 35 Mary Ann. 
(The last three unmarried.) 

29 William* Brodnax (Henry,* Edward,^ William*), mar- 
ried Mary Walker, daughter of Freeman Walker and his wife 
Frances Belfield, and had issue: 36 (Gen.) William Henry 
Brodnax, 37 Freeman never married, 38 Meriwether Bathurst. 

34 (Gen.) William Henry*^ Brodnax (Henry,* William,' 
Edward,* William^), married Anne Eliza Withers and had is- 
sue: 39 Dr. David Walker Brodnax, 40 Martha Priscilla, 41 
Dr. John Grammar Brodnax, 42 Mary Louisa, 43 William 
Meriwether Atkison Brodnax. 

38 Meriwether Bathurst* Brodnax (Henry,* William,^ 
Edward,^ William^), married Anne Eliza Walker and had 
issue: 45 Dr. Robert Walker Brodnax, 46 Ann, married 
Daniel Lyon, 47 Elizabeth, married Dr. N. F. Rives. 

42 Dr. Robert Walker® Brodnax (Meriwether,*^ Henry,* 

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Brodnax Family. 137 

William,^ Edward,^ William^), married Cornelia A. Batte, and 
had issue: 45 Meriwether Bathurst, 48 Alexander Batte 
(dead), 48 Lucy Baskerville (dead), 50 Elizaabeth Wilkins, 51 
Robert Walker, 52 Sallie Parham, 53 John Wilkins, 54 Anne 
Walker, 55 Daniel Lyon, 56 Cornelia Batte (dead), 57 Will- 
iam Holmes (dead), 58 Ellen. 

30 Elizabeth Power^ Brodnax (Henry ,3 Edward,^ Will- 
iam^), married John G. Woolfolk and had issue: 59 Jourdain, 
married Elizabeth Winston, 60 John, married Louisa Mc- 
Gruder, 61 Ann Holmes, married William Grymes Maury, and 
had issue: Robert Henry, John Walker, William Lewis, 
Charles Brodnax, James Ludwell, Ann Hite, Lucy Pollard 
Hunton, Frances, married James M. Burke, Maria, married 
James Coleman. 

32 John Belfield^ Brodnax (Henry ,^ Edward,^ William^), 
married Sallie Woolfolk and had issue : 62 Dr. Robert Henry, 
63 John Francis, 64 William Belfield, 65 Mary Ann, 66 Eliza- 
beth, 67 Edward Alexander, 68 Charles Woolfolk, 69 Edward 
Augustus, 70 Thomas Wright. 


I. John Brodnax, older brother of William Brodnax, of 
Jamestown, was bom in 1668 (his depostion recorded in 
Henrico Court) and first settled in Henrico County where he 
married Mary Skerme, daughter of William and Mary 
Skerme. He removed about 1694 to Williamsburg, when he 
carried on the business of a goldsmith. His will was proved 
August 17, 1719, and names issue: 2 Robert, 3 WHliam, 4 
Winfield, 5 Mary Ann, and 6 Sarah. As he directed that his 
sons William and Winfield should "be sent to England to be 
bound out to such trades. as my executors hereafter shall ad- 
judge fit," it is not believed that John Brodnax has any de- 
scendants to-day in Virginia. 

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138 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


The following account was prepared by John Webb, son of Francis & 
Frances (Belfield) Webb, bom March 20, 1794, died Aug. 19, 1870. 

"My grandfather Freeman Walker married Frances Belfield, of the 
Northern Neck of Virginia. He settled at a place called Stephen's 
Green on Buckskin Creek, Dinwiddie Co. He had two sons & three 
daughters. He died in the prime of life. My grandmother married a 
second time, Henry Brodnax, a widower with three children, namely: 
William Brodnax, Henry Brodnax, and a daughter Elizabeth Power 
Brodnax, who married John G. Wool folk, and a daughter married to 
Homes of Bowling Green. By Henry Brodnax, my grandmother, had 
four children. Mary Walker, her eldest daughter by her 
first marriage, married William Brodnax, oldest son of her 
(the dau's) step-father, Henry Brodnax, by his first wife. 
They settled in Brunswick Co., and had three sons who lived to be 
grown. She married second Adams, i Her first son Gen. Will- 
iam Henry Brodnax married and settled in Brunswick Co., and died 
in 1834, leaving four sons and two daughters, 2 Freedman Brodnax 
died unmarried, 3 Meriwetlier (Bathurst) Belfield Brodnax, died in 
1832, leaving one son and two daughters all grown and living in Peters- 
burg, Va. My grandmother's children by 2d. marriage were i John 
Belfield Brodnax, married (Sallie) Maria Wool folk, of Bowling 
Green, Va. They had six sons and one daughter. He died in 1824, 
his widow and dau. both died soon afterwards. One of the sons a very 
eminent physician (Robert Henry Brodnax), died in Vicksburg, Mis- 
sissippi, in 185 — f leaving a widow and five daughters. 2 Rebecca 
Brodnax, eldest daughter died unmarried, 3 Susan Brodnax, died un- 
married, 4 Mary Ann Brodnax, died unmarried. 

Walker Family. David and Mary Walker, of Prince George 
County, had issue: (I) Alexander, bom Oct. 3, 1727, (2) Robert, born 
Oct. 10, 1729, (3) David, bom March 6, 1731, (4) Mary, born March 
6, 1731, twin to David, (5) Freeman, bom Sept 3, 1734 (Register of 
Bristol Parish, Prince George Co.), 6 James. Of these Freeman 
Walker lived in Brunswick Co., and made his will Oct. 19, 1765, which 
was proved June 22, 1766. It names sons Alexander, Thomas Bel- 
field Walker, and brothers James, Robert, and David Walker, and wife 
Frances. Witnesses Gronow Owen, Thomas Maclin, James Walker. 
In (Hiarles City County Henry Walker and Coll. Edward Brodnax 
presented in 1745 the will of James Walker for proof. Richard and 
Alexander Walker, orphans of James Walker, dead in 1747, chose 
Edward Brodnax for their guardian. (Charles City Co. Records.) 

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Historical and Genealogical Notes. 139 


Extracts from Records of Dinwiddie County: Anno 
^7^9> Joseph Watkins and Mary, his wife, daughter and devisee 
of James Boisseau deceased, Daniel Boisseau, Lucy Boisseau, 
Benjamin Boisseau, Peter Boisseau, Anne Boisseau and 
Susanna Boisseau, children of said James Boisseau versus 
William Watkins and Gray Briggs, executors of said James. 
Distribution of the estate of William Pegram, deceased, be- 
tween the widow Elizabeth Pegram and children Daniel, 
eldest son, Sally Pegram, Elizabeth Pegram, Frances Pegram 
and William Baker Pegram. Baker Pegram, Captain William 
Scott, Lieutenant and Benjamin Andrews, ensign, of the Com- 
pany of Light Infantry in the militia, severally took the oaths 
required by the militia law and act of Congress. St. George 
Tucker versus Robert Armistead and Thomas Armistead; 
suits abates as to Thomas, who is no inhabitant of this county. 
Ludwell Jones, in 1755, was possessed of six slaves, which he 
bequeathed to his sister, Sarah Jones, who married Thomas 
Hardaway. She died in 1761, leaving Thomas Hardaway, jr., 
her son and heir. Anno 1790: A deed of gift from Lewis Bur- 
well, of Mecklenburg Co., to Elizabeth, wife of Bellfield Stark, 
proved by the oaths of Ann Burwell, Elizabeth Walker and Ann 
Burwell, witnesses. A deed of gift from John H. Claibom to 
Fanny Gregory, proved by Richard Gregory, witness. 

Copland, p. 45. "3 Robert (Nicholson) married Elizabeth 
Digges and had George ; married Sarah Tayloe Wormeley, and 
Sallie Berkeley, maried Peyton,'* should read "3 Robert 
(Nicholson) married Elizabeth Digges and had George; mar- 
ried Sarah Tayloe Wormeley and Sallie Berkeley married Dr. 
Pe)^on Randolph Nelson, bom at Malvern Hills, Charles City 
Co., son of Robert Nelson and Susan Robinson, daughter of 
Speaker Robinson." 

Milner — Francis Milner, named as brother of Thomas Mil- 
ner. Council Journal 1799 (Library of Congress). 

Drummond — William Drummond makes a deed June 15, 
1753, f^^ one-half acre in Jamestown, formerly granted Will- 
iam Sherwood and sold by said Sherwood to John Harris and 

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140 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

by John Harris to William Drummond, father of the aforesaid 
Wliliam Drummond. The deed has a seal bearing a dexter 
arm, in armour from the shoulder embowed, the hand bare, 
holding some kind of flower ( ?). Ambler MSS, in Library of 

Underwood — "James Underwood, eldest son of Thomas 
William Underwood, late of the parish of St. Martin's, in the 
County of Hanover, deceased," deed to Philip HoUiday of the 
parish of St. Martin's, in the County of Louisa for land, &c. 
Dated November 21, 1752 (Louisa Co. records). 

Sir Jennings Beckwith. Died at Mount Airy, Richmond 
County, on the 13th of November, Sir Jennings Beckwith, son 
of Jonathan and grandson of Sir Marmaduke Beckwith, 
Baronet, aged 72 years. Sir Jennings was the Leather Stock- 
ings of the Northern Neck, Much of his life had been spent 
wandering in the Far West on hunting excursions with the 
Indians and of late years he would live with men as would 
fish with him in summer or fox hunt in winter. Within the 
last twelve months he had slept on the river shore in the stur- 
geon season and been in at the death in search of sport, and 
had insuperable objections to spending time profitably — con- 
sequently he lived poor but respectable and esteemed by many 
friends, who regret and sincerely mourn his death. — Richmond 
Enquirer, December i, 1835. 

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William and flary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine* 

Vox. XIV. JANUAJRY, 1906. No. 3. 



I<etter Book of Francis Jerdone 141-145 

Sau ndera Fam ily 145-150 

Tabb Family 150-154 

KerbyFamUy.. 154-158 

York County Reconla 158-162 

ACnrioua Coin : , 162-163 

Tombstones in Warwick County : 163-167 

Tombstones in EIizat>Cth City County..; 167-173 

Kenner Family , 173-181 

Diary of Col. Landon Carter (contifiued) 181-186 

Record of the Peaked Mountain Churcli 187-193 

Edmund Ruffln's Visit to John Tyler 193-211 

Will of Ann Isham Gordon 211-213 

The Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg. . i 213-215 

Edmund Ruffin*s Expatriation. 215 

The Honor System*. 216 

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XOHtntam anb flRar^ CoUeae 

^uarterli? 1)idtortcal fDagasine. 

Vol. XIV. JANUARY, 1906. No. 3. 


(Continued from Vol. XI, p. 242.) 

Louisa County 14th Decemb., 1754- 

Mess" Samuel Rickards 

Israel Mauduit & Compy. 

Gent" I wrote you a few lines by Capt. Yuille acquainting you that I 
had given orders to Capt Edward Randolph of the Baltimore for what 
Tobacco remained at the Fredericksburg store after M'^. Boogs death 
which I have heard is about 35 hhds, so you may insure as you think 
proper. Since then I have made a separation of the goods which be- 
longed to you in M"^. Boogs store with the Executor from those of his 
own, the amount thereof being about £400 sterling & have since then 
sold them at 30 per cent advance to Capt William Taylor of New 
Castle, one half payable in January 1756 the other half in January 1757 
& altho the advance is very low & the credit long, yet I think I never 
sold a parcell of goods better in the whole course of my dealings for 
they consisted of unsaleable articles, the greatest part being moth and 
rat eaten & otherwise damaged, upon which I was obliged to make 
proper abatements & take a low advance. I have likewise sold some small 
matters of household furniture & four old horses which belonged to 
you. I found also two negroes there named Okey & Doctor. The first 
belonged to the Cargo NB which I managed in Hanover for the De- 
ceased Mr. Neill Buchanan & I lent him to Thomas Hamilton, when he 
went first to live in King & Queen County but never had him back 
again : I have now sold him for £45 cu* payable in twelve months, the 
other named Doctor I have sold at £30 cu^ payable at the same time. 
As Mr. Boog had never put any stop to his dealings with his customers 
but kept open accots with them, pedling with the remains of your goods 
& left all the accots open & unsettled at his death : you can hardly im- 
agine how difficult a matter it is to settle those accots & reduce them to 
ballances some dealing one way some another: however with the as- 
sistance of my friend Capt. Humphrey Hill of King & Queen County I 

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142 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

have dosed the acco^« as well as I could & find the ballances amount to 
upwards of £3,400 good and bad : of which last denomination he is of 
opinion, as he knows most part of the Debtors, you will be well off to 
get i3/x)0 out of the whole, and that not in less than two years. As I 
now live at so great a distance from King & Queen not less than 75 
miles from the court, it is impossible for me to attend that business 
myseli I have therefore by the advice of Capt Hill, put the collection 
of the debts into the hands of Mr. Joseph Starling a yotmg man of 
good character, & who is to give me good security for his faith- 
ful discharge of these affairs, allowing him 5 per cent on all 
money or tobacco collected by him: of which I hope yoa 
will approve: yet this will not take the burden quite off me as I 
shall be obliged to attend King & Queen Court in all lawsuits. In my 
next I expect to send you an invoice of the goods sold to Capt Taylor 
an accot of the household furniture & horses & a list of the ballances 
due to the King & Queen Store. As to the state of your affairs at 
Fredericksburg I am quite a stranger: immediately after Mr. Boog's 
death I sent for Mr. Robt Duncanson who managed that store, & de- 
sired him to send me a particular accot of all your affairs under his 
care, but as yet he has never done it : Altho promised two months ago : 
I know very little of Mr. Duncanson or his conduct in your affairs, but 
I think by this time he might have made up his accots : it i^ very pos- 
sible he may have done it & transmitted them to you himself ; as I now 
remember that he told me, he had never realized any wages for his 
services in Mr. Neill Buchanan's life time as assistant under Mr. Boog, 
& for his services at Fredericksburg in keeping store for B & H : so I 
advised him to state the matter to you himself that it might be settled, 
thereof, lest it should in any measure miscarry. Last Jan^. I sold ii,ooo 
stg's worth at iioo pC to one man, the one half payable in 9 the other 
in IS months & in May I sold to Co^. John Chiswell £1,500 stg's worth, 
packages included, for tobacco as i p^ stg. in casks of. 1,000 nett at least 
none under, no allowance for cash, all of it the growth of Hanover, the 
one half payable in 12 months the other in 16. If you have any inclina- 
tion for that parcell of tobacco to be sent home to you, please to give 
me timely advice about it. I verily believe it will be as fine a parcell 
as ever you saw, a sample of it you'll see by 20 hhgd*. which that gen- 
tleman has shipd consigned to you in the Lyon. I heartily wish you may 
render him such an agreeable sale as will induce him to enlarge his 
consignment another year. I have sold many other parcells of goods 
from £25. to i200 & some a little more all of them on a years credit, 
at £500 pC and I believe I could have sold all or most of them before 
now had not the small pox prevented, that distemper still rages among 
us, tho' not mortal. You seem to be surprised that I should lower the 
stated advance on goods 10 pC from what it was when I arrived here. 
Tis very true some sorts of goods which were scarce in the country 

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Letter Book of Francis Jerdone. 143 

were at no p Ct advance such as sail duck & cordage, and some few 
other articles which were not to be got almost at any price, but you can 
never infer from thence, that whole cargoes would sell to the same 
advantages, it was so far from it, that several parcels of goods value 
from 500 to £1,000 were bought & sold in this very town at 87^ just 
before I arrived, & some gentlemen that have inported cargoes since 
have sold them & from 75 to 85 none for more. What arc now arrived 
with those on hand I hope will find a market before the winter expires, 
especially as O Lightfoot & Mr. Booth have resolved to send for no 
more goods on their Compy accot, & their cargo of coarse goods mis- 
carried that was coming from Bristol. Mr. Nelson is now the only 
potent rival with me in the wholesale trade in this place, as for the 
retail I have no great dependance upon it The goods you intended for 
Murray & Gordon are coming round with the cargo, I also ordered 
two packages marked St G which I imagine are part of them, seeing 
them in your manifest to Capt Murray tho you take no notice thereof 
in your letters to either of us, & it was not in my power to know 
whether they are a part of the goods intended for these gentlemen, as 
you have omitted to send me both the bill of Lading & Invoice, for want 
of which I shall not be able to dispose of them. I shall acquaint them 
by first opportunity of the charter you have taken on the Lucy of 200 
hhgd* to accommodate them with freight. I think you are right in 
not chosing to go too great lengths with people of any denomination 
here, during these ticklish times, & would advise you not to advance 
money for almost any person but those you very well know. I have 
never let slip any opportunity of prompting the Messrs. Barclays to 
comply with Pat^'* agreement with you in London, always reminding 
them of your kind indulgence to them in not distressing them before 
now» I hope to meet with one or both of them ere long, & shall not 
scruple to tell them freely what I think on the affair, & shall follow 
your instructions therein. I pray you by first opportunity to send me 
the acct of the Proceeds of what their tobacco by the Argyle clear'd, 
for if it is more than the £100 Andrew drew on you for, their acct must 
have credit for it, if less it must be charged the other way. I beg of you 
likeways not to ommit sending me a state of Alex^ Pinnies acct with 
you I having his bond for the hair you sent him by Grayson, the great- 
est part of which is unpaid. I believe I shall be obliged to take a 
mortgage of his stock & household furniture ; were 1 to sue him I am 
afraid it would entirely break him up ; he says he has 4 hhgds Tobacco 
in your hands not accounted for. Inclosed are bills of Lading for 
Tobacco consigned you on board the Lyon, also Matt^ Anderson's first 
bill of Ex«« on you for £150 for w«*» credit the old cargo—I also enclose 
to you Charles Tumbull's bill of £x« on Mess** : Andrew & Archibald 
Buchanan & Andrew Cochran for £i30 Sterling, W"* Murray's bill on 
jKNiraelves for £55 & Capt David Skinner's bill on George Ouch- 

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144 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

tcrlony for £39,.2..554 which three bills together with the half of the 
Bottomry Bond I paid of Capt Skinners Vzt. £i66. .14. .9^ makes up 
i38o..i7..3 Stg all which you are to place to the credit of Pat^ & 
Andrew Barcla/s accot being part of the payment made to me by those 
gentlemen on your acco*« of which 1 advised you the i6th June. The 
Bottomry bond w^ Capt Skinner has now granted to Mr. Nelson & 
myself included a bill drawn by Capt Skinner in our favour for the 
ship's tonnage & country duties &c & what we guessed would be the 
premium of insurance on the bottomry, the whole amounting to £450 
which you'll no doubt recover if the insurers of the ships should 
miscarry, (which God forbid) but if otherwise you and Messrs Hunt & 
Waterman are only to charge him £333.9.7 his bill on you & them in 
favour of William Nelson & myself as aforesaid for £34-19-0 being the 
ships tonnage & country duties on the toly>. and the premium of insuring 
these sums, for neither Mr. Nelson or myself ever proposed to be one 
farthing gainer by this adventure. Capt Skinner has been detained here 
along while after his tobacco was all on board to get some carpenters 
work done to the ship which I must needs say requires it very much, 
she being by what I can learn very insufficient to perform such a voyage. 
I heartily wish her well home to you, but I fear it much, the poor Cap^ 
has been very sick almost the whole time he has been in the country, and 
he is more likely to die than live, however I have him under the care of 
a very eminent Physician, who says, there is no fear of hinL Capt 
Williams in the Lucy arrived at Hampton the 8th ins. and has carried 
his ship up James River to ly convenient for Messrs Murray & Gordon. 
I accidentally met with him yesterday, he tells me they have promised to 
fill up your charter of 200 hhgd*. Mr. Hanbury has a charter of 100 hhgd. 
& the remainder he is resolved to fill up with pitch. 

I ever aim Gentn Y. M. H. O. S^ p^ the York Capt Saunders for Bris- 
p' the George & Mary Capt Hayton for Hull & the Lyon Capt Skinner 
for London. 

To Capt Hugh Crawford ; 12 September, 1754. 

Our public affairs in this country seem at present to be in great con- 
fusion, no doubt you have heard by this time of the defeat of our Vir- 
ginia forces under Col. Washington upon the Ohio river by the French 
on the 3d of July last, which occasioned our Government to call the 
Assembly together on the 22d of last month, in order to raise men and 
money for the defense of the country, but to the great astonishment of 
all men of common understanding, they in their great wisdom would 
levy nothing unless £2,500 should be paid out of the first of it to their 
agent, whom they sent home out of their own heads without the appro- 
bation of the councill to solicit an affair against the governor of apistole 
fee demanded by him on signing the patents for Land, which sum of 
£2,500 they had bargained with their agent for before he left the 

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Saunders Family. 145 

country, and as they now find that they cannot make jip of the publick 
money in the treasury to pay him, they have no other way to keep them- 
selves clear, than to levy it on the people. The bill they prepared was to 
levy 2 pr. poll before Xmass & 3 pr. poll, before next midsummer, out 
of which they tack'd a clause to the bill to pay the attorney their agent 
£2,500 which bill when carried up to the Councill was rejected upon the 
first reading, & by every serious thinking man thought very justly & 
wisely done : So that the assembly is again broke up without doing any 
thing for the service of the country, after expending a great deal of the 
publick money to no purpose. We are now in a very sad situation in 
this country. Our publick credit is so sunk that none are to be found 
who will lend out money for the country service even at 6 p^ Cent, in- 
deed it is but very few who have it in their power to do it, as the gold 
& silver which was current in the country a few years ago is now 
chiefly vanished, which looks like a just punishment upon us for our 
extravagancy, pride & prodigality: to all which you are no stranger. 
We are now at the mercy of the French & Indians, who are daily 
making inroads among the back inhabitants & it is much to be feared 
ere long they will visit us who live on this side of the great mountains, 
unless they are drove off by unexpected assistance. Your old acquaint- 
ance James Skelton is dead as also Robert Miller of W°^bg. My 
wife joins with me in wishing you health & happiness, & 

I ever remain Dr. Hugh 
Y. M. O. H. St. 
P. S. Since writing the above I have received Richard Chamberlayne's 
bill of Exchse : on Robt. Gary Esq & Co for £30 & Richard Farell's bill 
of Exch : on his brother Joseph Farrel of Bristol for £125 both which 
are inclosed & are to be applied towards the payment of the cargo now 
wrote for Per Capt. Robert Patterson in the Sally & Patty. 


I John Saunders lived in York G>., Virginia, and his will 
was proved Feb. 24, 1700. It disposes of a large estate in 
money, slaves, and land. Issue named in the will : 2 Christ- 
tabel, wife of Samuel Waddow ; 3 John; 4 Edward ; 5 Robert; 
6 George ; 7 Hargrave ; 8 Peter ; 9 Sarah ; 10 Susannah. There 
is a deed recorded in Yorktown from John and Edward Saun- 
ders, in 1707, disposing of land to William Barber, "inherited 
from their mother, Mary Risle, daughter of John Risle," but 

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146 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

reserving "the burial place of their mother and father, forty 
feet square." It is probable that the other children were by a 
second wife, a daughter of Peter Hargrave. 

3 John* Saunders (John,^) mariied Hyde, daughter 

of Robert Hyde (Note i) ; removed to Goochland County, 
where his will, dated October 2, 1736, is recorded. He had 
issue: 11 Mary, who married Daniel Johnson, and had issue: 
John and Daniel, Jr., 12 John Hyde. 

12 John Hyde* Saunders (John,* John^) lived in Cumber- 
land County, and probably married Fleming. In a deed 

recorded in York Co. from John Hyde Saunders to Samuel 
Hyde, for land in Goochland County, patented 1690, the former 
is described "as son and heir of John Saunders who was son 
and heir to John Saunders.*' His will dated Feb. 
2, 1768, was proved March 29, 1768, and makes his 
friends William Fleming, Archibald Buchanan and son John 
Hyde Saunders executors. He names issue: 13 Samuel Hyde; 
14 Robert (Hyde) ; 15 Chancellor ; 16 Jesse ; 17 John Hyde; 18 
Peter to whom he gave 195 acres in the county of Pittsylvania ; 
19 Rebecca ; 20 Patty ; 21 Mariana. In "Early Settlers of Ala- 
bama" by Mrs. Elizabeth Saunders Blair Stubbs, the parents 
of these children are represented as Samuel and Phyllis (Dud- 
ley) Saunders, while another tradition makes Jesse Saunders 
the father. But there can be no doubt that the text is correct. 

14 Robert Hyde* Saunders (John Hyde,' John,* John^), 
was ensign in the State line in 1777 and first lieutenant in 1778. 
(For reputed descendants see "Early Settlers in Alabama" p. 

16 Jesse Hyde* Saunders (John Hyde,' John,* John^), re- 
sided in King William Parish, Cumberland Co., and married 
Mary, daughter of Anthony Lavillion, a French Huguenot. 
(See deed in Cumberland, dated 22 Oct., 1764.) For issue. Sec 
"Early Settlers in Alabama," p. 462. 

17 John Hyde* Saunders, (John Hyde,* John,^ John*) was 
a student at William and Mary in 1762, from which he was dis- 
missed for insubordination, went to Europe, was ordained as a 
minister, and returned in 1772. He was minister of St. James 

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Saunders Family. 147 

Parish Southam, Cumberland G>unty; and in 1775 he was a 
member of the county committee, espousing the American side 
in the Revolution. (For descendants see "Early Settlers in 
Alabama" p. 461.) 

18 Peter Saunders^ (bom Sept. 20, 1748, died August- 4, 
1813,) lived in Pittsylvania County, where in 1775 he was one 
of the County Committee of Safety. He married Oct 31, 1767, 
Mary Sparrell, ward of Governor Giles. Issue : 22 Judith, (b 
1768) ; 23 Lettie (b. 1770) ; 24 Elizabeth, (b. 1772) ; 25 Peter 
(b. 1776) ; 26 Fleming (b. 1778) ; 27 Robert (b. 1781) ; 28 
Samuel (b. 1783) ; 29 Polly. 

26 (Judge) Fleming Saunders (Peter,* John Hyde,* 
John,' John^), of Franklin County, married May 14, 1814, 
Alice, daughter of William and Mary (Scott) Watts, of Flat 
Creek, Campbell County, and had issue: 30 Mary; 31 Sarah; 
32 William; 33 Edward (all died young) 34 Peter, (b. 1823), 
member of the Legislature, married Betty Dabney, (parents 
of Judge E. W. Saunders, of Franklin Co.) ; 35 Ann Maria, 
(b. Oct 19, 1825), married Col. Thomas t. Preston, and is 
living in Charlottesville; 36 Robert Chancellor, b. May 26, 
1827, of Campbell Co. ; 37 Capt. Fleming (b. 1829, living in 
1905) ; 38 Louisa Morris, b. 1833, "^- Richard T. Davis. 

5 Robert^ Saunders, (John^), lived in Williamsburg, and 
probably married Miss Spratley, for in his will dated April 28, 
1728, John Spratley, of Surry refers to "his granddaughter 
Mary Saunders, daughter of Mr. Robert Saunders, of Wil- 
liamsburg." He had issue : 39 John Saunders. 

39 John* Saunders, (Robert*, John^), lived in Williams- 
burg where he was a contractor. He had issue: 40 Robert 
Saunders; 41 John Saunders. 

40 Robert* Saunders, (John,^ Robert,* John^), was bom 
Nov. 9, 1 761, attended the grammar school of the College in 
1776, was in the American army, practiced law, and was a 
member of the State Senate in 1799. He married Nov. 6, 1799, 
Mariana Barbara Htmter, daughter of John Hunter (Note 2) 
and Susannah Jones, and had issue: 42 Robert; 43 Mary 
Hunter Saunders, died aged 16 years. 

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148 William and Mary Collect Quarterly. 

42 Robert* Saunders (Robert,* John,' Robert,^ John^), was 
bom Januuary 25, 1805, and graduated A. B. at William and 
Mary College in 1823. He married June 17, 1828, Lucy, 
youngest daughter of Governor John Page, of Rosewell. He 
was elected professor of Mathematics in 1833, *^d became 
President in 1849. Issue: 44 Mariana Barbara, who married 
Rev. George T. Wilmer; 45 Margaret, 46 Lelia, died unmar- 
ried ; 47 Robert Page now of Baltimore ; 48 Lucy Page, diecl 
unmarried. Robert Saunders, the father, died in 1869. 

43 JoHN*^ Saunders (Robert,* John,® Robert,* John^), mar- 
ried Lucy Gait, removed to Norfolk, where he was an officer of 
the customs. Issue: 49 Mary, d. s. p., 50 (Rev.) William Tur- 
ner, b. in Norfolk, 181 7, an Episcopal clergyman, for twenty 
years rector at Appalachicola. 

50 Rev. William Turner® Saunders (John,' Robert,* 
John,* Robert,* John^) married and had issue: 51 Robert; 52 
William Lawrence, civil engineer in New York ; 53 Jennie ; 54 
Walter B. Saunders, of Philadelphia (deceased in 1905). 


^Hyde Family. Robert Hyde was a lawyer in York County, and 
married Jane, daughter of Capt. John Underhill, formerly of the city of 
Worcester, England, and then of Fellgate's Creek, York Co., Va. In 
1718, the court of York County adjudged "the will of Robert Hyde 
dec'd, father of Samuel Hyde, null and void, because the testator was 
fion compos mentis at the time of making his will." He had issue a 
son Samuel and probably a daughter who married John Saunders as 
above. Samuel Hyde died in 1739, and left, by one wife two daughters, 
Anne and Rebecca, which last married Robert Sheild, and by another 
wife (Sarah) he had John, Mary and Judith. John Hyde married before 
1 761 Lucy, daughter of Charles Hansford, and his will was proved Au- 
gust 15, 1774, and his six youngest children were Elizabeth, Mary, Lucy, 
Charles, Robert and Rebecca. Of these Capt. Robert Hyde died in 
Richmond Dec. 11, 1835, in his 73rd year. Dr. John Hansford Hyde, of 
Lexington, was educated at Washington College and died April i, 1851. 
Mary, daughter of Col. Charles Hansford Hyde and Thomas J. Wcr- 
tenbaker, all of Richmond, were married in 1842. There is a tradition 
in the Saunders family that Robert Hyde, the emigrant, was a near 
relative of Edward Hyde, Lord Clarendon, (Lord High Chancellor of 
England). This tradition is confirmed by the name of one of the sons 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

Saunders Family. 149 

of John Hyde Saunders (died 1768) Chancellor. Robert Peake, of 
London, in his will proved in 1667, after giving a legacy to George 
Lyddall, of New Kent Co. Virginia, "his cousin and sometime servant" 
left a legacy also "to Robert Hyde, son of Dr. James Hyde, of Ox- 
ford and Margaret his wife." Was this Robert Hyde the same as the 
emigrant to Virginia of the same name ? New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, vol. 37, p. 379. 

^Hunter. In the clerk's office of Elizabeth City Co. the following 
facts may be found recorded: 

Mary Ann Hunter made oath & obtained administration on the will 
of William Hunter, merchant, Nov. 21, 1739. 

John Holt was appointed guardian to Mary and Rosea Hunter, 
orphans of William Hunter dec'd July 18, 1744. 

John Holt & Elizabeth, his wife, and Mary and Rosea Hunter, infants 
under 21, by the said John their guardian, pits., vs. William Hunter. 
Dated Dec. 20, 1744. 

Will of Mary Ann Hunter, proved in Elizabeth City Co. March 16, 
1742. Names daughters Mabel, Elizabeth, Mary, and Rosanna. Execu- 
tors Mr. John Brodie and William Westwood. Among the witnesses 
Martha Brodie. 

From the above abstracts and the notes on the Hunter family, Vol. 
Vn., 13-16, 154-156. the following statement is approximately correct. 

William^ Hunter was a merchant, who died in Elizabeth City Co. 
in 1739, and had issue : i William, 2 Mabel, 3 Elizabeth, married John 
Holt, 4 Mary, married Rev. Joseph Davenport, 5 Rosanna, who married 
(i.) Joseph Roylc, (11.) John Dixon, and 6 John, born April 28, 1733, 
married May 11, 1759, Elizabeth Meredith, of Hampton. 

William Hunter, the first named son, who was the editor of the Vir- 
ginia Gazette, was probably only half-brother to the other children. 
John Hunter, it seems, was bom April 28, 1733, and died April 18, 
^79Sf ^S^^ 62 almost. He married Elizabeth Meredith, of Hampton 
and resided in Norfolk. He was a school teacher. 

Col. John Hunter, of "Little England," whom I have taken to be a 
brother of William Hunter, the printer, was perhaps brother of his 
father the first William Hunter. 

Joseph Royle, who succeeded William Hunter as the editor of the 
Virginia Gazette, died in 1766, leaving two sons William Roylc and 
Hunter Royle. About 1850, some inquiry developed as to their history, 
and the following is the copy of a paper written about that time : 

"I have to acknowledge your letter of the 28th inst. Since its recep 
tion I have made inquiry on the subject under consideration of both 
my mother & Dr. Griffin, but could obtain from them nothing satis- 
factory. Dr. Williamson, a relative of mine, who is concerned by mar- 
riage with the Dixon family, has seen most of the old persons in Wil- 

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150 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

liamsburg & the neighboring country, amongst whom I may mention 
Capt Anderson, Mrs. Bingham, Mrs. L. S. Saunders (since deceased) 
Capt Bryan (the nephew of Mrs. Hunter Royal). As individuals 
likely to give you some information, I would refer you to Littleton 
Waller Tazewell of Norfolk, John Diddup, Thomas Diddup, Jones 
Allen, & Mrs Ellizabeth Welch of Richmond. Prom their antiquarian 
perusals I would also suggest Mr. (Iharles Campbell & Mr. Richard 

**I regret to say that the items of information which I have been 
able to collect are few and apparently unimportant, but I mention 
them, however, small, as possibly calculated to serve as clues to facts 
of a more useful character. Mrs. Nancy Garrett, the mother of Dr. 
(yarrett of this place, told Dr. Williamson, that when she went to 
sdiool to Mrs. Hutlter Royal, that she recollects her once saying that 
Mr. Hunter Royal had just gone to Baltimore on account of his brother 
William's death there, & that he died leaving no property whatever. 
Mrs. Dr. Williamson has a pin cushion, which was sent to Mrs. Royal 
from England; and on it marked in pins were the initials of all her 
children by both marriages, with the date of the births. We have an 
old female servant, who lived for many years with Hunter Royal; she 
recollects the time when William Royal brought his wife to Virginia, 
& says she never heard of his having any children; according to her 
statement the wife died first.'* 


(Continued from page 57.) 

218 Mary EJ Tabb (John,« George,' William,* John,* 
Thomas,* Humphrey*), married J. R. Janney, issue: (i) Jno. 
Tabb Janney; married Mary Wilkinson Tabb, (2) Arabella 
McPherson: died. (3) Aguila Janney; married Mary Hamil- 
ton. (4) W. H. Janney: (5) Mary Evalina Janney, married 
Edward Lupton. 

224 R. Eluott White Tabb'' married Lucy Snodgrass. 
Issue: nine children. Some are dead. Others are living in 
Louisville, Ky. 

225 Arabella Ellen^ Tabb (John,® George,** William,^ 
John,* Thomas,* Humphrey*) married William T. Snodgrass. 
Issue: (i) Nannie Bell Snodgrass, married William S. Hen- 
shaw, issue: William Thornton Henshaw, M. D. married 

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Tabb Family. 151 

Georgia Ingraham Bums, Mobile, Ala., and John Hen- 
shaw, an attorney in Fairmont, W. Va., married Sue 
Lewis, Charleston, W. Va., (2) John Tabb Snodgrass, 
married Laura Kelly, issue: Nannie Bell Snodgrass, married 
J. Leland Crider, Pittsburg, Penna; Wm. Tyler Snodgrass 
died in infancy; E. Kelly Snodgrass; John Tabb Snodgrass; 
William T. Snodgrass; Julian Woods Snodgrass; Dorcas 
Ijams Snodgrass; M^ry Virginia Snodgrass, who married L. 
Philip Tabb, issue: W. Eleanor Tabb, married J. M. Woods. 
Philip Tabb, Helen Virginia Tabb, John Beverley Tabb. 

227 Dorcas Mitchell^ Tabb (John,* George,* William,* 
John,' Thomas,* Humphrey^) married James Ijams; issue: 
(i) Plummer M. Ijams, (2) John Tabb Ijams, married Adele 
Smith; (3) J. Edgar Ijams, died young, (4) Arabella M. 
Ijams, died young; (5) Raleigh Ijams, (6) Elizabeth Ijams, 
(7) Marion Turner Ijams, (8) Joshua Ijams, married Camp- 
bell Malcom, (9) James Edgar Ijams. 

228 Elizabeth Broun^ Tabb (John,* George,* William,* 
John,' Thomas,* Hiunphrey*) married George Morrison. 
Issue: (i) Daniel Buckles Morrison, (2) John Tabb Mor- 
rison, married Mary Light, (3) George P. Morrison, married 
Annabel Pierce, (4) Bessie Morrison, (5) Brownie Mitchell 
Morrison, married Dr. John U. Neff, Harrisonburg, Virginia. 

229 Virginia Walker^ Tabb, (John,* George,* William,* 
John,' Thomas,* Humphrey^), married Thomas J. Tongue of 
Maryland, issue: (i) Noble Tabb Tongue, married Mary 
Proctor, (2) Stephen Tongue, married Kate Frames, (3) 
Elsie Tongue, (4) Anna Bell Tongue, (5) Thomas Turner 
Tongue, married Ann VanArsdale, (6) Harrison Waite Ton- 
gue, (7) Benjamin Stuart Tongue, who died in Oct., 1896. 

The above was communicated by Mrs. N. B. Henshaw, 
Fairmont, West Virginia. 


(Quarterly. XIII., 122.) 12 Diana* Tabb, (Thomas,* 
Thomas,* Humphrey^), married Anthony Robinson (not John 

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152 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

(Ibid, XIII., 123; XIV. 168-169.) 25 John*^ Tabb, son of 
Coh John Tabb, of Elizabeth City Co. by his second wife, who 
was probably Martha Lowry (not Martha Wallace) had lands 
in Dinwiddie County and was probably John Tabb, who mar- 
ried Nancy Anderson, of Amelia in 1765. He is called 
'*nephew" by Thomas Lowry in 1767. He was probably the 
clerk of the Mecklenburg County of that name in 1765-1767. 
and member of the County Committe in 1775. The Va Gaxettc 
for July 9, 1775, announced the death of Mr. lohn Tabb, clerk 
of Mecklenburg, who was succeeded hv Mr. Tohn Brown in the 
Secretary's office. Up to the Revolution, the Secretary of 
State had the appointment of all the clerks of County Courts, 
and they were generally taken from the clerks in his office. 
Edward L(owry) Tabb, who, I presume, was son of preced- 
ing John Tabb, was clerk of Mecklenburg in i8i4-'3i, member 
of the House of Delegates for that County in 1799. Edward 
L. Tabb married Elizabeth Burwell, daughter of Col. Lewis 
Burwell of Stoneland, Mecklenburg Co. A newspaper obit- 
uary has the death August 27, 1833, at the residence of her 
son John Tabb, Dallas Co., Alabama, of Elizabeth (aged 60) 
widow of Edward L. Tabb, formerly clerk of Mecklenburg Co. 
Edward L. Tabb and Elizabeth Burwell, his wife, had several 
children, one of whom, John Tabb, moved to Alabama and 
married Lucy Crenshaw. They had a son Edward Tabb living 
in 1905, aged 78 years who married Martha Long. Eldward 
& Martha (Long) Tabb had (with probably others) a daugh- 
ter Lucy, who married George W. Pool.( ?) The last named 
were the parents of Mrs. Arthur R. Speer, of Jackson, Ala- 

(Ibid XIII. 169.) 50 Edward* Tabb, (John,* Thomas,* 
Humphrey^), and Lucy (Todd) his wife, lived from 1756 to 
1764 in Cumberland County, where they made a deed to John 
Wyatt, Jr., of Gloucester Co. In 1779, as Edward Tabb and 
Lucy, his wife, of Kingston Parish, in the county of Glou- 
cester, they made a deed to Creed Haskins. Witnesses, Robert 
Boiling, Jun., Thomas Tabb, John Tabb. 

(Ibid XIII., 277-283.) Thomas Tabb (Edward,* thomas,< 

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Tabb Family. 153 

and Humphrey^), moved to Cumberland County, where his 
will was proved April 22, 1782, and names son Edward Tabb, 
son Langhome Tabb, son-in-law Robert Brown, daughters 
Merryman, Walton, Boatwrite, Douglas, Scruggs, and Lockey 
Q>bbs, wife of Jesse Cobbs. It was probably his son Edward 
Tabb that married Jean Clements in Amelia Co. in 1765. 

(Ibid XIIL, 123.) 31 Thomas*^ Tabb (Thomas,* Thomas,^ 
Thomas,* Humphrey^), bom Dec. 18, 1730, emigrated to Lun- 
enburg where he qualified as county lieutenant of that county 
Nov. 12, 1758, and in July, 1775, was member of the State 
convention. His daughter Anne, married, in 1768, John Nash, 
Jr. James Tabb security in the marriage bond was doubtless 
his son. 

Edmund Tabb. I cannot connect Edmund Tabb, of York 
Co., who married Mary, daughter of Daniel Moore and died 
about 1762, when his will names his son Augfustine and 
daughters Elizabeth and Frances. Augustine Tabb was a 
student at William and Mary in J 761, and hailed from Glou- 
cester County. In 1785 Augustine Tabb of Norfolk and Han- 
nah his wife made a deed for land in Charles Parish, York Co. 

Edward Tabb died in York County, and his will was proved 
Dec. 16, 1771, and names son John Tabb, daughter Mary 
Turner and her children Elizabeth, James, Mary, and Margaret 
Turner. This Edward Tabb was probably 279 Edward* Tabb 
(XIIL, 279). 

The Register of Kingston Parish, Mathews Co., formerly 
Gloucester Co., has the following entries : 

(XIIL, 270) 167 Mary Tabb, married John Mayo, Dec. 3, 
1755 > 162 Martha Tabb, married Joseph Mayo, Sept. 3, 1761. 

XIIL, 276) 267 Humphrey Toy Tabb, married Mary Pey- 
ton Nov. 24, 1756. 

(XIIL, 127) 62 Marianna Tabb, daughter of Cx)l. John Tabb 
(of Amelia) and Frances, his wife, was bom June 27, 1771. 

(XIV., 270) 160 Robert Tabb & Elizabeth his wife had 
issue : Elizabeth, bom June 3, 1759, Bailey Seaton, bom Sept. 
ID, 1762, Robert, bom Nov. 29, 1763, Susanna, bom April 28, 
1764, William, bom June 16, 1766, Mary, bom Febmary 20, 

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154 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

In the York Co. records Bailey S. Tabb and Nancy Moss 
his wife, granddaughter of Edward Moss, made a deed in 
York Co. in 1789. John Leland Tabb, of Berkeley Co., makes 
a deed for some negroes left to him by his grandfather Wil- 
liam Tabb, at the death of Susannah Tabb, and "now in pos- 
session of my uncle George Tabb and my uncle Edward Tabb 
of Berkeley Co., and Bernard Elliott of York Co.," to Bernard 
Elliott. Dated June 16, 1806, and witnessed by Robert Tabb 
and Elizabeth his wife. John Tabb and Diana, his wife, of 
Gloucester Co., deed to William Tabb, of Berkeley Co., for 200 
acres in Charles Parish, 1787. 



(The name is also spelt Kirby.) 

1 Thomas* Kerry was living in Charles Parish, York 
Coimty, as early as 1645. He died June 20, 1668. His will 
mentions only one son Roberfi, whom he desires to be taught 

reading and writing. He married Mary* , who died and 

was buried Feb. 8, 1666. 

2 RoRERT^ Kerry (Thomas*) was bom May i, 1662 and 
died April 25, 1727. His personal estate was considerable, 
being appraised at £445.2.11. By his first wife, Mary, (died 
1693) **€ had: 3 Thomas, bom June 20, 1686, died in 1741. 
He married 2d., Catharine Tompkins, and had 4 Elizabeth, 
bom Oct. I, 1690; married Thomas Hawkins; 5 Mary died 
infant; 6 Roberfi bom Aug. 23, 1696; died April 12, 1727; 7 
John,^ bom July 9, 1698; 8 Mar\% bom 1694— died 1708; 9 
Henry, bom 1700, died 1718 ; 10 Arthur, bom 1702, died in- 

^She afterwards married Thomas Curson, whose will, proved in York 
Co., Va., March 24, 1704, gives sealed rings to the four brothers— Tha 
Tabb, John Tabb, William Tabb, and Edward Tabb, and after the pSLj- 
ment ol all debts '"the rest of my estate both real and personal to go to 
my grandson Thomas Kerby." 

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Kerby Family. 155 

fant; 11 James, born June 11, 1703, died 1737; 12 Bennett, 
born Oct. 17, 1705, died in 1782; 13 Charles, died infant; 14 
Hannah, born Jan. 24, 1708, m. Peter Manson, of Elizabeth 
City Co., 15 Sarah, bom April 4, 171 1; 16 Rachel, died in 

3 Thomas* (Robert,^ Thomas*) married ist. Frances 
Lowry, daughter of William Lowry and Frances Purfury, hi^ 
wife (Quarterly XIII, 125), and had issue (Charles Parish 
Raster) : 17 William, bom Aug. 5, 1708; 18 Frances, bora 
1709, died 1720; 19 Martha, bom January, 1713 ; 20 John, bora 
July 21, 1718; 21 Rachel, died in 1734. 

Frances Kerby, wife of Thomas Kerby, died July 23, 1718, 
and it is probable that Thomas Kerby married a second time. 
In Capt. Edward Tat)b's will he is called "nephew". He died 
Febraary 25, 1740, and his estate was inventoried by Edward 
Tabb, Peter Goodwin and John Hawkins ; and John Kerby was 
his administrator. 

20 John* Kerby (Thomas,* Robert,* Thomas^) lived in 
Charles Parish, York County, and married Mary Sheild, 
daughter of Robert Shield (died in 7153), and had issue: 22 
Thomas, bora Aug. 25, 1742 ; 23 John, bom April 6, 1744, died 
in 1795; 24 Sarah, bom May i, 1746, married Thomas Kerby; 
25 Frances, bora June 10, 1748, married Joseph Needham ; 26 
Mary, bora May 2, 1750, married John Sclater; 27 Robert, 
bora July, 1752, died without issue May 14, 1785 ; 28 Rachel, 
bora Sept. 24, 1754, married ist. Robert Smith, son of Col. 
Lawrence Smith, who was son of Major Lawrence Smith, dis- 
tinguished in the early history of Virginia. They had one 
daughter Mary Smith. Rachel married 2dly. Hawkins Reade, 
who married 2ndly. Elizabeth Moss, widow of Thomas Pescud, 
29 Thomas, 30 Martha died single, will proved Aug. 19, 1782 ; 
31 Anna, m. Wells ; 32 William, bora July 13, 1770. 

John Kerby's will was proved in York County, 20 June 1774. 
It was made 22 July, 1772. In it he mentions his sons Robert 
and Thomas under age, who are to have the land in Lunen- 
burg. He gives his land in Elizabeth City to William Kerby 
his son, and if he died in his minority the property to go to his 

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156 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

son John and his heirs; mentions his daus. Sarah, Frances, 
Mary and Martha. Says his 5 younger children under age 
were Rachel, Martha, Thomas, Anne & William. "My son 
Robert and my son-in-law Thomas Kerby and Joseph Need- 
ham to be executors." The appraisement of John Kerby was 
ii,876.iis. on Jan. 19, 1778. 

23 John* Kerby (John,* Robert,^ Thomas^) married Eliza- 
beth Sclater, dau. of Richard Sclater, and sister of John 
Sclater, and had issue (Charles Parish Register) : 33 Mary 
Sheild, bom April 6, 1774; 34 Patsey Moore, bom July 17, 
^7T^l 35 Sally Sclater, bom June 26, 1778. (See Richard 
Sclater's will, 1757). 

6 Robert* Kerby (Thomas,* Robert^) married Elizabeth, 
who died January 6, 1725. He died April 12, 1727. He had 
issue: 36 Robert Kerby, bom May 30, 1721; 37 John Kerby, 
bora Sept., 1723, who in his will, dated Feb. 25, 1741, left his 
property to his brother Robert and Martha Kerby; 38 Su- 
sanna, bom January 6, 1725, died infant 

7 John* Kerby, (Thomas,* Robert^), married Martha , 

and his will dated December 2, 1734, was proved in Elizabeth 
City G>., November 2, 1739. He had issue named in his will : 
39 Thomas, who was probably father of Martha Kerby (bom 
1747) 2d. wife of Miles King, of Hampton. (Note i.) 

II Bennett* Kerby (Robert,* Thomas^) (will proved Oct. 
1782) married Frances Parsons, daughter of James Parson* 
(will proved May 19, 1735) and Dorothy Wade, daughter of 
Armiger Wade, son of Armiger Wade, a Burgess for York 
Co., Va., in 1655-56 and had issue (Charles Parish Reg- 
ister) : 40 James & Bennet twins, bom in Aug., 1729, both 
died infants; 41 Bennett, bom Oct. 17, 1731 ; 42 Frances, bom 
May 13, married Barham, and had Bennett Kerby Bar- 
ham, Thomas Barham, and John Barham ; 43 Mary, bom 1740; 

m. Hunt; 44 William, bom July 16, 1736; 45 Thomas, 

bom 1742, died infant; 46 Martha, bom 1743; 47 Thomas, 
bom Oct. 25, 1748; 48 John, bom April 15, 175 1 ; 49 Martha, 
bom Nov. 21, 1753. 

37 Bennett* Kerby (Bennett,^ Robert,^ Thomas^) moved 
to Dinwiddie County. 

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Kerby Family. 157 

44 William* Kerby (Bennett,' Robert,^ Thomas^) mar- 
ried Margaret Howard (dau. of John Howard and Anne 
Shield, (bom August 27, 1714), his wife, dau. of Robert 
Sheild), and his will was proved in York County, 1785. Issue : 
(Charles Parish Register) 50 Anne, bom Aug. 31, 1760, mar- 
ried 1st Chidley Wade, in 1778 (marriage bond), 2d. John 

Macantree; 51 Mary, bom Sept. 30, 1764, married Hub- 

ard; 52 James, bom October 19, 1766, living in 1801; 53 
Elizabeth Howard, bom July 29, 1768; 54 William, bom 
March 27, 1771, living in 1801 ; 55 Sally, bom Aug. 25, 1773; 
56 Bennett, bom Dec. 11, 1775; 57 Frances, married Henry 
Charles, and had Edward, Margaret and Francis Charles. Wil- 
liam Kerby 's will was proved in York Co., in 1782. Margaret 
(Howard) Kerby's will was proved 20 July, 1801. 

50 Anne* Kerby (Bennett,* Robert,* Thomas^) married 
(i) Chidley Wade in and had issue: (i) Margaret Jones 
Wade, bom 1778, who married Capt Teakle Savage U. S. 
Navy, and they had two sons, CJeorge and Edward, arid two 
daughters married respectively to Rev. Mr. Armistead, and 
William H. Parker, and two daughters Virginia and Comfort ; 
(2) Thomas Wade, bom 1781; (3) James Wade, bom 1783; 
(4) Elizabeth Howard Wade, bom 1786, married first John 
Stores, and second Job B. Mills (Note 2) ; (5) Chidley Wade, 
bom 1787. Anne Kerby, married (11). John Macantree 
(so spelt in York Co. records) or John Mackendree, and had 
Anne Childs Mackendree, bom March 5, 1791, Sallie Macken- 
dree, bom May 2, 1793. 


^Martha Kerby, bom Nov. 2, 1747, married, April 19, 1782, Miles 
King, of Hampton, and died January 29, 1849, and had issue: (i) Mar- 
tha, bom June 11, 1785; (2) Miles, bom June 9, 1786; (3) Eliza, bom 
July 29, 1788 (4) Margaret Gary, born Oct., 1792; (5) Maria Cristine 
King, bora 1796. Miles King was bom Nov. 2, 1746, married (I) 
Barbara Jones, Dec. 7, 1769; (II) Martha Kerby, as above, April 19. 

*By the first marriage she had William K. Stores, who lived and died 
in Norfolk, and by the second marriage, Hannah, M. bom at Williams- 
burg, 1808; Francis Marion Mills (died 4 years ago aged 89); Alfred 

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iS8 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Mills, died infant; Wade Mills; Job Byron, Jr.; George W Mils; 
Martha Ann Wade Mills; Alfred W. Mills (died 4 years ago); and 
John Dix Mills, born April 5, I828. 

Anthony Robinson. York Co., Va. (b. Sept 9, 171 1; died April 7, 
1737) married Mary Kerby. She married adly. before 1775 Daniel 
Moore who lived at Temple Farm. Tliomas Kerby of York Co.* and 
Margaret, his wife had issue Martha born Dec. 2&, 1765 (Charles Parish 

Maryland Records : Mary Kerby, Worcester Co., Md,, in her will 1765 
mentions the estate of her brother Robert Kerby & of her grandfather 
John Marshall of Virginia, also brothers William & John & sisters 
Sarah, Isabella & Elizabeth Kerby. 1S14, Deed for three tracts of land 
in Maryland from Robert Kerby, William Kerby, Jefferson Co., Va. ft 
James Kerby, Hampshire Co., Va. all sons of James Kerby A. A, Co., 

John Kerby, London, subscribed to Va. (Company 1609; at a meeting 
of the Va. Co. held on July 3, 1622, present Mr. Kerby. 

At a meeting of the Va. Company in London, 1624, Mr. Kerby was 
elected a member of said company. 


(As the paper in the record book in which the writings below 
appear crumble almost at a touch, it is deemed important to 
put what remains of these writings in print.) 

William Buckner's Will. 

I, T. T. Hudgins, Qerk of the Circuit Court of York 
County, State of Virginia, do hereby certify that there ap- 
pears of record in my office the will of William Buckner, of 
Yorktown in York County, very much mutilated but at- 
tested by Philip Lightfoot, the Clerk of the County Court 
of York County, 17 December, 1722. After a brief preamble 
said will reads: "I give unto my Loving brother John 
Buckner all y* estate I die possessed of real and personal 

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York County Records. 159 

and do appoint my said Loving brother my whole and sole 
ex* of this my last will and testament" signed, sealed and 
ddivered in y^ presence of Thos. Nelson, Wm. Toplis, Ja*. 
M. '. T. T. Hudgins, Clerk., October 3, 1904. 

Estate of Charles Collier's Orphans. 

At a court held for York County, 17 June, 1723. 

Present: Joseph Walker, William Sheldon, Graves Pack, 
William Stark Gentl. 

On the pet" of Edw^ Baptist praying that y* estate of 
Chas. Collier's orphans may be delivered to him Ordered 
that y* sheriff summon Mary Collier to appear at said 
Court. Truly Entered by Phi Lightfoot Clerk Cur. 

A Copy Teste. T. T. Hudgins, Clerk, October 3, 1904. 

Mary Reade's Will. 

(Wife of Robert Reade and mother of Margaret Nelson, 
wife of "Scotch" Tom Nelson.) 

Read's will. In the name * * * parish in ye County 
of York * * * Sense and memory do make my 

* ♦ * her and form following Imp" I give * * * 
y body to ye earth from whence it came to be * ♦ * 
discretion of my Exr hereafter to be named * * * large 
silver Tankard to my loving son * * * and bequeath 
my small silver tankard and to * * * loving son Samuel 
Read Item I give ♦ * * silver poringer one silver 
tumbler and 6 six silver spoons * * * son Francis Read 
Item I give and bequeath my * * * Tweedlum and 
20 shillings to buy a Ring to my loving daught * * * 
th. Item I give and bequeath one Molatto Boy * * * 
ks to my loving son Samuel Read Item I give * * * 
negro boy named Will and one negro boy named Hill to 

* * * Francis Read to him and his heirs Item I give a 

* ♦ * Granddaughter Mary Nelson one negro man 
named * * * and one negro woman named Sarah and 
one negro * * * Una to her and her heirs in case she 

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i6o William and Mary College Quarterly. 

dies without he * * * 11 is that her brother John and 
his heirs have ye said t * * * I give and bequeath to 
my grandson Wm. Nelson one T * * * n after my first 
debts and funeral expenses are * * * rden part of my 
estate which is not already given and bequ * * * ally 
divided among my three sons viz : John * * * Francis 
but in case either of them die without heirs * * * dying 
be equally divided among ye surviving Item I nominate 
* * * point my loving son John Read my whole and 
sol ex*" of this * * * and testament revoking all other 
wills heretofore by me made * ♦ * ppoint and desire 
Mr Benj and Mr. Thomas Reade to be Trustees * * =^ 
will ; in witness whereof I have set my hand 26 Nov 1722. 
Mary Reade. 

I, T. T. Hudgins, Clerk of the Circuit Court of York 
County in Virginia do certify that the above writing is a 
copy of a record in my office. Given under my hand this 
3d day of October, 1904, T. T. Hudgins, Clerk. 

Thomas Chisman's Will. 

(He was son of Capt. Thomas Chisman, who married 
Elizabeth Reade, sister of Robert Reade and daughter of 
Col. George Reade.) 

In y* name of God Amen I Tho* Chisman of Charles 
Parish in York County being ♦ * * my last will and 
Testam* in manner and * * * my son Edmund Chisman 
all my land * * * I now live in to him and his heirs 
forever ♦ * * tenancies belonging to her one half 
* * * dowhood and y* other half to my * * * Mary 
then I give all my said * * * I give all my land in 
York * * * to my son John Chisman * * *son 
George Chisman a tract * * * extending itself to a 
dividing * ♦ * lands on Poplar branch * * * and 
if not intailed to him and his heirs forever Item 
I leave my wife five negroes named Cyrus, Kate, Reefer 

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York County Records. i6i 

Beck and Tall Jack and after her decease y* said five negros 
to be equally divided among five of my children viz : Ann 
Mil(dred) George Thomas and Elizabeth Item I give to my 
son ♦ ♦ * isman one mullato Slave named Adam to 
be possessed of y« * * * as soon as I am deceased to 
him and his heirs forever Item I give to my ♦ * * 
ghter Ann Chisman on mullato slave named Adam 
to be possessed ♦ * ♦ said slave at ye age of eighteen 
years or married to her and her heirs forever. Item I give 
to my daughter Mildred Chisman one neg^o woman named 
Sue and y* first of her increase that shall be bom after my 
decease to her and her heirs forever. Item I give to my 
son George Chisman one negro girl named Sarah to him 
and his heirs forever. Item I give to my son Thomas 
Chisman one negro girl named Phebe and y* second in- 
crease of y* negro woman Sue before mentioned to him and 
his heirs forever. Item I give to my daughter Elizabeth 
Chisman one negro girl named Grace and the third increase 
of y* negro woman Sue to her and her heirs forever and all 
y« increase of y* said negro woman Sue which shall be bom 
after the three before mentioned I give to my Daughter Ann 
Chisman and her heirs forever. Item I give to my son 
Edmd Chisman one feather bed and furniture six female 
head of cattle out of the stock where I now dwell six Ewes and 
a Ram twelve head of Sortable Hoggs one mare named 
Jenny and her increase to him & his disposal Item I give 
to my son John Chisman six head of cattle and of my 
quarter stock six ewes and a Ram twelve head of sortable 
Hoggs, one horse named * * * y« first colt of y^ old mare 
Bonny and all ye household stuff belonging unto my afore- 
said quarter. Item I give fifty seven potmds sixteen 
shillings ten pence being in y* hands of Miscajah Perry 
merchant in London thirty pounds of y« said money I give 
to my son Edmd Chisman and y* remaining part of y* said 
money to my son John Chisman. All and every particular 
part of my estate not already mentioned I le * * * my 
wife during her natural life and after her deceased to be 

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i62 William and Mary G:)llege Quarterly. 

eqtial * * * vide** among five of my children vizt Ann, 
Mildred, George, Thomas and Elizabeth except my Silver 
Hilted Sword my long gun and my ♦ * * the paper 
trunk which I give to my son Edmd Chisman and my two 
guns marked Warner and old little gun I give to my son 
George Chisman and my Shot Gun to my Son Thos. Chis- 

Item I ordain and appoint my wife Ann Chisman exr 
and my son E^md Chisman exr with her of this my last will 
and testam^ 

Witness my ha * * * nd seal * * * November 
1722 * * * Chisman. 

A Copy Teste, T. T. Hudgins Clerk, October 3, 1904. 

A mutilated codicil mentions my daughter Ann Chisman. 

The attestation of the clerk is worn away, but the record 
before and after this will bears date 21 Jan" 1722. 

Given under my hand this 3rd. day of October, 1904. T. T. 
Hudgins, Clerk, 


Below are cuts representing the reverse and obverse sides 
of a coin, of which nothing is known to the Editor. It was 
evidently a kind of advertising device in England in 1674 to 
induce white servants to go to Virginia. The history of 
the coin is given in the following letter from Mr. C. H. 
Blackwell, cashier of the First National Bank, of Raton, 
New Mexico, under date of June 23, 1905 : 

'"A few days ago a gentleman came into the bank and pre- 
sented a copper coin three inches in diameter and weighing 
five ounces. The inscription on the coin on the reverse and 
obverse sides are as shown on the enclosed card. The coin 
is in good state of preservation except the hole on the side 
which is almost worn through to the edge. From the gen- 
eral appearance of the coin it shows that it has been buried 
a long time as it is covered with corroded copper. All let- 

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Tombstones in Warwick County. 


tering on both sides is raised while the figure of the Indian 
head is cut into the coin. The heavy marks or imprints 
at the Indians mouth and in front are stamped into the coin 
and are filled with corroded copper. If intended for letters 
they cannot be made out on account of the corrosion. I 
will be pleased to have you investigate the issue of this coin 


and for what purpose it was used. Any history connected 
with it will be thankfully received. On referring to page 
64 of "Cradle of the Republic" published by yourself I find 
that Sir William Berkeley was Governor of Virginia from 
the period of 1661 to 1677 while the coin itself was issued 
in 1674" 


Blunt Paint 

Tombstone of William Roscow. 


Under this stone lyeth the Body of 

William Roscow Gentleman who 

was bom at Charley in the county 

iThcse arms are different from any in Burke's General Armory. 

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164 William and Mary G:)llege Quarterly. 

of Lancaster on the 30th. day of November 
Anno Dom 1661. 
And departed this life at Blunt Point 
in y* county of Warwick the X day of 
November Anno Dom 1700. 
And in the 36th year of his age 
Also here lyes the Body of Mary wife 

of the above William Roscow 

And Daughter of Coll. Wm. Wilson 

Of Elizabeth City county who was 

Bom in October, 1675. 

And dyed Jan. the 11, 1741, in the 67th 

year of her Age. 

Denbigh Church. 

Tombstone of Mary Harrison. 


Here lieth 
The Body of Mary Harrison, 
Daughter of the Hon.**"* Cole Diggs, Esq., 
President of his Mag*^ Council of this Colony, 
Late Wife of Colonel Nathaniel Harrison 
of Prince George County, 
By whom she had four children viz : 
Nathaniel who was bom May 27, 1739 
and died June 23, 1740 
Digges who was bom October 22, and died Nov.' 12, 1743 
(both interred near this place) 
also Elizabeth bom July 30th., 1737. 
Benjamin bom Febmary 13, 1742. 

^The shield bears, dexter, annulets 3, 2 and i between two bars 
ermine; sinister, 5 eagles displayed, for Digges. 

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Tombstones in Warwick County. 165 

She so discharged the Several Duties 
of a Wife, Mother, Daughter, Neighbor 
that her Relations & Acquaintances 
might justly estimate their Affliction unsupported, 

was it not chastened with the Remembrance 

That every Virtue which adds weight to their loss 

Augments her reward. 

Obiit Nov. 12, 1714. Aet. 27. 


Tombstone of William Cole. 


Here lyeth the Body of William Cole 
Esq', of the county of Warwick who 
departed this life the 4th. day of March 
1693-4 in the 56th, year of his age 
There does not need this marble to proclaime 
His worth nor to immortalize his name 
Firmly Recorded on the book of fate 
Devouring time shall not his glories blot 
Nor can (this age) his memory be forgot 
A virtuous and industrious life he led 
To all who would in Hono" footsteps tread 
He was in all his stations just and greate 
And stood as firm a pillar of the state 
Of him may this be loudly sounded far 
He was tmspotted on y* bench 
imtay"ted at y^ bar. 

*Sec Quarterly, frontispiece to Vol. V, No. 3, for arms. 

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i^ WiLUAM AND Mary College Quarterly. 

Tombstone of Anne (Digges) Cole. 

(Digges arms.) 

Here lyeth the Body of Ann the 
wife of William Cole, of Warwick 
county, Esq., one of the Daughters of 
Edward Digges, Esq., son of 
Sir Dudley Digges, Master of the 
Rolls to King Charles 
the first. She Departed this life 
the 22nd. day of November, 1686, 
in the 29th. year of her age 
Near also this place lyeth 
the Body of Edward Cole 
and Digges Cole 
Children of said Anne. 

Tombstone of Martha Cole. 

(Cole arms.) 

Here lyeth the Body of Martha the 

Daughter of William Cole & Martha 

his wife (daughter of John Leare, Esq.) 

She departed this life the 19th. day of 

April, 1698, in y* eighth year of her age. 

near also to this place lyeth the body of 

John Cole & Mary Cole, two children of 

the said William and Martha. 

Rich Neck. 

Tombstone of Gill A. Cary. 


Gin A. Cary, 

son of 

John & Susannah Cary. 

^For description of arms, sec Quarterly No. III. 

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Tombstones in Elizabeth City County. 167 

Bom March i8th, 1783. 

Died March 25th. 1843. 
Mark the perfections & Behold 
the upright ; for the end of that 
Man is Peace. 

Tombstone of John B. Cary, Jr. 

John B. Cary, Jun'., 

son of 

John B. & Columbia Cary. 

Bom November 25th. 1846, 

Died August loth. i860. 

"Whosoever thereforeshall confess me 

Before Men, hith will I confess also 
Before my father which is in Heaven." 

Tombstone of Mary Cary. 

Here lyeth y* Body of Mary the wife 

of Miles Cary & Daughter of Thomas 

MiLNER and Mary his wife late of 
Nanzemond County dcc'd. Shee was 
Bora the 6th of Auguft 1667, and Died 
the 27th of October 1700 in the 34th 
year of her Age. Ifsuelefs. 
Alfo the body of Col<>. Miles Cary 
Hufband of the said Mary who 
died February 17th. 1708 & left 2 sons 

Wilson & Miles & 2 Daughters 
Mary & Ann by Mary y« Daughter 
of CoK W«. Wilson of Hampton. 


Tlie old Churchyard near Hampton. 

Tombstone of John Neville, Esq. 
Here lyes the Body of 
John Neville, Esq'. Vice Admiral 

^For description of arms see Quarterly II., 140. 

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1 68 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

of his Majestyes Fleet and Commander 
in chiefe of y* squadron cruising 
in the West Indies. 
Who dyed on board y* Cambridcx 

the 17th, day of August, 1697. 
in y* Ninth Yeare of the Reigne of 
King William the third 
Aged 53 years. 

Tombstone of Thomas Curie. 

In hopes of a Blessed Resurrection 

Here lyes the Body of Thomas Curie 

gent who was bom November 24th 1640 

in the Parish of St. Michael in Lewis in the 

County of Sussex in England and Dyed 

May the 30th 1700 
When a few years are come, then I shall 
goe the way whence I shall not Return 
Job. i6ch. 22V. 

Tombstone of Peter Heyman. 

This Stone was given by His 
Excellency Francis Nicholson 
Esq Lieutenant and Governor 
Generall of Virginia in Memory of 

Peter Heyman Esq Grandson 
to Sir Peter Heyman of Sumerfield 
in y* County of Kent he was 
Collector of y* customs in the 

^These arms are : a chevron between 3 fleurdelis. Crest : A hedgehog 

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Tombstones in Elizabeth City County. 169 

Lower District of James River and 
went voluntarily on Board y* Kings 

shipp Shoreham in Pursuit of a 

Pyrate who greatly infested this 
coast after he had behaved himself 
seven hours w*** undaunted courage 
was killed w*** a small shot y* 29th 

Day of April 1700 

in y* Engagement he stood Next y* 

Govemour upon the Quarter Deck 

and was here Honorably interred 

by his order 

Tombstone of Rev. Mr. Andrew Thompson. 

Here lieth the Body of 
Reverend M^ Andrew Thompson 
who was bom at Stone blue in 
Scotland and was Minister of this 
Parish seven years and departed 
this life the ist of September 1719 
in y* 46th year of his Age leaving 
a character of A sober Religious 

Hampton Churchyard. 

In 1845 the oldest inscription in the churchyard was that of Capt. 
Willis Wilson who died Nov. 19, 1701. Among the public men buried 
here were Dr. George Balfour who died in 1830, Major James Glasseli 
who died Nov. 3, 1838 and Lt. James D. Burnham, who died March 
6, 1838. — Howe, Historical Collections of Virginia, p. 249. 

Tombstone of John Jpnes Spooner. 

To the memory of the Rev*. 
John Jones Spooner 

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of the church 

in Elizabeth City County 

Who departed this life 

Sept 13th 1799 

Aged 42 years. 

Tombstone of Jane Latimer. 

In memory of Jane 

wife of William Latimer 

Jun' she was the Daughter 

of John Constance Sin(clair?). 

who departed this life 

April 17th 1803 Aged 21 

years 1 1 months and 13 days 


Tombstone of Rev. Benj. Brown. 

Dq)arted this life 
January 17th 1806 
The Rev* Benj. Brown 
Rector of this Parish 

Tombstone of Henry Mowatt 

In memory of 

Henry Mo * * t Esq* 

Late Captain of 

his Brittannick Magistyes 

ship the Assistance 

who having served his country 

iHcnry Mowatt, Esq., who in October, 1775, burned the town of 
Portland, Maine* because it refused to give provisions to the British. 

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Tombstones in Elizabeth City Countt. 171 

forty four years 

died on the nth day of April 

1798 Aged 63 years 

universally lamented 

Tombstone of Rev. Henry Skyren. 

Sacred to the memory 

the Rev* Henry Skyren 
Rector of Elizabeth City Parish 
Bom in Whitehaven England 
A. D. 1729 
Died in Hampton Virginia 
A. D. 1795 
This monument was erected by 
his surviving children 
Elizabeth Temple 
John Spotswood Skyren 

Tombstone of Nancy (French) Strange. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Nancy (French) Sti-ange 

Bom 5th January 1780 

who died at sea the 5th of October 

and vras here interred tfie Sth, 

The Christ is y* Christians all 

Tombstone of Jane Jenning^. 

In memory of Jane 

wife of Charles Jennings 

who departed this life 

October 15th 1781 

Aged 22 years 

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172 William and Mary Q)llege Quarterly. 

Tombstone of Charles Jennings. 

In memory of Charles Jennings 
Aged 67 years 
who departed this life 
1st January 1816 

Tombstone of George Massenburg. 

Sacred to the memory of 
George Massenburg 
who was 
bom on the 15th May 1762 
and died the 25th Oct 1823 
in the 61 st year of his age 

Tombstone of William Jennings. 

William Jennings 
who departed this life 
Oct the 10, 1791 
Aged 41 years 

Tombstone of William Thompson. 


To the memory of 

William Thompson 

who died at Little England 

the 18th Jmxi^ 1808 

aged 58 years 

Tombstone of Anne Day. 

In memory 
of Ann the wife of John 

Day who departed 
this life July 13, 1(8)02 in 
the seventieth year of her age 

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Kbnner Family. 173 


Under this stone 
lieth Interred the Body of 
Cap* George Wray 
who departed this life 
the 9th of April 1758 
in his 61 St year 
Isaiah chap. 55th First 
& second verses 
Thus saith the Lord 
keep y* judgment and 
do justice for my salvation is near to 
come and my righteousness to be revealed 
Blessed is the man that 
doth this and the son of the man that layeth 
hold on it and keep 
either his hands from doing any evil. 


Since the account of this family which appeared in Quar- 
terly IX., 185, the Editor has come into possession of material 
which renders it feasable to give a more accurate story. 

I. Richard^ Kenner resided in Northtunberland County, 
Virginia, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Rod- 
ham and Elizabeth his wife, who made a deed in 1664 in con- 
sideration of Kenner's marriage with their daughter. HannaK 
Rodham, sister of Elizabeth, married Captain Christopher 

Richard* Kenner was a member of the House of Burgesses 
in 1688, 1691 and 1692, with the rank of Captain. Issue: (St. 
Stephen's Parish Register) 2 Rodham, born March 23, 1671 ; 

*Thesc arms arc tfic same as those of Sir Christopher Wray, temff. 
Qaeen Elizabeth. — Burke, General Armory. 


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174 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

3 Richard, bom March 3, 1673 ; 4 Francis, bom Dec. 27, 1675 ; 
5 Elizabeth, bom Dec. 18, 1681 ; 6 John. In 1702 John Kenner, 
of Westmoreland G>. made a deed to Rodham Kenner, of 
Northumberland (Westmoreland Co. records) ; 7 Matthew 
Kenner was another son of Richard Kenner. 

2 Rodham^ Kenner (Richard^) married Hannah Fox, 
bom July 25, 167 1, daughter of Capt. David Fox and Hannah 
Ball (Quarterly, VIII., 109; Hayden, Va. Genealogies, 60) 
captain, justice, member of the House of Burgesses in 1696 
and in other years. Issue : 8 Richard; 9 Elizabeth, married (i) 
Richard Bushrod, son of Thomas Bushrod (Note i) She mar- 
ried (II) Robert Vaulx of Westmoreland (Note 2) ; (III) 
Rev. Lawrence de Butts (Note 3) ; 10 Hannah, bom August 
31, 1695, married (I) Richard Hull, (II) John Harris, (III) 
Thomas Cralle, (IV.) John Cralle. Col. Rodham Kenner died 
in 1706 in Northumberland County. 

Rodham Kenner's widow, Hannah, married 2dly. Clement 
Spelman (Note 3), and had issue: Frances Spelman, who mar- 
ried Parish Gamer (See wills of Col. Rodham Kenner proved 
Aug. 21, 1706, and of Richard Kenner proved January 18, 
1727, in Northumberland Co., and William Fox, proved Nov. 
2, 1718, in Lancaster Co.) 

7 Richard* Kenner (Rodham,^ Richard^) married Eliza- 
beth , and in his will dated Feb. 2, 1725, proved Januar>' 

18, i726-'7, he names wife Elizabeth, sisters Elizabeth dc 
Butts and Hannah Cralle, godson Richard Straughan, and 
children: 11 Hannah, married January 10, 1742 William Ball, 
12 Rodham, bom January 2, 1717, 13 Richard, died Feb. 12, 

12 Rodham* Kenner (Richard,* Rodham,^ Richard*) mar- 
ried Susanna Opie, daughter of John and Ann Opie, on April 
24, 1735, and had issue: 14 Richard, bom July 18, 1738, 15 
Rodham. His will was proved August 8, 1743. 

15 Rodham* Kenner (Richard,* Rodham,* Richard*) was 
probiibly Col. Rodham Kenner, scholar at William and Mary 
College in 1760, burgess for Northumberland county in 1773, 

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Kenner Family. 175 

member of the State Convention in 1776, and one of the sign- 
ers of the Westmoreland address February 1776; county lieu- 
tenant in 1785. He married in 1763 Elizabeth Plater, daugh- 
ter of George Plater, Esq., (marriage bond — Quarterly VII. 

3 Richard^ Kenner (Richard*) married Elizabeth Win- 
der, bom 1691, daughter of Captain Thomas Winder, (son of 
Lt. Col John Winder, of Maryland) and Elizabeth Brereton 
his wife, daughter of Col. Thomas Brereton and Jane Clai- 
borne (daughter of Col. William Qaibome). He mentions, in 
his will proved in Westmoreland Co., May 27, 1719., his 
brother John Kenner, mother-in-law Elizabeth Winder and 
children : 16 Winder, 17 Elizabeth, 18 Richard, 19 Rodham, 20 

16 Winder' Kenner (Richard,^ Richard*) married, and 
made his will Aug. 23, 1759, proved April 12, 1762 in North- 
umberland Co., and had issue; 21 Brereton, bom Feb. 8, 1732, 
22 Richard bora Feb. 29, 1733, 23 Winder, born Aug. 16, 1735 
who alone survived his father. 

21 Brereton* Kenner (Winder,* Richard,^ Richard^) mar- 
ried Judith, daughter of Willoughby Newton, and had issue, 
named in their grandfather Kenner's will 24 Mary, married 
Thomas Rouand of Lancaster, gent., 25 Elizabeth, 26 Judith. 
It is stated in the records in 1755 that Elizabeth and Judith are 
dead and that Mary Rouand, Brereton Kenner's daughter, 
was heir-at-law to her father, who had a fee tail estate under 
the will of his grandmother Elizabeth Winder. 

23 Winder* Kenner, (Winder,* Richard,^ Richard*) mar- 
ried Mary Ball, daughter of Col. Spencer Mottrom Ball, and 
was one of the signers of the Westmoreland address in 1766. 
His will was proved Aug. 8, 1785, and names issue : 27 Mary 
Winder, 28 Frances Ball, 29 Elizabeth. Executors of will 
wife Mary, Capt. Spencer Mottrom Ball and Captain Robert 

4 Francis^ Kenner (Richard*) was bom December 27, 
1677, and his will was proved in Northumberland county April 

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176 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

18, 1728. He had issue, 30 Rodham, whom he directed in his 
will ''should be kept at school and learning till he is 21 ;" 31 
Elizabeth, 32 Howson, 

30 Rodham Kenner* (Francis,* Richard*) was probably 
Rev. Rodham Kenner, to whom the St. Bees Grammar School 
register, date after 1686, referred to by Mr. Winder* as a 
scholar there, describes, "bom at Cherry Point, Virginia, went 
to Glasgow and thence to Virginia as minister." He was bom 
Sept 28, 1707, and in 1728 was recommended to St. George's 
Parish, Spotsylvania county. (Meade, Old Churches, &c.) 
In 1730 he married Judith, daughter of Harry Beverley. Dr. 
James Blair referred to him as " a very good man," and in 
March, 1734-35, he was reported as "dead or dying." (Perry, 
Papers relating to the church in Virginia). 

32 Howson' Kenner (Francis,^ Richard^) chose John 

Cralle as guardian in June, 1728 ; married Margaret , and 

his will was proved in Fauquier county 1778. He had issue, 
named in his will, 33 Francis, 34 Betty, married Seaton, and 
had George, 35 Rebecca, married Clifton, 36 Mary, married 
Seaton, 37 George Turberville, and had Rodham, 38 Peggy, 
married Stephen Pritchard, 39 Rodham, 40 Kate, married 
Markham, and had Mary Ann, 41 Susanna married in 1780, 
Spencer Morgan, 42 Marry Ann, married Eskridge, and had 
Samuel. Howson Kenner was vestryman of Dettingen Parish, 
Prince William county, in 1749, with Richard Kenner. 

33 Francis* Kenner (Howson,* Francis,^ Richard^) had 
issue : 43 Rodham, who in his will proved in Fauquier county, 
June 29, 1793, names issue : 44 Lucy, 45 Judith, and 46 Law- 
rence, which last was to be "given at ten years to his uncle 
Rodham to be educated." 

39 Rodham Kenner (Howson,* Francis,^ Richard*) 
studied for the ministry in England and retumed in 1772. In 

^Further Notes on the Winders of Lorton. By F. A Winder, East 
Cowes, Isle of Wight Co., England. Reprinted from Vol. XV. of the 
Transactions of the the Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian 
and Archaeological Society. 

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Kenner Family. 177 

1780, he was chosen minister of Hanover Parish, King George 
Co., but in 1785 he resigned and returned to his farm in 
Fauquier county. In 1787 a Rodham Kenner married Jennie 
Burke. (Fauquier Co. marriage bonds.) 

7 Matthew^ Kenner (Richard^) lived in Northumberland 
county and was a vestryman of St. Stephens Parish in 1731. 
He had issue : 47 William, 48 Matthew, 49 Francis, 50 Eliza- 
beth, 51 Nancy (See deed from Capt. Matthew Kenner re- 
corded in Northumberland Co., July 11, 1749). Of the sons 

Captain William Kenner, married Hicks, and had issue : 

John William Hicks Kenner. His will was proved Nov. 9, 
1762, and he names "sister-in-law," Mrs. Elizabeth Hull, and 
her brother Mr. William Hicks, of Maryland. 


Note I. Btuhrod family, i Thomas ^Bushrod came to Massachusetts 
and afterwards to Virginia. He married Mary Hill, daughter of Capt 

Thomas Hill. He married 2dly. Elizabeth , but left no children. 

Elizabeth Bushrod's daughter, Lydia, by a former husband was the 
wife of Major Edmund Chisman, one of Bacon's officers, and the family 
were Quakers. Thomas Bushrod's will was proved in York County in 
1677, and he enjoins that no "common prayer*' be said at his burial. 

His brother was 2 Richard ^Bushrod, bom in 1626, married Aphia , 

and had issue (named in Thomas Bushrod's will) : 3 Thoma^, 4 
Johtfi, 5 Aphia, 6 Dorothy. Widow Aphia afterwards married Dr. 
Henry Whiting, of Gloucester. {Gen, Court Records), 4 John* Bush- 
rod's tombstone is at '*Bushfield," Westmoreland Co., by which it 
appears he was bom January 30, 1663, married Hannah, daughter of 
William Keene, of Northumberland Co. and Elizabeth, his wife, and 
died Feb. 26, 1719, and he had issue "two sons and four daughters." 
His will was proved in April, 1720, and names children 7 Richard^, 8 
Johffif who is to have "all that land I bought of Mr. John Spencer in 
Washington Parish, a silver tumbler, and one doz. of my largest 
(spoons?) marked P H.," 9 Aphia who married William Fauntleroy, 

10 Elizabeth, who married Meriwether, 11 Hannah, 12 Sarah, 

(Sarah and Hannah both under 17,) 8 John* Bushrod "of the parish 
of Cople in the county of Westmoreland, gent," married (I) Jenny 

Corbin, (H) Mildred , and in his will proved Dec. 30, 1760, names 

issue : 13 Hannah^ and 14 Elizabeth. 13 Hannah* Bushrod married John 
Washington, and her will was proved April 26, 1810. She had issue: 
T5 Bushrod Washington, judge of the Supreme Court of the United 

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178 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

States, 16 G>rbin deceased before 1810. 17 Jane married William Wash- 
ington, 18 Mildred md. Thomas Lee, 3 Thomas* Bushrod, son of Rich- 

ardi Bushrod, married Anne and his will was dated Sept i, 1697. 

He had: 19 Richard* bom Feb. 10, 1690, who married Elizabeth Ken- 
ner, daughter of Rodham Kenner, and daughter 20 Ann, bom March 16, 
1694, who married Griffin Fauntleroy. Captain Griffin Fauntleroy died 
Oct 28» 1755, and had issue: i Catherine, bora January 16, 1709, 2 
Moore, born July 30, 1711, 3 Ann, born Dec. 29, 1713, 4 William, bom 
August 17, 1718. (St Stephen's Parish Register). In 171 1 Richard, son 
of Thomas Bushrod, was dead, leaving issue by Elizabeth Kenner a son 
Richard, ward to George Eskridge. (Northumberland Co. Records.) 

Note 2. Robert* Vaulx was a prominent merchant dealing with Vir- 
ginia, and probably married Elizabeth Burwell, sister of Major Lewis 
Burwell, whom he calls "brother." He had three brothers, who came 
with him to Virginia: Humphrey, Thomas and James. James Vaulx 

was justice of York Co., Virginia, in 1670, and married Elizabeth , 

and son Robert removed to Dorchester Co., Maryland, where his mother 
married John Franke. Robert^ Vaulx, (bom 1651,) was son of Robert* 

Vaulx and Elizabeth Burwell, his wife. He married Mary , and 

died in 1685, leaving his father surviving him in London. Mrs. Mary 
Vaulx (she married, secondly, Alexander Gorges) in 1685 complained 
to the court of Westmoreland Co. that some persons had confederated 
to deprive her of 6000 acres (called **Vaulxland"), patented by her 
father-in-law June 9, 1655, and on which "her husband had long lived." 
Her son was Robert^ Vaulx (will recorded December, 1721), who by 
Elizabeth Kenner had sons, Robert* and James*. This last Robert* 
(will proved in Westmoreland Co., 26th March, 1755) had Milly, Molly 
Katy, Kenner, Betty, and Sally Vaulx, son-in-law, Lawrence Washing- 
ton. (Quarterly H., 231., HL, 14, 153, IV., 42.) 

Note 3. In 1721 Rev. Lawrence de Butts received the customary 
bounty of 20 pounds to sail to Virginia, and soon after reported to C^v- 
ernor Spotswood, who assigned him to Washington Parish, Westmore- 
land Co. He also served in St. Stephen's Parish in Northumberland, 
Famham in Richmond and Cople parish in Westmoreland. In 1735 
Mr. de Butts removed to Maryland, and describing himself as " of the 
parish of William and Mary in St Mary*s County, in the Province of 
Maryland," he in 1752 made a deed for 450 acres in Prince William 0>., 
Va., to Wharton Ransdell (Prince William Co. Records). In the same 
year Robert de Butts, of Frederick Co., in Maryland, gave a power of 
attorney to Henry Lee, stating that his brother Rev. Lawrence de Butts, 
late of St. Mary*s O., Maryland, had died intestate. (Northumberland 
Co. Records.) 

Note 4. Spelman or Spiltnan. This family was represented in the 
early history of Virginia by Henry Spelman, son of the antiquarian 
Sir Henry Spelman. He was killed by the Indians, in 1622, near the 

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Kenner Family. 179 

site of Washington. Thomas Spilman came to Virginia at his own cost 
in 1617. He died in 1627, leaving a daughter Frances and a wife Han- 
nah Spilman in Virginia. April 24, 1627, letters of administration on 
his estate, wherein he is styled "late of Truro, in Cornwall dec'd, were 
granted to his brother Francis. A Thomas Spelman was living in 
York Co. in 1669, 1674. (^<»- Magazine, I., 195, 196). Cement Spel- 
man was justice of Westmoreland Co. in 1677, and in his will, dated 
Dec. 4, 1677, leaves his property to his brother Robert in England, for 
whom he appointed James Spelman, another brother, guardian. Later 
Qement Spelman appears in the records in 1712 as suing Francis Ken- 
ner for a negro given to the plaintiff's wife by her former husband 
Rodham Kenner. William Fox speaks of his niece, Frances Spelman, in 
his will, proved in 1718. She married Parish Gamer and had Spel- 
man, who married John Cralle. T^ey had issue: (i) Frances 
Spelman Crall^, bom May 10, 1760, (2) Samuel, (3) Elizabeth. (Quar- 
terly VIIL, 109). Parish Garner in his will (proved 1761) mentions 
sons Parish, William Parker, Samuel and daughter Spelman. The son 
Parish Gamer made his will in 1769 and mentions brothers Samuel and 
William, and executors Joseph Wildy and Newton Keene. 
Thomas Spelman, probably a brother of Qement Spelman last named, 
appears in the records of Westmoreland Co. in 1722. In 1740 his inven- 
tory was returned into Court by Anne, his relict His son, William Spel- 
man, died in 1760, and left in King George County sons Thomas, William 
and John, daughters Lettice, Delia, and Margaret. Of these Thomas's 
will was proved Nov. 7, 1782, and names sons William, Samuel, James, 
Thomas and John, and daughters Sarah, Rebecca Munford, Lettice 
Margaret, wife Elizabeth. William, Thomas, John and James Spelman 
removed to Culpepper County, where they had many descendants. The 
name is often written Spilman. 

Will of Rodham Kenner. 

In the name of God Amen I Rodham Kenner of the Parish 
of St Stevens in the County of Northumberl^, Gent! being 
sick and weak in body but of perfect sense and memory 
praised be almighty God therefor and calling to remem- 
brance the uncertaine Estate of this Transitory life and that 
all flesh must yield unto death when it shall please God to 
call, doe make ordain and declare this my last will and 
Testament in manner and form following hereby revoking 
all other and former will and wills Testament and Testa- 

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i8o William and Mary College Quarterly. 

ments by me made and this only to be taken for my last will 
and Testam*. First I bequeath my soul to Almighty God 
my maker in sure and certaine hope of an everblessed and 
an immortall Salvation through the merritts of my blessed 
Saviour Christ Jesus, my body to the Earth to be decently 
buryed at the discretion of my Exo" hereafter named, and 
for what Estate God of his great mercy hath beene pleased 
to bestowe on me. I give and dispose thereof as foUoweth : 
Imprimis. I give and devise to my daughter Elizabeth 
all- my land situated in the County of Westmoreland be- 
tween lower Machodig river and Nomanie river in the neck 
comonly called Machodig neck to her and the heires of her 
body lawfully begotten forever, and for want of such Issue 
to the heires att law of the said Elizabeth forever. Item I 
give and devise all my land situated in this County neare 
the head of Yeocomoco River to my daughter Hannah and 
the heires of her body lawfully begotten and for want of 
such to the next heires at law to the said Hannah forever. 
Item I give and devise to each of my s^ daughters Elizabeth 
and Hannah the sume of one hundred pounds Sterl money 
and Four thousand pounds of Tobacco, the said sume of 
Money and Tobacco to be paid to each of them respectively 
upon demand after they and each of them arrive to the age 
of Eighteen years (that is to say) soe much to be paid to 
my Daughter Elizabeth upon demand after shee arrives to 
the age afores^ and soe much to my daughter Hannah upon 
demand after she arrives to the age aforesd. Item I appoint 
and ordain my loveing brother Capt Francis Kenner and my 
loveing Cozen Capt Christ**" Neale my whole and sole 
Exo" of this my last Will and Testam* to Receive and pay 
my debts and to manage what Estate my children shall 
have to the best advantage for my said children and to see 
my children well educated and brought up, and in consid- 
eration of their care and trouble afores^. I give to them 
and each of them the sum of Three thousand pounds of 
Tobacco for the first year and for every yeare after the sum 
of two thousand pounds of Tobacco Each out of the proffitts 

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Diary op Col. Landon Carter. i8i 

of my Estate. Item I give to my brother John Kenner one 
thousand pounds of Tobacco to be paid by my Exo". Item 
I give to my brother Mathew Kenner one thousand pounds 
of Tobacco to be paid by my Exo". Item all the rest of 
my Estate both reall and personal! I give and devise to my 
son Richard Kenner and his heires forever. In witness 
whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and scale this 26th 
day of July, 1706. 

Rodham Kenner, SigilL 
Signed sealed and published in presence of Wm. Harcum 
Danl McCarthy, Elizabeth Kenner, Hanah Neale. 

Die Aug* y« 21, 1706, M'. Danl McCarthy M" Eliz» Kenner 
and M". Hannah Neale witnesses to this will did then in 
Northumtf* County Court make oath on the Holy 
Evangelists, that they did see and heare Col** Rodham Ken- 
ner the Testator and subscriber thereof Signe, scale, and 
publish this to be his last will and Testament and the same 
is admitted to records. 

Tho* Hobson C C. 
Die Aug* y* 15, 171 1. The written attested copy was pre- 
sented to the Court by Capt. Christopher Neale and Capt 
Francis Kenner Exo" therein named, and the Court ap- 
proved the Originall, and (Record being burnt) upon their 
motion the said Coppy is admitted to record. 

Tho. Hobson C C. 
A copy from Record book 

Teste Wm. S. Cralle C. C. (1905). 


(Continued from page 44.) 

Saturday, May 7, 1774. It is something comical and there- 
fore I take notice of it Thos. Brockenbrough heard Griffin 
Garland tell his father that Colo Tayloe's plants were destroyed 

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1^2 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

by the frost & that his com was quite killed. And Peggy Garrett 
this moment says she heard him say that he has as many Plants 
as ever he had, & that he had measured his com and it had 
grown full two inches since yesterday. Perhaps this may be 
tme; but then he must not have been hurt by the frost, for 
even in the warmest months and com is full of life it does not 
exceed this growth. 

Col Carter rejoices that Christian has stopped his dancing in 
the neighborhood, as the school boys lost two days in every 
three weeks. 

8. Sunday. Col Carter goes to church, and finds the man 
who had stolen a favorite child from him at the service. Col 
Carter "took up his hat and bid everybody good by and walked 
away home desiring my boy to fetch my g^eat coat & book 
out and follow me with my horses." 

10. Col Carter receives a letter from the Parson character- 
izing his action in leaving church as " tuming my back on the 
church." He defends his conduct "for there could only be a 
mockery in prayer with the object of my injury rec'd always 
in view vibrating on every nerve in my machine. I desired him 
to write no more on that head, for tho I could justify myself 
to anybody, I would not even to him ag^in answer one word." 

11. Beale set oflF this day to Ring's neck to sea how things 
are there. 

12. Thursday, May, 1774. The ist day of old May. I rode, 
and the very tendency to rain yesterday at night and this 
morning has really enlivened every thing much; except the 
wheat there is a good appearance. 

16. By Jenny Carter on Friday last I received from my 
son Landon the dismal prospect of a famine, ever3rthing seem- 
ingly destroyed by frost the 5th & 6th of May; wheat cer- 
tainly dead. 

Yesterday poor Judy wrote to be admitted to see me. I 
answered her she knew how long ago that, being satisfied of 
the pams taken to lead her agt her duty, I wrote to her if she 
came alone, my breast was ready to receive her as usual, & had 
communicated with her to show I was willing to forget her 

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Diary of Col. Landon Carter. 183 

disobedience on her part ; therefore, she could not want an in- 
vitation to that happiness she expresses; if she did, I 
bid her in the Lds name — ^to come. I dine at C6P Tayloe's 
today & as she might think it convenient, she might send for 
the chariot if she pleased. 

17. Went yesterday out of good neighborhood to see two 
uneasy Parents about a favourite boy. I think but very little 
indisposed. Notices the effect of the frost on two young wal- 
nut trees 

18. A cool day still, wind at N. & veering easterly. Rode 
out. Nothing seems to grow. 

Landon, my grandson, went over to Beverley's to stand for 
his boy. Lucy to come home with him on Monday next. 

20. The only summer morning for above a month. Letters 
from my son mentions a mere squadron coming out agst Bos- 
ton to make them pay for the tea destroyed by them. It is im- 
agined our assembly is to be dissolved : I hope it will be for 
resolving against this Proceeding relative to Boston. 

Ld. Dunmore wants 1200 men to fight the Pennsylvanians. 
Id rather save them for Boston a great deal. 

Complaining of his London factors John Backhouse, and 
Mr. Mottison. Poor sales and dear purchases. "My goods and 
my son's, came on shore from the Marlborough (Capt. Daw- 
son). I never had worse. The table cloths were spotted with 
ink, and so were Mrs. Carter's aprons." 

24. I set in planting about 12 o'clock, and should we have 
plants fit, we shall continue to stick in about 90,000 thus 
counted : The wattled ground 27,000, from the Lucern 37,000, 
cowpens by the poplars 30,000. Wrote to go tomorrow by my 
son to thi; speaker, Richard Lee, Jackson, Col^ Thos. Nelson, 
and to Ld. Dm:inore to exam Jackson for interrupting the road 
through my farm. Yesterday my son saw Gibeme who told him 
he would be here to breakfast, but I knew he would not come 
to the house whose proprietor he had so authoritatively as a 
pretended vagrant condemned, for mere prudence as before 
noted ; neither did he come 

Yesterday my poor offending child Judy came for the ist 

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184 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

time since she was deluded away to be unhappily married agst 
her duty, my will, and agst her solemn promise. Col Carter 
describes her husband as son of a father far gone in consump- 
tion at his birth and as possessed of '*a poor pittance of an 
estate, a bit of land and about 6 slaves." ''Indeed this fine 
girl has made a hard bed. Such has been her deception I will 
contrive that she shall not want for personal necessaries. But 
I will give nothing that either he or his inheritors can claun. I 
well remember the case of his name sake ; the old Fox got all 
he had, whilst his widow got nothing, & Paid his debts to 

Tho' I resolved not to let nature discover its weakness on 
seeing her, I was only happy in that I would burst into tears. 
A poor miserable girl. I could not speak to her for some time. 

May 26. Col Carter is outraged at treatment received from 
his son. "This creature could not let me speak in my own 
home, so to avoid quarreling I removed to my bed chamber." 

Reubin and John set off for town, the former to the Assem- 
bly, the latter on business or diversion. To be sure, there may 
be a rara avis in every land, and I wish I could see a black 
swan in every Virg* Merchts counting house. My old father us- 
ed to say no man could be pronounced honest by another until 
he had bought and sold with him ; for that is the criterion of 
honesty in trade ; a mere solon to be sure in all his responses, 
especially as they were always made with a serious unaffected 

June 3. Mr. Beale comes from seeing my Park Quarter and 
brought a discouraging account of the management of my 
cousin Charles Carter of Ludlow. The people in his neigh- 
borhood make great clearings for wheat which throws them so 
late that the ground cannot be prepared for either com or 

Great alarm in the country. The Parliament of England 
have declared war against the town of Boston & rather worse, 
for they have attacked & blocked up the harbor with 3 line of 
Battleships & 6 others and landed 8 regiments there to subdue 
them to submit to their taxation; as this is but a Prelude to 

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Diary of Col. Landon Carter. 185 

destroy the Liberties of America the other colonies could look 
on the affair but as dangerous also. Our Assembly made a 
resolved to keep the ist of June as a day of fasting and humil- 
iation that God would be pleased to impress his majesty and 
the Parliament with wisdom, moderation & justice to remove 
from the Loyal People of America all cause of danger from 
such measures as are Pregnant with their ruin ; this vote pass- 
ed the 24th May. 

The next day his superexcellency called a council to advise 
what to do & I do suppose shewd some instructions im- 
mediately to dissolve, if they entered into any resolves on what 
the Parliament had done. It seems the council proposed to send 
a message up to the H. to recind that vote ; but his Lordship op- 
posed it as giving time for other resolves which really were 
ready, as I imagine the College member had treacherously 
informed him, as he might have heard something about it be- 
ing a member. 

The council were 3 times asked their advice to dissolve, but 
3 times observed profound silence; and as men of pleasure 
know that silence implies consent. The 26th he had them 
called to him, and told them he had the paper which contained 
their resolve in his hand, and he th'ot it so highly deroga- 
tory to the honour of his Majesty and the Parliament that it 
made it necessary for him to dissolve them and accordingly 
they were dissolved. 

This paper for a fast being published, every member sent 
a copy to the clergy of his county; accordingly our rector it 
seems appointed a meeting in his lower church on the ist of this 
month the day when the Parliament war agst the town of 
Boston began; and it is said did very pathetically exhort the 
people in his sermon to support their liberties, concluding with 
the resolve for the fast & in the room of God save the King! 
he cried out God preserve all the just rights and Liberties of 

An association was entered into on the 27 by 69 burgesses 
agst all India goods whatever, but salt pepper and spice — ^and 
a resolution to meet again August ist to resolve further agst 

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1 86 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

the use of any kind of Commerce with G. B. I shall be hearty 
in it, and I wish others may be so. 

It certainly deserves notice that it is the very first time the 
praying that his Majesty and his Parliament may be inspired 
from above with wisdom Justice and moderation was ever 
thought derogatory to the honour of either of them especially 
in an established church, whose Liturgy proposes collects for 
that very purpose and in words almost tantamount I think the 
Gazettes should have published the resolves for a fast to show 
the reason for the dissolution. 

I am sorry I did not see my son John's hand to the associ- 
ation as many not Burgesses had also signed it. 
(To be continued.) 

Record of the Peaked Mountain Church. 

Rockingham Co., Va. 
(Continued from Vol. XIV, pag^ 19, and concluded.) 


Adam Flauers (281), daughter, born April 5, Eva Schuh. 

and Maria. 1798, bapt. Nov. 11, 

Peter Reusch (282), daughter, born May 29, Charles Reusch and 

and Barbara. 1798, bapt. Nov. 11, wife Mary Eliza- 

1798. beth. 

George Koehler (283), daughter, born April 18, Jacob Reb and wife 

and Catherine. 1798, bapt. . Catherine. 

Frederick Ermen- (284), Valentin, bom Sept. 24, Augfustin Ermen- 

trout and Elizabeth. bapt. Nov. 10, 1799. trout and wife 

Julius Bertram (285), John George, born Oct. George Melle and 

and Eva. 28, bapt. Nov. 10, 1799. wife Catherine. 

Daniel Nunne- (286), Jacob, born May 17, Jacob Argebrecht. 

macher and Mary. 1799. 

Peter Reur (287), Annie Maria, born Feb. Catherine Reyer. 

(Royers) and Eliza- 26, 1799- 

Philip Rey(er) (288), Philip, bom July 6, John Koeler. 

and Catherine. 1799. 

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Record of the Peaked Mountain Church. 187 

Peter Ayler (289), John, bom Nov. 19, John Resch. 

(Eilcr) and Eizabcth. 1798. 
Jacob Nicklaus (290), daughter, born May 28, Mary Risch. 

and Elizabeth. 1798. 

Jacob Nicklaas (291), Mary, bom Sept 8, Mary Risch. 

and Elizabeth. 1799, bapt Nov. 10, 

Francis Reinert (292), Polly, bom Dec. 31, Elizabeth Schneider. 

1799, bapt. June 2, (16). 
Jacog Eichelbrecht(293), Anna, bom Dec. 19, Peter Mueller and 
(Elizabeth) and Mary. 1799, bapt. June 2, Barbara. 
Henry Penns (294), John, bom Dec 13, John Penns. 

and Catherine. 1799, bapt June 2, 

Peter Zeller (295), Anna, bom Nov. 2, Thomas Brill and 

and Magdalene. 1799, bapt. June 2, Anna Maria. 

John Zeller (296), Anna Maria, bom Jan. Anna Maria Zeller. 

and Eva. i, 1800, bapt June 2, 

Peter Miller (297), Henry, bora Jan. 18, Jacob Ergebrecht 

and Barbara. 1800, bapt June 2, and wife Mary. 

George Koehler (298), Elizabeth, born Oct 21, Philip Reyer and 
and Catherine, I799» bapt June 2, Catherine. 

Fr. Geiger (299), Catherine, bom Feb. Christian Geiger and 

and Barbara. 17, 1800, bapt. June 2. Catherine. 

George Mallo (300), Anna, bom March 26, Jacob Kisslnig and 
and Catherine. 1800, bapt June 2, Barbara. 

Jacob Nicklas** (301), George, bom April 3, John Nicklas. 

and Elizabeth. 1801. 

August Ermen- (302), Immanuel, born June Christian Leucke and 

traut and Margaret. 15, 1801, bapt Aug. 9. Elizabeth. 

Julius Bertram (303), Samuel, bom 1801, bapt Parents. 

and Eva. Aug. 9. 

Anthony Saur- (304), William, bom May 9, George Panther 
bier and Catherine. 1801, bapt Sept 6. (Painter) and wife 

John Zehrfass (305), William, born June, William Hederich 
and Elizabeth. 1801, bapt. Sept. 6. and wife Catherine. 

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i88 William and Mary Collect Quarterly. 

John Hehn (306), Catherine, born Aug. 4, Fred. Hehn, and 

and Dorothy. 180 1, bapt Sept. 6. wife Catherine. 

Peter Eiler (307), Oliver, born July 9, Peter Eyler and 

and Elizabeth. 1801, bapt Aug. 16. Catherine. 

Fred Ermentraut (308), Matthew, born Sept. 8, George Ermentraut. 
and Barbara. 1801, bapt. Nov. i, 

Henry Christ (309), Sarah, born June 25r, Peter Seich and 
and Catherine. 1801, bapt Nov. i, Margaret. 

John Koehler {310), John Frederick, bom Fred Hehn and 
and Barbara. Oct. 27, 1801, bapt. Catherine. 

Nov. I, 1801. 
Peter Miller (311), Nicholast, bom Oct. 28, Parents, 

and Barbara. 1801, bapt Dec. 2^, 

Christian Becker (312), John, bom. Feb. 22, Thomas Brill and 

bapt April 16, 1802. wife. 
George Keller (313), John, born Jan. 26, bapt John Keller and wife. 

April 16, 1802. 
Samuel Geret (314), Anna Catherine, bom George Mueller and 
(Garriott) and Sarah. April 13, 1802, bapt wife Catherine. 
June I3» 1802. 
Christopher Wet- (315), John Christopher, born John Beyer, and 
zel and Ursula. May 19, 1802, bapt wife Eva. 

June 13, 1802. 
Henry Hoerner (316) John, bom March 13, Henry Penns. 
and Elizabeth. 1802, bapt June 13* 


Marriages in 1762: 

On March 2. Jacob Kropp (Cropp), son of Christian 
Kropp and Anna Barbara Metzger, daughter of George Valen- 
tine Metzger. 

On March 2. Peter Mueller, son of Henry Mueller, and 
Margaret Kropp, daughter of Christian Kropp. 

On October 4, 1762. George Schillinger, widower and 
Anna Elizabeth Homing, widow of Mr. Conrad Stehlmann. 

On Dec. 7, 1762. George Adam Mann, single and Eliza- 
beth Hermann, single. 

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Record of the Peaked Mountain Church. 189 

On Saturday, Feb. 27, 1762 was received as member of this 
congregation, upon confession of her faith, Margaret Kropp 

On Saturday, April 24, 1762 were confirmed and on Sun- 
day, April 25th admitted to the Lord's Supper : 

John Henry Ermentraudt. (Armentrout) 

Catherine Gall wife of Jacob Guthmann, and Anna Barbara 
Diether (Dietrick). 

Register of the catechisms, admitted for the first time to the 
Lord's Supper, on April 22, 1792 : 

Jacob Gciger, Frances Preiss, 

William Gciger, Catherine Preiss, 

Peter Mann, Elizabeth Reyer (Royers), 

Philip Schaefer (Shaver), Christina Baumann 
Michael Schaefer, (Benman), 

Henry Pens (Pence), Mary Emientraut, 

, Mary Schneyder (Snyder), 

Mary Preiss (Price), Elizabeth Schneyder, 
Elizabeth Reyer, Jr. 

The adult communicants were : 


George Mallo, Martin Schneider, 

Peter Mueller (Millers), Peter Preiss (Price), 

John Ruesch, Julius Bertram, 

, Jacob Argenbrecht, 

Charles Ruesch, George Schaefer, Jr., 

Augustin Preiss, (^ristopher Wirbel, 

George Schaefer, Augustin Ermentraut, 

Gottfried Spilk(y), John Reyer, 

Jacob Argebrecht, John Jacob Kirch, 

Conrad Schneider, Frederick Ermentraut, 

Christian Cieiger, Jacob Schaefer, 

Frederick (Jeiger, Martin Kirsch, 

Catherine Mallo, Nicholas Beck, 

Elizabeth Wagner, Margaret Ermentraut, 

Barbara Mallo, Mary Elizabeth Ruesch, 

Catherine Prett (Britt), Catherine Ermentraut, 

Susanna Schaefer, Barbara Ermentraut, 

Mary Mueller, Anna Kirsch, 
Margaret Geiger. 

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igo William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Register of the catechisms, first admitted to the Lord's 
Supper on October 19, 1794: 

Peter Ahl, Nicholas Ncu, 

George Mallo, Catherine Mallo, 

John Ruesch, Mary Elizabeth Reyer, 

Augustin Preuss, Catherine Reyer, 

Conrad Biedefisch, Catherine Biedefisch(PeterfiA> 

John Weinberg, Elizabeth Reyer, 

John Reyer, Elizabeth Luecke, 

Peter Reyer, Ann Maria Deschler, 

Christopher Wetzel, Elizabeth Meili, 

Irene Preiss. 

Register of the members of the Peaked Mountain congfrc- 
gation, who died and were buried in the grave yard of the 
church : 

Elizabeth Schaefer (Shaver), bom Nov. 21, 1727, died Nov. 

6, 1795; buried on the 8th inst. Her age was 17 yrs. 11 mos. 
16 days. 

Susanna Schaefer, bom Sept. 30, 1770, died Nov. 12, 1795 ; 
buried on the 14th inst. Her age was 25 yrs. i mo. 11 days. 

Sarah Schaefer, bom July 12, 1782, died Nov. 23, 1795; 
buried on the 25th inst. Her age was 13 yrs. 4 mos. 11 days, 

John Michael Schaefer, bom Febr. 6, 1774, died Nov. 25, 
1795 ; buried on the (27th). His age 21 yrs. 9 mos. 18 days. 

William Geiger, bom June 30, 1776, died Dec. 20, (i795) 
buried Dec. 22. His age 19 yrs. 6 mos. 20 days. 

Elizabeth Ementraut (Amentraut), bom in 1725, died Oct. 

7, 1795 ; buried on the 8th inst. Her age was 70 years. 
Conrad Schneider, bom Dec. 10, 1715, died October 7; 

buried Oct. 9th. His age was 79 yrs. 10 mos. 3 days. 

Anna Maria Risch, bom eight days ago; died Feb. 2, 1796. 

George Wagner, bom 1792, died Dec. 7, 1796, buried Dec. 

Barbara Mallo, bom Sept. 26, 1726; died Jan. 17, 1797, 
buried on the 19th. Her age 70 yrs. 3 mos. 22 days. 

Register of the children, who were admitted to the Lord's 
Supper for the first time in the church at the Peaked Mt. on 
Easter of 1796: 

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Record of the Peaked Mountain Church. 


John Bentz (Pence), 
Henry Bentz, 

Catherine Risch (Rush), 
Polly Risch, 
Margaret Hein, 
Elizabeth Rusch, 
Elizabeth Bredt (Britt), 

Eva Bertram, 
Elizabeth Risch, 
Barbara Ermentraut, 
Emilia Schneider, 
3usanna Creiger, 
Elizabeth Bentz, 
Bessy Schmidt (Smith), 
Catherine Spreckelsen. 

At the same time the following members attended the com- 
munion : 

George Mallo and wife, 

Peter Miller, 

Augustin Cieruss, 

Matthias Kirsch, 

Charles Risch and wife, 

George Eller, 

Peter Reier, 

Christopher Werbel, 

Frederick Ermentraut, 

Philip Schaefer, 

Gottfried Spilke, 

Christopher Ermentraut and wife, 

John Ermentraut, 

Catherine Singel, 

Frederick (kiger and wife, 
Nicholas Becker (Baker), 
Julius Bertram, 
Jacob Risch, 
Catherine Schu(h), 
Dorothy Kirsch, 
John Risch, 
Catherine Herman, 
Catherine Bredt, 
Barbara Mallo, 
Christina Herman, 
Catherine Weber, 
Martin Schneider, 
Christian Cieiger. 

On October i6th (1799) the following members communed: 

Matthias Kirsch and wife, 
Charles Risch and wife, 
John Risch and three daughters, 
John Algebrecht (Argenbright), 
Nicholas Peck, 
Matthias Schneider, 
Julius Bertram and wife, 
John Ermentraut, 
Philip Reyer and wife, 
Daniel Nunnemachr 

George Kochler and wife, 
Jacob Fries (Frease), 
Gottfried Spilky, 

George Schaefer and wife, 
Elizabeth Lic^y (Luccke), 
Margaret Manger, 
Juliana Nicolas, 
Catherine Lingel, 
Elizabeth Wagner, 
Elizabeth Meinesten, 
Elizabeth Koenfg, 
Catherine Ermentraut, 
Catherine Weber, 
George Mallo and wife, 
Christina Herman, 
Barbara Mallo, 
Peter Miller. 

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192 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Communicants on April i6, (1797) : 

Peter Risch and wife, 

Charles Risch, 

Christopher Kirchloff, 

Gottfried Spilky, 

John Penter, wife and daughter, 

Martin Schneider, 

Julius Bertram and wife, 

Philip Lange (Long) and wife, 

John Rish and two daughters, 

Elizabeth Euler (Eiler), 

Nicholas Peck, 

Jacob Kirsch and wife, 

Daniel Nunnemacher and wife, 

Peter Ryer, 

Philip Schaefer, 

Matthias Kirsch, 

John Bentz, 

Elizabeth Bentz, 

Elizabeth Koenig, 

Catherine Weber, 

Emilie Geiger, 

Margaret Heyn, 

Catherine Ryer, 

Barbara Ermentraut, 

George (?) Wagner and wife, 

George Mallo and wife, 

Peter Miller, 

Christina Herman, 

Catherine Speeckelsen. 

Register of the couples married in the congregation at Ae 
Peaked Mountain, from Nov. 15, 1795-Nov 15, 1796: 

D. C. Stock, Minister. 

Jacob Schaefer & the daughter of Peter Bietefisch, (Peter- 
fish) on June 27. 

On Sept. 6th were married : The widower Christian Geiger, 
Sr., and widow Dindore. (Dundore). 

On September 30: George Schaefer and Elizabeth Vog^, 
daughter of Martin Vog^, elder at Peter Ermentraut's church. 

On September 25 th : Christian Geiger & Emilia Schmidt. 

Rockingham County, Peaked Mountain Church, October 25, 
1785. The two deacons, Augustine Prisch (Price) and John 
Risch (Rush) rendered to-day in the presence of the under- 
signed an account of the money belonging to church and school 
and there remains in the treasury £2 8s. — ^p. 

This we testify by our signatures: 

Charles Schmidt, Schoolmaster. 
Peter Nicklas, 
Adam herrmakn. 

This certifies that on January 2, 1802 an account was ren- 
dered by the deacons, Christian Geiger, Martin Schneider, 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 193 

John Seitz and Jacob Nicolaus, and there remain in the hands 
of George Mallo five pounds, which his mother 4)resented for 
the use of the church. 

George Mallo, 
Jacob Engenbrecht, 
Peter Nicholas. 

W"The baptisms after June, 1800, were most probably entered by 
the Rev. John Brown, who was licensed by the Reformed Synod at 
York, Pa., on May 12, 1800, on application from the congregations in 
Rockingham, county. He served the congregation from 1800 to 1850. 
The Reformed pastors before Rev. Mr. Brown were no doubt the same 
as those of the neighboring Frieden's Church, in whose record, begun in 
July, 1786, we find the following names: 'Andrew Loretz, Bemhard 
Willy, Daniel Hoffmann and Johannes Brauns.* Rev. Andrew Loretz, 
Jr^ was pastor in Lincoln county, N. C, from 1786 to 1812. From there 
he visited Virginia. The ministry of Mr. Bernard Willy began in 
1791. He resided in Woodstock, Va. Rev. Daniel HofiFmann began in 
1797, and continued to serve the congregation for two years." 


Edmund Ruffin was bom in Prince George County, Jan. 5, 1794. In 
1810-1812, he attended William and Mary College. He served in the 
Legislature of Virginia; was Secretary of the State Board of Agri- 
culture ; Agricultural Surveyor of South Carolina ; for many years was 
President of the Virginia Agricultural Society, and was the editor of the 
"Farmer's Register," from 1833-1842. He made many improvements 
in the practice of farming, and acquired reputation as the foremost 
agriculturist in the South. He pressed the importance of the rotation of 
crops according to the five field plan, the importance of blind ditches, 
and the value of leguminous crops in recuperating land; and was the 
discoverer of the value of marl as a fertilizer of poor soil. Much 
of the land in Eastern Virginia had become worn out by constant 
cultivation, but the adoption of Mr. Ruffin's suggestions speedily re- 
stored the soil to its original fertility, and in the period from 1845- 
1861 millions of dollars were added to the value of Virginia lands. 
About 1855, Mr. Ruffin gave up farming, and after reserving about $25,- 
000 to his own use he divided the rest of his estate amounting to about 
$175,000 among his children. He had begun life with a comparatively 
small estate, and by his improved methods of farming had increased 
it to the large amount of $200,000. Mr. Ruffin had always taken a 

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194 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

great interest in politics, and now free from every other employment 
devoted himself to the study of political conditions. He became con- 
vinced that it was to the interest to the South to dissolve connection 
with die North. He was of the opinion that the Tariff laid the agri- 
cultural products of the South under a tribute to the manufactories 
of the North, and set about in every way to secure the secession of 
the Southern States. When John Brown invaded Virginia in 1859, 
he hastened to Harper's Ferry to secure some of the pikes which Brown 
had introduced for the destruction of the whites. He presented one 
of these to the governors of each of the southern states as a memento 
of Brown's desperate actions and rentinder of what they might expect 
in the future from connection with the North. After the secession of 
South Carolina, and when Virginia hesitated to follow her example, 
Mr. Ruffin renounced his allegiance to his native State and went to 
South Carolina, and became a citizen of that Commonwealth. He 
soon after joined the Palmetto Guards, and when General Beaure- 
guard gave the order to attack Fort Sumter, Mr. Rufiin was asked 
to fire the first gun, which he did. He took an active interest in matters 
throughout the war, and was broken hearted at the result Unwilling 
to outlive the downfall of his aspirations for an independent South, 
he wrapped himself about with the Confederate flag and committed 
suicide by shooting himself, June 15, 1865, on his estate at Redmoor, 
.\nielia Co. 

Mr. RufTin was a man of strong prejudices, but of purest private life, 
and was exceedingly kind to his slaves, though he was a great believer 
in the blessings of slavery. He was a great reader and a fine scholar. 
He was a frequent contributor of scientific and political articles to 
magazines and newspapers. His most noted essay was one on "Cal- 
careous Manures," published at Richmond, in 1831. He left behind 
him a very minute diary covering the last ten jrears of his life. The 
following account of a visit to Sherwood Forest, the residence of Ex- 
President John Tyler, is taken from this interesting manuscript: 

Nov. II, 1857. After breakfast rowed across the river to 
Berkeley & took passage on the steamer to Kcnnon's wharf 
landed, and with my ver>' light carpet bag, walked 31/$ miles 
to Sherwood Forest, the residence of Ex-President Tyler. 
Found him at home & had a most cordial and kind reception 
& welcome. Mrs. Tyler appeared as young and blooming as 
when I saw her here two years ago & enough so for 20 years 
only, though now the mother of 6 children. We had her com- 
pany & agreeable joining in our conversation, from before 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 195 

dinner to nearly our late separation for going to bed. With 
the exception of her portion of the conversation, & the time 
taken to read a few newspapers, Mr. Tyler and I talked from 
I to 10 o'clock, upon various matters of politics, measures & 
men, in all which we, as to all important things, agreed in the 
main. I was much interested in hearing from him many 
pieces of the secret history of his administration, & anecdotes 
of the distinguished public men with whom he has acted in 
"his long public life. With regard to Jackson's administration 
we agreed in strong condemnation, as to the gigantic intellect 
& augumentative power of Tazewell, the wonderful mind of 
Randolph, as profound as it was brilliant, & as to other able 
men. Mr. Tyler thinks much more favorably of Webster & 
of Wise (both acting with him & aiding his administration) 
than I do— except as to the intellectual power of Webster — 
which I hold as high as I place his morals low. I do not think 
we differ much as to the expediency of a separation of the 
Union. He had formerly told me that he had the engraving 
of my portrait framed & hung as a companion to that of 
Webster — "the one", as he said, "the first among American 
statesmen, & the other the first of American agriculturists." 
I now saw the exhibition of this flattering compliment to me. 
The two portraits, are of like size, & were framed alike in 
neat embroidered frames, designed & worked by Mrs. Tyler's 
lately deceased sister. Each portrait stands within the cir- 
cumference of a shield, (as represented in coats-of-arms,) of 
which Webster's is surmounted by stars, & mine by a plough. 
These hang on the opposite sides over the fire-place of the 
small (or family) sitting room, which is in ordinary use. 
Between them, & higher, is a much larger oil painting of 
Patrick Henry. The other pictures which are around on the 
walls of this apartment (besides some large family portraits) 
are the engraved portraits of Mr. Tyler's most valued personal 
friends & members of his cabinet, Upshur & Gilmer, and his 
supporter & friend, Henry A. Wise. The only other likeness 
is of Cuvier. I asked M'. T. why he had omitted the greatest 
of all his former cabinet ministers, Calhoun, when placing 

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196 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

here the others most deserving remembrance. He said he had 
Calhoun's portrait elsewhere, & showed in the dining room 
an oil painting of the size of life, & the most conspicuous ob- 
ject. Upshur was another man of great & remarkable power 
of intellect. But he was placed in high station, where his 
eminent ability could be put to use too late, & his deplorable 
death occurred so soon after, that his true measure of worth 
and greatness is not known to the world, & only to the few, 
of whom I was one, who had the opportunity to know & ap- 
preciate him in his private as well as his public life. * * * 

Nov. 12*'*. Rode with M"^. Tyler over his farm. Learned 
accidentally in conversation, what I did not know before, that 
with M". Tyler, then Miss Gardiner, her father was on board 
the Princeton frigate on the pleasure excursion, & was one of 
the persons killed by the explosion of the great cannon — ^Judge 
Upshur & Gov. Gilmer, two of the cabinet ministers being 
also victims to the horrible accident. The news, by yester- 
day's mail, of the state of things in New York, still more 
alarming. Matters look very much like the incidents of the 
beginnings in Paris of the first French revolution. The mayor 
has to be protected by a guard of 50 police-men — & U. S. 
troops have been sent from the neighboring forts to guard thv 
public treasury in the custom-house. The mayor. Wood, had 
at first encouraged the kindling of this flame by his own 
jacobin declarations. 

M'. Tyler is about 4 years my senior. He is now (as he 
told me) in his 68***. year, & I in my 64***. He is even more [ 
thin, or gaunt, than formerly, but still is ruddy, & seems \i^ I 
& hearty. But he had been recently much indisposed, & though* 
I found him out of doors, M". T. said he had complained, & 
claimed to be considered an invalid, to the moment of my ar-( 
rival. Since, she says, I have perfectly cured him, & he cer-J 
tainly has been in excellent spirits. We have talked almosti 
incessantly. It is to me no subject for surprise, but it would! 
be to every stranger, to see the man who once occupied the! 
station & wielded the power of a constitutional King — as trul^f 
does a President of the United States — to be since, the plair 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 197 

& unassuming country gentleman & farmer, pretending not 
in the least to anything in position or appearance, because of 
his former place & power. I knew him slightly from my boy- 
hood — & I may say well, from the year 1824, when I was first 
associated with him in public life. For a long time I perhaps 
underrated him — thought lightly of his abilities, differed with 
him in his views of men for public office, & especially opposed 
by my votes & expressed opinions his owii advancement, when 
he was first a candidate for the place of U. S. senator, & of 
Governor of V*. For the former, I zealously aided to defeat 
him, voting first for Giles, & next for Randolph & Tazewell. 
In his election as Governor soon after, though there was no 
opposing candidate, I voted against him, together with a few 
other malcontents in the legislature, for the elder Floyd. This 
opposition would have irritated many a man, & by his showing 
resentment would have converted my slighting opinion, & 
opposition to fixed dislike or hostility. But not so with John 
Tyler. He never showed any consciousness of my want of 
high appreciation of him, or of his objects — & it has never been 
referred to between us, in our long personal intercourse, until 
by myself, in jocular allusion & remark addressed to M". Ty- 
ler, during my present visit. On the contrary, whenever we have 
come together, his manner to me has been courteous, cordial 
& kind — & such as seemed to recognize fully my right to act 
in opposition to him, & to evince that he respected the integrity 
of my purpose, & grounds for preferring others to him and 
this manner of conduct has been his to all, & it has been the 
great secret & means of his remarkable success as a candidate 
& a representative of the people. In our free conversation last 
night, I said to M". T. that her husband had been the greatest 
*'electioneerer" I had ever known — but desired that that term, 
usually used in reproach, should be taken from me as also com- 
plimentary. It indeed mainly was owing to his real kindliness 
of feeling, his want of rancor & revengeful disposition & his 
courtesy to actual enemies (or opponents,) & his readiness to 
overlook & forgive enmity that had retained to him numerous 
friends, & converted enemies to friends. This conciliatory 
manner is as evident now, as it ever was, when it could help 

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198 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

to sustain or elevate him — & this proves that it is natural tc 
him. His political career ended with the close of his prea- 
dential office. Since, he has had nothing to hope for in the 
game of politics. Almost any other man would have be«n 
soured by the disregard shown of his abilities, & ingratitude 
for his really great services, & would have sunk into misan- 
thropy & seclusion to all who either exhibited towards him 
evidences of dislike, or slighting conduct. But he acted more 
wisely & benevolently, & much has he profited by it. When 
he returned to his native county, to his present residence, to 
spend the remainder of his days among neighbors whom he 
had known from his or their childhood, & with all of whom 
there had formerly existed kind relations, he found almost 
universal evidences of reserve & distance, if not hostility & 
dislike. Nearly every neighbor, & most of his countrjrmen were 
whigs & followers of Clay, & who had learned to hate Tyler 
as a traitor, a renegrade, & everything that was esteemed bad 
in their party creed. Old friends & neighbors generally re- 
frained from visiting him — ^which, even if he had been a 
stranger, was due to him as a new resident & a gentleman. 
But very few ladies even called on M". Tyler, who for the 
first time had come to her new home, & who also was a stranger 
to Virginia. Even more positive manifestations of dislike & 
censure were not wanting. One was, that the late president 
of the U. S. was appointed by the county court overseer of 
the public road which crossed his farm. The clerk of the court 
called specially on him to deliver the order of court for this 
appointment, not for respect, but doubtless to enjoy the morti- 
fication that M^. Tyler would exhibit, when receiving the civil 
insult, & scornfully rejecting it, by paying the legal fine for 
failing to perform the service. On the contrary, M'. Tyler 
preferred to receive the appointment as an evidence of favor, 
& said he would endeavor faithfully to discharge the duties, 
as he had done of all the much higher offices which he had 
been formerly placed in by his county — & that he felt honored 
by any trust so reposed in his hands. By acting generally 
upon this rule of conduct— never improperly seeking the favor 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 199 

or support of any, & never repelling returning kindness b} 
coldness, he has successfully outlived & conquered all this gen- 
eral & strong inimical feeling, & now stands among his neigh- 
bors as if no such feelings had ever existed. I had myself 
evidences of this, when I saw him some two years ago at his 
county court, when called upon to act with & among his coun- 
tymen. I had not then heard of any change of the earlier 
state of things ; & I felt much gratified to see, instead of dis- 
tance & aversion, evidences of general kind & cordial inti- 
macy of intercourse between him and his countymen of every 
grade, & who were generally of the same political opinions 
still & as much opposed to his presidential policy as formerly. 
Nov 13^**. Walked with M'. Tyler to see some half-drained 
ground near the house, & stated my views of the mode of 
making the draining perfects — ^The mail brought information 
that the riotous indications in New York had been put down, 
partly by forcible repression, but mainly by the corporation 
providing public work for a great number of laborers. This 
takes away the pretext for mob demonstrations. — M'. Tyler 
produced from his papers the letter I wrote to him soon after 
his accession to presidential power. Somehow the copy I had 
kept has been misplaced or destroyed, & I was glad to be thus 
permitted to make another, as I did today, from the original. 
I felt flattered by the care taken of this letter of mine, & the 
several endorsements on it — ^as follows : In the hand writing of 
M^ Tyler— "E. Ruffin— Private" & seemingly, from the ink. 
at another time, "Important"— & also in pencil "M^ Ruffin 
voted for Gen. Harrison." In the writing of his private secre- 
tary & son, was "Edmund Ruffin, June 29, '41, on the Presi- 
dent's delicate position, & the policy to be followed." I retired 
before 8, to write this copy, & bring up this journal, & also 
because M". Tyler is sick today, & I thought that my with- 
drawal might remove some restraint from her husband, who 
might desire to be in her chamber. Read until I was sleepy. 

I4*»». The same kindness of feeling which is one of M'. 
Tyler's most remarkable characteristics, (as stated above,) 
& which is so much to be approved in many respects, also in 
others, led to his most serious errors of government. While 

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always so ready to forgive offences, & to receive as a friend 
a repentant enemy, he always remembered with gratitude the 
attachment & support of his undeviating friends, & deemed & 
rewarded such devotion to him as the first of merits, & the 
most deserving of office & public trust. This was the cause 
of many bad appointments by him* — ^not that he would have 
bestowed office on any one he deemed unfit or unworthy, bat 
he was content with a low degree of capacity & of worthiness 
in an applicant who was his steady personal friend, & would 
appoint him in preference to others who did not bear that re- 
lation to him, but possessed far superior qualifications for of- 
fice, & for better claims on the country. Neither were all such 
appointments by M*". Tyler made to retain or gain political 
support or aid for himself. For in some cases of offices of 
mere pecuniary value, I know that the recipients of his favor 
never had possessed, or ever cotild exert, any political influ- 
ence — & their appointment operated to do harm to the popu- 
larity of the administration. In the references, in our conver- 
sation, to numerous public characters, he always spoke as 
kindly as the case admitted of every man who had in any way 
been his friend. And of opponents, & even of some of whom 
I spoke in terms of strongest reprobation, for their political 
offences & base conduct, he rarely said any thing reproachful, 
or strongly in denunciation. He only evinced bitterness of 
feeling in regard to two of his revilers, Ewing & Botts, whose 
baseness & malignity he deemed such that (as he said) he 
would not mention their names when he could avoid it. And 
this slight & passing notice was as much as he bestowed oh 
them in our free conversations. This grateful sense of bene- 
fit & support to him causes him to think much more kindly of 
Mr. Webster — that I think is his due, even on this score. For 
though, as M'. T. says, W. served his administration both ably 
& faithfully as chief cabinet minister, still I doubt not it was 

♦Who were the bad appointees? Or were they men simply that 
Mr. Ruffin disliked? In contrast with all administrations that preceded 
or followed, Mr. Tyler's had only one defaulter, and he for less than 
a hundred dollars. 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 201 

to serve his own purposes, & that he would as gladly have 
overthrown Tyler & his policy as would Clay or Ewing. On 
these grounds,. M'. Tyler is greatly attached to Wise, & would 
now vote for him for the Senate of U. S. in place of Hunter. 
And when stating to me as sufficient reason for this, the warm 
support of the one, & the coldness of the other, in his own 
former great difficulties, & his equivocal position in the early 
part of his administration, he seems entirely blind to the fact 
(as I see it) that he is for rewarding, as a virtue, personal 
friendship & political support to himself, & as a higher claim 
to public office, than superior qualifications & better public 
services in another who had not been his personal friend or 
political supporter. But with all his faults, Tyler acted nobly 
& admirably for his country & our common political principles, 
in the main, & in all after the very beginning of his adminis* 
tration — or while he was still wishing & striving (& very 
naturally) to please & retain the favor of the whig party, to 
whose favor he owed his election as Vice-President, & the suc- 
cession to the Presidency, caused by the speedy death of Presi- 
dent Harrison. He went as far to please this party, as he 
could without violating the constitution & his oath, & the great 
principles he had before professed to maintain. When he 
found that nothing short of such violations would suffice for 
that party, he, after too long waiting, cut loose from them. 
Still he did not thereby gain the confidence & support of the 
opposite democratic party. And he struggled through his 
term, & performed important services, without the support 01 
any party, & with no more supporters than the few personal 
friends, or interested partizans, who, for their small number, 
were in derision then called "the Corporal's guard." There 
is no other political opponent, or former friend, whom the 
whig party (the followers of Qay,) so much hated & villified 
as their own chosen candidate John Tyler. The whig party, 
when in opposition, & having the one common object of op- 
position to the usurpations of Jackson, & the abuses of his ad- 
ministration & of its sequel, Van Buren's, had no common 
principles or political creed, or object except to expel the 
ruling powers. Previous to its success in 1840, under the 

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common name of whig, there were embraced men of all grades 
of political opinion, from monarchists to agrarians. Jackson's 
famous proclamation (written by Livingston,) had driven 
from his support & into opposition nearly all of the purest & 
most worthy & talented of the state-rights men. And though 
M^ Calhoun with many others of these, (he seeing fully the 
selfish designs of his whig cooperators,) drew off from the 
other & main body of the whigs, still many others, & of as sin- 
cere republicans remained to vote for Harrison, & to thus aid 
in driving Van Buren & his partizans from power. Among 
these, in our very different positions, & also in different modes 
of action, were John Tyler & myself. I, in private life, & 
without political aspirations, & always disdaining party rule, 
while voting with the whigs in the presidential election (& 
also generally,) denounced their bad measures, or men, when- 
ever they were exposed to me. I had no confidence in either 
the principles or the ability of Harrison, before he was elected, 
& had a much worse opinion soon afterwards — & when his 
death occurred, in a month after his accession to the presi- 
dency, I publicly expressed my gratification at hearing the 
news, & pronounced that "his dying then was the only impor- 
tant service he had ever rendered to his country in all his long 
career of public life." This was in view of the succession of 
Tyler (the Vice President,) who however I still viewed with 
some dislike & more suspicion, but from whom still something 
was to be hoped in maintaining state-rights pnnciples & the 
checks of the constitution. While still thus doubting & fear- 
ing, I immediately wrote the comments which appeared in the 
"Summary of News" in the "Farmer's Register," vol. IX, 
p. 253. This, & also my private letter, written later, & which 
was referred to above, expressed much stronger hopes than 
I felt. But I aimed in both to appeal to his professed prin- 
ciples, & nobler motives of action, & also to flatter him through 
his vanity, in the hope of possibly inclining the balance on the 
proper side. Ultimately, he entirely & boldly took the cause 
I advised, (though I do not mean that my advice had any 
agency in directing him,) in time to save the country, but not 
in time to save himself. He tried to hold to the whigs, & to 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 203 

have whig cabinet ministers, long enough to forfeit all support 
from the democratic party — & by sustaining state-rights 
policy (as far as he could), & finally rejecting whig counsel- 
lors, he not only lost all the support of the whig party, but 
gained their greatest detestation. He was, & still is, accused 
by them of being guilty of the blackest treachery, in as much 
as, having been elected Vice-President by the whig party, he, 
as President, opposed the policy, & all the great measures of 
the real whig dictator Clay, & whose word was law to the 
party, & supplied them with principles & measures to contend 
for. But never was charge more groundless. The whig lead- 
ers had selected Tyler as the candidate for Vice-President, 
not because they supposed he concurred, or was believed by 
the public to concur, in their then concealed & denied desire 
to re-establish a U. S. Bank, a high protective tariff &c. — ^but 
they chose him precisely because he had always & only been 
known by the public as the staunch opponent of these measures, 
& all others of doubtful federal power. He was chosen on this 
very ground, for the purpose of cheating & betraying the 
southern states & the state-rights men, by offering to them a 
candidate unexceptionable, in his known principles, to both. 
They counted safely on managing the President — & they did so 
entirely, — & the Vice-President is a nullity in the government 
But by the death of the President, the Vice-President became 
President. This contingency, strangely enough, had never 
been thought of. By its occurrence, the whig leaders were 
caught in their own trap. They first tried to coax Tyler to 
act as their tool. It is natural that he should have desired, & 
tried, to please & conciliate the party which had placed him in 
power, by every sacrifice which his good & too facile disposi- 
tion prompted & induced. But he could not be brought (ex- 
cept when deceived,) to sacrifice principle on great questions 
of policy, or to violate his oath of office to promote party ob- 
jects. When they saw that he could neither be coaxed or 
bullied into obedience, & that, more recently he even no longer 
ri !ied on whig ministers & counsels, the party gave up all hope 
of using him for their purposes, & denounced him as a traitor 
to their principles, a deserter, & an apostate, & violator of his 

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204 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

implied pledges of fidelity — & have since vented him i^tritfa 
general & unmitigated hatred. And in these feelings have fol- 
lowed thousands of honest men who were formerly true state- 
rights republicans, but who, after acting for years, in opposi- 
tion, with the real whigs, reading whig newspapers, & sup- 
porting whig candidates, became so identified with them as to 
entirely forget their old principles — & they denounce & vilify 
Tyler because he did not forget them in like manner & as com- 

John Tyler's intellectual powers have always been more 
showy than solid, or deep. He is not eminent either as an or- 
ganized thinker, or strong reasoner, nor has he by industrious 
labor much cultivated his natural quick mental powers. But 
though without the higher qualities of a debater, or contro- 
versalist, he is a very ready & Huent & pleasing speaker & 
writer — & by his smooth & flowery language, has, with most 
auditors, more reputation & success than many far more able 
& solid reasoners who have less command of words & figures 
of speech. He commenced the game of politics, (whirfi is 
generally but personal partizanship.) & to court popular favor, 
almost from his boyhood. He began to practice law at 19 
years of age — & at 21 he was elected to the legislature of V*. — 
successively afterwards sent to the House of Representatives, 
to the State Convention, made Governor of V*. & then Senator 
of the U. S. & next Vice-President & President — ^though the 
last & greatest honor & service was obtained by chance. This 
remarkable success & rapid ascent to eminence, was enough to 
convince a less vain man that he owed his unprecedented suc- 
cess mainly to his own merit — & to his solid, & not to his 
showy qualities of mind. M*^. Tyler has always been a vain 
man. But under the circumstances, I think he is less to be 
condemned for the vanity he exhibits, than to be admired for 
his plainness, & general absence of all pretension. The culti- 
vation & growth of this foible is the result of his political 
life — & also some other defects, & especially the blunting 01 
his natural fine moral sense in cases when stem integrity would 
forbid the bestowing of favor & reward (in offices) to friends 
& political partizans. U M^. Tyler had never been out of pri- 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 205 

vate life, & had gone through none of the corrupting tempta- 
tions of political service, & successful ambition, he would 
have been in every respect as estimable as the good & rare 
qualities of his kind heart & benevolent disposition have al- 
ways prompted & have effected, when not opposing his am- 
bitious views. I, who always opposed him, thought lightly of 
him in all of his early positions, readily award to him the 
praise of having acquitted himself better in his last & highest 
office than in any of the previous & inferior places. And one 
of his great merits was the absence of envy or jealousy of su- 
perior minds, which is so often seen exhibited in men of in- 
ferior ability when raised to stations far above their capacity. 
M'. Tyler, when unexpectedly raised to the presidency, found 
in the place of Secretary of State, Daniel Webster, who had 
been placed there by the leading whigs to direct & govern the 
feeble Harrison. There were radical differences of opinion be- 
tween the new President & his Premier, & probably also some- 
thing of personal aversion. Policy also (at least I so thought) 
required his speedy discharge, yet, while M*^. Tyler soon re- 
fused to be governed by Webster's views of policy, he retained 
him in the cabinet as long as he would consent to remain, & 
used his great intellect to accomplish most important negotia- 
tions, including the Ashburton treaty with England. Tyler 
then called to the same post Judge Upshur, another man of 
powerful intellect, who was scarcely known to the public, but 
whose superior abilites were well known by M^. Tyler, as by 
all his other intimate acquaintances. Upshur only, of those 
who occupied this high place, was also the former & private 
friend of Tyler. After his early & deplorable death by the 
terrible calamity on board the Princeton war steamer, M*". 
Tyler, without any consultation with Calhoun, & without any 
communication for a long previous time of party alienation, 
nominated that great statesman, & the appointment was con- 
firmed unanimously by the Senate, before M"". Tyler wrote to 
him to inform him of the appointment, & to appeal to his partri- 
otism to assume the duties of Secretary of State. This he did. 
as nobly as it was offered, & continued & concluded the before 

commenced negotiation for the annexation of Texas. Yet, from 

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2o6 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

the time of separation of Calhoun & Tyler before the presi- 
dential campaign of 1840, there had been not only political but 
also something of personal alienation, (the consequence of 
the former,) & the President knew that the great intellect & 
reputation of Calhoun would seem to award to him the merit 
of whatever great measures he acted in. Yet he was thus 
invited to office, & to take charge of & carry through the ac- 
quisition of Texas, when the President could have as well ef- 
fected it (as there was indeed no difficulty as to the govern- 
ment of Texas,) through some ministers so obscure as to leave 
to the President all the honor of this important political event.* 

Fragments from My Conversations with Ex-President Tyler, 
During My Visit in November, 1857. 

In reference to the stoppage of specie payments by the 
bank, & the consequent general money pressure & distress of 
the country: 

Ruff in. What do you think will be the course of things? 
Tyler. Why I suppose they will run the same course, & for 
years, as after the bank suspension in 1837. Nor do I see 
any better remedy than my "Exchequer Bank" scheme which 
I formerly proposed to Congress.* This would prevent the 
present enormous difference of value of the currency in dif- 
ferent parts of the coimtry, & break up the broker's profits 
& trade. R, — Though I formerly examined your scheme, when 
it was before Congress, I confess that I have forgotten it 
What was it? T. — It was that every person who deposited 
in any one of the different sub-treasuries of the U. S. govern- 
ment any amount of money in gold or silver, should secure 
therefor a certificate of the deposit, pa3rable to him in any 

iDoes this statement harmonize with Mr. Ruffin's references to Mr. 
Tyler's favoritism in appointments, made on a previous page? When 
a vacancy occurred in the Supreme Court, Mr. Tyler offered the place 
first to Mr. Sergeant and then to Mr. Binney, both pronounced po- 
litical opponents. 

*This project was pronounced by Webster only second in merit to 
the Constitution of the United States (Letters and Times of the Tylers 
11, 133.) 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 207 

other city desired by the depositor, & where the government 
had surplus funds in its sub-treasury there. If no funds were 
there, then the certificate might be made payable at any other 
place, or if no other, at the place of deposit Such a certifi- 
cate would be as valuable as gold or silver, because payable 
therein, wherever it was made payable, & even at other 
points, it would sell at a very small discount. If such certifi- 
cates could be had now, the holder could use them at par, or 
very nearly, at any city in the U. S., & it would be impossible 
for the price of exchange on N. Y. at Richmond should be 
12 to 15 per cent, as lately, or even 6 per cent as now. The 
certificates would always be safe, because the precise amount 
of each, in specie, would lie where deposited, & be held se- 
cured for redeeming the certificate. R. — Unless the adminis- 
tration of the government, or their sub-agents, should prove 
faithless & fraudulent depositaries, which would not be an 
impossible case. Suppose 30 millions to be so deposited on 
certificates issued, & the country, or a desperate administration, 
reidy to go to destruction for want of funds — would not the 
dqjosits' be ''borrowed" for use of government, & then the 
''Exchequer Bank" stop payment? T. — Possibly — but that 
would be a very improbable contingency. And unless this 
occurred, this would be the safest of banks, holding a dollar 
in specie to answer every dollar of paper in circulation, & 
not liable to produce any injury. R. — ^Admitted — ^there could 
be no better or safer bank of deposit, & it would serve everv 
purpose that ought to be served, or can be served, in honest 
banking, in supplying a currency. But it would not serve for 
discounting bills on time which is the most important com- 
mercial function of legitimate & honest banking, if there was 
any such among what are called banks in tliis country. Bur 
banks are established not for any legitimate & proper end, 
but mainly & almost exclusively to serve the purpose, of those 
who want to borrow, & who deem the system best under which 
they can borrow most extensively. Your scheme would do 
noihing to aid this object — & therefore it would be rejected 
by the great borrowing interest, who are most clamorous for 
banks & emissions of paper money. Admitting its working 

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2o8 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

& perfect eflFect to equalize exchange, or reduce the prices to 
fair & proper rates, it would be a costly & cumbrous, & per- 
haps dangerous machine to eflFect what could be as well done 
by f«rivate capital & enterprise. If all the state governments 
would, as the U. S. government lias done, adopt the indq)end- 
ent treasury system, or receive & disburse specie only — or in 
any other mode compel all banks to pay specie at all timec, 
exchange would be kept very nearly equal at all times. The 
transmitting funds by means of bills of exchange was in us^l 
(introduced by the Jews) in Europe, centuries before any 
bank existed there — & it exists in Asia now, in countries where 
tlvfre never has been either bank or paper currency. It is not 
a function of legitimate or proper banking — & still less does !♦ 
need to be conducted gratuitously by government, for the con- 
lenience of the |>eople. The occasional exorbitant price of 
exchange, like the scarcity of money, the fictitious fluctuaticms 
of prices, &c. &c. are all the eflfects of our general system of 
paper money banking, which is one of authorized swindling & 
(whenever profitable) of legalized refusal to pay all obliga- 
tions. If this fraudulent system were put down, & banks re- 
strained to their legitimate & good uses of receiving & trans- 
ferring deposits, & discounting bona fide bills (at short times 
of [>ayment,) & for actual sales of property, we need not re- 
strain their number, nor the extent of the operations, any more 
tlian of any other commercial business. The harm they do is 
in being permitted to manufacture money, (& that too irre- 
deemable — ) & in lending this fictitious money to any amount 
to borrow in long standing loans, under the false pretense & 
shallow disguise of discounting bills known to be for ficti- 
tious transactions — 

M^. Tyler pointed out to me my engraved portrait, hanging 
as a match to that of Webster. Both had been framed alike, 
& set around with embroidered ornaments, by M". Tyler's 
lately deceased sister. He said "I have placed you thus with 
Daniel Webster, as I regard him as among the first of Ameri- 
cans in the political theatre, & you the first in agriculture." 
R. — "You could not compliment my obscure merits more 
highly, & for which I could be more sensible either in your 

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Edmund Ruffin's Visit to John Tyler. 209 

own words, or in thus placing me with Webster. But while 
I rate him intellectually as high as do his best friends, 
I hold him very low in his moral qualities." T. — However 
that may be, he served his country well, & me also, as my 
Secretary of State. R. — Even there, I think he would have 
preferred to overthrow you, as much as Clay & his followers 
openly showed their wish to do so, if Webster could have seen 
how to profit by betraying your trust. T. — At first, he did 
seem to join, quiescently in the general but disguised whig 
conspiracy against me. But he soon saw that I would not 
come into their measures, or be governed by any influence — 
& then he yielded to my views, & ably & in good faith aided 
me to carry them out. After I had in vaui tried to minister 
the government through whig members of the cabinet (except 
himself,) Webster said to me that he thought I had done 
enough in that attempt, &, inasmuch as it was impossible for 
a president to get on except by support of one of the two great 
parties, after I had vainly and fully tried & failed to obtain the 
aid of the whigs, he thought that I ought to throw myself 
upon the democratic party. And, to do that, there should be 
no divided counsels— & he was ready to resign his place as 
soon as I desired it. I answered that I did not admit the ab- 
solute necessity of the president's ruling by party support — 
& at all events I should try to do without — & that I wished 
him to remain in the Cabinet not only to conclude the nego- 
tiation of the Ashburton treaty with England, but as much 
longer as things would require. However, at a later time, he 
determined to retire, & did so of his own motion. 

Some of M"". Tyler's highly complimentary remarks to me 
would show that he had lost nothing of his usage of saying 
kind & pleasifig things whenever opportunity offered. His 
old & habitual practice of courting popular favor, would go so 
far^to keep him in this manner, even to an individual who, like 
myself, could render him no service. But, still I cannot but 
persuade myself that his really land feelings, & real estimate 
of my services to the country, served to make a considerable 
portion of his flattering experiences made at diffemt times, 
on this & previous occasions. T. — You, like me & almost all 

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2IO William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Virginia boys, first turned your attention to politics. But you 
soon gave up the pursuit, & devoted yourself to agriculture — 
& in that pursuit you have done more good to the country than 
all our political great men put together. Your little tract on 
calcareous manures in its valuable consequences, will be worth 
more to the country than all the state papers that have been 
the most celebrated in our time. How much better was it for 
you to have seen at first, & to refuse to pursue the empty re- 
wards of political life ! R. — I perceive that you, like many other 
friends who had known me more intimately, have mistaken 
me in this respect. It was not because I was devoid of ambi - 
tion, or of the desire to wield political power, that I have not 
sought political stations. On the contrary, few persons would 
have been more gratified by being so honored — & very few 
young men read more, or felt more interest, on the subjects 
of government & political economy. But, in the first place, I 
felt sure that I had no talent for oratory, or to influence popu- 
lar assemblies, & I was too proud to be willing to be deemed 
below any station in which I might be placed. Next, & mainly — 
even if I could have obtained popular favor (which I never 
possessed, or sought to gain,) & political eminence as its re- 
ward, I never knew the time that I would have been willing 
to purchase the honor, at the cost of paying the necessary price 
for popularity. R, — I had never doubted that the deplorable 
act of Capt. Mackenzie, in having young Spencer & two sea- 
men hung at sea, for alleged mutiny, was a righteous, though 
illegal, judgment, justified only b}' the stem necessity of the 
case. But I have since read Benton's chapter on the subject — 
& if he is to be trusted for his facts (which I do not in any 
case believe,) there was no more evidence of guilt, than neces- 
sity for the summary execution. What did you think of it at 
the time? T. — No doubt young Spencer had been guilty of 
great imprudence of speech, which probably brought his con- 
duct within the definition of mutinies. But it was difficult to 
believe that an officer in the navy, the son of the actual Secre- 
tary of War, & a member of a family of high standing, could 
have conspired (as charged) to seize the ship of war, & as a 
necessary condition, to murder its commander & the loyal por- 

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Will of Ann Isham Gordon. 211 

tion of the crew, & to become a pirate. But for this he was 
tried, though without authority, condemned, & hung, because, 
as was alleged, it was only at great hazard to the safety of the 
ship & crew that the prisoners could be kept alive in confine- 
ment. When Capt. Mackenzie arrived & reported the case, a 
naval court was ordered for his trial, & a thorough investiga- 
tion of the whole case. There never was assembled in this 
country a more dignified or able naval court. Its sentence 
acquitted Capt. Mackenzie, & I could do nothing but approve 
the sentence. If it had ordered Mackenzie to be shot, I would 
not have interposed to save him. Spencer, then still Secretary 
of War, was very urgent with me to set aside the trial, & to 
order another for the slayer of his son. But I answered that 
it would be contrary to the general rule of law, that when a 
man had been once fairly tried, & acquitted, he should not be 
tried again upon the same charges & evidence. But I deter- 
mined that as long as my power should last, Capt. Mackenzie 
should never be entrusted with another command. 


In the name of God amen. I Ann Isham Gordon of the 
County of Prince George, being weak in body, but of sound, 
perfect mind & memory, do this ibth. day of January in the 
year of our Lord one thousand. Seven Hundred & Ninety 
make and publish my last will and Testament in manner fol- 
lowing viz : First, it is my Will that all my just Debts be duly 
and truly paid, and that my Executors pay no Legacies, nor 
suffer any division of my Estate to be made among my Lega- 
tees untill all my said Debts be fully discharged. Unto Eliza- 
beth McNeil (who has lived with me upwards of forty years, 
and has been a faithful servant and friend to me during all 
that time) I give and bequeath to Use of the following slaves 
during her natural life viz : my negro woman Mollie and all 
her children, and also Answick her mother ; also one Feather 
Bed & furniture, the Bay Colt which is called hers and one 
Cow and Calf. Unto William Yates, eldest son of the late 
Col* William Yates, I give and bequeath my Negro Girl named 

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212 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

Annake. Unto Benjamin Poythress Yates, second son of the 
said Coh^. Wm. Yates, I give and bequeath my Boy Peter, Sally's 
Brother. Unto my Niece Mary Muir, I give and bequeath my 
negro Woman Sally, and I give Sally's Child to the youngest 
Daughter of my said Niece. Unto William Poythress Muir, 
eldest son of my said Niece, I give my negro Boy named Davie. 
Unto Margaret A. Muir, her Daughter, I give my Negro Girl 
Betsy, Sally's Sister. Unto William Ramsay, son of M' Wil- 
liam Wilson, I give my Negro Girl named Nancy. Unto 
Lucy Gordon, Daughter of John Gordon dec*, I give and be- 
queath my Negro Girl Lucy, Hannah's Daughter — ^also one 
large Silver soup Spoon, six Silver Table Spoons, four Silver 
Salts, and my watch with everything belonging to it. Unto 
my friend Thomas Gordon I give and bequeath my Negro Boy 
Joe, Dina's son. And out of the remainder of my Slaves I will 
and desire that my sister Elizabeth Ramsay make choice of 
two of my small young Negroes for the children of my Niece 
Elizabeth Potts to whom I give them each one, and that my 
said Sister, out of the residue of any slaves, also make choice 
of one for each of her sons, and 1 give unto each of her said 
sons the slaves so chosen by her, and also one for my Niece 
Elizabeth Potts to be chosen in like manner which I give to 
her. It is my will that the several Legatees above named (ex- 
cept Elizabeth McNeill) have an absolute right in the Legacies 
bequeathed to them respectively, and the Legacies which I 
have given Elizabeth McNeill for life, I give and bequeath to 
my sister Ramsay after the death of the said Elizabeth, and 
provided also that if Lucy Gordon shall depart this life before 
she marries or arrives at the age of Twenty one, then I give 
the Legacies bequeathed to her unto my sister Ramsay and 
her heirs forever. Unto my friends Thomas G. Peachy and 
Elizabeth Peachy I give and bequeath the sum of Twenty five 
pounds Current money each, which I entreat them to accept 
of as a token of my sincere affection and esteem, and all the 
I est and residue of my Estate, be it of what nature or kind 
soever, I give, devise and bequeatli unto my Dear Sister Eliza- 
beth Ramsay and her heirs forever. Lastly, I do constitute 
and appoint my friends Thomas G. Peachy and Thomas Gor- 

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The Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg. 213 

don Executors of this my Will; in Witness whereof I have 
hereunto set my hands and Seal the day and year within 


Ann Isham Gordon (seal) 
Signed, Sealed, published and declared 
by the said A. I. G. to be her last Will and Testament 
in the presence of us : Eleanor Craine, Elizabeth Mills Pram, 
Susannah Cocke (her mark) 


This was a large wooden building which occupied lot 54 
on the north side of the Duke of Gloucester Street between 
Botetourt Street and the Capitol. It was two stories in height, 
lit by 8 dormer windows on every side. A leaden bust of Sir 
Walter Raleigh stood in a portico over the door on Duke of 
Gloucester Street. 

This tavern was perhaps the most famous hostelry in the 
colonies. In 1742 it was the property of John Blair, (nephew 
of Commissary Blair), in which year Henry Wetherbum kept 
the ordinary there. The same year a company consisting of 
John Dixon, David Meade, Patrick Barclay, Alexander Mc- 
Kenzie and James Murray purchased the property of Mr. 
Blair, but it appears that the ordinary was still managed by 
Henry Wetherbum. 

There is a curious deed recorded in Goochland County 
whereby William Randolph of Tuckahoe in that county sells 
200 acres of land to Peter Jefferson (father of Thomas Jef- 
ferson) for the quaint consideration of "Henry Wetherbum's 
biggest bowl of arrack punch." 

In 1749 John Dixon & Co. sold the Raleigh Tavern to Alex- 
ander Finnic who kept the ordinary till August, 1752, when 
he sold the property for 700 £ Virginia currency to Col. John 
Chiswell and Dr. George Gilmer. 

It passed afterwards to William Trebell, and he, in 1767, 
sold the Raleigh Tavern to Anthony Hay, a wealthy cabinet 

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214 William And Mary College Quarterly. 

It was while Anthony Hay controlled the tavern that the 
first incident occurred which gave it an historic character. In 
February, 1769, Parliament advised the King to transport 
persons accused of treason in America for trial in Great Bri- 
tain. Upon receiving intelligence of this measure the bur- 
gesses of Virginia passed warm resolutions denouncing it 
Lord Botetourt, who was then Governor, at once dissolved 
the Assembly, and the burgesses repaired in a body to tiie 
Raleigh Tavern, and in the room called the Apollo, adopted 
a non-importation agreement.. 

Anthony Hay was the father of the famous lawyer, George 
Hay* who prosecuted Aaron Burr. He died in 1772, and the 
Raleigh Tavern was sold by his executor to James Barret 

In 1774, when Lord Dunmore dissolved the Assembly for 
making an indignant protest against the act of Parliament 
shutting up the port of Boston, and setting June i, as a day 
of fast, the Burgesses repaired to the Raleigh and adopted 
resolutions against the use of tea and other East India com- 

On December 5, 1776, the Phi Beta Kappa Society was or- 
ganized at the Tavern, and annually afterwards till its sus- 
pension in 1781 it held its meetings there in the Apollo. 

The Apollo was the main room in the tavern, and the word 
means "a banqueting room." It was large and well lit, hav- 
ing a deep fireplace, on each side of which a door opened, 
with carved wainscoting beneath the windows and above the 
mantel-piece. This room witnessed probably more scenes of 
brilliant festivity and political excitement than any other single 
apartment in North America. Sir William Gooch, and per- 
haps even Spotswood, were familiar with this old apartment 
Botetourt, on his arrival in Virginia, supped here in state, and 
with the advent of the Revolution it g^ew suddenly popular 
as a place of meeting of the patriots. It had long been used 
for balls and assemblies, and in 1764 we find Jefferson, then 
a gay young man studying in the law office of George Wythe, 

^George Hay married Eliza, daughter of President James Monroe. 

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Edmund Ruffin's Expatriation. 215 

writing from "Devilsburg," as he called Williamsburg, that 
he was as happy on the night before as '•dancing with Belinda 
in the Apollo could make him." This ancient room saw in- 
deed, at one time or another, all that was brilliant and grace- 
ful in the Virginia society of the eighteenth century. 

The Raleigh Tavern continued the place for all extraordi- 
nary meetings, balls, banquets &c. in Williamsburg for three 
quarters of a century later. It was burned in 1859. 

The brick store of L. W. Lane & Son occupies at present 
its ancient site. The pedestal on which the bust of Sir Walter 
Raleigh sat is one of the curiosities in the museum of the Pow- 
der Magazine. 


(27*^. Feby. 1861.) I had designed to go to Richmond as 
soon as the Convention got to work. That has not occurred 
yet But I will wait no longer. I will go there to learn the 
sUtt & prospect of matters. But I do not expect to stay in 
Richmond longer than March 3"". and then to set out for the 
Confederate States. I will be out of V*. before Lincoln's in- 
auguration, & so will avoid being, as a Virginian, under his 
government even for an hour. I, at least, will become a citizen 
of the seceded Confederate States, & will not again reside in my 
native state, nor enter it except to make visits to my children, 
until V*. shall also secede, & become a member of the South- 
cm Confederacy. This result, though now postponed by the 
trick & fraud of assembling the "Peace Congress,"^ cannot 
be delayed long — probably not a year — when, as a citizen of 
the "Confederate States," I shall resume my citizenship of & 
in V*. then one of them. 

^From the Diary of Edmund Rufiin. 

•The "Peace Congress" was called **a trick and fraud" by the abo- 
litk>nists and extreme Southern men — ^a sure proof that it was a patri- 
otic measure, for which Virginia deserves the highest commendation. 

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2i6 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


Extract from a Statute for the Good Government of the 
College of William and Mary, Passed July 6, 1830. 

5. If the Society of President Masters and Professors or 
any member of it shall believe that a Student or Students have 
in any manner misbehaved or have been idle or inattentive to 
his studies, it shall be the duty of the Society to appoint one 
or more of their own body to confer with and advise in private 
and in a friendly manner such student; and if he shall deny 
on his Honor as a Gentleman the offence of which it has been 
believed he was guilty, such denial shall be taken as conclu- 
sive evidence of his innocence. 

14. And to obviate any doubt as to the mode or Sufficiency 
of proof, it is declared to be their duty, and tin? Society and 
each Professor is strictly injoined and required, to act when- 
soever they shall believe that a Student or Students have com- 
mitted any Offence or Misbehaved in any manner: and when 
any Student or Students are thus charged with any offence, 
unless he or they shall deny it, the Society shall proceed to 
act ; and this upon the strict legal principle that if one charged 
with an Offence shall stand mute he shall be punished. 

15. But in all cases when a Student or Students shall be 
believed to have committed an Offence and shall on his Honor 
as a Gentleman deny it & aver his innocence, such declaration 
shall be taken by a Professor as conclusive proof of his inno- 
cence, because the convocation is satisfied that no Student will 
degrade himself by a falsehood, and that an appeal to his 
Honor will never be made in vain. 

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VoLXlV., No.4. " AM 1906. 

MtUfam nnb YIBarv 

Ibtetoirical ^agasine. 

Prc«ident of OniUitim anb Aarv CoCUdC* 

mlUKiam and Aatis Colteocr TmailamsDutg, l^a. 

Cow? ot tbte Humbert $1*00-, $3.00 per iffear. 

[Batered as second-class matter at the Post Office In WlUlamsburf .] 

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William and Mary College 

Quarterly Historical Magazine. 

Vol. XIV. APRIL, 1906. No. 4 



1. Extracts from Diary of Charles Copland (continued)' 217-230 

2. Letters of William T. Barry (concluded).. 230-241 

3. Journal of the Nteeting of the Presidents and Masters of 

William and Mary College (continued) ............ 242-246 

4. Diary of Col. Landon Carter (continued) , 246-263 

5. Memoir on the Sand Hills of CUpe Henry In. Virginia. . . . 264-268 

6. Burwell Records. ... « 266-260 

7. Value of Family Records 2604t63 

8. Virginians In English Records 263-264 

9. Will of Mrs. Elizabeth Macon.... 265-267 

10* Records of Dandridge Family. ^ 267-268 

11. Kennon Family (continued) 268r275 

12. Marriages In Yoric County, 1794^1798 275-276 

13k Yoric County Marriage Bonds 276-278 

14. Peace Declared in Williamsburg, 1783 278^279 

15. Letters of Ralph Wormelcy, of Rosegill * 279-281 

16. Reade Family 281-262 

17. Armlstead Family .^ , . . . .. 282-285 

18. Qawl/i Corbln's Will 286-286 

19. Caithorpe Family. 286-287 

20. Historical and C(enealogioai Notes ..:. 287^288 

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XKIltUtam anb Olbnx^ College 

^uarterli^ Isietorical flDaoasine. 

Vol. XIV. APRIL, 1906. No. 4 


(Continued from page 50). 
Convmunicated hy Miss Anna MeUsaa Orcuvea, 

Probably tne most interesting parts of the diary are the de- 
scriptions of his journeys. The following are among the most 
noteworthy : 

"1792. June. In this month Mr. Alexander Buchanan and 
myself set out together on a trip to Philadelphia and New York. 
It was a trip merely to Fee the country, as neither of us had 
before been on the nori^h side of the Potomack. ... I re- 
turned home in July." 

The next entry is the first time he mentions going to the 

"July 17^, 1796. Set out with my wife and two of our chil- 
dren, Maria and Alexander, for the Louisa Springs. We trav- 
elled in a Cocher, with a pair of horses, and hired a small stage 
wagon to carry two servant women and a pari; of our baggage. 
We stayed at the Springs until the 29^^ of August, and then went 
on to Staunton, but carried from the Springs but one of the 
servant women — the other was sent home. On our first arrival 
at the Springs I discharged the stage wagon. We returned from 
Staunton on the 18'** of September. The expenses of the trip 
were $449.00'. 

This next entry is his fii^ trip to Kentucky : 

"October 12% 1797. Set out on a journey to Kentucky in 
company with Mr. Lyne Shackleford. This was the first time 

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218 WiLLiAH Ain) Mary Collegb Quabtebly. 

of my going to Kentucky. I returned home on the 10^ of De- 
In 1802 he makes two tripe to Bethlehem, Pa. 
^^ay 18"», 1802. I set out with my three daughters for New 
York on board the schooner Lyoness, commanded by and be- 
longing to Capt. Secaman, and arrived at New York on the 
23*^. After a week^s stay we proceeded on to Bethlehem, where 
I placed at school my daughters Elizabeth and Margaret, and 
I, with my daughter Mary, returned in the stage to Richmond, 
where we arrived on the 21"* of June. The expenses of the trip 

were $318.11. 

"Oct. 7"*. I set out with my ward, M. A. Nicolson, for Beth- 
lehem, to place her at school there. We travelled in t>»e stage 
by Washington to Lancaster, in Pennsylvania, and there I hired 
a hack for Bethlehem. I returned home in the stage." 

In 1803 he visited his daughters again, taking his daughter 
Mary and his son Peter and Agnes Nicolson. They went and 
returned by stage, Agnes Nicolson being left at school. 

In 1804 he makes a remarkably quick trip to New York and 

"July 2°*, 1804. To-day, in company with Mr. Tho. Nicolson, 
my daughter Mary, Lucy Ann Pollard and Margaret Nicolson, 
I set out for Bethlehem. We went te New York in the schooner 
Hamlet, commanded by Captain Cropey. From New York we 
went in the stage to Newark, in Jersey, and there hired a hack 
to carry us on to Bethlehem. From Bethlehem I brought home 
my daughter Elizabeth and my ward, M. A. Nicolson. The 
former had been there a little upwards of two years, and the 
latter one year and nine months. We returned home in the 
stage on the 26^ of the same month, having been absent from 
home only 24 days. The expenses of the trip for myself and 
two daughters were $265.79.'' 

In 1805 he took his two daughters and Mary Ann Nicolson 
to Staunton. 

In 1808 he made his third trip to Kentucky. 

In 1809 he mentions the White Sulphur Springs for the first 
time. His entry is as follows : 

**July 13*^ 1809, I set out for the springs with my wife, my 

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daughter Elizabeth, and) my ward, Margaret Nicolson, with a 
maid attending. We went by Staunton to the Warm Springs, 
thence to the White Sulphur, thenoe to the Sweet Springs, and 
returned by the Warm Springs and Staunton, and arrived in 
Eichmond on the 10"^ of September, so that we were absent two 
months lacking two days. My expenees were $489.89, not in- 
cluding my ward's expenses, which were separate." 

In 1811 he makes quite an extensive trip Nori;h. His plan of 
'^bargaining with the Captain" was very characteristic. 

"July 25^^. Set out on a trip to the North with my wife, my 
daughter Elizabeth and a maid attending on the ladies. We 
went to New York on the sloop Fox, I bargained with the 
Captain for the entire use of the Cabin, for which I paid him 
90 dollars, and laid in my own sea stores. I admitted two 
passengers at 15 dollars each, which reduced my passage to 60 
dollars, which, including the sea stores, made my entire expense 
$91.21, for the sea stores cost $31.21. We staid a week in New 
York, and then in a packet went up the Sound to New Haven, 
where we joined my daughters Maria and Margaret and my 
son Alexander, who had in June gone from Eichmond to New 
Haven under the protection of Mr. and Mrs. Turner. Having 
staid four days in New Haven we all proceeded to Middletown 
in the stage. After two days at Middletown we went to Hart- 
ford; thence to Springfield, in Massachusetts. From there we 
returned by the Sufield Springs to Hari:ford ; thence to Litch- 
field, and from there we returned to New Haven, where, after 
staying a few days, and placing my ®on Alexander at Yale 
College, we returned to New York, where we staid between two 
and three weeks, and came to Philadelphia by the Steamboat ^ 
and stages, and after a stay of a few days, proceeded on home- 
ward, first to New Castle on the Steamboat, thence to French- 
town, 12 miles in the stage; from there to Baltimore on the 
packet. Staying two days there, we came to Alexandria in the 
stage, and there I hired a hack for Eichmond, and for which I 
paid 55 dollars. Sent the maid home in the stage. My wife, 
two of my daughters and myself rodie in the hack, and Betsy 

> The first mention of a steamboat. 

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220 William and Mary College Quabtebly. 

rode with Mrs. Momm in her carriage. We got home on the 
20'** September. My expenses on this trip — I mean our trav- 
elling expenses only — were $1,057.20, but this included my 
daughter Margaiet^s and my son Alexander's expenses, who 
set out before us, and staid at New Haven two or three weeks 
before we joined them. My daughter Maria's expenses were kept 
separately.'' ^ 

In 1812 he took a very interesting trip to Ohio, which rather 
resembled a modem camping expedition. 

"May 20"*. Suffering much this year under a nervous affec- 
tion, and finding no relief from medicine, I was advised by 
Dr. McLurg to travel and amuse myself in the best way I could. 
In consequence of his advice I determined to go to the State of 
Ohio. I wrote to my son Charies to have built for me a Cabin 
on my own land,2 near to a spring that I named, and which 
was accordingly done, and on this day, with my wife and my son 
William, -set out for Ohio to tuke possession of the new Mansion 
prepared for us, having previously written to my son Charles 
to provide for us as would be needful. We traveled with four 
horses and a gig, with a side saddle on one of the horses, that 
my wife might occasionally ride on horse hack, and which m 
the course of the journey she often did. The first two days of 
our journey my spirits were exceedingly depressed, so much so 
that I should have abandoned the trip and returned home but 
that my wife zealously encouraged me to proceed. The third 
day I felt my strength increasing and my spirits better, and I 
continued to mend every day after. We travelled leisurely, and 
were 14 days on the road to Zanesville, where, staying two days, 
and being there met by my son Charles, we proceeded on to our 
new establishment, and which I named Silvan Eest. It was 
indeed to me a place of rest and comfort, and there my health 
continued to improve every day. 

"Our Cabin was 18 feet long and 16 wide, built of round oak 
logs with the bark on, and covered with slabs. The floor was 
of oak plank, neither plained nor jointed, and planks of the 

^ Maria was at this time a widow. Her husband, John Henry Brown, 
had died on 19th of March, 1811. 

2 Charles Copland, Jr., went to reside in Ohio in May, 1811. 

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Diary of Charles Copland. 221 

same sort were laid on the joists above, that formed an upper 
apartment — a sleeping place for Charles and William, that was 
entered by a ladder on the outside and through a hole cut in the 
gable end. The lower apartment was our chamber and eating 
room. It had one window and a fire place. John for himself 
made a little hovel or sleeping place of boards and brush beside 
the cooking place, and near our Cabin. We made a coop for 
chickens, of which we alway-s had plenty, bought at 6^ cents, 
and our hams of bacon — which cost per pound the price of a 
chicken — fearless of robbers, we suspended on wooden hooks on 
the outside of the Cabin. We had good butter and milk from 
a tenant, and within fifty yards of our Cabin. My wife made 
custards when we wanted them, and we slept soundly on a bed of 
straw. We visited and were visited by our neighbors. I was 
almost constantly employed in one thing or another, and I have 
often thought that I enjoyed in this humble cottage as much 
happiness as human life is capable of. The charm of novelty 
had, however, much agency in producing the contentment I then 
enjoyed. Had we staid long enough for the novelty of the same 
to have worn off, our contentment would have been lessened. 
We staid five weeks at Silvan Eest, and then set out on our 
return home, and arrived in Eichmond on the 8^** of August, 
after an absence of two months and 18 days. Our travelling 
expenses, including expenses at the Cabin, were $339 . 00 

Expended for furniture for 39.37 

Silvan Best establishment. 


The following is probably the most expensive trip he ever 

"1815. July 2**. I set out to-day in a trip to the North with 
my wife, my sons William and Robert and a maid servant. We 
went to New York in the schooner Rose in Bloom, commanded 
by Captain James. We staid two weeks in New York. My son 
William then returned home by water, and we went to Albany 
in the Steam Boat, thence to Saratoga Springs in a hired coach, 
where we staid three weeks, and then made a short excursion 
to Lake George. After oiir return to the Springs from the Lake 

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222 William and Mart College Quarterly. 

we staid a week, and then went by Albany to the Lebanon 
Springs, on the border of Massachusette. Lebanon, however, 
is in the State of New York. We staid at Lebanon ten days, 
and then, in a hired hack, went to the City of Hudson, on the 
bank of the North river, €ind two daye after went on board the 
steamboat Richmond and came to New York, where we con- 
tinued a week, and then turned homeward, travelling by steam- 
boat and stage, and arrived in Eichmond on the 28'*^ of Septem- 
ber, after an absence of three months lacking 5 days. 

The expenses of this trip were $1,046.44 

But to get New York money I had to pay for the dif- 
ference in exchange, 46 00 

Which made the expenses, $1,092.44 

In November, 1816, he spent 17 days on a trip to Norfolk, 
and calls it the most expensive trip he ever made for the time. 
"November 6^**. I set out on a trip to Norfolk with my wife 
and Mary Ann Cringan and Elizabeth Nicolson. We went in 
the steamboat Powhatan. The second day after our arrival at 
Norfolk we were joined by my son Alexander, who came on 
horse back. We staid at Norfolk 12 days, and thence came to 
Jamestown in the steamboat; from there to Williamsburg in 
a hack, where, after a stay of two days, we set out in a hack 
(the ladies) for Eichmond. I rode on horseback. Alexander 
went to Jamestown and took the steamboat. We arrived in 
Eichmond on the 23**, an excursion of 17 days only. 

"Our traveling expenses were $349 . 88 

Of which my share was $229.82 

Mary Cringan's share, 60 . 00 

Elizabeth Nicolson's share, 60 . 06 

"The most expensive trip I ever made for the time." 
The longest absence from home was nearly six months. This 

was spent in a trip to Kentucky and Ohio, immediately after he 

had retired from the bar. 

1817. "April 7***. I set out to-day with my wife, and my son 

Robert, on a trip to Logan county, Kentucky, to visit her rela- 

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DiABY OP Charles Copland. 223 

tives. We arrived at Mr. Wills, a distance from Richmond by my 
computation of 666 miles, on the third day of May. We con- 
tinued at Mr. Wills until the 17^ of June. On that day we left 
his home, and the day after came to the Camelian in Warren 
county, where we staid a week, and then went to Barren county 
to visit my sister Goodall. We left Glasgow, the county town of 
Barren, on the 4*^ of July, and came that night to Mumford^s 
ferry, on Green River; the day after to Elizabeth, the county 
town of Hardin ; got to Louisville on the 7^, and left it on the 
12"*; visited Major Croghan, eight miles above Louisville; staid 
with him till the 15"*, and then proceeded on to Lexington by the 
way of Frankfort ; staid at Lexington 'til the 23^ From Lexing- 
ton we went to Marysville, and then crossed the river Ohio into 
the State of Ohio, and at 11 o'clock at night of the 26'^ got to 
West Union; to Chilicothe on the 27^ and on the first of August 
arrived at Zaneeville, and the day after went to my eon Charles', 
iirhere and at Zanesville we staid till the 20"^ of that month, and 
then set out and came to Wheeling, where we remained until the 
28"* ; proceeded on from there to Pittsburg, which place we left 
on the 2* Sept. for Bedford Springs, and continued there until 
the 16"*; came by Martinsburg, Harper's Ferry, Fredericktown 
and Washington to Alexandria on the 25"*, and on the day after 
we visited Mount Vernon, a seat made illustrious by the residence 
of the Father of his country, George Washingix)n. We arrived in 
Richmond on the 28"* of September after an absence of six 
months, lacking 9 days. 

"Our expenses were $1012.23." 

Unless he took a trip North or West he seems to have gone to 
the Springs every summer. Sometimes visiting the Sweet, the 
White Sulphur and the Warm Springs all in one season. During 
the thirty-four years he kept the diary he speaks of twenty-four 
separate trips (and it is known from family letters that he made 
a good many trips in Virginia which he did not mention in his 
diary). Fourteen of these trips were out of Virginia. He 
visited twelve separate springs. The most remarkable things 
though in connection with these journeys are the shortness of his 
stay at individual places, the number of places he would visit in 

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224 William and Mart College Quabterly. 

one trip, the rapidity of his travelling, considering the time and 
the means of conveyance, and the general lack of leisure in his 
movements. On one occasion he and his wife drove all the way 
to his eon Charles' in Ohio, stayed four days only and three days 
in Zanesville, and then returned home immediately, taking forty- 
three days for the trip. At another time, in 1810, he and his 
son Alexander made the Ohio trip, and were back in Bichmond 
in thirty-one days exactly. The twenty-four day expedition to 
New York in a schooner, and Bethlehem by stage, and back, has 
already been given on page 12. Even while travelling in his own 
State he seemed possessed by a nervous restlessness, which is 
usually considered characteristic of the end rather than of the 
beginning of the nineteenth century. His 1813 "excursion'^ is a 
typical one, and may well be the last quoted. 

1813. August 25*^. I set out with my wife on a short excur- 
sion across the mountains; we travelled in a gig with a servant 
on horseback. Our route was through Louisa, Spotsylvania, 
Culpeper, Fauquier. Crossed the mountains at Ashbies Gap, 
thence by Battletown ; Charleston to Harper's Ferry. Returning 
we came to Winchester, thence up the valley to Staunton. Ee- 
tuming homewards, we came by Charlottesville, crossed James 
Eiver at the point of fork and came down through Cumberland 
and Powhatan, and got home on the 28^ September after an ab- 
sence of thirty-four days. Our expenses were $152.40.'* 

To every Virginian his account of the burning of the theatre 
in Richmond will be very interesting. His entry was evidently 
made some time after the event. 

1811. "December 26"». On the night of this day my daugh- 
ter Margaret died. She with about 70 other persons perished in 
the conflagration of the Theatre, which took fire accidentally, 
and began in the scenery. It was a night of horror and of great 
distress to me, and also to many others^ who were sufferers as well 
as myself by the loss of relatives who perished in the flames. 
Four of my children were in the Theatre when the fire broke out. 
I was there myself in the early part of the night, but got tired 
of the play and came home, and was in bed and asleep when the 
fire commenced. I was awakened by the cries of fire in the street; 

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DiABY OP Chaeles Copland. 225 

on opening my eyes, the room was illuminated by the fire from 
the Theatre through the end window of the chamber, and which 
faced the Theatre. Eising and going to the window, I discov- 
ered the Theatre enveloped in flames, and before I got on my 
clothes I heard my daughter Elizabeth, who had escaped, coming 
up stairs shrieking. When I got to my front door, going out, I 
found crowds of people in the street coming from the Theatre. 
Some of them bearing away their maimed friends, who had suf- 
fered either from burning or broken limbs. On my way to the 
Theatre I stopt at every group I met to enquire for my daugh- 
ter Margaret and my sons William and Robert, and after I got to 
the Theatre I ran about in all directions making like enquiries, 
but could hear nothing of them. By this time, and even when I 
first got to the Theatre, all those who were maimed or hurt, 
either by burning or broken limbs, were carried off, and the 
crowd had removed from the Theatre twenty or thirty yards, 
either forced back by the heat or the fear of the walls falling on 
them, leaving a wide open space between the house and the crowd. 
Agitated by disappointment in not finding my daughter or my 
sons, I rushed into the Theatre at the only outward entrance 
door, and over a plank floor of about 12 feet wide to the narrow 
inward door, where the receiver of tickets used to stand to receive 
the tickets of admission from those that went to the play, and at 
which inward door there was a step that let down to the dirt 
floor that led to the foot of the stairway that ascended to the 
boxes. When I got to this inward door, I discovered on the dirt 
floor, and at a little to the left of the door, a female with her arms 
extended, and as I thought by her gestures, under the influence 
of mental derangement ; she had passed the inward door that led 
to the outward door (the way I had entered), and was moving to 
the westward side of the house, and where there was no outlet. 
I advanced quickly to her, and bore her out into the yard in front 
of the Theatre. Some of the spectators came up ; I left her in 
their care, and immediately returned into the Theatre, and ad- 
vanced to the foot of the stairway that led to the boxes above, 
and here was presented to my view the most appalling sight I 
had ever witnessed. At the foot of the staircase there lay twelve 

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226 William and Mary Colleqe Quabterly. 

or fifteen hnman beings, if not more, aome of them manifestly 
alive, and which I discovered by the wreathing of their bodies. 
I thought they were all females; one of them had her ann ex- 
tended and erect. I seized her and carried her out into the yard, 
as I had done the one before, and when she was received from me 
by some of the spectators^ / then proclaimed the situation of 
others that lay at the foot of the staircase, and ventured again 
into the Theatre to the foot of the staircase, but no one followed 
me. My daughter had worn to the Theatre a cloth riding dress, 
and when I was there a second time at the foot of the staircase 
I passed my hand over the bodies of the females that lay pros- 
trate before me, with the hope of discovering my daughter by the 
dress she had worn, for I had not time to examine faces, although 
there was sufficient light, as well from the candles that were 
burning in the tin sconces that hung on the walls, as from the 
flames above, the glare of which came down the stairway. Ago- 
nized by the disappointment in not finding my daughter among 
those who lay at the foot of the stairway, distracted too with the 
belief that my sons as well as my daughter were lost, the roar of 
the fire above, the crackling of the burning timber, and the ap- 
prehension that my retreat to the outward door might be cut off 
by the falling in of the floor above me, all united, so affected me 
(I tell it to my shame) that I retreated from the foot of the 
stairway, and went out without taking with me any one of those 
unfortunate victims that lay at my feet, and whose life I might 
have saved. 

"By what means death or torpor in so great a degree was pro- 
duced in those that lay at the foot of the stairway, it is difficult 
to say. No doubt but that suffocation had commenced as they 
got from the upper floor, and in attempting to descend the stair- 
way they were borne down and trampled on ; fright, too, might 
have had an effect. I remember well that the smoke on the 
ground floor, where I was, was not in such a degree as to endan- 
ger suffocation; it might, however, be in a degree sufficient to 
retard respiration in those who had suffered from smoke before 
they got from the upper floor. I think it probable, however, that 
the greater part, if not the whole, of those that lay at the foot of 

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the stairway on the ground floor might have been saved if they 
had been carried out even when I was a second time at the foot 
of the stair case, and which was the third time I had been in the 
house. While I was passing my hands over their bodies feeling 
for a cloth dress, I frequently and with a loud voice called my 
daughter, hoping by loud speaking to rouse her, or some one of 
them, but the power of speech was gone or suspended, but other 
signs of life were not wanting. The sad catastrophe of this night 
my feeling has hindered me from making a subject of conversa- 
tion, but I have often wished that I knew the recollections (if 
any) which the two ladies I rescued had of the scenes that night. 
I have said that there lay at the foot of the stairway twelve ot 
fifteen, if not more. It is possible, however, that the perturbation 
of my mind at that time may have magnified the number. On 
coming out of the Theatre the third and last time I ran home 
not without a faiat hope that my children might have escaped 
and returned home. I found my two sons, but my daughter was 
no more.'^ 

To those who may not understand the intense interest which 
every native of Eichmond takes in the burning of this Theatre 
the above will seem an unnecessarily long interpolation, espe- 
cially since our great grandparent is somewhat long-winded in 
his explanation. But the Eichmonder's interest is so great that 
the other descendants must pardon its being quoted at length. 

Besides the entries of intrinsic interest through the others 
there are often scattered sentences which show Charles Copland's 
character and characteristics too decidedly to be omitted here. 
His hatred of debt was intense, and may show his Scotch-Irish 
blood. His naive self-complacency when he thinks his financial 
actions commendable, and his frank and very severe self reproofs 
when his expenditures are unwarranted, are often amusing, but 
always show an outspoken, warm-hearted and surely a lovable 

When he first discovers that his practice is no longer able to 
supply the expenses oi his family he consoles himself by saying, 
'Tortunately for me, however, I have been more wise than some 
others have been. I was industrious in my youth, and am still 

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228 William and Mart College Quarterly. 

80, and by that induetry have acquired property/* In spite of the 
income derived from this property he deems it prudent to re- 
trench, and says, "I have therefore determined to sell my car- 
riage^ and horses. Pride restrains many from lessening their 
expenses when prudence calls aloud for it, and thereby many are 
hurried into ruin. I have no such silly pride about me, and if I 
shall hereafter find it needful to make other retrenchments than 
the one above spoken of I shall do it.*' Again he says, "It is a 
moment to enforce my motto, Industry and Economy* ; the re- 
verse of that leads to ruin, and to that distress of mind always 
attendant on embarrassment. I am a stranger to duns, and I 
wish always to be so. All the debts I owe in the worid amount 
to twenty pounds two shillings and nine pence ($67.13) and no 
more." But this naive self-complacency is oerisainly more than 
counterbalanced by his vehement self-condemnation. He says of 
1811, "My expenses of this year I felt at the end of that year, and 
now feel unwilling to record. It is a reproach on me that / feel 
the justice of, and but that I think it right to disclose my own 
follies of this sort, I would hide it from the world, and even from 
my self if that could be done. I have never thought on it but 
with pain and regret. It was an expenditure wholly unwarranted 
by any one not richer than myself/' Later in 1815 he is even 
more depressed. "Prudential considerations,** he says, "it may 
be thought, would justify me in concealing from the eyes of my 
family, the amount of my expenses this year, as tiiat amount is 
not only great, but so far exceeds my income of this year. Truth, 
however, requires that such concealment should not be made, for 
while I sometimes notice to my sons errors or mistakes of their 
own, I have no pretension to an exemption from errors m3rself. 
God knows I have had my full share of them. But I never look 
on my account of expenses of this year, and contrast the amount 
with my income of the same year without feeling mortified and 

^ It may interest some of Charles Copland's descendants to know that 
this carriage was made to order for him in Philadelphia by T. Ogle in 
1796, and cost $666.67. It was 1805 when he sold it, but he bought 
another in 1809. 

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The following entry is truly pathetic, *T! this year (1822) kept 
a detailed account of my house expenses. Chiefly prompted to do 
60, that I might better judge in what parts of my expenses I could 
retrench, as my income now, compared with what it has been, has 
dwindled down almost to nothing, and it is important to my com- 
fort that I should retain my independence by keeping out of 
debt, for to me debt is a gorgon that I never think of without 
fear and trembling/' It is comforting to know that he never 
was in the clutches of that gorgon. 

One more very short entry, and we shall have done with the 
diary. In 1812 he says, "This year I left oflE the use of that nox- 
ious plant Tobacco.^' His different descendants will have various 
opinions of the wisdom of that statement. 

There are several contemporaneous accounts of Charles Cop- 
land's legal fame. In Letters and Times of the Tylers (Vol. I., 
pp. 221, 222) John Tyler says, "The transfer of the General 
Court from Williamsburg to Richmond brought along with it 
men of high eminence, and among others Edmund Randolph. 
He was soon after followed by Charles Copland, John Wickham 
and many others, who made the city their permanent place of 
abode. . . . Charles Copland remained in Williamsburg for 
several years after the transfer of the General Court. That old 
city still furnished a large theatre for forensic labors, and Mr. 
Copland became the leading counsel in all cases of interest. To 
secure his services was regarded as equivalent to securing the 
case.'' Mr. Tyler (afterwards President Tyler) is probably mis- 
taken about the scene of Charles Copland's forensic labors, for, 
according to his own diary, he came straight to Richmond from 
Charles City, but Mr. Tyler was not mistaken in ascribing to our 
ancestor legal pre-eminence. Wickham was younger than Charles 
Copland, and twenty-five years later he describes to John Tyler 
how he felt very terrified when he had his first case with Charles 
Copland on the other side. He speaks of him as "the lion in my 

1904. The present clerk of the Henrico county court assures 
me that from the number of documents bearing Charles Cop- 
land's name as that of attorney in the case, and the nimiber of 

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230 William and Mary Collbge Quartebly. 

timee his opinione are quoted as being authoritative^ be must not 
only have had an unusually large practice, but he must have 
been considered as Mr. Tyler puts it, "the leading counseL'' 
Certainly at one time, as he would have himself acknowledged, he 
was the leading counsel, "one only excepted/^ (See page 6.) 

In the Richmond Inquirer of Tuesday, November 29, 1836, 
there was this notice of his death, "On Thursday evening, about 
half past 8 o'clock, Mr. Charles Copland, of this city. In the 
death of Mr. Copland, the city has lost one of its oldest members. 
He died at the age of about f orescore years, and his life is not so 
remarkable for its length as for the exemplary discharge of all its 
duties. He was for many years a highly respected member of ihe 
Eichmond bar, and successful in the practice. An intimate 
knowledge of his professional life would furnish a useful lesson 
of dilligence, exact method in business, punctuality and scrupu- 
lous integrity, while his private life is an exemplar of all the 
domestic and social virtues. The indigent, the orphan and the 
widow, the servant, the child and the wife will unite with nu- 
merous friends to bless his memory and to mourn his loss.'* 
(To be Continued.) 

(Continued from page 23). 

Washington, 24:th May, 1831. 
My Dear Daughter : 

... I cannot say at this time when I shall visit Kentucky. 
The late changes in the Cabinet make it necessary for me to 
remain near the President until the new Secretaries arrive. 
Judge White, on account of domestic affliction, having recently 
lost his wife, and one of his only two remaining children being 
now in the last stages of consumption, declines accepting the 
War Department. It is not yet determined whom it will be 
oflEered to next. P. P. Barbour, of Ve., and Col. Drayton, of 
So. Carolina, are talked of; it will most probably be the latter. 
You will see from the papers that Mr. Branch has gone oflE in 

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Letters of William Babet. 231 

a pet; however, •since he arrived in No. Carolina he has regained 
his senses, and sajns, in aeoepting an invitation to become a can- 
didate for Congress, that he will, if elected, support the 
measures of the present administration. Mr. Ingham, it is 
believed, will behave more prudently; he will probably remain 
in the Treasury Department until Mr. McLane returns from 
Europe, and then, if he desires it, go as Minister to Eussia in 
place of Mr. Eandolph, who is expected to return home this fall. 
Mr. Van Buren will, if he desires, go to England. Major 
Eaton returns to Tennessee for a season, not decided on his 
future course. I shall remain, not for the reason assigned, that 
the President would not accept my resignation until I clear up 
the charges against me; this story got afloat in consequence 
of a remark of the President to Mr. Branch, who very indeli- 
cately asked the President, when he was informed by the latter 
of the necessity of reorganizing his Cabinet, and shown the 
resignation of Mr. Van Buren and Major Eaton, what I intended 
to do. The President replied that when apprised of the resigna- 
tions of Mr. Van Buren and Major Eaton, that I had promptly 
tendered mine, which he declined accepting, at which Mr. 
Branch expressed some surprise at the discrimination in my 
favor. The Prebident, to save his feelings as much as possible, 
instead of stating the real cause, that I had done nothing to 
forfeit his confidence, remarked that I had been wantonly as- 
sailed, in a manner that no other member of the Cabinet had, 
and that if it were proper for me to retire he would not consent 
to it, as it might be cause of triumph to my unprincipled per- 
secutors. I was advised of Major Eaton's and Mr. Van Buren's 
intentions long before they were sent in, and was advised with 
as to the propriety of their course. It was not known whether 
the other members of the Cabinet would resign, or whether 
General Jackson would be compelled to remove them. To cut 
off all excuse, and open the way for freedom of action on the 
part of the President, I offered my resignation. When I did 
so he instantly said, "No, there is no cause for your retiring; 
I have reluctantly parted with my confidential friend. Major 
Eaton, and I want you to remain with me whilst I am in office.*^ 
Mr. Berrien is yet absent; it is not known whether he will 

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232 William and Maby Collbgb Quabtebly. 

resign or not; if he should, as is probable, in the event of 
Col. Drayton's appointment to the War Department, the Hon- 
orable Mr. Bell of Tennessee will be Attorney General. If 
P. P. Barbour of Va. should be made Secretary of War, the 
Honorable J. Buchanan of Penn. will be Attorney General. The 
President enjoys good health. Mr. Livingston and Mr. Wood- 
bury are here. In future we hope for harmony and united 

A great Jackson meeting was held in this city last evening. 
They adopted resolutions approving of General Jackson's admin- 
istration and recommending his re-election for another term. 
General Duflf Green attended, affected to be friendly, but advo- 
cated resolutions that he procured to be offered, expressing con- 
fidence in J. C. Calhoun, and recommending him again as a 
candidate for the Vice-Presidency. His resolutions were re- 
jected by an overwhelming majority. 

Washington, lOth March, 1832. 
My Deab Daughteb: 

. . . Your Mama is in bad spirits, but her health is pretty 
good. She was at the President's Levee last night; the house 
was crowded; it was the President's birthday, and completed 
his sixty-fifth year. I never saw him in better health or spirits. 

Washington, 10th April, 1832. 
My Deae Daughter : 

. . . The rumor of my going to England is wholly unau- 
thorized. At present I would not accept a mission abroad. It 
neither suits my circumstances in a pecuniary point of view, nor 
the condition of my family. Another motive would restrain me 
at present, I wish to remain in the Post Office Department; at 
least during the term of (Jeneral Jackson, to show that I can 
manage the Department, and to fulfill the wishes of the Presi- 
dent and the hopes and expectations of my friends. When I 
shall have done this, I shall be content to return to private life 
or to perform any service General Jackson may require of me. 
I shall never ask him for office, but leave it for him to say how 
and in what station I can best aid him and eerve the country. 

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Lbttebs of William Babby. 233 

Washington, 4^A July, 1832. 
My Dbab Daughter: 

. . . The Bank Bill has paseed^ and was sent to the Presi- 
dent yesterday for his signature; but he will veto it, not caring 
for consequences, believing, as he does, that it is a dangerous 
and. corrupt institution; one that now controls the legidation 
of Congress, and which, if rechartered in the form it has passed, 
with unbounded powers, will destroy the liberties of the country. 
The President of the Bank is here openly canvassing, and it is 
said loans to a large amount have been made to members of 
Congress, some of whom have gone home, and others, once op- 
posed to the Bank, now voting for it. Of this I know nothing, 
and, of course, would have you regard what I say as confidential. 
General Jackson may lose ground in some of the States by his 
veto, but he will gain in others. It will make the entire South, 
Virginia, etc., firm in ins cause. So it will New York, New 
Hampshire and Maine; nor will it loee him Pennsylvania; the 
Democracy of that State are against the Bank. In the city of 
Philadelphia he may lose, but he will most probably gain in 
the county. At any rate the consequences will be hazarded, 
and his Cabinet are unanimously in favour of the veto. Indeed, 
if General Jackson were not to veto the Bill, it would tarnish 
his fame. The measure is pressed on him thus prematurely from 
the mistaken calculation that he will, to save his election, sign 
the Bill. Little do they understand the man, although his 
character is known in the history of our country. Base and 
designing politicians judge General Jackson by themselves. 1 
cannot believe that any true friend of (Jeneral Jackson^s will 
oppose his re-election for an honest and fearless exercise of his 
constitutional powers. When a charter for a Bank of proper 
form is presented by the vote of a Congress elected under the 
new census by the people with a view to this question, General 
Jackson will either sign the Bill or retire from his station, if 
he thinks he cannot constitutionally do so, that the public will 
may take effect. 

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234 WiLUAic AND Maby Collbgb Quarterly. 

Washington, inh July, 1832. 
I hope the Presidenf e veto of the Bank Bill will satisfy every- 
body that he is rights and if not^ that he is patriotic and honest; 
this no one will have the hardihood to deny. 

Staunton, Va., 16th August, 1832. 

My Dear Daughter: We are thus far on our way to the 
Sulphur Springs. . . . The day before we left home, which 
was on the 10th inst., our cook, Fanny, was attacked with symp- 
toms of cholera. Dr. Cousin attended her, and all was done 
that medical aid and good nursing oould to save her, but in 
vain. . . . Isaac, her husband, was attacked on the 11th, 
and in a letter of the 13th Dr. Lacy says there was no hope of 
his recovery. Betsy was attacked on the 12th (your Mama left 
her to wait on her Mother), but was better on the morning of 
the 13th, no symptoms of cholera appearing; her sickness, in 
all probability, resulting from great fatigue and loss of rest. I 
hope the children may be preserved, but all is uncertain in the 
neighborhood of this terrible disease. Your Mamit and all of 
us are deeply distressed at the loss of these faithful and affec- 
tionate slaves. But we have known sorrow long enough to feel 
it our duty to be resigned to the will of an all wise and merciful 
God. ... We set out for the White Sulphur Springs, but 
it is so crowded and the accommodations eo bad that I have 
concluded to stay a few days at the Warm Springs, and then 
pass on to Salt, Sulphur and Sweet Springs. They are all in 
the same region of country, and I can pass from one to the other 
as they may best suit our condition. 

As we passed Charlottesville we had the satisfaction of visiting 
the University of Virginia and Montioello. The buildings of 
the former are beautiful, but the late residence of Mr. Jefferson 
htus lost all its interest, save what exists in memory, and that 
it is the sacred deposit of his remains. All is dilapidation and 
ruin, and I fear the presemt owner, Dr. Barclay, is not able, if 
he were inclined, to restore it to its former condition. 

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Lettebs of William Barry. 235 

Washington^ 19th November, 1832. 

My Dear Daughter: . . . Miss Mary Lewis is to be 
married in a few days to a Mr. Pageot, I believe this is his 
name^ the brother of Madame Loumier, the lady of the French 
minister. He appears to be an amiable and accomplished gen- 
tleman, but he ifi a foreigner, and therefore the match appears 
strange to me. The President enjoys good health and is in 
excellent spirits. His re-election is now certain. 

He will get all the States except Vermont; she is anti- 
masonic, and, of course, for Mr. Wirt. Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut are for Clay; little Delaware, Rhode Island doubtful, 
and Louisiana. S. Carolina goes anyway that Mr. Calhoun 
directs; his influence extends no further. Kentucky has no 
doubt gone for Clay and the Bank. The power of both are 
drawing to a close. Developments of the corrupting influence 
of the Bank will probably be made the approaching winter. I 
regret tlie course of Kentucky. She was the leading State in the 
West, but is no longer so; Ohio takes her place, and ranks the 
fourth State, and will soon be the third, if not the second. 
Her population, like that of Pennsylvania, is essentially Demo- 
cratic, free from Bank influence. 

Washington, 30th November, 1832. 
My Dear Daughter : 

. . . You will see that General Jackson is re-elected by a 
great majority. I feel deeply mortified at the vote of Ken- 
tucky; I did not expect to see that State separated from the 
family of Democratic States in the Union, and placed by the 
side of those of the Hartford Convention. But it is so. I hope 
that she will strive to regain her place amongst the States. 
She has certainly made sacrifices enough for Mr. Clay. Here- 
after Ohio will take the lead of all the Western States in the 
public councils; all that she wants is men of talents to lead 
and give direction to the Democratic party. New York, Penn- 
sylvania, Virginia and Ohio are now the great States of the 
Confederacy, and are happily united in political sentiments. 
The President is much gratified at the decided support given 
to him by the people of the TJ. States in this kte election. Hia 

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236 William and Mary Colleqe Quarterly. 

health is good and his mind composed and tranquil. Nothing 
now is calculated to give him or the country uneaeineee but the 
unhappy state of things in South Carolina. Mr. Calhoun and 
his partisans are advancing boldly and recklessly to acts of 

The overt act is all that is now wanting to consummate the 
crime. But we fondly cherish the hope that a kind Providence 
will still continue to watch over the destinies of this highly 
favored land^ and aid us in preserving the inestimable boon 
of freedom and independence that our ancestors won for us at 
the sacrifice of much blood and treasure. The Executive Gov- 
ernment at Washington will be calm and prudent in all its 
acts, but will be found ready to act, and eflBciently too, in sup- 
port of the laws and the Constitution. 

You will see in the papers many rumors about changes in 
the Cabinet. Do not credit them. It is possible (but I do not 
wish it spoken of) that Mr. Livingston will go to France as 
the successor of Mr. Rives, who had just arrived in our city. 
Mr. McLane, now Secretary of the Treasury, will be appointed 
Secretary of State. His successor will come from Pennsylvania, 
and will be taken from the ranks of the Democracy. The person 
selected will probably be Wm. I. Duane, son of Col. Duane, so 
distinguished as an Editor. His son is a man of pure and 
elevated character, of the finest order of talents, and always 
has been a sincere and devoted friend of the President's. 

Washington^ 13^^ January, 1833. 

... I hear from your brother John very frequently. Mr. 
Clay, the Secretary of Legation, comes home with the assent 
of Mr. Buchanan, to settle his accounts with the Dept. of State; 
whether he returns is uncertain. Mr. Livingston teUs me that 
John, in the interim, will act as Secretary of Legation, with its 
rank and emoluments. This, in addition to his pay as an oflBcer, 
will be handsome. So far, John is doing well, and I thank (Jod 
is fulfilling all my expectations. 

The President enjoys unusual health, and is calm and collected 
in this moment of trial and national peril. The newspapers 
will afford you ample information as to public matters. You 

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Lbttebs of William Barry. 237 

will see much said about an express sent by the government to 
So. Carolina, its object, etc. It is true an express did go, its 
purpoees entirely pacific. My agents went to Charleston, a dis- 
tance of 655 miles, and returned to Washington in five days, 
travelling in that time 1110 miles, and this without any par- 
ticular previous arrangement. Hereafter, if necessary, it will go 
and come in four days. 

Washington, 20th February, 1833. 
My Dear Daughter: 

. . . I enclose you two letters from your brother John. 
They were handed me by Mr. Clay, the Secretary of Legation 
to the Russian Mission, who arrived at Washington yesterday. 
He says John looks remarkably well, and although not much 
pleased with his situation at St. Petersburgh, was in very good 

Washington, 14:th February, 1832. 
My Dear Daughter: 

I now take exercise pretty regularly ; breakfast at 8 o'c, ride 
an hour in an open carriage before I go to my oflBce; and after 
dinner, at 5 o'c, ride again for an hour or two. I find this 
improves my appetite and causes me to sleep at night more 

Washington, 22nd February, 1834. 
My Dear Daughter: 

... I had previously considered the question of the vacant 
Judgeship. Many of my friends have advised me as you do. 
I could not think of leaving my present station at this time 
for any other oflSce whatever, and therefore would not allow 
my name to be mentioned for the oflBce. At the close of the 
session, had the oflBce remained open, and been tendered to me, 
I do not know what I might have done. I desire so much to be 
with my family, to take care of them and to educate our chil- 
dren, that I would sacrifice a great deal of personal feeling and 
everything of oflBcial pride. But the applicants for the place 
were very numerous; they were all my personal and political 
friends. I was filling a high station ; it did not seem to comport 

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238 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

with self-respect to descend to competition with little men for 
inferior station, and I declined it. Col. M. has been nominated 
for the oflSce, and will probably be confirmed, but some doubts 
are entertained as to the vote of the Senate. I took no part 
in the contest between the applicants, and was indifferent who 
might be chosen. 

My situation is not a pleasant one. I must nec^sarily be 
absent from ray family the greater part of the year. The oflBee 
is an arduous one, full of responsibility, increasing in its per- 
plexities, on account of the political state of the country. I must 
necessarily meet the attacka of the opponents of the Adminis- 
tration; this I am prepared for, but I am also subjected to a 
danger that no human foresight can guard against, the insiduous 
attacks of pretended friends. The different aspirants for the 
Presidency watch my course. Van Buren partisans think I am 
too friendly to Col. Johnson, etc., etc. The President is kind 
to me, but he ia growing old and is irritable, acting upon im- 
pulses; listening to the stories of creatures and conforming to 
the counsels of men wholly unworthy of his association. In- 
ferior men, too, by their forwardness and impudence, have his 
ear and confidence; such men as Major Lewis, Kendall, Blair, 
T. P. Moore, etc., etc. They are mercenary and selfish, and are 
careless of General Jackson's fame and honor. They look 
already to his successor, and supposing it will be Mr. Van 
Buren, are catering to his ambition. These men do not want 
me to remain where I am, because of the honesty of my course 
and the independence of my character; that I will not carry out 
Mr. Van Buren^s lists of proscription against the original and 
fast friends of General Jackson, because they happen to be 
opposed to Mr. Van Buren. I have much to encounter in this 
way; I shall act firmly whilst I remain, but the time may not 
be distant when I shall feel it my duty to retire. 

The President would probably give me a Foreign Mission, but 
I certainly shall never ask it of him, and if he should offer it, 
T doubt whether it would be my interest to take it. I prefer 
returning to my private business and to my profession. The 
only fear is my health. But it is always improved by an active 
life. ... A foreign mission would carry me abroad amongst 

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Lbttebs of William Barry. 239 

strangers that speak a language I do not understand. Besides^ 
I am heartily tired of holding a place at the will and pleasure 
of another, even of General Jackson. He is an honest, true 
man and faithful to his friends, but he unfortunately listens 
to the counsels of bad men, who find out his hobbies, and con- 
tinually hang about and flatter him. But for this class of men. 
General Jackson's sun would have set peaceably and gloriously. 
Now all is uncertainty. 

The removal of the deposits; the manner of it; the agents 
employed in . it ; the foolish plan of the Secretary of the 
Treasury, if plan he has any; the consequent derangement of 
the currency and suffering of the community, are making deep 
and lasting impressions on the public mind. Unless the evil 
is corrected (and I see but little hope of it now) General J. 
may retire to the Hermitage under a cloud. This I say to my 
family and in confidence. I support him, and will continue 
to do so whilst I am in his Cabinet. But as to the real author 
of all this, Mr. Van Buren, I owe him nothing, and care nothing 
for him. As much as I dislike Mr. Clay's public course, he has 
traits of character that Van Buren has not. He is an open, 
fearless and brave man, and were he in power, would not allow 
dirty reptiles to worm about him, and by their whispers and 
slanders tarnish the fame of honorable men. But I will not 
dwell on a subject unpleasant to me and to all honorable men 
to think of. 

Washington, 8^^ March, 1834. 

My Dear Daughter: ... I find my health improving 
as the weather grows milder, and I take more exercise than 
usual, determined to let business wait until I am ready for it. 
I cannot leave the Department; it is both my duty and my 
interest at present to remain in it. I wish my friends to under- 
stand this. The idea that I intend leaving it impairs the power 
and influence of my station. 

Contractors, Post Masters, and other agents, cease to respect 
the man who is about to quit, andi look to the one who probably 
will succeed him in oflBce. Now, I want it understood by all 
my friends that I do not intend to quit my present station. 

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240 William and Maey College Quarterly. 

You know I can do so when I please, but that is a matter purely 
with myself. 

Washington, 15th May, 1834. 

. . . Armistead is now with me, and we are very comfortably 
lodged in a private boarding house in F Street, in a very healthy 
and pleasant part of the city. Do not be afraid that GTeneral 
Jackson will ever prove an enemy of those principles of free- 
dom for which he has suffered eo much, in the war of the Revolu- 
tion and the late war. If there is an honest patriot living, 
General Jackson is one. He is now contending against the 
powers of a monied aristocracy, and a confederacy of able, am- 
bitious, disappointed men, who are now united to destroy Gen- 
eral Jackson, and rather than fail in the effort, would be willing 
to see the country convulsed in all the horrors of Civil War. 

Washington, 2Sth August, 1834. 

Mt Dear Daughter: . . . See how I am situated; as- 
sailed in the most violent manner, both personally and politi- 
cally. Two special oommittees to meet, the middle of next 
month, to examine into the concerns of the Department, how 
can I, under such circumstances, leave my station until the 
progress of those oommittees in their business shall warrant it? 
This, I hope, will be in the month of October or November. 

Washington, 4:th January, 1835. 
Mt Dear Daughter : 

I have been too much engaged to write to you for some time 
past. Rumour, with her thousand tongues, will no doubt mag- 
nify things. I will state facts as they occurred. 

A Mr. Wm. Cost Johnson of Maryland, a member of Con- 
gress, assailed the P. 0. Department as corrupt from head to 
foot. I addressed to him a note next morning to know if he 
intended to impute corruption to me as a public officer or a man. 
He sent me an equivocating and rather insulting answer. I 
did not hesitate a moment to send him a challenge. My friend 
declined delivering it until I had finished my address to the 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, that you will soon 

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Lbttebs of William Barry. 241 

see in the public prints. In the meantime, your brother John, 
hearing of the attack upon my reputation, left Port Washingiwn, 
and without naming it to me, challenged Johnaon (who ie a 
young man), and they were to have fought to-day, between 
twelve and one o^clock. But last evening the friend of Mr. 
Johnson, Major Heath of Maryland, suggested to the friend 
of your brother John, Col. Peyton of Tennessee, the propriety, 
under the peculiar circumstanoee of the case, of submitting the 
matter to a board of honour. It was agreed to. John selected 
Col. R. M. Johnson, the other party selected Mr. Wise of Vir- 
ginia. They met and agreed at once that Mr. Johnson of Mary- 
land ought to acknowledge that he did not mean to impute to 
me corruption either as a public officer or as a man. This was 
all I wanted, and so the matter has ended. 

[On the 22nd of April, 1835, Major Barry wrote to his daugh- 
ter his last letter from Washington, enclosing a letter from 
General Jackson, relative to the Mission to Spain, in which the 
President thanks his late Postmaster-General "for the aid and 
support you have given me, on various important occasions, in 
performing the arduous duties of my oflBce." Resolutions were 
passed by the oflBoers and clerks of the Post-OflBce Department, 
on the 21st of April, 1835, complimentary to the Postmaster- 
General, one of which is as follows : 

"Resolved, That the great and unexampled extension of the 
Mail establishment under Major Barry is proof of his zeal in the 
public service and his devotion to the wishes of the people. To 
multiply and quicken the streams of intelligence, until they 
should bear its blessings to all ; to our embryo settlements and 
frontier population, as well as to the older communities of the 
Republic, has been the ambition of the Postmaster-General." 

In his letter of reply. Major Barry says: ^T. have witnessed 
your labours and attention to duty, and fondly hope that the 
Government will duly appreciate them, and provide for you a 
more just and adequate compensation, placing the General Post 
OflSoe upon the footing of other Executive Departments."] 

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242 William and Mary College Quarterly. 


(Continued from page 31). 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 
Present : 

The Hon**** & Rev^ John Camm, President, M' Jones, M' 
Dixon, M' Henley, M' Gwatkin, & M' Madison. 
Agreed — That the Medal assigned for the Encouragement of 
Philosophical Learning be given to M' Joseph Eggleston. 

Agreed — That the Medal assign'd for the Encouragement of 
Classical Learning be given to M*" Walker Maury. 

(227) August 9^y 1774. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 

The Rev** & Hon»»»* John Camm, President, M' Jones, M^ 
Henley, M' Gwatkin, & M' Madison. 
Agreed — That M^ Evans be desir'd to attend the Grammar 
School during M' Yates' Indisposition, and that he be allowed 
the Sum of Twenty Shillings P week for his Attendance. 

Oct. 28^ 1774. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 

The Rev* & Hon»>»* John Camm, President, M' Jones, M' 
Dixon, M' Henley, M*^ Gwatkin, & M*" Madison. 
Agreed — That M" Gaines be permitted to convey her Lease 
of a College in King William County to her son, Thos: Gaines. 

February 3«, 1775. 
At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 

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Meetings of President and Masters, 'Efio. 243 

Present : 

The Rev^ & Hoii*»»« John Camm, Presideni, M*" Jones, M*" 
Dixon, M' Henley, M' GwatMn, & M' Madieon. 
Agreed — Unanimously, that Mes" Tho' Evans & Granville 
Smith be appointed Students; that Mes" W°* Boush & Mercer 
bo removed into the Philosophy Schools. 

(228) April 3^ 1776. 
At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 


Present : 

The Rev** & Hon»>»« John Camm, President, M' Jones, M' 
Dixon, M*" Gwatkin, & M' Madison. 

Whereas we have received from the Bursar the disagreeable 
news that his Excellency Lord Dunmore entertains thought of 
resigning hie Office of a Visitor & Governor of the College. 

Eesol: Unanimously, that the President & M^ Gwatkin do 
wait on his Lordship to thank him most cordially for his past 
favors to the College, and most humbly to request that he will 
continue to act as a Visitor & Governor of the College, & to 
afford his Protection to the President & Professors as far as 
they shall appear to him to deserve his Countenance. 

Order'd — That M' Henley do wait upon M*" Tazewell for his 
Opinion on the following case. Viz* : A has a vessel which is said 
to have saiPd to the West Indies carrying at several times sundry 
Hogsheads of Tob°. Question, whether the fact can be prov'd, 
the Owner may be sued for the Duties by the College? 

Ordered — If such a case be found to have really happened, 
if there be a foundation for a suit, that M' Tazewell & M' 
Hubard do bring suit accordingly. 

(229) May 11"^, 1775. 

At a meeting of the President & Professors of W" & Mary 
Present : 

The Eev* & Hon*»>« John Camm, President, M' Jones, M' 
Henley, M' Gwatkin, and M' Madison. 

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244 William and Mart Oollbge Quarterly. 

Beeol : That it is the opinion of this Society that the Office of 
Usher in the Grammar School is entirely incompatible with 
every kind of Office or Employment in any military Society. 

May 17^, 1775. 
At a meeting of the President & Professors of W"* & Mary 
Present : 
The Bev* & Hon»>»« John Camm, President, M' Jones, M^ 
Dixon, M' Gwatkin, & M' Madison. 

On this day the Society were called together to make Enquiry 
concerning the noise made last night by repeatedly beating M'. 
Gwatkin's Door in so violent a manner as to give just cause 
for apprehending that the Author or Authors of this Disorder 
intended to break into this Professor's Bed-chamber and do 
further mischief. 

Ordered — That all the Arms which can be found in the College 
(230) be inmiediately taken into the Possession of the Pro- 
fesBors. Only One Gun and One Sword were hereupon found, 
tho' several Muskets had been seen the night before. 

Several of the students were examined on this occasion, and 
then the meeting was adjourned to the day following. 

May 18^*^, Present as before. 

Eesolv'd — That the Ushers be required ix) conduct themselves 
with more circumspection for the future, as they appear to us 
to be blamable for spending a late evening at the Tavern with 
several of the Students who had no leave of Absence, especially 
since they con<tinued with these Students till one of them at 
least was in Liquor, and did not take care to see him quietly 
lodged in his room eo as to prevent his making a midnight 
difiturbance in the College. 

Eeeolv^d^ — That so far as appears to us M' Maury was the 
sole Actor in the unreasonable disturbance, and that this fault 
be remitted to him in consideration of its being the Efect of 
a single Act of Intemperance into which he was betrayed by 
an harmless design to give an Entertainment to some of his 

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Mbbtingb 07 Pbbsidbnt and Hastbbs^ Rro. 245 

fellow Students on his departure from College^ and in con- 
(231) sideration of good Behavior^ for which, he hae been re- 
markable from the time of his entrance into the College to the 
time of his leaving it. Nevertheless^ we think it reasonable 
that he should make the following acknowledgment, Viz* : 

Conscious of the impropriety of my behaviour towards M' 
Gwatkin the other Evening, I now acknowledge my sorrow for 
and utter Disapprobation of such Conduct. In the cool mo- 
ments of Eeflection I am full sensible of the Necessity of main- 
taining a due Subordination, a proper Obedience & Respect to 
my Superiours in a Collegiate Society. And I am at this time 
happy that my Conduct hereto (before?) this unfortimate Ac- 
cident hath always manifested such sentiments. To such Con- 
duct I attribute the Lenity of the present Decision; for which 
T have the most grateful Sense to the Society in general, & 
acknowledge particularly my Obligation to that Gentleman to 
whom the Insult was offered. 

Order'd— That the Students, Mes" Eggleston, White, Smith, 
& Nath: Nelson do make an Acknowledgement in the Mathe- 
matical School before Professor Madison to the following pur- 
pose. Viz*: 

We are duly sensible of our error in spending time at a Tavern 
after 9 "Clock at night without Leave. We openly profess our 
Sorrow for the same, & promise to conduct ourselves for the 
future in a manner more agreeable to the (232) regulations 
of the Society, and if we fail to keep this our promise & en- 
gagement, we can justly expect nothing but severe punishment. 

Whereas it appear'd in the course of our Enquiry that the 
Wicket-Door, after having been locked at 9 "Clock by the Jani- 
tor, has been several times open'd, and left open for the re- 
mainder of the night by unknown hands — 

Order'd — That the Locks be changed; that for half a year 
to come no person but the Janitor, not even a Professor, have 
the continual keeping of a Key to the said Door; that when a 
Professor wants a Key, he apply to the Janitor for it, & return 
it to him the next morning; that if any other person have 
occasion for a Key, he do not have one without the knowledge 

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246 William and Mart Collbqe Quarterly. 

& assistance of a Professor, nor for more than one evening at 
a time. 

Ordered— That the 9 «Clock BoU be carefully deliver'd at the 
End of every week to the President for him to know, and call the 
Absentees (if any) to account. 

(To be Ccmtiiined.) 


(Continued from page 156.) 

June 4, Saturday, 1774. Col. Carter, prevented by sickness 
from attending church, is severely criticised by Mr. Gibeme, the 
minister. The colonel is provoked into conmients upon the 
habits of his critic — ^his staying away from church "on the 
slightest pretences,'^ his gambling habits, and abusive discourse. 

June 8. I went to court on Monday & then I endeavored by my 
conversation to convince the people that the case of the Boston- 
ians was the case of all America & if they submitted to this arbi- 
trary taxation begun by the Parliament, all America must, and 
then farewell to all our Liberties. Therefore, I deduced the 
necessity in our heartily joining to assist Boston by every means 
in our power, & as proof of what might be expected to remove 
this armed force against them, I showed them the resolutions 
entered into by the Philadelphians and Marylanders. In my 
then conversation I took notice of the Part the Gent, of the 
Scotch nation were acting. They are become a part of us by 
coming to trade among (us), and, except a very few who seem to 
intend this colony their chief residence, all the rest seem active 
in endeavoring to Persuade a submission to this arbitrary taxa- 
tion. I told them that, bread up under strange feudal tenets, 
they were strangers to Liberty themselves & wanted the rest of 
mankind to live under the same slavish notions that they had ever 
done, that is, from a tendency to be arbitrary themselves they 
wanted to set the example to others, and as such, tho they never 
before paid any compliments to our King's birthday, they were re- 
markable in their rejoicings on it on Saturday last ; Just as if they 
had mistaken the day and had taken it for the IQth of June^ 

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DiAHY OP Col. Landon Caetbe. 247 

ttdr old day of rejoicings in memory of the birth of their own 
arbitrary King. I observed that none of the merchts^ tho many 
in Company^ said anything in answer^ and really some of the 
People took their behavior among themselves, as it had been 
represented amiss. I took several of them out privately, and I 
hope convinced them that they had forgot the constant policy of 
all nations both ancient and modem that when they were at Rome 
to do as the Romans did. 

I further hinted to our own People that as the People of G. B. 
had seemed to be quite Patient under this arbitrary Proceedings 
of their Parliament, it behooved us to have as little commerce 
with them as Possible ; and farther to refuse to do them the ser- 
vice to determine their suits for their debts, since they had con- 
sented to a manifest violation of our whole constitution. There 
seemed to be an assent to all I said, and I do hope that, at some 
meeting that our two representatives will be active soon in get- 
ting together we shall all be Pretty unanimous in associating 
against any commerce or use of any of the Manufactures of G. 
B. or of any Place that shall be Passive in this grand affair of 
Liberty; and except as to what was really engaged before we got 
intelligence of this arbitrary measure, wch by the by was a 
declaration of war against Boston and thro^ her agst all America 
carried as it were in the foretopsails of their ships, than wch no 
enemy could have been treated worse, — I say, to avoid exporting 
anything to G. B. or to any place whose activity must needs be 
necessary to Preserve the freedom of their fellow subjects. 

(Col. Carter suffers very much from a colic for which he re- 
sorts to purging with only temporary relief. He gives many 
details of his farming, his care of his plants, his use of different 
medicines, and his experiments along many lines.) 

June 15. It seems for about 3 or 4 days there has been seen at 
my Pork and Mangorike plantations a flight of birds about 20 
in number something larger than a Paroquet & not so large as a 
Parrot, but of a most beautiful yellow from an orange to a 
lemon. I had an overseer who shot at them and killed two this 
morning as tiiey were feeding on the green blackberries wch to 
suit a truly (a word here I can't make out) criticism I call 

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248 William Ain> Mart Collbgb Quabterlt. 

unripe blackberries. There is something surprising in this i^ 
pearance. I don^t remember ever to have h^rd of such a bird 
in this country before. Their chattering first attracted the ^e. 
I wish one had been catched alive. It cannot be imagined that 
such a number could have got away from on board any ship that 
might have brought one or two in; and by what means their flight 
could have been directed to Virginia from where they must have 
bread is I think diflScult to be conceived. I have had them botii 
skinned and stuffed^ & in order to lie on my mantle piece. 

June 16. Makes comments upon the gambling habits of his 
son and Mr. John Carter. 

^*They play away & play it all away.^* 

Complains of the cold and dry summer. Attributes the 
trouble to the wind which has kept at the nortiiwest since the 
middle of March. 

June 24. A hard rain. 

Juune 27. On Saturday, Col. Tayloe, Mr. E. Wormeley, 
Jun'., Capt. Foy & M*". Rich.^ Corbin came to see me yesterday. 
I returned the visit. Wormeley, as usual, boisterous & contra- 
dictory, cloeewedded to some side in every argument, so that to 
convince is impossible. I don't know what to make of the man; 
he is very sensible, but in that most intolerable. He gave me 
several chops ( ?) ; at last I advised him to read Delianeus' botany 
& he would find that Princess feathers & coxcombs were so nearly 
allied that both came from the Amaranthus. He took me, and 
as it cut deep he endeavored to put it off with a laugh. At last 
produced a written Performance agst my Piece to the Political 
College & gave it to me. I told him at my leisure I would an- 
swer it He wanted it again. I saw he got his arguments 
mostly from the conversation of others and told him I would 
keep it and did not return it. 

Capt. Poyi is rather more cunning than sensible. I ob- 
served he talked but on few things and was always 
cautious of saying anything about the present dispute with 
the ministry of whom I fear he is too justly suspected of being 

1 Fay was Secretary to the Governor, Lord Dunmore. 

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DiAKY OP Col. Landon Cabteb. 249 

a devotee. His Lady really agreeable & more fond of ber hus- 
baad Perhaps than the Politeness of the day allows of. 

I had a severe fit of the colic at Col<> Tayloe's & was obliged to 
rise at one o^clock in the night with another fit. 

June 29. Wednesday. I went to the court H. where we met the 
people; all that were there agreed to resolve agst exporting or 
importing from or to G. B. till their vile laws & practices agst 
America were repealed. 

Angust 3. My son John's Boy Jesse came here; he is come 
down for Betty Hamilton. 

Not a line to me from anybody at Bull Enn. But hearing my 
son Landon had been dangerously ill at home with a colic, I 
wrote to his son Wormeley; and says he has been dangerously 

August 5. Lucy, Betsy & Molly Carter gone in my chariot to 
J. Tuberville to a dance of Christeen's. 

August 8. Monday. I went to Col*>. Tayloe's yesterday to din- 
ner, where I heard the town meeting on the behavior of the B. 
Parliament had resolved to no farther importation from England 
after November 1, next nor no Exportation of tob.<^ after the 10 
August, 1775. That the debates were warm and that news had 
arrived that Gen* Gage, the Parliament Military & human 
buteher, had issued a proclamation in Massachusetts to oblige 
the People to bring in their arms & ammunition or to be hanged 
as Rebels; and to Prevent the desertion in army he had blokt 
up Boston by land as well as by Sea and had now prevented any 
wood or provisions to be bro't to Boston, but that all shd go to 
Salem & so be carted 25 miles to Boston or not at all; and that 
one boat with Provisions had been sunk by the men of war & the 
people nearly drowned — ^These things must occasion bloodshed, 
for they exceed the powers given in the Port bill, and, therefore, 
is a Supremacy above the Supremacy assumed by Parliament, 
and, if without commission to Gage, is in its nature high treason 
agst the government, and if by a commission is establishing a 
despotism at once by the del^ation; and yet our fine land in 
conscience donH care to break off correspondence or commerce 
with the People of England who can suffer this to be done to 

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250 William and Mary College Quaetbrly. 

fellow subjects, only because they must pay their debts. This is 
treachery and hypocricy in the abstract in these mock Patriots, 
some of the most stupid of its inhabitants excepted. (Jod Pre- 
serve us all from such oppression. 

August 11. Thursday. My son came home the 9th from the 
country meeting to determine on the Part the country was to 
take in these distressful times. It seems non-importation from 
G. B. to take place Nov. 1st. next & the non-exportation of toiP 
to G. B. not till August 10, 1775. It seems that this was as- 
sented to make a good agreement at the meeting. All signed but 
Thomson Mason & because with all his Patriotism he was agst 
any non-importation scheme at all, he could not sign. 

John Powell, Jun''., to be my overseer in the room of John 
Self, Junior, at £15 the year. 

August 14. Sunday. Mr. Giberne came here on Thursday 
noon, & never went away till last night. At cards all the time, 
but at meals & in bed. They sent for Billy Beale, who attended 
them on Friday noon, and he only went away last night. I 
have only one observation to make that a gamester must keep his 
expectation of wirming continually engaged, tho it shd only be 
with a friend. I do not understand that more than 20 shillings 
was lost all the time ; and that by my son. I hate such vulgarity. 

August 18, 1774. God be praised that I have seen this my 
64th birthday. My son Landon got here about 11 in the night. 
Very well all this day ; and as it was my 64th birthday I received 
the compliments of most of my better sort of neighbors around 
me, except Col^. Tayloe who had the gout, besides Col®. Corbin 
was sick at home. Tom Beale, indeed, did not come, he alone 
knows the reason why; I shall therefore set him down amongst 
the Phamhamites,^ who were to a man invited, that is the derk 
of y* court M^. R. Colston and all the bench but the Gentleman 
who gave it under his own hand that CoP. Carter with all his 
good qualities was too mean for his intimacy. I suppose old 
Nick indicted that, as he has done all the Packets from Hell; 
but not a soul crossed the bridge; and this proves that the insult 

1 A parish in Richmond county was called "Famham." 

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DiAKY OF Col. Landon Carter. 251 

I reed on the bench weh made me leave it was an egg long laid 
& hatched in that most curious Part of the Country. It puts 
me in mind of what old Hornsby once told me that he that ex- 
pected any society from that Place must go in the Quarters to 
meet wit it; and I once heard Leroy G (rifBn) the Colo say 
that it was impossible whilst F. & W. lived for any long contin- 
uance of Peace, for every Sunday produced some heart-burning, 
and he was satisfied they were at the bottom of every thing. The 
1 of them is gone, the other is there still. 

August 23. Tuesday. Yesterday my two sons & I dined at 
Gibeme^s roads very dusty & every thing very dry as well as 
sultry hot. 

August 24. Wednesday. From the last of May to this day I 
have not been able to lie in my bed all night for the flatulent 
Pain in my breast above 5 or 6 nights, and last night was one of 
them, I thank God ! 

August 31, Wednesday. Hot weather. I went with my son 
to Colo. F. Lees at Menikin. 

October 1, Saturday. Dr. Jones read me some Passages out 
of a letter from a sensible correspondent of his in Philadelphia 
wch says that nothing has transpired from the Congress, only 
that thro^ the keyhole they have heard that all the colonies out of 
the members met are as one except one, and that the only dissent- 
ing among them is from N". York. I know that colony to be 
generally governed by a ministerial or Court Party, the Delancys. 
The writer gives the Massachusetts delegates a great Character, 
Plain but resolute to die for Liberty, and that Mr. Adams when 
the alarm came from Boston to Philad* where he was a deputy, 
was glad that his family, if it was true, shd be the only sacrifice 
to Liberty ; that his Lady had written him a most sensible letter, 
that for the honour of God & the good of his country he wd not 
return but as another Cato, and die in the ruins of the town rather 
than live under any tyrannical Government. A fine woman 
this, if the letter was not made for her. 

October 3, Monday. Mr. Parker, W. Eoane, & Mr. Warden 
came here last night. Nothing new stirring. Much conversa- 
tion about nothing, to excite cheerfulness. 

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252 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

October 4. Tries the yolk of an egg for his complamt. 

October 18. Yesterday letters from Jackson at Rippon Hall, 
from Colo. Tayloe in town, and from the treasurer came to me, 
all of them very satisfactory. * * I also received a letter from 
Philadelphia Sept. 20 ; and if the Gent, has preserved the truth, 
I may say that in me is verified that saying that a Prophet is not 
without honour save in his own country; for here I published my 
discoveries on the wevil fly, and it was hardly so much noticed as 
to encourage, but here and there a sensible gentleman to attempt 
to experience its good eflfects. But Dr. Bond returned there from 
traveling abroad says it has immortalized me, and all Europe 
have agreed & actually have addressed me upon it (wch. I will 
soon see) for they have now got a certain way of extirpating one 
of the most destructive insects that ever infested the world 
The Dr. expresses his concern not to see my country so grate- 
ful as to send me a delegate to the Congress ; for he is certain 
that my name would have given dignity to the * * * of it ; So 
great is the veneration that Europe has for me as to pronounce 
me the greatest Natural Philosopher of this age, and from my 
writings they are convinced of my almost universal knowledge. 
I shall only endeavour to deserve this good opinion that my old 
age may be happy in seeing its endeavours to serve mankind so 
generally acknowledged.^ 

October 19, Saturday. I was yesterday in the company of two 
councillors, who I confess have no manner of occasion for a 
speech made by a Person present, but as signing the Association 
became the turn in conversation I heard this person say if he 
was a councillor, tho he would strictly adhere to the association, 

1 It seenifi that some 45 years before this writing the moth or Hj- 
weevil began to attack the wheat in North Carolina, whence it ex- 
tended gradually into Virginia, Maryland, and the Lower Counties 
In Delaware. Its attacks were very destructive, and among those 
who applied themiselves to studying the habits of the insect was 
Col. Carter. He had microscopes at his home at Sabine Hall, and 
he soon published the result of his investigations in the Virginio 
Gaaette. In 1768 he communicated through Col. Liee a paper on the 
subject to the American Philosophical Society at Philadelphia which 
was published in Volume I., of their proceedings. — Editor. 

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DiABnr OF Col. Landon Caeter. 253 

he would not sign it. To wch I replied, lame feather (?), 
should any Prince on earth think he had it in his power to stop 
any man from doing his duty to his country by giving him a 
dignity? I continued had I been a councillor I would not only 
adhere to it, but would have signed it long ago as doing both a 
service to him who grew the feather and to my country; for I 
could demonstrate that those duties could not clash; and when- 
ever a Prince should be either advised or if his Principles should 
make them clash, I said I could Prove the duty to a Prince was 
cancelled by the duty to one^s country. 

December 16, Friday. This day mad Tom Beale called here 
from M*^. Parkers and bro^t me a letter from R. H. Lee together 
with a bottle of Harlem oil a specific of the Dutch kind for 
many compl.*^, but more particularly for the flatulent colic wch. 
old Mrs. Allen vouches for from repeated experience to be an 
infallible medicine. 

December 24. Landon Carter, the foxhunter, out again today 
and so he has been ever since Tuesday & dined abroad on Sun- 
day, & yet his as graceless father says he is seldom abroad. 
Col. Carter grows indignant and writes a letter to his grandson 
"never to come to Sabine Hall while he lived." This stopped 
the youth in his course. "He came home, and when I was alone 
came to me. I asked him if he had not seen the letter I sent by 
Nassau.^ He said yes, I asked him why he came here any more. 
Tears and contrition then flowed & upon a resolution to amend 
I welcomed him once more and shook hands. God Almighty 
send he may be thoughtful & then he will do well ; that alone 
can save him. I told him he was welcome to ride the horse as 
usual Provided he resolved to be advised, but not otherwise. I 
wanted nothing but to be happy in a good Prospect of his own 
happiness, He had capacity and constitution . & it would be a 
pity that both should die away through dissipation." 

December 28, Wednesday. Receives a letter from W°* Ball, 
"for which I cut him to pieces this morning. I have too much 
reason to believe this gentleman to be a kind of Ringleader to 
all this crew of dissipation about here." 

(To be Continned. > 

1 Colonel Carter's negro attendant 

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254 William and Maky College Quarterly. 


By B. Henry Latrobe, Engineer. 

From the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 
Vol. I., pp. 439-443. 

In the Quabtebly for April, 1905, there was printed an account of 
the beginning of the Light House at Cape Henry. The movement be- 
gan in 1727, but after 60 years only some rock had been put in place. 
In October, 1789, the General Assembly ceded to the United States all 
interest in two acres at Cape Henry, on condition that a lighthouse 
should be kept upon said land and necessary supplies and superin- 
tendence be provided for it. The context of the act would make it 
appear that there was then no lighthouse at Cape Henry, so that 
Mr. Latrobe must have been in error in 1798 in estimating the age 
of the lighthouse then standing at sixteen years. 

December 19th, 1798. 

From the falls of the great rivers of Virginia over the out- 
runnings of the granite strata, the general level of the land 
gradually approaches the level of the ocean. At the falls it is 
elevated from 150 to 200 feet above the tide: on the sea shore 
at Cape Henry, the original coast rises not more than 15 feet 
above highwater mark. 

That the whole of this extensive country, from the falls to the 
coast, is factitious, and of Neptunian origin, appears far from be- 
ing hypothetical; and the fossil teeth and bones, which acccnn- 
pany this memoir,^ and which with many hundred more, were 

1 The teeth appear to be those of a shark. They are highly enam- 
eled and extremely sharp: their roots are perfectly sound and en- 
tire, and the minute and almost transparent jags of many of them are 
as perfect as the rest They are found in every well, dug in or near 
Richmond, to a sufficient depth; and, as / am informed, in every 
deep well for many miles below the city. The stratum in which they 
lie consists of highly sulphurated blue clay, abounding in pyrites, 
and which has the appearance of having been mud. They were 
first discovered in the beds of rivulets, which had worn their chan- 
nels to the depth of this stratum; and obtained the name of Indian 
Dart-points, in the same manner as the immense oyster-beds, which 

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Mbmoib of thb Sand Hills of Vibginia. 255 

dug out of a well at Richmond, from the depth of 71 feet, prove 
that the deposition of the superstrata is not of a date suflSciently 
removed to have destroyed the soft and ahnost cartilaginous 
part of the joints, or to have injured the enamel of the teeth. 
The Neptunian theory of geogeny has now very generally 
taken place of the old volcanic system, and, as, far as con- 
jecture and hypothesis can forward science, it is certainly 
more generally applicable. But along the coast of Virginia,* 
a process is going forward, the result of which will be exactly 
similar, and in which water has no immediate share. 

The shore, and the bed of the Atlantic near the shore, con- 
sist of a fine sand. The daily action of the flood tide carries 
a certain quantity of this sand above high water mark, which 
being dried by the sun and air, is carried furi;her inland by the 
winds. The most violent winds on this coast blow from the 
points between the N". West and the East ; and besides, a gentle 
easteriy breeze prevails the whole summer, during some part of 
almost every day. This easteriy wind, which is in fact a trade 
wind, is felt as high as Williamsburg. It is said to be felt, at 
this day, higher in land than formerly, and to be annually ex- 
tending its influence; and it will no doubt, when the woods shall 
be more cleared away, blow health and coolness over a portion of 
lower Virginia, which is now considered as extremely unhealthy. 

These easterly winds blowing during the driest and hottest 
season of the year, carry forward the greatest quantity of sand, 
and have amassed hills, which now extend about a mile from the 

have been quitted by the ocecui» are vulgarly called Indian oyster^ 

The bones were dug fram the same stratum. Among them are 
two out of six bones, which form a paw of some animal unknown to 
me. Many very sound vertebrae of fish, and a remarkably perfect 
thign bone of a large bird have been in my possession. 

1 1 speak only of the coast of Virginia at Cape Henry: for although 
I have the best reason to believe that the same natural process has 
produced all the sand banks, islands, and sand hills from the Dela- 
ware to Florida, I have only examined that part of the coast, which 
is the subject of the present memoir. 

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256 WiLLiAK AND Maby Colleob Quabtbbly. 

beach. The natural level of the land^ elevated little more than 
10 feet above high water mark, has a very gentle declivity to the 
east It is now a swamp ^ of about five miles square (25 squaie 
miles). The soil below the surface is a white loamy sand, and 
if the water falling upon, or rising in it, had a free discharge to 
the ocean, it would probably be perfectly dry : this, however, the 
sand hills prevent, and the water is discharged into the sea to 
the southward, and into the mouth of the Chesapeake to the 
northward, by small creeks, which find vent from the westerly 
extremities of the swamp. Lynhaven creek is the most consid- 
erable of these drains. The swamp, or, as the neighboring in- 
habitants call it, the Desart, is overgrown with aquatic trees and 
shrubs; the gum, (L. styraciflua) the cypress (cup. disticha) the 
maple (acer rubrum) the tree improperly called the sycamore 
(platanus occidentalis) the magnolia glauca, the wax myrtie 
(myrica cerifera) and the reed (ar. tecta) are the principal. 
Of these many thousands are already buried in the sand, which 
over-tops their summits, and threatens the whole forest with ruin. 
Their destruction is slow, but inevitable. Upon the extreme 
edge of the sand hills towards the swamp, the wind opposed by 
ttie tops of the trees, forms an eddy : the sand carried along with 
it is precipitated, and runs down the bank into the swamp. Its 
slope is very accurately in an angle of 45**. By gradual accumu- 
lation, the hill climbs up their trunks, they wither slowly, and 
before they are entirely buried, they die. Most of Uiem lose all 
their branches, and nothing but the trunk remains to be covered 
with sand, but some of the cypress retain life to the last.^ 

1 By a swamp I exclusively mean a piece of ground, the surface of 
which is wet and soft, but which has a sound bottom. In this it 
differs from the Dismal Swamp, much of which is a hog or morass. 
Into the latter, a pole of any manageable length may be forced with 
great ease. 

2 That the swamp with its trees extended to the sea coast, perhaps 
within a century, is very evident from this circumstance: between 
the summit of the sand hills (see the drawing) and the sea shore, 
and more especially on the Chesapeake side, the undecayed, though 
mostly dead bodies of trees still appear in great numbers. Being 
on the windward side of the sand hills, they have not been more 

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Mbmoib op thh Sand Hills op Viboiioa. 257 

The Desart abounds in deer, bears, racoons, and opossums. 
Its skirts are more thickly peopled than the sterility of the soil 
would give reason to suppose; but the inexhaustible abundance 
of fish and oysters in the creeks, and the game, render it easy to 
support a family. 

The light house,^ which was built about sixteen years ago, is 
an octangular truncated pyramid of eight sides, rising 90 feet to 
the light, and sunk 18 feet below the basement course. Within 
a few yards of the light house, is the keeper^s dwelling, a wooden 
building of two stories. Both are surrounded by a platform of 
plank, and, without any such design in the architect, this plat- 
form has preserved both these buildings from being buried in 
the sand. 

When the light house was built, it was placed upon the highest 
sand hill at the Cape. Its distance from the beach may be 6 or 
7 hundred yards, and the elevation of its base above high water, 
not less than 90 feet. At that time there was from the foot of 
the building, the most expanded view of the ocean, the Desart, 
the Chesapeake and its eastern shore. At present, a mound of 
sand surrounds them, which overtops the keeper's dwelling, and 
has buried his kitchen to the eaves. The platform, which was 
laid upon the former level of the sand, is an accurate standard 
from whence to ascertain its accumulation. The winds meeting 
in their course the elevated tower of the light, form a perpetual 
whirl around it, which licks up the sand from the smooth surface 
of the timber, and heaps it around in the form of a basin. 
Where the platform ceases, the sand accumulates. The sandy 
rim, while it protects the keeper from the storms, renders his 

ttian half buried. At the light house there are none of the trees, 
(see the section) but to the westward and southward are many. 

It 18 a good solid building of Rappahannoc freestone, but has 
the unpardonable fault of a wooden staircase, which being neces- 
earily soaked with oil, exposes the light to the perpetual risk of de- 
struction by fire. Such an accident might be attended with an in* 
calculable loes of lives and property, the mouth of the Chesapeake 
being perhaps the inlet to more ships than any other in the United 

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258 WiLUAH AND Mary Collbob Quartbely. 

habitation one of the dreariest abodee imaginable. This rim is 
sometimes higher, at others lower, according to the direction and 
strength of the wind. Since the establishment of the light, the 
hills have risen about 20 feet in height (measuring from the 
platform) and have proceeded into the Desart about 350 yards, 
from a spot pointed out to me by the keeper. I stepped the 
distance as well as I could, while at every step I simk up to my 
ankles into the sand. The height of the hill at the swamp, is 
between 70 and 80 feet perpendicularly. It is higher nearer liie 
sea, the inner edges being rounded off, and I think at its highest 
point, it cannot be less than 100 feet above high water mark. 
If the hills advance at an equal ratio for 20 or 30 years more, 
they will swallow up the whole swamp, and render the coast a 
desert indeed, for not a blade of grass finds nutriment upon the 

Should this event take place, and some future philosopher 
attend the digging of a well in the high soJidy country, on the 
coast of Virginia, his curiosity would be excited by fossil wood, 
100 feet below the surface. He would there discover a bed of 
vegetable and animal exuviae, and going home, he might erect 
upon very plausible ground a very good-looking hypothesis of a 
deluge, sweeping the whole upper country of its sand, and de- 
positing it along the line of its conflict with the waves of the 
ocean. B. Henry Latrobe. 

To Samuel Harrison, Esq., 

One of the Secr^aries of the American 
Philosophical Society. 

P. S. — The annexed drawing is a section of the Cape, in a 
direction N^. E. and S. W. The scale is of course unequal, but 
the effect is true. 


From Abingdon Paaish Register. 

Eliz. y* Daughter of Maj' Lewis & Abigail Burwell baptized 
June (day gone . . . 1677?). 

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BuBWELL Bboobds. 259 

Nath* the son of Major Lewis & Abigail Burwell baptiz'd 
October 14, 1680. 

Lewis the son of Maj^ Lewis & Abigail Burwell bom October 
y« 9th and baptiz^ November y« 8th. 1682. 
• Lncy the daughter of Major Lewis & Abigail Burwell was 
bom November y« 2l8t. and baptized December y« 5th., 1683. 

Martha the daughter of Maj"^ Lewis & Abigail Burwell bap- 
tized Nov>^ 16th. 1685. 

Bacon the Son of Maj^ Lewis & Abigail Burwell was born Feb. 
22'^^ baptized March 10th. 1686. 

Jane the daughter of Maj^ Lewis & Abigail Burwell baptized 
Nov.»- 16th. 1688. 

James the Son of Maj^ Lewis Burwell & Abigail his wife wm 
bom Feb. y« 4th. and baptized March y« 2'd. 1689. 

Lucy the daughter of Major Burwell was bom April y* 2l8t. 
baptized May y« 20th. 1715. 

Carter the Son of Nath* Burwell Esq^ & Eliza his wife bom 
S^ 25th. baptized Nov^ ye 4th. 1716. 

Eliz the daughter of Nath* Burwell Esq' baptized January y^ 
22^ 1718. 

Bobert the son of Major Nathaniel Burwell and Elizabeth his 
wife was bom June y® 3"^^. and baptized y® 29th day of the same 
month, 1720. 

jfr -^m Nelson of York Towne & Mrs. Eliz Burwell were 
married Febmary y® 2^. 1.737. 

Anne Dau of Lewis & Eliz Burwell borne July 19, 1741. 

Bebecca Dau of Lewis & Mary Burwell home May 20, 1746. 

Mary wife of Lewis Burwell Esq"^. Dyed May 22. 1746. 

From Bruton Parish Register, 

Was bom September the 26 Lewis Son of Armistead Burwell 
& Christian his wife 1745. 

Was bom Nov^ 30 John son of Armistead Burwell and Chris- 
tian his wife & in the year of our Lord 1746. 

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260 William and Mart Collbgb Quarterly. 

From Christ Chvrch Parish Register. 

Carter Burwell & Lucy Grymes married Jan^ y« 5th. 173%. 

Jane Daughter of Nathaniel & Mary Burwell was bom Sep- 
tember the 7th. 1768 & baptized January y« 15th. 1769. 

Philip Nelson & Sarah Nelson Burwell married June 27tL 

Nathaniel Burwell & Susanna Grymes married Nov' 28tiL 

From the Records of Mecklenburg Co. 

WUl of Thacker Bwrwell. Dated Sept. 28, 1780 ; proved Dec 
11, 1780. Names wife Mary, daughter Elizabeth, son William, 
son Edwin under age, my two brothers Lewis and Nathaniel Bur- 
well, nephew John Page. Names wife, father, and worthy friend 
Lewis Burwell of Mecklenburg as exors. His Inventory enume- 
rates one chariot with harness for four horses, 2 ox carts and 
chains, one wagon with gear, 22 horses, 135 cattle, 160 sheep and 
lambs, 127 hogs &c. 

Will of Lewis Burwell. Dated Aug. 2, 1784, proved Dec. 13, 
1784. Names dau. Elizabeth Page, son Nathaniel and grandson 
Edwin and William A. Burwell, sons of my son Thacker Bur- 
well. Makes his sons Lewis and Nathaniel Burwell, Mr. John 
Page, of Caroline Co. and Lewis Burwell, of Mecklenburg Co. 
exors. A codicil says i/& of the money remaining after paying 
my debts given to my son Thacker^s two sons shall go to tiieir 
mother Mary. 

{Communicated) . 

There is a tendency on the part of many old families to with- 
hold from public print Bible records, old wills, &c., for various 
reasons. Delicate sentiment naturally opposes the parade of 
such matters as being too sacred and private for public view. 

But fire and war and vandalism have played havoc with pri- 
vate and sacred things in Virginia, and those who have been f or- 

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Value op Family Bboobdb. 261 

tunate enough to save even imperfect records, may do a loving 
service to the hundreds of less fortunate friends by making pub- 
lic what they possess. The family history department of our 
Historical Magazines is not based on mere sentiment and pleas- 
ure, but on the broad principles of public usefulness and duty. 

As an illustration of the scope of such records, we take the 
Bible records of the Camm family of King and Queen, given in 
your magazine, Vol. XIV, No. 2, October, 1905. This record in 
connection with the will of Samuel Garlick made in 1765, now in 
Mrs. Minor's possession, opens up the following family history. 

John Camm m. May 22^, 1722 Mary, d of Richard and Alice 
Bullock. Mrs. Bullock was born 1683. John and Mary (Bul- 
lock) Camm had four children who survived infancy. 

1 Ann b Jan. 23^. 1723. No record. 

2 Mary b Oct. 1^^. 1727, m Samuel Garlick. In his will 
Mr. Garlick gives his wife's name as Mary, and "wills away^' not 
only what may come to him ''from his father-in-law John Camm, 
but also what will come to him by the death of Dr. John Walker 
by or under the will of Mrs. Alice Bullock.*' 

3 Elizabeth b Feb. 12, 1729, m Eobert Pollard (1724) . These 
were the parents of Robert Pollard b 1756, and recorded as hav- 
ing died April 30, 1819, aged 63 years. He married Martha 
Bussell and was clerk of King William from 1797-1818 the year 
preceding his death. (Mrs. Minor descends through both the 
Garlick and Pollard lines). 

4 Sarah b Jan. 28, 1738, m Dr. John Walker. She died at 
the early age of 18 years, evidently without heirs, for the will of 
her grandmother Mrs. Alice Bullock, who died three years later, 
gives Dr. John Walker a temporary estate which should event- 
ually go to Samuel Garlick who had living issue. 

Another interesting question arises out of that family record. 

Mrs. McGuire and Mrs. Brockenbrough always claimed (by tra- 
dition only) that the Eev. Alexander White married a daughter 
of President John Camm. Mrs. Jno. B. Minor on the other 
hand believes that he married a daughter of John Camm, sheriff, 
&C., of K. & Q. Ann by name the eldest, bom 1723. 

These records point strongly to Mrs. Minor^s contention, if 

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262 William and Mart Collbgb Quabterlt. 

they do not absolutely prove it Parson White was in Orders in 
1745 — if Priests orders he was not less than 24. This would 
make him practically the same age aa President Camm. In 
1779, President Camm^s oldest daughter could imly have been 
9 years old, (he was married 1769). Supposing that she was 19 
years old when married, the date would be 1789 and 'Tarson" 
White would have been sixty-eight years of age. 

But make him 21 or 24 in 1745, and his age would have been 
^^beautifully appropriate^^ for marriage with Ann Camm, dau of 
Sheriff John Camm, b Jan. 23, 1723. 

(See note at end of this article). 

But in addition to this family history, the Camm records fur- 
nish some information in regard to the clergy of that day. In 
the Virginia clergy list from 1700 to 1785, the Bev. James 
Latan6 is placed in Essex in 1700. He is doing work here in 
1722. The list gives the Rev. Benjamin Groodwin in New Kent 
in 1709. Here 14 years later he is at work in King and Queen. 

There are three Brunskills given in the list. The Eev. John 
in Lunenburg in 1748; the Rev. John, Jr., in Caroline in 1754, 
and the Rev. Joseph in Fauquier in 1758. The Camm records 
show that the Rev. John Brunskill was in King and Queen 23 
years earlier than the recorded date in the list. The Virginia 
list gives a Rev. H. Dunbar in 1753. The Camm records give 
his Christian name as Hancock and shows him to have been in 
King and Queen 26 years earlier than the recorded date. The 
Rev. (Alexander) White is reported in the Virginia list as of 
King and Queen in 1754, but here we find him in 1745, or 9 
years earlier. 

In the same way we might take up the names of the lay men 
and women, not less than twenty-five, who lived and associated 
together in social, civil and religious life. Not a few links with 
the past are to be found here. 

Note.— John Camm* President of William and Mary College, had 
two daughters, Anne and Elizabeth, and three sons, Thomas, Robert 
and John. Anne, the eldest child, was bom August 1, 1770 and mai^ 
Pled Robert H. Waller, clerk of York county, and Elizabeth, the 
youngest child, married George Blow. 

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Virginians in English Records. 263 

These facts ought to constitute an appeal, and if they should 
induce any person to send to your magazine old family records 
for publication^ they will have accomplished the purpose. 

By George P. T. Sherwood. 

In working upon English records one sometimes meets with 
references to America which, to those seeking knowledge of the 
precise connection their families may have had with England, 
may prove of considerable interest. I have saved many such 
references in the course of nearly twenty years work at original 
sources, and now propose, with the Editor^s permission, to con- 
tribute a few of them to these pages. 

Williamson. Richard Williamson of London in his will, 
1646, mentions his brother Roger residing in Virginia with chil- 
dren. (Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 189 Twine.) 

MouLTB. Will of William Moulte,^ 1663, "when I came to 
Varginaye.'^ Letter to James Jones at Accomack for brother 
Francis Moulte at Ashby Fawell, Leicestershire.'' (Prerog. 
Court of Canterbury, 249 Ruthen.) 

Nicholson. Mention of Hannah Nicholson, of Newcastle, 
England, 1786, "who has never received a legacy of £200 left 
her in 1763 by her son Edward Nicholson in Virginia." (His- 
torical MSS. Commission, Report XV., App. X., page 95.) 

Pabkhubst. Will of George Parkhurst of Ipsedge (Ips- 
wich), Suffolk, 1634, bound on a voyage to Virginia in the ship 
'Trimrose." The will was proved 1635. (Prerog. Court of 
Canterbury, 14-15 Sadler.) 

Waters. Will of Edward Waters of Elizabeth Citie in Vir- 
ginia, 1630. Refers to his son William, his brother John of 

1 In QuABTERLT for October, 1905, page 102 is a letter from William 
Houlte to his brother Francis Moulte. Tbe nanue is printed 
"MouUer— Bditor. 

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264 William and Mary Collbgb Quabtbrly. 

Middleham, Yorkshire, his wife Qrace, and his daughter Mar- 
garet. (Ererog. Court of Canterbury, 81 Seroope.) 

White. Will of John White, vicar of Cherton, Wiltshire, 
1669, mentions his "deceased brother's children in Virginia," 
in 1649 to John Lloyd, gentleman, her husband. (Prerog. 
Court of Canterbury, fo. ^01^) 

Lloyd. Administration of the estate of Elizabeth Lloyd 
(otherwise Carter) who died at Eichmond, Virginia, was granted 
in 1694 to John Lloyd, gentleman, her husband. Prerog. Court 
of Canterbury, fo. 201^ 

Rhodes. Francis Rhodes, of Little Crown Court, Westmin- 
ster, Middlesex, working-goldsmitii,.in his will, dated 1803, refers 
to his son Francis who resided with Richard Foster of N"ewcastie, 
Hanover county, Virginia, his late brother Stephen who died at 
New Bordeaux, Long Cane, South Carolina, and his son John. 
(Consistory of London, fo. 317^) 

Gaylabd. The will of Qeorge Gaylard of Dorchester, Dor- 
setshire, "plummer,^^ dated 1675, refers to "my daughter Mary 
Oaylard now in Verginia.^' The will was proved in 1676. 
(Blandford R^istry.) 

Williams. Administration of the estate of Daniel Williams 
of Stepney, Middlesex, who died at Virginia in America, was 
granted in 1721 to Elizabeth Williams, his relict. (Commis- 
sary Court of London.) 

RiDGBLY. Deposition made in 1714 that William Ridgely, 
son-in-law of Charles Carroll Esq., of Maryland, and nephew of 
Mrs. Sarah Clagget, was put on board ship in 1691, at the age 
of 15, as apprentice to Captain Joseph Stevens. (Exchequer 
Depositions, Michselas I (Jeorge I, No. 39.) 

WiNOH. Will of William Winch of London, Virginia mer- 
chant, 1739, refers to **my present wife Fanny Parke Winch, 
the daughter of John Custis of Virginia, Esq." (Prerog. Court 
of Canterbury, 56 Browne.) 

50, Beecroft Road, Brockley, 
London, England. 

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Will of Mbs. Elizabeth Macon. 265 


Found in the papers of Colonel Willimn Aylett, of Fairfield, Kins 
William county, Va. 

Commimicated by William Winston Fontaine. 

In the name of Qod Amen. I, Elizabeth Macon of the Parish 
of Saint John, in the county of King William, widow, being sick 
and weak in body, but of sound mind and memory, do make this 
my last Will and Testament in manner and form following, 
hereby revoking all wills by me heretofore made. I first desire, 
that all my just debts be paid. I give to my grandson, Philip 
Aylett, son of my daughter, Mary Aylett, one negro boy named 
Beverley to him and his heirs forever. I give to my grand- 
daughter, Elizabeth Aylett,^ one negro girl named Charity, to- 
gether with her future increase to her and her heirs forever; 
which two negroes are now in possession of Mr. Wm. Aylett. I 
also give my said granddaughter, Elizabeth Aylett a bed and 
furniture, that has a blue and white Virginia doth tick. I 
give and devise to my granddaughter Anne Claiborne my four 
n^ro girls named Rose, Temperance, Patty and Mourning, and 
my negro boy named Burwell, children of Lydia; also my negro 
man named George, his wife Doll and his five children, named 
Gk)wing, Judy, Burnet, Jenny and Anna, together with their 
future increase to her and her heirs forever. I also give to my 
said granddaughter Anne Claiborne her choice of twelve head of 
my neat-cattle and twelve head of my sheep, and a red leather 
trunk that stands up stairs, my glass cupboard, my desk and the 
bed, which stands up stairs over the dining-room. I give my 
daughter Mary Aylett my chest of drawers and my easy arm- 
chair. All the rest and residue of my estate real and personal of 
what nature and kind soever, including the negroes lent to my 
son-in-law William Aylett and now in his possession, I give and 
devise to be equally divided between my daughter Mary Aylett 
and my grand-daughter Anne Claiborne to them and their heirs 
forever; but I further will and devise, and my true intent and 

1 Grandmother of Charles Campbell. 

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William and Mart College Quabteboly. 

meaning is^ that in caae my said grand-daughter^ Anne Claiborne, 
shall die during the life of her present husband without any 
child or children living at her death, then that the slaves herein 
devised to her with their future increase shall go to her father, 
Bartholomew Dandridge, and his heirs, to whom, in that case, I 
give and devise the same: and lastly, I appoint my sons-in-law 
Bartholomew Dandridge,^ and William Aylett Executors of this 
my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto 
set my hand and seal this tenth day of September, one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-nine. 

1779 Elizabeth Macon. 

Signed and sealed and 
published in the presence of 


In 1858 Mrs. Mildred Campbell, the mother of Charles CampbeU, 
the Virginian Historian, and I examined the papers of our common 
ancestor, Colonel William Aylett, of "Fairfield," King William 
county, Va. Col. Aylett represented his county in the House of Dur- 
gesses from Feb. 10th, 1772 to May 26th, 1774, and was a member of 
the celebrated Convention, which met in Williamsburg, in May, 1776. 
On the 22nd of that month, he resigned his seat, to accept the Com- 
mission of ''Deputy Commissary General of the Forces in Virginia." 
He was promoted, and died, when about thirty-eight year old. In the 
service of the United States, as "Deputy Commissary General of the 
Southern Department" He was taken suddenly sick in Yorktown, 
and made his will the 12th of April, 1780; and died that day or the 

Mrs. Campbell and I found among Col. Aylett's papers a packet 
containing the above will of Mrs. Macon, the will of her father, CoL 
Augustine Moore, of "Chelsea," and a memorandum in the hand- 
writing of Col. Aylett, which reads thus: ''Collo. Augustine Moore 
of Ch^sea was the son of a sister of Basil, the son of Thomas Moore 
who married a daughter of Sir Basil Brooke." 

1 Bartholomew Dandridge m. 1st Elizabeth Macon, eldest child of 
Col. James and Elizabeth Bfacon. Col. Augustine Moore mentions in 
his will, dated 20th January, 1742, his grand-daughter Elizabeth 
Macon. Dandridge married 2nd Mary, daughter of Julius King 
Burbldge. Quabteblt, V., p. 36, VI., 250. His daughter Anne by the 
first marriage married Williiun Dandridge Claiborne. 

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Becobdb op Dandeidgb Family. 267 

In 1881, I sent a copy of this memorandum to Mr. R. A. Brock, 
which he quotes in his introduction to the "Spotswood Letters." Un- 
fortunately three words, namely— "of a sister" are left out, thus 
making Ck>l. Augustine the son of Basil Moore instead of his nephew. 
I may have inadvertently left out these words in copying the mem- 
orandum: hut I am now particular in copying the memorandum as 
written hy Colonel Aylett. 

Douhtless the Ck>lonel received his information from his mother- 
in-law Mrs. Macon. She was the eldest child of Colonel Augustine 
Moore and his second wife, Elizabeth Todd, widow of Henry Seaton, 
the eldest son of John Seaton of Gair-miltown in East Lothian, 
Scotland. Elizabeth Todd was the daughter of Thomas Todd, gen- 
tleman of Gloucester Co. and his wife, said to have been Elizabeth 

Col. Aug^ustine Moore's first wife is buried in the graveyard at 
"Chelsea." In 1859, I copied chis inscription: 

"Here lyeth ye body of Mary, the wife of 
Mr. Aug^ustine Moor, who departed this 
Life the day of 1713." 

From the appearance of the stone, I do jiot think the day and 
month of Mrs. Moore's death had ever been filled. We find from 
John Fontaine's Journal, that Col. Moore was married again some 
time before November 9th, 1715. Elizabeth Moore married first 
Lynn Lloyd, gent., who was alive in 1737 — as shown by the old 
Aylett papers. Her father's will, dated 20th of January, 1742, shows 
that she had married 2ndly Col. James Macon, and that her daughter 
Elizabeth Macon was bom. Col. Macon ,bom Oct. 28th, 1701, died 
sometime between July 22nd and December 15, 1768. 


( Commtmicated. ) 

'Itobt. Dandridge Mary^ to Mildred Allen May 11«». 1783. 
Eich* Allen Dandridge bom June 15^, 84. 
Alexand^ S. Dandridge bom Apr' 6*^ 86. 
Bob* Ambler Dandridge, b. Febry 5«>, 88. 
Allen Homes Dandridge bom Sept' 22, 89 & Departed this 
life August 2'9t^ 1793. 

Elizabeth Terrel Dandridge bom May 7*^, 1793 

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268 WiLUAK AND Maby Coulbqe Quabteblt. 

Mildred Spotswood Dandridge bom Septemb' 29^, 1795 k 
Departed this life 10^ of Oct 1819. 

Bobert Dandridge son to Nathaniel West Dandridge^ was bom 

in the year 1760 and departed this life Sept at 10 

tfclock at Night. Mildred Allen Bom Feb.y .7^, 1753. 

Biehard A. Dandridge was Mary^ to Fanny Anderson March 
9^. 1803. 

Maria S. Dandridge bom Jan^ 9*^, 1804 and Departed this life 
Sep.' 15 1804/' 

(Continued from page 135.) 

This article is contributed by Woodson T. White, of Waco Texas. 

24 "BiOHARD* Kennon'' (William,' William,^ Biehard^), 
**married CeUa Eagland, Jan. 5th, 1775, at , and set- 
tled on Bocky Biver, Chathem County, N. C, where were bom 
all his children, and at which place he died. The births of lua 
children are as follows: 44 Elizabeth Lewis, Jan. 26t3i, 1776. 
(married Boiling Hines). 45 Mary, Jan. 15th, 1778. (mar- 
ried Dr. Geo. Martin). 46 William, March 26th, 1780. 47 
Biehard, Feb. 15th, 1782. (married Elizabeth Bagland). 48 
John, August 18th, 1784. 49 Charles, Jan. 14th, 1787. 50 
Celia Bagland, April 29th, 1790. 51 Thomas, July 8th, 1792.'* 

^Tlecord from the family Bible of Dr. Geo. Martin." 
^'William Kennon Sr., from Chesterfield County, Va., and 
married Elizabeth Lewis, of the James B. Lewises. Sons and 
Daughters: Biohard^ Charles, William, John, Mary, 
Thomas H., Eliza, and C, married John Lewis." 
^^illiam Bagland married Sarah Avant." 

1 Nathaniel West Dandridge was son of Col. William Dandridge 
and Unity West, only daughter of Col. Nathaniel West. He married 
Dorothea Spotswood, daughter of Alexander Spotswood, June 18, 
1747, and had among other children, Robert Dandridge, of the text 
bom June 21, 1760. Quabterlt, V. 31, 82. 

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Ebknon Family. 269 

The above record that is enclosed by quotation marks is 
copied from the transcript sent to me by W. K. Matthews, of 
Kwansei Gakuin, Japan, where he is engaged in mission work. 
That portion between brackets, I have learned from other sources. 
First — ^My father, who is still alive, lived with his second cousin, 
Bichard Kennon Hines, in Macon Qa., and was admitted to the 
bar whilst living there. The mother of R. K. H. was Elizabeth 
Kennon, and she a first cousin of my grandmother Elizabeth 
Kennon. This is good circimistantial evidence of the identiiy 
of Elizabeth (Kennon) Hines with the daughter of Richard, 
son of William and Elizabeth (Lewis) Kennon. 

Prof. J. J. Casey, of New York wrote to me that his wife was 
a descendant of Dr. Geo. Martin, of Prince Qeorge Co., Va., and 
his wife Mary Kennon, dau of Richard and Celia (Ragland) 

Mrs. Emma (Kennon) Bearing, of Atlanta, Ga., is a grand 
daughter of Richard and Elizabeth (Ragland) Kennon, of Cov- 
ington, Ga. Mrs. Bearing wrote to me that her grandmother 
came from Chatham Co., N. C, and brought with him five chil- 
dren, Addison Pinckney, Xenophon, Elizabeth, Adline, and Caro- 
line, all now dead. She said her grandfather had four brothers, 
Charles, Thomas, William, John. She is the only child of Addi- 
son P. Kennon, and has four children, Kennon Bearing, Stev- 
ens Thomas Bearing, Jessie Bearing, and Anne (Bearing) 
Adams. She writes, "I have often heard that we were related to 
the Hines family of Macon, Ga., but I don't know just how.'* 

My father attended the Manual Training School at Covington 
about 1840, just before he went to Emory College at Oxford Ga., 
and lived with his cousin Richard Kennon, whose son Addison 
was his junior by several years. 

I am stating these facts to show that my placing of 24 Richard 
Kennon, is justified by the above related well known relation- 
ship of my father to these descendants of Richard & Celia. 

You will notice the names, ^^Thomas H. Eliza. & C. married 
Jno Lewis'^ I am at a loss to comprehend this, unless the copy- 
ist made a mistake, and included Thomas Harrison Mary Ken- 
non. Elizabeth Kennon married John Lewis. Who C. refers to 

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270 William and Mary College Quaetkelt. 

is not easy to discover in that connection. This record may 
have been transcribed from the old Bible of William KemMm 
after his death, (which occurred about 1760) and his widow had 
gone to the home of her father in Gk>ochland. I'homas H. and 
C. may have been the children of Thomas and Mary (Kennon) 
Harrison, married in 1768. 

25 William^ Kbnnon, (William,^ William,^ Richard^), and 
Betsy Bullock were married March 11th, 1771. marriage bond 
in Qranville Co., Nl C.) Issue: 52 Betsey, bom June 14th, 
17.72. She married John Pettit Dec. 1st, 1787. (marriage 
bond in Granville County). 25 William Kennon, married 
second, Elizabeth Harrison, of Va., Feb. 10th, 1776. He died 
Oct. 3rd, 1804. She died March 3rd, 1807. Issue of William 
& Elizabeth (Harrison) Kennon: 53 Charles ,bom 13th Feb. 
1778. 54 William Warner Kennon, bom 8th April, 1779, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Leveritt. Died May 14th, 1850. 55 Wamer 
Lewis, bom Feb. 8th, 1781. Married Ann Cartrell. Died Sept 
1st, 1822. 56 Jane, bom 15th Sept., 1784. Married her first 
cousin Richard Kennon, Jan. 20th, 1808. Died May 13th, 1878. 

57 Henry Isham ,bom March 8, 1787, died Nov. 25th, 1807. 

58 Ann, born Feb. 13th, 1789, died Nov. 18th, 1807. Elizabeth 
(Bullock) Kennon above died in 1772. 

Issue of the above so far as I know : 54 William Wamer and 
Elizabeth (Leverett) Kennon had issue Martha Harrison, who 
married Isaac McGehee, whose son Christopher C. McGehee, 
married Josephine Garret and had C. C. McGe-hee, Jr Also 
Louisa, who married Collier. Also Wamer Perry, who married 

and had Warner Perry Kennon, of Salem, Ala., and 

others. Also Henry Isham, who married and had Dr. 

John W. Kennon, of Waco, Tex., and others. 65 Warner Lewis 
Kennon married Ann Cartrell and had issue : Elizabeth Harri- 
son, died young. Isabelle, died young. Henry, died 

young. John W. married ? Mary A. married R. H. 


I had the above from the various descendants of William and 
Elizabeth (Harrison) Kennon, chiefly from Wamer P. Kennon, 
of Salem, Ala., who had the record of the older people. 

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Kbnnon Family. 271 

26 Charles^ Kennon (William,^ William,^ Richard^) mar- 
ried his first cousin Mary Lewis, dau of Howell and Isabella 
(Willis) Lewis, April 19th, 1770. (Marriage bond in Oran- 
ville county, N". 0.) 

I send you a copy of the record I rec'd from Dr. L. C. Kennon, 
together with a short account of Dr. Lewis Willis Kennon.* 

(See post.) C, Cri'cUkrt 

Several years ago. Dr. Leonidas^ Taylor, of Oxford, N". C, * ^ 
informed me that his mother was Mildred, daughter of Charles 
and Mary (Lewis) Kennon. Also that his mother had seyeral 
brothers and sisters, of whom he only remembered a few names. 
Eev. Charles Kennon, a Presbyterian minister. Dr. Lewis Ken- 
non, of Georgia, (whom I take to be Lewis Willis Kennon) and 
Anne, who he said married Thos. Wiley. I think the Doctor 
was very old and feeble, for he dictated to his wife, who said as 
much, and added that his memory was very bad, but she knew 
that the above was all true. 

Dr. Taylor was son of Robert Taylor and Mildred Kennon. 

Issue of 26 Charles Kennon, (William, William, Richard) 
and Mary Lewis: 59 Elizabeth W., b. 20th Sept., 1778. 60 
Mildred L., b. 18th May, 1781. 61 Lewis, b. 14th June, 1784. 
62 Charles H., b. 3rd August, 1786. 63 Nancy, b. 16th Dec., 
1790. 64 Mary B., b. 3rd April, 1795. 65 Patsey, b. 16th Nov., 
1796. 66 Lucy, b. 26th May, 1798. 67 Richard, b. 28th March, 
1800. 68 William & Howell, b. 14th March, 1802. 69 Rebekah, 
b. 28th Oct., 1804. James, b. .7th May, 1806. 71 Eliza, b 2nd 
Aug., 1808. 72 Erasmus, b. 31st Jan. 1810. 73 Sally, b. 20th 
Nov., 1811. 

2.7 JoHN^ Kennon (William,^ William,^ Richard^) formeriy 
of Goochland Co., Va., married in Cumberiand County, Feb. 
11th, 1779 (Marriage Bond in Cumberiand County, Va.) 
Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Hughes) Woodson. 
He lived in Granville County, N. C, and all his children were 
bom there. Thence he removed to Georgia, where he died, Oct. 
12, 1812, at Milledgeville, Ga. Elizabeth (Woodson) Kennon 
died Dec. 15th, 1793. Issue: 

74 John Woodson, bom 22 April, 1780. Died August 11, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

272 William and Mary College Quarterly. 

1822. Married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Mary White. 

75 William, bom Feb. 2nd, 1782. Married his first cousin 
Jane, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Kennon) Lewis. 

76 Elizabeth Lewis, bom May 12th, 1783. Died Jan. let, 1824. 
Married in Putnam Co., 6a., Dayid Lindsay White, July 6tli, 
1809. 77 Richard, bom Feb. 22nd, 1785. Married his first 
cousin, Jane, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Harrison) 
Kennon, Jan. 20th, 1808. 78 Charles Lewis, bom Nov. 7th, 
1786. Married Lucy Cotton. 79 Robert Lewis, bom June 
23rd, 1789. Married Martha Bush. 80 Howell Lewis, bora 
Dfec. 18th, 1791. Married Elizabeth Hendley. 

Of the above, 74 John Woodson Kennon, a Methodist Preacher, 
was sent as a missionary to Mississippi. His widow and children 
all settled in Texas prior to the war. 77 Richard Kennon, 79 Rev. 
Robert Lewis Kennon, and 78 Charles Lewis Kennon, were all 
Methodist Preachers. 79 Robert Lewis Kennon was considered 
in his time one of the foremost pulpit orators in the South. A 
sketch of him is published in the M. E. Vol. of Annals of the 
Pulpit. 80 Howell Lewis Kennon was a Physician. The only 
survivor of the seven sons and two daughters born to 76 Elliza- 
beth Lewis Kennon and David Lindsay White, is my father, 
Pleasants Woodson White, b, 1820, and now living in Quincy, 
Fla. His elder brother, David L. White, Jr., left a family five 
children, of whom only one is now living, Charles Wesley White, 
of Citra, Fla. Hence there are now living only ten descendants 
of D. L. & Elizabeth (Kennon) White: Pleasants Woodsox. 
& his children, Woodson Tilton, Jeanbttb Gibson, Rebecca 
Smallwood, Charles Wesley, (son of David L. Jr.) Mildred, 
dau. of Edward K White, (my brother) and my five children, 
Clara Heriot, Pleasants Woodson, Emily Rebecca, Hugh John- 
ston, and Tilton Hanson. 

Elizabeth* (William,^ William,^ Richard^) daughter of Wil- 
liam and Elizabeth (Lewis) Kennon ,was bom Nov. 13th, 1754. 
Died Jan. 14th, 1825. Married John Lewis Feb. 1776. He is 
said to have been her double cousin. He was bom Aug. 31, 
1753. Died Aug. 29th, 1817. They both died at Milledgeville, 
Ga. Issue: 81 John, b. Dec. 14th, 1776., d. Oct. 27, 1777. 

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Kennok Family. 273 

82 William, b. Oct. 7, 1778. 83 Elizabeth, b. Sept. 28, 1780, m. 
a Mr. Sturges, and died Jan. 25, 1801. 84 John, b. Feb. 18, 
1783. 85 Angustin, b. Nbv. 3, 1784. 86 Jane, b. Oct. 1, 1786. 
Sir Fielding, b. July 3rd, 1788, d. Sept. 16th, 1875. 88 Charles, 
b. April 24th, 1790, d. Oct. 29th, 1818. 89 Catherine, b. Jan. 
20th, 1792. 90 Eichard, b. Feb. 1794, d. May 8th, 1828. 
91 Faunt Le Eoy, b. Feb. 24th, 1796. 92 Ulysses, b. Feb. 7th, 
1799. 93 Elizabeth, b. Jan. 20th, 1801. 

The above record is taken from the family Bible of Fielding 
Lewis, son of John and Elizabeth (Eennon) Lewis. She is the 
author of the "Experience,*^ a copy of which I mailed to you. 
In Hhai she refers to an only sister, whom I take to be the person 
mentioned on page 104, W. & M. Quarterly, *Teb. 5, 1768. 
Thomas Harrison to Mary Kannon, daughter of Elizabeth Kan- 
non and orphan of William Kannon, &c/^ She* states that she 
went with her mother to Goochland County, (after her father^s 
death) to her mother^s father. I believe the babe she nursed, 
that was left by her only sister, was the child of the above 
Thomas and Mary (Kennon) Harrison. Of her line I have no 
further knowledge. 




Charles Henry Kennon, son of Lewis and Eliza Kennon, was bom 
8th March 1817, at 2 O'Clock on Saturday, P. M. 

Cbarles Henry, second son of Lewis and Eliza Kennon, was bom 
24th May, 1818, on Sunday moming 1 O'Clock. 

Lewis Willis Kennon, first son of Rhoda and Lewis Kennon, was 
bom 12th, Jany 1829. 

Elizabeth Rebecca, daughter of Rhoda and Lewis Kennon, was 
bom 30th August, 1830. 

Oswell Eve, son of Rhoda and Lewis Kennon, was bom 30th, Sep- 
tember 1832. 

Robert Poe, son of Lewis and Rhoda Kennon, was bom January 
19th, 1835. 

Mildred Susan, daughter of Rhoda and Lewis Kennon, was bom 
9th Jany 1839. 

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274 William and Mary College Quartbely. 

Lewis Kennon, son of Charles Kennoa and his wife Blary, was bora 
In Halifax Cty, Virginia, 14th day June, 1784 . 

Eliza Wyatt Wlnslow was bom In Orange Cty, Virginia, 6th. liaj 
1790. Married to Lewis Kennon, 23d Jany 1816.— Died 22nd 
September, 1824. 

Lewis Kennon and Eliza W. Jackson were married the 23d, Jany 
1816, by Rev J. McVean. 

Lewis Kennon and Rhoda Chadwick were married by Rerd Saml 
Davis, 10th of Jany 1828. 


Charles Henry, 1st son of Eliza W. ft Liewis Kennon, 16th March 

Elizabeth Rebecca, daughter of Lewis ft Rhoda died 17 July 1831. 

Oswald Eve, son of L. and R. died 17 July 1833. 

Mildred Susan 18th June 1859. 

Rhoda Kennon wife of Lewis Kennon died 19th February 1847 — at 
12% O'clock in the day. 

Lewis Kennon died 15th October 1847 at 4 O'clock P. M. 

Charles Kennon, in Wake Cty, N. C. 21st April 1820. 

Howell Lewis in GranviUe Cty N. C. 20th Nov 1813. 

Nancy MUlie In Wake Oty N. vj. 24th Oct 1817. 

Lewis Willis Kennon Died in Grant Pass Oregon on January 2nd 
at 2.25 A, M. 

My Father's (Dr. Lewis Kennon) brothers and sisters. 

Elizabeth W. Kennon, bom 20th S^pt 1778. 

Mildred L. Kennon, " 18th May 1781. 

Lewis Kennon. " 14th June 1784. 

Charles H. Kennon. ^' 3d August 1786. 

Nancy Kennon. " 16th Deer 1790. 

Mary B. Kennon. " 3rd April 1796. 

Patsey Kennon. " 16th Nov. 1796. 

Lucy Kennon. " 26th May 1798. 

Richard Kennon. " 28th March 1800. 

WUliam ft Howell or Harvell " 14th March 1802. 

Rebekah Kennon " 28t]i October 1804. 

James Kennon " 7th May 1806. 

Elisa Kennon " 2nd August 1808. 

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Marriaghb in Yobk County. 275 

Erasmus Keimon bom Slst Jany 1810. Died 6tli 

June 1812. 
Sally Keimon " 20tli Nov 18il. 

I hereby certify that this is a true and correct copy of said 
record. L. C. Eennon. 

L. C. Kennon is a son of Dr. Lewis Willis Kennon, who was a 
son of Lewis Kennon above, (bom 14th June 1784.) and Rhoda 

A portion of this record is published in the July number of the 
Va. Mlagazine for 1905, but was not copied correctly in some parti- 
culars. The above was sent to me by the lady who contributed 
to the Va. Magazine. 

(To be continued). 


List of Marriages celebrated by the Rev<* Thos. Camm in Charles 
Parish, York Co., Va. from 3* June, 1794, to January, 1798. 

June 3"*, 1794. Abmigbr Pabsons to Elizabeth HoUoway, 

Dee'. 27, 1794. John H. Pubdeb to Ann Moore, Spinster. 

Jany. 22*, 1795. John Dbwbeebt to Mary Saunders. 

Feby. 28, 1795. John Prbsson to Polly lilbum. 

Feb. 28, 1795. Will Dunsford J', of Ja". City to Sarah 

Aug. 26, 1795. WILLLA.M Kerby to Sarah Kerby. 

Sept. 12, 1795. Chablbs Lbavitt to Mary Eobinson. 

Dec^ 12, 1795. Ceblby Ross to Jane Stores both of Eliz* 
City county. 

Jan.y 23*, 1796. Willl^m Moss to Elizabeth Goodwin. 

Feby. 25, 1796. William Marrow to Mary Sheild Kerby. 

Feby. 27, 1796. Miles Caby to Martha Selater. 

Nov. 19, 1796. Aaron Dennis to Polly Robert. 

1 Where the residence is not otherwise stated, both the contract- 
ing parties are In the original paper said to be of "Charles Parish 
it York county." 

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276 William and Maby Collbob Quabterly. 

Dec. 22^ 1796. Bbnj» Prbsson to Blizabeai Drewry. 

Jany. Ist, 1797. Milhb Gary of Warwick county to Anne 
Bobinson, Spinster, of Charles Parish. 

Mar. 4th, 1797. W™. Gilliam to Mary Moss. 

April 8th, 1797. Dudley Wright to Ann Baptist. 

July 21st, 1797. X^ Gaylb to MoUie Gayle. 

Aug. 26th, 1797. Meade Woode of Warwick county to Sally 

Dec"". 30th, 1797. John Tennis to Frances Dixon. 

March 31st, 1798. Nicholas Prbsson to Sarah Minson. 
June 23^, 1798. Jn^. Rogers, Jun.' to Ann Throckmorton, 
Spinster, of the parish of Yorkhampton & county of York. 

July 21, 1798. Ransome Davis to Eliz* Qemmill, widow. 

Aug. 8th, 1798. Job Wilson to Patsey Parsons. 

Sept. 1st, 1798. Ambhosb Morris to Nancy Kibla 

Nov. 6th, 1798. Abraham Cox to Rachael Phillips. 

I do certify that I joined together in the holy state of Matri- 
mony according to the Rites and Ceremonies of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church the several persons mentioned in the forgoing 
at the times specified in the Margin. 

Thomas Camm, Rector of C. Parish. 


Oct. 18, 1802. Martin Walker to Maria S. GriflSn, spinster, of 
Yorkhampton Parish. Security, Thomas GriflBn. 

Dec. 20, 1800. William Hopkins x(hi8 mark) & Elizabeth 
Rawlins, spinster, of Yorkhampton Parish. Security, Charles 
Hewson x (his mark). Witness, S. Sheild, Jr. 

Dec. 17, 1800. John" Ellis & Mary Booth. Security, Edward 

April 14, 1800. Thomas Holt & Mary Pierce, spinster, of 
Yorkhampton Parish. Security, William Pierce x(his mark). 
Witness, Henry Christian. 

Dec. 22', 1800. John Combs x(his mark) and Elizabeth Huon, 
spinister, of Charles Parish. Securities, S. Sheild, Jr., Latinus 

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YosK CoxrsTY Marhugb Boni». 277 

Dec. 18, 1797. Bond of Bev. James Evans, minister of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, to celebrate the rites of matrimony. 

Jan. 28, 1801. Josiah Thomas & Prances Curtis, spinster, 
of Charles Parish. Security, Thomas Chisman. Witnesses, S. 
Sheild, Jr., Latinus Armistead. 

Feb. 16, 1801. Lewis Hogg x(his mark) & Nancy Wright, of 
Yorkhampton Parish. Security, John Hogg. 

April 20, 1801. William Wood & Mary Chisman Moss. 
Security, Matthew Wood. Witness, Bobert H. Waller. 

Aug. 22, 1801. Thomas Shbkloob: and Mary Timson, of 
Bruton Parish, Security, William Henley. Witness, E. H. 

April 20, 1801. John Moore & Elizabeth Wright, spinster, of 
Yorkhampton Parish. Security, James Hubberd. Witness, R. 
H. Walker. 

Aug. 15, 1801. William Scott & Apageay ( ?) Lee. Secu- 
rity, John Lee. Witness, John Bryant, Jr. 

Nov. 16, 1801. William Watkins x(hi8 mark) & Ann Raw- 
lins, of Yorkhampton Parish. Security, Joseph Rawlins. Wit- 
ness Samuel Sheild, Jr. 

March 3, 1802. Edward Chapman & Martha Vass, spinster. 
Securities, William Chapman and Richard Hansford. 

Dec. 8, 1802. W. Goosley^s letter consenting to marriage of 
James Brown, Jr., of Richmond to his dau. Prances, an infant 
under 21 years. Witnesses, Sally Mims & George Qoosley. 
May 21,1802. William C. Galt & Matilda Beall, of Bruton 
Parish. Security, Richard A. Maupin. Witness, L*. Armis- 
tead. (Matilda, ward of Norbome B. Beale) . 

Dec. 9, 1805. William Dudley's letter, dated at Yorktown, 
consenting to Mr. Samuel Sheild marrying his daughter Sally C. 

June 1, 1805. Wiluam K. Charlis & Elizabeth P. Hubberd, 
spinster, of Yorkhampton Parish. Witness, William G. Hub- 
berd. Security, Richard Pleasants. 

March 17, 1800. Thomas Jameson x(hi8 mark) & Dicey 
Meade, of Bruton Parish. Security, James Jameson x(his 
mark). Witness, Henry Christian. 

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278 William and Mary Ck>LLBOB Quabterly. 

March 11, 1806. Babtlett Dagnall & Elizabeth Hughes, 
spmBter, of Bruton Parish. Securities, Henry Eaton, Bichard 
Hansford. Witness, R. H. Walker. 

April 18, 1808. Moss Armistead & Mildred Sclater, q)inster, 
of Charies Parish. Security, William S. Sclater. 

Oct. 26, 1808. John (Joodah, and Martha B. Digges. 
Security, Robert Saunders. 

July 15, 1812. Wadb Mountfoet and Ann Oibbs. Security, 
William L. Harwood. 

April 16, 1813. Lewis Hansford x(his mark) & Ann Jordan, 
spinster. Security, Samuel Morris. Witness Maria Sheild. 

June 9, 1814. Willla^m Lee & Peggey Lee, of Yorkhampt(m 
Parish. Security, Thomas Harwood. 

Dec. 20, 1811. Thomas Chisman & Rachael Daughty. 
Security, Matthew Daughty. Witness, Thomas Hansford. 

Dec. 30, 1797. William Pibroe x(his mark) and Sarah 
Cosby, spinster, of Yorkhampton Parish. Security, Thomas 
Holt. Witness, Cari;er B. Page. 


GovBRNOB Benjamin Harrison to the Mayor op 

Richmond, April 23^ 1783. 

It gives me pleasure to have it in my power to congratulate you 
on the important event of a general peace and American inde- 
pendence as annoimced in the inclosed proclamation of Congress, 
& I have to request that you will cause the said proclamation to- 
gether with the one issued by me for the strict observance of it 
publicly read in your city. 

I am, sir. Your obed* Hble Serv*, 

Benj. Harrison. 

(On the inside of this letter is written in another hand the 
"Order of the Procession on the Great Day*' as below). 

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PBA.OB Declared in Williamsbubg. 279 

Obdbb of the Proobbsion on the Great Day, Thursday, 
May 1st. 

!■*. Two attendants, in front, supporting two staffs, decorated 
with Bibbons, &c., &c. 

2<*. The Herald mounted on a Gelding neatly Caparisoned. 

S^. Two Attendants, as at first. 

4^. Sergeant bearing the mace. 

5^. Mayor, Recorder, with Charter. 

6^. Clerk, Behind carrying the Plan of the City. 

7^. Aldermen, two and two. 

8^. Common Council, in the same order. 

9^. The Citizens in the same order. 

The Citizens to be convened on Thursday at 1 o'clock at the 
Court House by a Bell man. 

After the convention of the citizens they are to make procla- 
mation at the C: House, after which the Bells at the Church, 
College ft Capitol are to ring in peal. 

Prom the C* House the Citizens are to proceed to the College, 
and make proclamation at that place, from whence they are to 
proceed to the Capitol and make proclamation there; and from 
thence Proceed to the Raleigh ft pass the rest of the Day. 


Ralph Wormeley to Himiphrey Harwood. 

Rosegill, 8th Nov', 1791. 


Nothing but necessity induced me to keep Ralph so long from 
College. I think you have improved him in his reading; in a 
short time I hope he may be taught Latin so as to attain at 
least some grammatical knowledge. I am very anxious to have 
him taught to write well ; & arithmetic : the higher order of edu- 
cation, had he talents, he should aspire to; should these fail him, 
bne must endeavor to turn his mind to such objects as he can 
compass; ft tiiough he never may be brilliant, yet render him a 
useful man. Inform me what I owe you for your parHcuUur 

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280 WiLLiAic AND Mary College Quarterly. 

tiiition of him. I have sent money to pay his school ezpensesy 
but how it has been disposed of I am not informed — make my 
best respects to Bishop Madison. 
I remain with perfect esteem, sir. 

Your most obed.* humble servant, 

Balph Wormeley. 
[Addressed] Mr. Harwood, assistant master, William and 
Mary CoU^e. 

[Endorsed] Balph Wormeley to H. Harwood, May 8th, 1791. 


Ralph6 Wormeley, the student mentioned in this letter, was born 
Jmie 16,1777. The writer was Pa1ph5 Wormeley (1744-1806) who had 
served as member of Lord Dunmore's Council. He was son of 
Ralphs Wormeley who died August 19, 1790. This last was son of 
J<dm8 Wormeley (1689-1726), who was son of Ralph2 Wormeley (1650- 
1703) who served as Secretary of State, and he was son of Ralphi 
Wormeley a member of the Council, who died in 1651. In the note 
In QuABTEBLT, VI, 152, an error is made in starting the family with 
a Ralph Wormeley who died in 1649. The reference is to Chris- 
topher Wormeley brother of Ralph, who is entered there by mistake 
as of the 2nd generation. 

Humphrey Harwood in the text was the son of Humphrey Ha^ 
wood of Williamsburg, who was lieutenant in 1775 and died in 
November, 1788 leaving a wife and six children (To. Oazetie), His 
will was proved at Torktown, April 20, 1789, and names sons Wil- 
liam and Humi^rey and makes Robert Andrews, one of the profes- 
sors in the college and Humphrey the son executors. The emigrant 
ancestor was Capt Thomas Harwood, of Martin's Hundred, '<^ho came 
to Virginia in 1620 and after serving many years in the House of 
Burgesses was appointed to the (Council in 1652. His wife was Ann 

. His eldest son was Humphrey Harwood who was major 

and burgess for Warwick in 1685 and 1692. His son, as shown by a 
power of attorney from Needier Webb, "scrivMier of London and 
nephew and devisee of my late uncle John Needier, late of James 
River in Virginia deceased," dated in 1717 was William Harwood, 
who represented Warwick county in the House of Burgesses, and 
was killed by a fall from his horse in 1737 (Vo. Ckusette). CtA- 
William Harwood, who represented the county in the House <A 
Burgesses from 1744 to 1775 and was a member of the 0)nveQtion of 
1776 was doubtless son of William Harwood, who died in 1737. He 
was father of C^l. Edward Harwood, who married 1st. Elizabe^ 

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Lettbh op Ralph Wormeley. 281 

Reade (Col. George,! Robert,2 John,8 Jolm4) and had Elizabetli who 
married Henry Lee, Sarah who married Littleton Kendall, Mary who 

married Chapman, and Dorothy who married Johnson Tabb. 

He married 2dly in 1779 Elizabeth Burwell, daughter of James Bur- 
well of Kings Creek, who married 1st Rev. Richard Hewitt and had 
Elizabeth, Mary, Ann and Dorothy Hewitt 

William Harwood was in Virginia in 1620, was commander of Mul- 
bury Island, and made a member of the Council in 1620. 


(See QuABTBRLY, 117-125.) 

Some corrections and additions. 

Page 120. — Col. Edward Harwood and 19 Elizabeth Rbadb, 
daughter of 16 John^ Reade had issue according to a deed record- 
ed in York county, Feb. 16, 1798 : (1) Sarah, married to little- 
ton Kendall, of Northampton counfy, (2) Elizabeth, married to 
Henry Lee, of York county ,(3) Dorothy who married Johnson 
Tabb. They had probably another daughter Mary Chapman, 
who was deceased in 1797 without issue. 

Page 121. — 30 Rev. Robert* Reade (Gywn,^ Beniamin,^ 
George^) married Martha Short, daughter of William Short, of 
Surry, who mentions her in his will dated March 24, 1756. 
Short says : "In case Robert Readers father Gwyn Reade makes 
him a fee simple in £800, then my executors shall pay my daugh- 
ter Martha £100.^' In 1765, Roberii Reade, of Surry, Clerk, 
made a deed t6 William Short for three negroes to secure money 
loaned to said Reade. Another deed in Surry Co. from Robert 
Reade to Walter Peter and D. Foster conveys 8 slaves, some 
horses, furniture &c. including two silver cans marked on the 
top R^ P, ani a coat of arms on the Breasf' (probably the side 
is meant). 

Page 122. — ^The paragraph relating to 8 Thomas^ Reade is not 
entirely correct. It should read as follows : 8 Thomas^ Reade, 
(George^), married Lucy Gwyn, daughter of Edmund Gwyn and 
had, it is said, eleven children of whom only five are really 
known : 45 Thomas, eldest son, bom in 1697, and died without 

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2S2 William and Mary Collbgb Quaktbelt. 

issue April 17, 1739; 46 John; 47 Mildred, married Philip 
Bootes; 48 Mary, married Mordecai Throckmorton; 49 Lucy, 
married John Dixon; 50 probably Ann, married Matthew Pate; 
51 probably Clement Eead, founder of the Lunenburg family. 


Quaetbrly, VI., page 232. 123 William® Armistead, 
married twice. By first wife name unknown he had ( 1 ) Euphan, 
married William A. Graves; (2) Sarah; (3) Mary; (4) Anne, 
married Starkey Robinson, of Richmond, and had Anthony, 
Polly, William Armistead, Fanny, Eliza and Robert Robinson; 
(5) Roberii. William Armistead, married 2dly Mary Latham 
Curie, daughter of Wilson Curie and Priscilla Meade, and widow 
of Robert Wallace. Issue: (6). WUliam; (7); Moss; (8) 

William Armistead, son of 123 William® Armistead, married 
1st. Martha Booker, and had issue: (1) Mary Booker Armistead. 
He married 2nd. Elizabeth Armistead, of North Carolina, and 
had (2) William Moss Armistead, who married Rebecca Phil- 
lips; (3) Catherine, who married Walker Watts; (4) Robert, 
married in New Orleans. 

William Moss Armistead and Rebecca Phillips had 13 chil- 
dren, of whom the following have issue: (1) Elizabeth, married 
Frank Robert Benson; (2) Robert JeflEerson, married Mary 
Hodges; (3) Moss William, married Anne Kim (4) Samuel 
Watts, who married Jane M. Lindsay. 

Moss Armistead, son of 123 ^William Armistead, had by his 
1st. wife, Mary Booker, a daughter Martha, who married John 
Whiting; by his 2d. wife, Mildred Sclater, he had William. 
Moss Armistead died in 1813. 

Rebecca Armistead, daughter of 123 William® Armistead mar- 
ried 1st. John Sheppard, and had John ; Mary Curie who married 
J. Phillips; and Eliza Curie: married 2nd. Elijah Phillips, and 
had Rebecca, who married William Moss Armistead above, Sarah 
who married Edward King, Lavinia who married William Holt, 
Jefferson Curie who married Caroline Phillips. 

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Abmistem) Family. 283 

In 1756 Francis Bressie and Elizabeth his wife, sold land in 
Lunenburg Co. to John Armistead, of Elizabeth Co. (Lunen- 
burg Co. Becords). In May, 1773 John Armistead and his 
tithes were added to the list of tithes also in Mecklenburg Co. 
Sept. 13, 1790, a deed was recorded in Mecklenburg Co. between 
John Armistead of the one part and his children, Robert Alex- 
ander Armistead, John Clayton Armistead, Latinus Armistead, 
Marcus Aurelius Armistead, and Leander Armistead. He had 
later other children, viz.: Fabian, bom Dec. 25th, 1794, Ajax, 
Lycurgus, and a daughter. John Armistead married Elizabeth 
Royster, of Granville Co., North Carolina. 

I. Robert Alexander Armistead lived in Portsmouth, Va., 
where he married, in 1820, Mrs. Ann Myers, n6e Wright. He 
was a student of William & Mary College in 1798. He was a 
physician and author of a work on English Grammar. He died 
in Florida. 

His children were (1) Elizabeth, bom 1822, married Stephen 
Cowley, of Portsmouth . 

(2) Stella Louisa Hodges, bom April 24, 1824, married John 
S. Stubbs, of Portsmouth, Va. 

The children of Stephen and Elizabeth Armistead Cowley 
were (1) Annie Margaret, born Jan. 24, 1890, married Capt. 
Thomas F. Pettus (Capt. Co. H, 20th Miss. Regi, C. S. A.) of 
Somerville, Ala.; (2) Stephen Armistead, bom 1842, Inspector 
on GenT Quarles' Staff with rank of Lieut Col (C. S. A.), was 
killed at battle of Franklin, Tenn. 

(3) Eugenia Armistead, bom 1841, married Horatio Overton 
Pettus, of Miss. 

(4) Elizabeth, bom 1843, married first, Capt. John Hart 
(C. S. A.), and second, her brother-in-law, Capi Thomas F. 

(5) Robert Armistead, died, unmarried, in Mississippi. 

II. John Clajrton Armistead, bom Jan. 12, 1782, mairied 
Lucy Ann Fanny Harrison, Dec. 20th, 1814, daughter of the 

1 John Armistead of Mecklenburg, was probably 101 John Armis- 
tead of Elizabeth City Ck>. named in Quabteblt« VI, 229. His fatt^ar 
gave him 1000 acres in North Carolina. 

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284 WiLUAM AND Mart College Quaeterlt. 

Bev. William Harrison and Anne Vaughan, rector of Blandford 
Church, Petersburg, Virginia. He died April 11th, 1832 ; issue: 

(1) Adelia Harrison, bom April 2l8t, 1816, married John 
E. Johnson, of Richmond, Va., died Aug. 12th 1834, leaving one 
son, William R. Armistead Johnson, who died in San Francisco 
in 1900, without issue. 

(2) John Eoyster Armistead, bom April 12, 1818, died Oct. 
5th, 1889. He married Elizabeth Edmondson Edloe, of Wil- 
liamsburg, Va., Dec. 11th, 1837. 

(3) William Harrison, bom 1820, died in Halifax Co., Va., 
Dec. 6th, 1895. He married Sarah Henry, daughter of Edward 
Winston Henry, son of Patrick Henry. 

John Clayton Armistead lived in Petersburg, Va., and is 
buried there, at Porter Hill, the old Harrison home. 

III. Marcus Aurelius Araiistead married Mary Ann C. Har- 
rison, daughter of the Rev. William Harrison, and Anne 
Vaughan, his wife. He moved from Petersburg to Florida, where 
he died; issue: 

(1) Marcus Latinus Armistead, M. D., surgeon in the U. S. 
A., died at Vera Cruz, Mexico, of yellow fever while on duty in 
the army. 

(2) Anne Elizabeth Harrison, who married first Peter Batte 
Jones, second Dr. Austin Watkins, of Nottoway Co., Va., married 
third Maj. Daniel H. Bobertson. 

(3) Latinus Armistead, M. D., who died in Tallahassee, 
Florida, in 1900, leaving three children. 

(4) Eugenia Armistwui, married in Florida; left no chil- 

(5) Mary Virginia Armistead married John Rogers, of New 
Orleans, left one daughter, Mary Eugenia, who married William 
B. Bradley, of North Carolina. 

(6) George Armistead, who died in Florida, unmarried. 

(7) Lucy Fanny Armistead, who married Eobert Tucker, of 
Dinwiddie Co. Virginia. 

IV. Fabian Armistead, bom Dec. 25, 1794, died Sept. 16, 
1865 ; married Virginia Harrison, daughter of the Bev. William 
Harrison and Anne Vaughan, his wife; issue: 

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Gawin Corbin^s Will. 285 

(1) John Clayton Armistead, died Oct. 14, 1901, age 66. He 
married Mary L. Keen, daughter of the Eev. Thomas J. Keen, 
of Philadelphia; no surviving issue. 

(2) Fabian Harrison married Annie Spencer, of Farmville, 
Va., died June 7, 1901, aged 64, and left issue, viz., Virginia 
Harrison Armistead, Fabian Spencer Armistead. 

(3) Anne Harrison married her first cousin, Richard W. 
I* Anson, M. D., and had issue: Robert; Armistead I' Anson. 

(4) William Harrison, died 1893, aged 41, unmarried. 

(5) Robert; Alexander, married Marcella Eugenia Herron, of 
Memphis, Tenn., issue, Robert Alexander, Jr. 

(6) Mary Virginia, married John Monroe Banister, of Peters- 
burg, Va. ; no issue. 

(7) George Ajax, married Mary Bland, daughter of Dr. 
Theodorick Bland, of Jordan's Point, James River. 

Children of George Ajax and Mary Bland Armistead are: 

(1) George Clayton. 

(2) John Clayton; married Estelle RuflSn Marks; no issue. 

(3) Mary Jeffery. 

(4) Sallie Bland. 

Ajax Armistead, son of John and Elizabeth Royster Armis- 
tead, moved to Georgia, and married and died there, in Peters- 
burg, Greo.; issue: John Armistead. Stella Armistead married 
Machei I' Anson, and left issue : Richard W. I' Anson. Leander, 
Lycurgus and Latinus, sons of John and Elizabeth Royster 
Armistead, were not married. 


In a record book at Fredericksburg, I f oxmd the will of Gawin 
Oorbin, of which the following is an abstract: 

Will of Gawin Corbin, of Stratton Major Parish, in the county 
of King and Queen: Testator names my son Richard Corbin, 
whom. Betty, dau. of Col. John Tayloe; to son Gawin Cor- 
bin all lands lying in Westmoreland, Lancaster, King George and 
PWnce William counties; also 6,000 acres in the county of Spot- 
sylvania; brother, late Mr. Thomas Corbin; to Gawin the fol- 

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286 William and Mary Collbob Quarterly. 

lowing n^roes which were given to his mother by her father 
William Bassett, Esq. ; to son Richard lands in King & Queen and 
Middlesex and 6000 acres in Spotsylvania; tract in Carolina ft 
Morecox in the south end of Essex ; to son John land called 
Portobago; dau. Joanna Tucker; dau. Alice N'eedler my house 
and 4 lots in Williamsburg, which I bought of Francis Tyler and 
lie adjoining the Gov™ Pasture and my Lady Randolph's stable; 
dau. Allerton. CodicU names sons and sons-in-law Richard Cor- 
bin, Benjamin Needier, Gawin Corbin, wh"* he arrives at age; 
Robert Tucker and brother-in-law W™. Bassett, Esq. Dated Nov. 
1, 1739, proved Feb. 12, 1^44. One item of a second codicil 
reads: "I give my four white men servants to my son Gawin; 
& Matthew Cue coachman I give to my son John, but as my son 
John will not be a house keeper for, some years, if his brother 
Richard Corbin will yearly so long as their servitude continues 
tann the said Gawin's leather and make shoes for all his people 
and himself if required & make all his n^roes clothes, then I 
give the said 3 white servants to my son Richard Corbin.*' 


In the pedigree of this family published in Quarterly, Vol. 
II, Charles Calthorpe, (son of Elestrange, son of James, son of 
Ool. Christopher, the emigrant) is mentioned on page 166 as 
marrying Ellinor and had (1) Butts, b. Dec., 1731, dial Oct. 17, 
1738; (2) Mary, born in 1733; (3) Sarah, bom in March, 1735: 
(4) Frances, bom Sept. 6, 1737, and (5) James, bom Jan. 23, 
1740. Charles CaJthorpe moved to Southampton Co., where his 
will dated Nov. 8, 1756, was proved April 14, 1763. It names 
children (1) Mary, wife of John Bailey; (2) Frances, wife of 
Jesse Jones; (3) Sarah; (4) Elizabeth; (5) Martha; (6) Ann; 
(7) Edward; (8) Anthony; (9) James Butte. The will of 
Ellinor Calthorpe was made April 7, 1772, and was proved Jan- 
uary 12, 1775. Names daughter Ellinor Clifton Calthorpe, 
daughter Dina, grandson Charles Butte Bowen, and sons Edward 
and Anthony. 

In the register of Charles Parish, York Co., ^'Ellinor, 

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Historical and Qbnbalogical Notes. 287 

daughter of Benjamin Clifton by Sarah, his wife, was bom 
March the 13th, 1713/' This, of course, was the Ellinor Cal- 
thorpe, wife of Charles Calthorpe. 


Jackson — Sir Keith G. Jackson, Correo, La Paz de Entre 
Rios, Argentine Eep., writes that his ancestor 1 Joseph^ Jack- 
son, of Carlisle, Cumberland, England, had issue: 2 Robert*'^ 
Jackson, of Yorktown, Virginia. He married before 1731 — ^^32 
(Eliza?) Brett of that place, who died and was buried there after 
1746-^47. They had issue: 3 Johrfi Jackson, born Yorktown, 
Virginia, a chirurgeon, died at Kingston, Jamaica, May, 1777. 
4 Robert^ died 1770. 5 Joseph,^ bom 1731, Captain in the 
Royal Navyy. 6 Mary Anne^ b. 1738. 7 Elizabeth Brett^ b. 
1747. 8 Rosannah^ b. 1746. 9 Prances^. Of these 3 John^ 
Jackson, married Hannah C6verley before 1761, and had issue: 
10 Sir John"^ Jackson, b. Kingston, Jamaica, 1763, married Char- 
lotte Gorman, of the old Massachusetts family. 11 Eight other 

10 Sir John* Jackson and Charlotte Gorman had issue: 12 
Sir Keith^ A. Jackson, married Amelia Waddell. 13 five other 
children. Finally the issue of (12) was 14 Sir Keith^ G. Jack- 
son who married Alice Montrfeor. (Mr. D. C. Skull has written 
an account of the Montr6sors.) 

Can any one find particulars of Robert Jackson of York- 
town — ^whether he owned property there, his profession, &c. ? 

Bankhead-Monroe. Dr. James Bankhead, of Westmoreland 
Co. married Ellinor Monroe, of Monroe's Creek, Aug. 20, 1738, 
(old Bible) . Family tradition says she was aunt to the Presi- 
dent. They had issue : James Bankhead, said to be a Revolution- 
ary oflScer. St. Memin drew his picture which is catalogued as 
that of James Bankhead, planter in Virginia, officer in navaJ ser- 
vice during Revolution. His son was Gen. James Bankhead of 
the tOoited States Army, and an attach^ with Mr. Monroe as U. 
S. envoy in France and England. He had sons James Monroe 

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288 William and Mary Collbqb Quartbhly. 

Bankhead, and Gten. Smith Bankhead, C. S. A., who was mur- 
dered mysteriously in Memphis in 186.7. 

Granville Smith, died in the 40th year of his age at the hon^ 
of James Pleasants in Goochland on Sunday last (From Bich- 
mond Enquirer, June 10, 1826). 

Govebinor's Land (3000 acres between Chickahominy and 
Jamestown) . *T!ki^ W°*. Drummond one of y* tenants of -f 
Gtovem" Land peticoning to this court that leases for 99 yeares 
might be granted, and the court considering what great damage 
many of y® tenants have been in building and other Improvem*" 
doth thinke fitt and accordingly grant and Order all the Tenants 
inhabiting upon the said Passbehayes have their Leases renewed 
99 yeares paying y^ accustomed Rents to y® Govern' and his suc- 
cess".'' Nov. 25, 1671. (From the General Court Record 

EvBLYN. "The difference between Major Will™ Andrewes, 
guardian of George Evelyn, orphan of Mounljoy Evelyn pit. and 
M". Eliz. Bynns admix, of Thomas Bynns deed, about Grindall's 
Hill is dismisst. And the said M"^ Bynns in the right of the 
said Tho. Bynns to remaine in possession, neither of the orph" 
being of age.'' April 20, 1670. (Prom the General Court Re- 
cord Book) . 

Prbshwbll Cavalry. — ^The following is an extract from a 
letter of Mrs. Elizabeth W. Waller, River Porest, Illinois. Can 
any one furnish Mrs. Waller with the information she desires 
about the Preshwell Calvary? "I met a gentleman whose ances- 
tors lived in Virginia before the Revolution. When the war 
broke out they returned to England, as they would not figbt 
against their mother country. Their names was Watson. The 
gentleman I met is a Rev. Llewellyn Bullock, of Rugby. He 
has an old Military Standard of the time of George III. inscribed 
^'Preshwell Cavalry" and (P. V. C). He is very anxious to 
find out something about this Standard." 

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Warehouse and Grease Works 9th & Arch Sts. 



LubrlcatliHI & CylliHler Oils, Qasonnes & Grease. Raulroad Oil and Grease a Specialty. 

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A Catalogue, be it for school or business, will al- 
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are Manufacturers of Knife Switches, Panel Boakds, Switch Boards, Etc 

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KESSNICH'S CONCERT band and orchestra. 

Address all coaununications to 

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Established 1886. 






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Albemable Parish Register, 1-6. 
Ambler, Richard, Will of, 126-129. 
Anderson Family, 32-34. 
ABMiSTEAD Family, 282-285. 
Ashton-Clare, 66. 
Bankhead-Monroe, Note on, 287. 
Barry, William T., Correspondence 

of, 19-25; 65-66. 
Beckwith, Sir Jennings, Obituary of, 

Bohun, Dr. Lawrence, 97. 
Boston, British in, 249. 
Bradshaw, President John, 37-38. 
Bray Family, 51. 
Brodnax Family, 52-59; 135-139. 
Broadrib, William, Will of, 35-37. 
BucKNFR, William, Will of, 158. 
BuRWELL Records, 258-260. 
Bushrod Family, 177. 
Calthobpe Family, 286. 
Camm Family Records, 130-131. 
Cape Hpnry, Sand Hills of, 254-263. 
Cape Henry, Light House at, 257. 
Carter, Col. Landon, Diary of, 38-44; 

181-186; 246-253. 
Charles City County, School in, 34. 
Chlsman Family, 116-117; 123-124. 
Chisman, Thomas, Will of, 160-162. 
Coin, A Curious, 162-163. 
Collier's Orphans, 159. 
Copland, Charles, Diary of, 44-50; 

Copland Family, 139. 
CoRBiN, Gawin, Will of, 285. 
Dandridge Family Records, 267-268. 
De Butts Family, 178. 
DiNwiDDiE County Records, 139. 
Drummond Family, 131. 
Family Records, Value of, 260-263. 
Francisco, Peter, Descendants of, 107- 

Francisco, Peter, Letters Regarding, 

Freshwell Cavalry, 288. 
Gibbon, James, 68. 

Gordon, Ann Isham, Will of, 211-213. 
Harwood, Family, 280. 
Henry^ Col. John, Map by, 83. 

Honor System, 216. 

Hunter Family, 149. 

Hyde Family, 148. 

Indian Names in Virginia, Meaning 

of, 62-64, 
Jackson, Andrew, 232, 235, 240. 
Jackson Family, 287. 
Jerdone, Francis, Letter Book of, 141- 

Jones Family, 67. 
Jordan, Josiah M., Bible Records of, 

Kenner Family. 173, 179. 
Kenner, Rodham, Will of, 179-181. 
Kennon Family, 132-135; 268-275. 
Kerry Family, 154-158. 
Letters* Lawrence Coughen, 101; Wil- 
liam Moulle, 102; Ralph Worme- 

ley, 279-281. 
Macon, Elizabeth, Will of, 265-267. 
Martian, Nicholas 123. 
Maxwell, John, 67. 
McKenzie, Captain, Trial of, 208. 
MiLNER Family, 139. 
Moore of Chelsea, 267. 
Peaked Mountain Records, 9-19; 186- 

Pescud Family, 114-116. 
Phillips Family, 124. 
Physicians, Several Early, 96-101. 
Pott, Dr. John. 97-100; Francis, 100. 
Portraits, 34, 68. 
Quakers' Petition, 23-25. 
Raleigh Tavern, 213-215. 
Ransom Family, 129-130. 
Reade Family, 117-126; 281-282. { 

Reade, Benjamin, Will of, : Mary. 

Will of, 159. 
Reade, Hawkins, Family of, 117. 
Rebellion to Tyrants is Obedience 

TO God, 37-38. 
Richmond Theatre, Burning of the. 

Royle Family, 149. 
RuFPiN. Edmund, Visit of, to John 

Tyler, 193-211. 
RuFTiN, Edmund, Expatriation of, 215. 
Russell, Doctor, 96. 

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Saundebs Familt, 145-150. 

Schools: In Charles City County, 34; 
James City County, 35; in Wil- 
liamsburg, 34; Indian School, 
Grammar School at the College in, 

Scott Family, 33. 

Seldens of Vibginia and Allied Fami- 
lies. 69-70. 

Smith, Granville, 288. 

Spelman or Spilman Family, 178-179. 

Tabb Family, 50-51. 150-154. 

Throckmorton Family, 124. 

Tobacco Trade, 88-94, 
'Tombstones in Warwick County, 163- 
167; In BliJzabeth City County, 

Travis Family, 67. 

Tyler, John, Country residence of, 
195; character of, 197, 204; ad- 
ministration of, 201-209. 

Underwood Family, 140. 

Vaulx Family, 178. 

Viboinia: Description of, 83-87; popu- 

lation of, 85; dn'nks used in, 86; 
manufactures of, 86; oommeree 
of, 87-94; tobacco in, 88; emigra- 
tion from, 94-97; agriculture in, 
194; wevil fly in, 252; prevailing 
winds in, 255. 

ViBoiNiANS IN English RsooBDe, 263- 

Walkeb-Field-Wilson-Pescud, 113-115 

Warrell, James, Portrait Patoter, 34. 

Webster, Daniel, in Tyler's Cabinet. 

WnxiAM AND BiABY Collbqb: Honor 
System at, 216; Early Courses and 
Professors at, 71-83; Journal oi 
the President and Professors oL 
25-32, 242-247. 

WiLLiAMSBtTBG : Pcaco wlth Great 
Britain Celebrated In Williams- 
burg, 278. 

Wyche Family, 59-62. 

YoBK County, Mabbiages in, 275-279; 
Recobds, 158-162. 

YoRKTOWN Seal, 64-65. 

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Adams, 45, 81, 138, 251, 269. 
Abingdon Parish Register, 123, 258. 
Ahl, 14. 19, 190. 
AJbemarle Parish Register, 1-6, 56, 

Albertson, 110. 
Algebrecht (Brgebrecht, ArgebrechI 

Argenbrecht, Ergebrigth, Engen- 

brecht), 10-17, 186-191, 193. 
Allaman, 51. 

Allen, 51, 109, 253, 267, 268. 
Ambler, 126-129. 
Ambler MSS., 35, 140. 
Ament, 9. 
Anderson, 32, 33, 109, 143, 150, 152, 

Andre, 16. 
Andrew. 143. 
Andrews (Andrewes), 77, 139, 143, 

280, 288. 
Archer, 85. 

Archer's Hope Creek, 64, 99. 
Armbrister, 9. 
A r m e n t rout ( Ermentraut, Ermen- 

traudt), 186-192. 
Armistead, 22, 23, 121, 139, 157, 276- 

278, 282-285, 
Arnold, 130. 

Arrahatec (Arahatecoh), 62. 
Ashley, 66. 
Ashton, 66. 
Athawes 28, 128. 
Aubrey (Awbry), 66. 
Autry, 105. 
Avant, 268. 
Ayers, 45. 
Ayler (Biler), 187. 
Aylett, 131, 265-267. 
Bacon, 75, 124, 177. 
Backhouse, 183. 
Baer (Bear), 10, 12. 
Bagley, 130. 
Bailey, 286. 
Baker, 130. .. 
Balfour. 169. 
Baltimore, Lord, 99. 
Ball. 174, 175. 253. 

Banister, 285. 

Bankhead, 287, 288. 

Baptist, 159, 276. 

Baroer, 145. 

Barbour, 108, 109, 230, 232. 

Barclay, 93, 143, 144, 213, 234, 

Barham. 156. 

Barki (Birke), 11. 

Barry, 19-23, 230-241. 

Bass, 32. 

Bassett, 286. 

Bathurst, 157. 

Batte, 137. 

Bauman (Benman), 189. 

Baylor, 126. 

Baylys, 35. 

Beachborough, 52. 

Beale (Beall), 38, 41-43, 84, 250, 253, 

Beauregard, 194. 
Beck, 189. 

Becker (Baker), 10, 18, 189, 191. 
Beckford, 75. 
Beckwith, 140. 
Beddingfleld, 59, 
Be e ch 123 

Belfleld (Bellfleld), 57, 64, 136, 138. 
Bell, 232. 
Bellini, 77. 

Bens (Bentz), 17, 18, 191, 192. 
Benson, 282. 
Benton, 210. 

Berkeley, 119, 123, 124, 139, 163. 
Bermuda, 85. 
Bermuda Hundred, 132. 
Bernard. 45, 267. 
Berrien, 20, 231. 
Berry, 10, 52. 

Bertram, 17, 18, 186-189, 191, 192. 
Beverley, 130, 135, 176, 183. 
Beyer, 9. 11, 15, 17, 188. 
Bibee, 110. 
Bietefisch, Biedeflsch, (Peterflsh), 9. 

190, 192. 
Bingham, 150. 
Binney. 206. 
Binns, 130. 

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Blrchett, 113. 

Birds, 112. 

Bitner, 9. 

Blackburn, 82. 

Blackstone, 78. 

Blackwell, 162. 

Blair, 71, 74, 82, 176, 213, 238. 

Bland, 134, 285. 

Blanford Church, 284. 

Blandford Register, 264. 

Blunt, 5, 

Blow, 262. 

Bohun, 97. 

Bolsseau, 139. 

Booker, 282. 

Bolthorpes, 165. 

Boiling, 1, 132-134, 152. 

Bond, 252. 

Boogs, 141. 142. 

Booth, 3, 120, 143, 276. 

Botetourt, 214. 

Bottler, 19. 

Botts, 200. 

Boush, 243. 

Bouth, 125. 

Bowedon, 55. 

Bowen, 286. 

Bowles, 85. 

Boyd, 114. 

Boyer (Beyer), 10, 12, 15. 

Boyle, 73. 

Bracken 80, 82. 

Bradley, 284. 

Bradshaw, 37, 38. 

Bragg, 41. 

Branch, 20, 230, 231. 

Brandon, 133. 

Brandon Parish, 6. 

Brauns, 193. 

Braxton, 30. 

Bray, 37, 51. 

Bredt (Britt), 191. 

Brereton, 175. 

Bressie, 283. 

Bretz, 9. 

Brett (Bright), 11, 65, 287. 

Brewer, 60. 

Brewster, 99. 

Bridges, 60. 

Briggs, 5, 6. 139. 

Brill, 18, 187, 188. 

Brisch, 10. 

Bristol Parish Register, 56, 133, 

Broadrib, 35-37. 

Brock, 34, 68, 267. 

Brockenbrough, 43, 181, 261. 

Brockman, 52. 

Brodnax, 2, 3, 5, 52-58, 135-138. 

Brodie, 149. 


Brooke, 109, 266. 

Brooking, 136. 

Brown (Browne), 3, 5, 39. 45, 80, 81, 

101, 135, 152, 153, 170, l^T, 194, 

220 277. 
Brunskill, 130, 262. 
Bruton Parish Register, 259. 
Bruton Parish, 277, 278. 
Bryan, 150. 
Bryant, 277. 

Buchanan, 141-143, 146, 217, 232. 236. 
Buckly, 93. 
Buckner, 158. 
Budd, 107. 
Bullett 30, 31. 

Bullock, 130, 131, 261, 270. 288. 
Burbidge, 266. 

Burk (Burke), 106, 137. 163, 173, 177. 
Bumham, 115, 169. 
Bums, 151. 
^urr, 214. 
Burton, 27, 28. 
Bui-well, 27, 45, 133, 139, 152, 178. 25S- 

260, 281. 
Busch (Bush), 17, 272. 
Bushrod, 174, 177, 178. 
Bynns, 288. 
Byrd, 135. 
Caldwell, 106. 
Calnoun, 19, 20, 195, 196, 202. 205. 206. 

232, 235, 236. 
Calthorpe, 115, 286-287, 
CJalvert, 98. 
Call, 55, 57. 
CJamm, 25-31, 74, 82, 115, 130-lSl. 

242-244, 261, 262, 275, 276. 
Campbell, 82. 152, 265. 266. 
Campbeirs History of Virginia, 83. 
Cantaunkack, 63. 
Capel, 4. 

Capahowasick, 63. 
Cargele, 55. 
Carpenter, 14, 18. 
Carter, 38-44, 85, 116, 117. 125, 181- 

186 246-253. 
Cartrell, 270. 
Carnngton. 33. 
Carroll. 264. 

Cary, 85, 145, 166, 167, 275, 276. 
Casey. 269. 
Catesby * 57. 
Cato, 104. 
Caytor, 62. 
Chadwlck, 274, 275. 
Chamberlayne, r45. 
Champion. 56. 

Chapman, 52, 61, 100, 277, 281. 
Chariton, 52. 
Charles, 1^7, 277. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Charles Parish. 275-278, 286. 
Charles City County Records, 57, 138. 
Charles City Parish, 114, 116, 153-155, 

Charles City County Register, 155- 

Charleton, 100. 
Cheadle. 25. 
Chester, 97. 
Christ, 188. 

Christ Church Parish Register, 260. 
Christian, 41, 113, 182, 276, 277. 
Chiskiack, 64, 123. 
Chlsman, 115-120, 123-125, 160-162, 

177, 277, 278. 
Chiswell, 142, 213. 
Clack, 2, 134. 
Clagget, 264. 
Claiborne (Claibom), 1, 2, 3, 5, 99, 

139, 175, 265, 266. 
Clare, 66. 

Clark (aarke), 55, 122, 126. 
Clay, 27-31, 109, 198, 201, 203, 209, 

. 235-239. 
Clements, 153. 
^Clermont," 33. 
Clifton, 176 287. 
Cluverius, 131. 
Clinton, 288. 
Cobham, 84. 
Cobbs, 153. 
Cochran, 143. 
Cocke, 3, 6, 57, 213. 
Cole, 34, 136, 165, 166. 
Coleman, 133, 137. 
Colonial Virginia Register, 57. 
Collier, 1, 3, 4, 159, 270. 
Colston, 250, 
Combs, 276. 
Condon, 126. 
Conway, 175. 
Cousin, 234. 
Cooke, 104. 
Cooper, 111. 
Copland (Copeland), 44-50, 139, 217- 

Cople Parish, 177, 178. 
Corbin, 177, 248 250, 285-286. 
Coniwallis, 6, 65. 
Corotoman, 40, 42. 
Cosby, 278. 
Cotton, 272. 
Coughen, 101. 
Council Journal, 139. 
Coverley, 287. 
Cowley, 283. 
Cox, 276. 

"Cradle of the Republic," 163. 
Craig, 110. 

Craine, 213. 

Crall6, 174, 176, 179, 181. 

Crawford, 144. 

Crenshaw, 152. 

Crew, 25. 

Crider, 151. 

Cringan, 222. 

Crittenden, 66, 106. 

Croghan, 223. 

Cropey, 218. 

Cue, 286. 

Curie, 168, 282. 

Curson, 154. 

Curtis, 117, 277. 

Curteis, 52, 53. 

Custis, 264. 

Cuvier, 196. 

Dabney, 147. 

Dade, 28. 

Dagnall. 278. 

Dale Parish, 132. 

Dandridge, 266-268. 

Dansy, 136. 

Darwin, 75, 76. 

Daughty, 278. 

Davenport, 149. 

Davis, 29, 113, 126, 128, 147, 274, 276. 

Davies, 120. 

Dawson, 82, 130, 183. 

Day, 172. 

Dearing, 269. 

de Butts, 174, 178. 

Delancys, 251. 

De Lyon, 38. 

Delaware, Liord, 64. 

Demuth, 9, 

Denbigh Church, 164. 

Denson, 25. 

Dennis, 34, 275. 

Dervicke, 101. 

Deschler (Deshler), 12, 18, 190. 

Deltingen Parish, 176. 

Dees, 36. 

Dew, 81, 82, 83. 

Dewberry, 275. 

De Wolf, 110. 

Diddup, 150. 

Diether (Dletrick), 189. 

Digges (Diggs), 26, 31, 45, 53, 139, 

164, 166, 278. 
Dindore (Dundore), 192. 
Dixon, 26-31, 121, 122, 149, 213, 242- 

244, 276, 282. 
Donaldson, 20. 
Dooley, 106. 
Doran, 135. 
Doremus, 67. 
Doswell, 126. 
Drajrton. 230, 232. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



Drewry, 276. ') 

Drummond, 36, 127, 139, 140, 288. 

Duane, 236. 

Dudley, 116, 277. 

Dunbar, 130. 131, 262. 

Duncan. 23. 

Duncanson, 142. 

Dunlop, 111. 

Dunmore, Lord. 183, 214, 243, 248, 280. 

Dunn, 4, 107. 

Dunford 275. 

Durfey, 133. 

Eaton, 19-21, 134, 231, 278. 

Basly, 114. 

Edloe, 284. 

Edinundson, 51. 

Edwards, 38, 60. 

Bggleston, 27, 28, 36, 242, 245. 

Eichelbrecht, 187. 

Eller (Buler), 188, 192. 

Eldridge (Blldridge), 1, 2, 3, 5, 132. 

Eliot (Elliot), 63, 154. 

Elizabeth City Ctounty, 149, 152, 155. 

156, 164, 167-173, 275, 283. 
Eller, 191. 
Ellis, 4. 101, 276. 
Ellyson, 25. 
Empie, 82. 
English, 100. 

Eppes, 1, 3, 78. 85, 109, 113. 132, 133. 
Brmentraut (Armentrout). 9-17 
Eskrtdge, 176, 178. 

^l^'kf ''' ''' ''' '''' '''' '''' 

Ewell, 82. 

Ewlng, 200, 201. 

Eyler. 188. 

Eyre, 100. 

Faison, 2, 3, 104. 

Farell, 145. 

Farley, 25. 

"Parmer's Register," 193, 202. 

Famham Parish, 178. 

Pauntleroy, 85. 177. 

Fey, 15. 

Field (Fields), 33, 105, 112-114. 

Flnnie, 6, 143, 213. 

Plschbom (Fishbum), 9. 

Fite, 50. 116. 

Flauers. 186. 

Fleming, 146. 

Fletcher, 61, 106. 

Flowers, 125. 

Floyd, 197. 

Folsom, 37, 

Fontaine, 27, 30, 265, 267. 

Ford, 6. 66. 

Foster, 264, 281. 

Fothergill, 122. 

Fotsch (Fox), 9. 

Fox, 174, 179. 

Fox, the, 219. 

Foxcraft. 100. 

Foy, 248. 

Pram, 213. 

Frames, 151. 

Francisco, 6-8, 68, 107-112, 116. 

Prank (Pranke), 9, 41, 178. 

Franklin, 38, 75. 

Frazor, 12. 

Prieden's Church, 18, 19. 

Pries (Frease), 191. 

Pry, 74. 

"Pry and Jefferson's Map," 75. 

Puller, 123. 

Gait, 148. 

Gall, 189, 277. 

Gardiner, 196. 

Gardiner's Island, 64. 

Garland, 181. 

Garlicky 261. 

Gamer, 174 179. 

Garrett, 26, 150, 182, 270. 

Garrison, 82. 

Gatling, 110. 

(Jaylard, 264. 

Gayle, 276. 

(See 3. 

(Jelger, 13-18, 187-192, 

Gemmill, 276. 

Georgef the, 97. 

George and Mary, the,^ 144. 

(Jeret (Garriott), 188. 

Gteruss, 191. 

Gteyger, 11. 

Gibeme, 183, 246, 250, 251. 

Gibbons, 45, 53, 54, 68, 128. 

Gibbs, 3, 278. 

Gieee, 12, 18. 

Glffin, 131. 

Gilbert, 52. 

Giles, 147, 197. 

Gilmer, 195, 196, 213. 

Gill, 125. 

Gilliam, 276. 

Gittings, 100. 

Glassell. 169. 

Godwin, 130. 

Golden Griffin, the, 63. 

Golden, Sonne, the, 53. 

GJordon, 28, 143, 144, 211-213. 

GJore, 93 

Gorges, 178. 

Gorman, 287. 

Gk)och, 214. 

Gtood. 85 

Goodall, 223 278. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


Goodwin, 2, 61, 111, 117, 119, 130, 155, 

262. 275. 
Goodwyn, 61. 

Gooseley (Goosley), 129, 277. 
Gootlieb. 12. 
Graves, 44, 45, 217, 282. 
Grayson, 143. 
Gregory. 139. 

Green (Greene), 6, 7, 105, 232. 
Green Spring, 84. 
Greer, 105. 

Griffin, 43, 85, 149, 251, 276. 
Grlnnan, 67. 
Grymes, 109, 260. 
Guardin, 81. 
Guinnat 96. 
Gulstone, 97. 
Gussman, 98. 
Guthmann, 189. 
Guy, 104. 

Gwatkln, 25-31, 242-245. 
Gwathmey (Gwathmy), 45, 131. 
Gwyn, 121, 122, 125, 281. 
Hain, 17. 
Haines, 134. 
Hall, 55. 56, 57, 135. 
Hamann, 11. 
Hamilton, 141, 150, 249. 
Hamlet, the, 218. 
Hammiter, 106. 
Hampton, 106. 
Hanbury, 28, 144. 
Hancock. 1, 3, 4, 262. 
Hand. 51. 

Hanover Parish, 177. 
Hansford, 148, 277, 278. 
Harcum, 181. 
Hardaway, 139. 
Hardman, 15. 
Hare, 79. 
Hargrave, 146. 

Harper's Ferry, 50, 194, 223, 224. 
Harris, 113, 129, 139, 140, 174. 
Harrison, 4, 5, 25, 31, 106, 164, 199- 

202, 205, 258, 269, 270, 275, 278, 

283. 284. 
Hart, 283. 
Hartman, 14. 

Harvey, 64, 65, 98-100, 123. 
Harwood, 1, 2, 100, f20, 278-281. 
Hasklns, 152. 
Hatfield. 16. 
Hatton. 2. 
Hau, 11-14. 
Hauel, 15. 

Hawkins, 114, 117, 154, 155. 
Hay, 31, 213, 214. 
"Hayden's Virginia Genealogies," 115, 

120, 121, 174. 

Hayton, 144. 

Heath, 32. 

Hebron Church, 18. 

Hedrich (Hederich), 17, 187. 

Hehn, 18, 188. 

Hein, 191. 

Hellendahl (Helmenthal), 15. 

Hendley. 276. 

Hene, 10, 13. 

Henlng. Statutes at Large, 118, 119. 

Henley, 26-31, 75, 242, 243, 277. ; 

Henry. 23, 83, 84, 284. 

Henshaw, 150, 151. 

Hermann (Herman, Herrmann), 10- 

13. 15, 188, 191, 192. 
Herron. 285. 
Hettrlch. 15. 
Hewitt. 281. 
Hewson 276. 
Heyle, 16. 
Heyman, 168. 
Heyne (Heyn), 14, 192. 
Hicks, 1, 2, 177. 
Higginson, 99. 
Hill, 4, 5, 33, 116, 130, 131, 141, 142, 

mm (Heine), 10. 
Hines, 268, 269. 
Hinke, 9. 
Hinson, 101. 
Hinton. 109. 
Hobdy, 117. 
Hobson. 181. 
Hodges, 282, 283. 
Hoehn, 15, 
Hoffman. 12 193. 
Hoemer, 188. 
Hogg, 277. 
Holcombe, 7. 
Holmes, 82, 136. 
Holt, 149, 276, 278, 282. 
HolUs, 37. 
Holloway, 275. 
Hollowell. 110. 
Hooke. 100. 
Hooker, 66. 
Hopkins, 276. 
Horning, 188. 
Homsby, 251. 
Hotton, List of Emigrants to America^ 

Howard, 157. 
Howell. 61. 
Homby, 85. 
Home, 52. 
Homer, 83. 
Horrocks. 82. 
Hubard, 121, 157, 243. 
HuDbard (Hubberd), 67, 131, 277. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 


Hubert, 110. 

Hudglns. 158, 159-162. 

Hughes, 278. 

Hull, 174, 177. 

Hunnicut, 25. 

Hunt, 133, 144. 

Hunter, 11, 147, 149, 201. 

Hunton 66. 

Huon. 276. 

Hyde, 3, 146, 148. 

I'Anson, 285. 

IJams, 151. 

Ingham, 20, 231. 

Inglis, 71. 

Innes, 29. 

Jackson, 20, 22, 55, 56, 60, 183, 195, 

201, 202, 231-233, 235, 238-241, 

252, 274, 287. 
James, 53. 221. 

James City County, 34, 35, 37, 56. 
James City Island, 54, 55. 
Jameson, 43, 277. 
Jamestown, 37. 55, 56, 80, 84, 96, 98, 

99, 127-129, 136, 137, 139, 163, 222, 

Jarvis, 112. 
Jaquelln, 127, 129. 
Jefferson, 29, 37, 38, 74-82, 213, 214, 

Jeffereys (Jeffries), 84, 114. , 

Jenkins. 52. 
Jennings, 171, 172. 
Jerdone, 141-145. 
Jodrell, 82. 
Johnson. 4, 25-27, 45, 60, 91, 101, 146. 

238-241, 284. 
Jones, 4, 5, 25-31, 33, 38, 55-57, 60, 67, 

68, 74, 79, 102, 130. 134. 139, 147, 

157, 242-244, 251, 263, 284, 286. 
Jordan, 32-34, 276, 278. 
Joynes, 80. 
Jourdan, 25. 
Julius, 9. 
Kaul, 13. 
Kecoughtan, 63. 
Keene (Keen), 177, 179, 285. 
Keith, 80. 81. 
Keller, 188. 
Kelby, 151. 
Kemp, 118. 
Kemper, 9, 238. 
Kenner, 173-181. 
Kennon, 194. 
Kennon or Gannon, Kannon, 132-135, 

268. 275. 
Kennedy, 70. 
Kendall, 281. 
Kent, 37. 
Kerby (Kirby), 154-158, 275. 

Kersch (Klrsch, Kersh. Kirch), 9, 

10, 13-15, 89, 191, 192. 
Kible, 276, 
Kidder, 282. 
King. 53, 166, 157. 
Kingsmill, 98. 
Kingston Parish Register, 121. 152, 

Kinseve, 105. 

Kirchhoff (Kirchloff), 17, 192. 
Kirkland, 106. 
Kim, 282. 
KisKiack. 63. 

Kissling (Kisling), 10, 12-16, 187. 
Knight, 352. 
Knowles. 53. 
Koch (Cook), 11. 
Kochler, 191. 
Koehler (KoUer, Kaylor, Koeller). 

9, 12, 14, 17, 18, 186, 187, 188. 
Koenig, 16, 17, 191, 192. 
Kropp (Cropp), 188, 189. 
Kugler, 12. 
Lackland, 122, 126. 
Lacy, 234. 
Lad. 25. 

Lafayette, 34, 38, 58, 
Lambe, 52. 
Lane, 215. 

Lange (Lung, Long), 17, 192. 
Langhom, 67. 
Latane, 262. 
Latimer, 170. 
Latrobe, 254, 258. 
Lattany. 130. 
Laugs, 18. 
Layillion, 146. 

Lawrence (Laurence), 35, 36, 110, 148. 
Lawson. 39, 40. 
Leavitt, 275. 
Leigh, 2, 5. 
Lee, 38-41, 104, 123, 178, 183, 251- 

253. 272, 273, 277, 278, 281. 
Leeds, 52. 
Leland, 26. 
''Letters and Times of the Tylers'' 

Leveritt. 270. 
Lichy (Luecke, Lucke, Leucke), 15, 16, 

187, 190, 191. 
Lewis, 29, 33, 119, 134, 151. 235, 238, 

Light, 151. 

Lightfoot, 143, 158, 159. 
Lilbum. 275. 
Lilly, 119, 124. 
Lincoln 81. 215. 
Lindsay, 282. 
Lingel. 10, 191. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



"Little England," 149, 172. 

Livingston, 203, 232, 236. 

Lloyd, 264, 267. 

Long, 152. 

Loretz, 193. 

Lournier, 235. 

Lowry, 152, 155. 

Lucy, the, 144. 

Ludwell 36, 95. 

Lundy, 82. 

Lupton. 160. 

Lyddall, 149. 

Lynch, 110. 

Lyon, 136. 

Lyon, the, 143, 144. 

Macantree (Mackendree), 157. 

Mackenzie (McKenzie, McKenzee), 33, 

Maciin, 60, 138. 
Macon, 130, 265-267. 
Madison. 28-31, 76-79, 82, 130, 242- 

245, 280. 
Magruder, 121, 125. 
Maglnnls, 110. 
Malcom. 151. 
Mallo (Mallow), 10-17, 187, 189, 190- 

Malison, 119, 124. 
Manders, 125. 
Manger, 16, 17, 191. 
Mann, 188, 189. 
Manson, 115, 155. 
Marable, 1, 4, 5, 36. 
Margaret and John, the, 97. 
Markham, 176. 
Marks, 285. 
Marlborough, the, 183. 
Marrow, 275. 
Marshal!, 77, 158. 
Maitian (Marlier, Martue), 100, 119, 

Martin,' 22, 68, 268, 269, 
Martin's Hundred, 280. 
Massenburg, 172. 
Mason, 3, 4, 62, 250. 
Massie, 94. 
Mathewe (Mathews, Matthews), 100, 

101, 269. 
Mauduit, 144. 
Maupin, 277. 

Maiiry, 26, 27, 95, 137, 242, 244. 
Maxwell 67. 
May, 52. 
Mayo, 84, 153. 
Mazzei, 77. 
McCarthy, 181. 
McClurg. 77. 
McOehee, 270. 

McGowan, 110. 

McGruder, 137. 

McGuire, 261. 

McKay, 41. 

McLanc. 231, 236. 

McLean, 20, 79. 

McLurg, 220, 

McNeil (McNeill), 211, 212. 

McPherson, 150. 

McVean. 274. 

Meade, 213, 277, 282. 

Meade's Old Churches and Families, 

100, 176. 
Megert, 16. 
Meili, 192. 
Melle, 186. 
Meinesten, 191. 
Menner, 14. 
Mercer, 243. 

Merchant's Hundred, 125. 
Meredith, 149. 
Meriwether, 31-33, 57, 177, 
Merrill, 102. 
Metzger, 188. 

Michael (Michel), 12-14, 18. 
Mlchaux. 109. 
Mickleburrough, 122. 
Mildeberger, 11. 

Miller, 9-17, 145, 187, 188, 191, 192. 
Milner, 139, 167. 
Millington, 80, 81. 
Mills, 157, 158. 
Mims, 277. 
Mi'nge, 34. 

Minor, 65, 66, 80, 91, 130, 261. 
Minnegerode, 68, 80. 
Minson. 276. 
Miskel, 43. 
Mitchell, 50. 
Mitchelson, 93. 
Monroe. 214, 288. 
Moody, 104. 
Moore (Moor), 5, 21, 153, 158, 238, 

266, 267, 270, 275, 277. 
Morgan. 176. 
Moram. 220. 
Morris, 80, 276. 278. 
Morrison, 82, 151. 
Moree, 125. 
Morton, 114. 
Moss, 66, 67, 115-117, 124. 154, 155, 275, 

276, 277. 
Mottison, 42, 183. 
Moulte (Moulle), 102, 103, 263. 
Mountford, 278. 
Mount Pleasant, 134. 
Mount Vernon, 223. 
Mouall, 170. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Mueller (Millers, Miller), 10, 14, 15, 
187, 188, 189. 

Mnir, 212. 

Mulberry Island, 124. 

Muiford. 136. 

Monford, 33, 132, 135. 

Murdaugh, 25. 

Murray, 26, 143, 144, 213. 

Myers, 283. 

Myhill, 125. 

Nadler, 9. 

Nash, 153. 

Nausamund (Nandsamund, Nawsa-i 
mund), 63. 

Neale, 173, 180, 

Neblett (Nlblett), 101. 

Needham, 155, 156. 

Needier. 280. 

Netf, 151. 

Nelson. 26, 27, 31, 38, 80, 113, 114, 
119, 120, 124, 139, 143, 144, 159, 
160, 183^ 245, 259, 260. 

Neu. 16, 190. 

Neville, 167. 

Nevin, 85. 

Newby, 25. 

Newsom, 104. 

Newton, 175. 

Nicklas (Nicklaus, Niclas. Nicholas, 
Nicolas, Nlcolaus), 4, 10, 11, 13, 
15-18, 44, 85, 123, 187, 191, 192, 

Nicolson (Nicholson), 26. 44, 45, 71, 
139, 168, 218, 219, 222, 263. 

Nichols, 55. 

Nobbs, 2. 

Noll (Null), 9. 

Norton, 28. 

Norwood, 100, 135. 

Nunnemacher, Nunnemachr (Money- 
maker), 16, 17, 191, 192. 

Nuthall, 101. 

Nutting, 120. 

Oche, 16, 17. 

Oehler (Biler), 9, 10. 

Ogle, 228, 278. 

Opie, 174. 

Orrill, 131. 

Osbum, 85. 

Otey, 105. 

Ouchterlony, 144. 

Outland. 25. 

Owen, 75, 138. 

Pack 159. 

Page,' 45, 76, 127, 148, 260, 

Pageot, 235. 

Paggen, 132. 

Panther (Painter). 187. 

Papillon, 53. 

Parham, 5, 6. 

Parish of William and Biary, 178. 

Parker (Parkers), 41, 59, 100, 157, 253. 

ParkhiU, 45. 

Parkhurst, 263. 

Parsons, 156, 275, 276. 

Pasmore, 3. 

Pa^pahegh (Paspeiouk), 63. 

Pate, 122, 282. 

Patrick, 143. 

Patterson, 145. 

Payne, 110. 

Peachy, 43, 212. 

Peake, 149. 

Peaked Mountain Church (**Plckit 

Mountain Church"), 9-19, 186-193. 
Pech, 191, 192. 
Pentcr, 192, 
Peebles, 33, 55, 106. 
Pegram, 139. 
Pemble, 52. 
Pendleton, 131. 
Pens (Penns, Pence, Pentz), 10-13„ 

Pennington, 2. 
Perry, 100, 270. 
Pescud, 109, 112-117, 124, 155. 
Peters, 281. 
Peterson. 61, 62. 
Petsworth Parish, 121. 
Peters, 281. 
Peete, 61. 
Pettit, 31, 270. 
Pettus, 111. 283. 
Pettway, 6. 
Pey. 45 

Peyton, 139, 153, 241. 
Phi Beta Kappa Society, 71. 214. 
Phillips (Philips), 119, 120, 124, 276„ 

Phillips'on, 115. 116. 124. 
Pierce, 151, 276, 278. 
Plggott, 134. 
Pinner, 33. 
Plater. 175. 

Pleasants, 225, 277, 288. 
Plummer, 121. 
Poem, 4. 
Polk. 68. 
Pollard. 131, 261. 
Pool, 152. 

Pott (Potts),' 97-100, 212. 
Powell, 104, 130, 250. 
Power (Powers), 4, 55, 56. 
Powhatan, the, 222, 
Preisch Preiss. Prisch, Preoss (Price), 

10-15, 189, 190, 192. 
Presson, 275, 276. 
Preston, 73, 147. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



Prett (Brltt), 189. 

**PHmro8e," the, 263. 

Pritchard, 176. 

Proctor, 151. 

Pryor, 32. 

Purcell, 40. 

Purdie, 275. 

Purfury, 155. 

Purkins, 127. 

Putney, 61, 105. 

Pyslng, 62. 

Quakers' Petition, 23-25. 

Quarles, 268. 

Ragland, 268. 

Raleigh, 213, 215. 

Raleigh Tavern, 213-215. 

Ramsay, 212. 

Randall, 4, 5, 78. 

Ransdell, 91, 178. 

Randolph, 84, 132, 135, 141, 150. 195, 

197, 213, 229, 236, 286. 
Ransom, 129-130. 
Rawlins, 276, 277. 
Rayner, 52. 
Read (Reade), 31, 65, 116-126, 127, 

155, 159, 160, 162, 281-282. 
Reb, 17, 186. 
Reinert, 15, 16, 17, 187. 
Reiss, 11. 
Remer, 14. 
Rhodes, 264. 
Rich, 98. 
Richardson, 118, 

Richmond Critic, 132. 
Richmond Enquirer, 107, 116, 140, 230, 

Richmond, the, 222. 

Ricks, 25. 

Rickards, 141. 

Rldgely, 264. 

Reinschneider, 19. 

Rlland, 104. 

Risch (Ruesch, Rusch, Resch, (Rush), 
9-14, 17, 18, 186-192. 

Risle, 145. 

Rives, 106. 136. 236. 

Rivers, 68. 

Roane, 32, 251. 

Robards, 1. 

Robert, 275. 

Robertson, 284. 

Robinson, 73, 115, 120, 139. 151, 158, 
176, 176, 182. 

Rodham, 173. 

Rogers, 78. 80, 276, 284. 

Roscow. 163, 164. 

"Rosegill," 279. 

Rosewell, 148. 

Ross, 275. 

Rootes, 122, 123, 282. 

Rouckel (Runckel, Runkel), 9, 10, 12, 

Roulhac, 54. 
Rowand, 175. 
Royal (Royall), 132, 150, 
Royer (Reyer, Royers, Reier, Reur, 

Ryer), 15-18, 187, 189-192. 
Royle, 149. 
Royster, 283. 
Ruh (Roo), 10, 12. 
Ruffln, 1, 4-6. 51, 56, 113, 130, 136, 

193-211, 215. 
Rust, 91. 

Russell, 96, 120, 261. 
Sabine Hall, 252, 253. 
Salley, 85. 

Sally and Patty, the, 145. 
Sandidge, 106. 

Saunders, 81, 82, 144-150, 275, 278. 
Saurbler, 187. 
Savage, 157. 
Saybrook Forte, 64. 

Scarburgh, 80, 100. 
Scasbrook, 123. 

Schaefer (Shaver), 17, 189, 190, 191, 

Schillinger, 14, 188. 

Schley, 136. 

Schmidt, Schmit (Smith), 9-14, 18, 
191, 192. 

Schneyder (Snyder, Schneider), 10-13, 
15-17, 187-191, 192. 

Schoolfleld, 106. 

Schuh, 186. 191. 

Sclater, 116, 120, 155, 156, 275, 278, 282. 

Scoppe. 52. 

Scott, 32, 33, 58, 61, 139, 277. 

Seaton, 176, 267. 

Sebrell, 25. 

Secaman. 218. 

Seich, 188, 192. 

Seitz, 193. 

Selden, 250, 

Selfe, 39. 44. 

Semple, 80. 

Sergeant, 206. 

Severn, 100. 

Shackleford, 217. 

Shakespeare, 112. 

Shands. 2. 

Shaws, 112. 

Sheldon, 159. 

Sherlock, 277. 

Sheppard, 282. 

Sherrard, 127. 

Sherwood, 139, 263. 

"Sherwood Forest," 194. 

Skipwlth, 134. 

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Shield (Shields, Sheild), 27, 29, 117, 

148, 155-157, 276-278. 
Shirley, 84. 
Short, 281. 
Sinclair, 135, 170. 
Singel, 191. 
Skelton, 145, 
Skenne, 137. 
Skinner, 143, 144. 
Skull, 287. 
Skyren, 171. 

96, 119, 127, 129, 151, 155, 243, 245, 

Smith's Map, 63. 
Snead, 80. 
Snodgrass, 150, 151. 
Southall. 81, 214. 
Southam, 147. „_ 

Southern Uterary Messenger, 79. 
Southland, 52. 
Southwark Parish, 6. 

sKn (Spilman). 174 178, 179. 
Spencer, 177, 210, 211, 285. 

IK ^^^'VWW^^^^^ 268 

Spotswood, 11, 71, 178, 214, 267, 268. 

Spooner, 169. 

Spratley, 37, 147. ^ _^, , 

Sprenckelsen ( Spreckelsen, Speeckel- 

sen), 16, 191, 192. 
St Andrew's Parish, 103. 
St. George's Parish, 176. 
St. John's Parish, 265. 
St. Mark's Parish Church, 4. 
St Martin's Parish, 140. 
St. Michael's Parish, 168. e* ^^n«'a 

St Stephen's Parish (St Stevens 

Parish), 173, 177, 178, 179. 


Starling, 142. 
Stehlmann, 188. 
Stein, 10. 
Stevens, 264. 
Stewart, 29. 
Stlndel, 19. 

K Vs&^'U 19. m. 

Stockton, 21. 

Stokes, 3, 6, 21, 61. 

Stores. 157, 275. 

Stott, 133. 

Strange, 171. 

Straughan, 174. 

Stratton, Major, Parish, 122, 285. 

Streit, 13, 18. 

Strudwick, 111. 

Stuart, 27, 28, 113. 

Stubbs, 146, 283. 

Suter, 122, 126. 

SutUe, 41. 

Sutton Church, 59. 

Sutton Parish Register, 59. 

Sykes, 104. 

Tabb, 50-51, 150-154, 155, 281. 

Talbot, 40. 

Taliaferro, 67, 80. 

Tanner, 9. 

Tarpley, 85. 

Tayloe, 85, 181, 183, 248-252, 271. 

Taylor, 19-23, 52, 62, 66-67. 104, 124, 

131, 134, 141, 142, 271, 285. 
Tazewell, 150, 195. 197, 243. 
Tebbs. 91. 
Temple, 131, 171. 
Temple Farm, 158. 
Tennis, 276. 
Teschler, 19. 
Thacker, 37. 
Thomas, 277. 
Thompson, 169, 172. 
Thornton, 43, 67, 114. 
Throckmorton, 122, 124, 276, 282. 
Ticknor, 77. 
Timson, 277. 
Tiplady, 117. 
Todd, 27, 30, 67, 68, 267. 
Tooker, 62. 
Tomlin, 85. 
Tompkins, 154. 
Tongue. 151. 
Toone, 113. 
Toplis, 159. 
Townee, 114. 

Trarbach (Trobaugh), 11. 
Traudt, 9. 

Travis. 54-56, 67, 127. 
Trebell, 213. 
Trent, 33. 
Trotter. 25. 
Tuberville, 249. 

Tucker, 28, 78, 79, 80-83, 139, 284, 286. 
Tullit, 36.. 
Turget, 53. 
Tumbull. 143. 
Turner, 53, 58. 153, 219. 
Tyler. 34, 71, 74, 194-208, 229, 230, 286. 
Tyrie, 4. 
Underbill, 148. 
Underwood, 140. 
Upsher. 135, 195, 196, 206. 
Usher, 35, 37. 
Utle. 64. 
Utimarian, 64. 
Vaden, 111. 

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Valliant, 105. 

Van Arsdale, 151. 

Van Buren, 19-22, 201, 202, 231, 238, 

Vance, 112. 

Vaughn (Vaughan), 22, 110, 113, 284. 
Vaulx, 174, 178. 
Vass, 277. 
Venable, 94. 
Venus, 11. 

Vertno (Varina), 84. 
Virginia Gazette, 23, 120, 121, 149, 152, 

252, 280. 
Virginia Magazine, 18, 67, 118, 122, 179, 

Vogt, 192. 

Wade, 124, 156, 157. 
Waddell, 287. 
Waddow, 145. 
Waddy, 111. 

Wagener (Waggoner), 17. 
Wager (Waiger), 27, 37. 
Wagner, 14-16, 189-192. 
Walker, 2, 55, 57, 58, 104, 106, 113-114, 

131, 136, 138, 139, 159, 261, 276, 277, 

Wall, 56. 
Wallace, 282. 
Waller, 67, 262, 277, 288. 
Walthall, 85, 114. 
Walton, 104. 
Ward, 68, 85, 136. • 
Warden, 251. 
Ware, 8, 33. 
Warner, 8, 119. 
Warner Hall, 119. 
Warrell, 34. 

Warwick County, 163-167. 
Washington, 34, 82, 119, 123, 144, 177, 

178 223 
Washington Parish, 144, 177, 178. 
Waterman, 144. 
Waters, 45, 263. 

Watkins, 94, 131, 139, 277, 284. 
Watson, 288. 

Watt (Watts), 75, 147, 282. 
Watlington, 120. 
Wajme, 7. 
Weber, 10, 191, 192. 
Webb, 138, 280. 
Weinberg, 12, 190. 
Welch, 150. 

Werbel (Wirbel), 16, 189, 191. 
Wertenbaker, 148. 
West. 5, 8, 64, 98, 100, 268. 
Wetherbum, 218. 
Westover, 84, 135. 
Westwood, 149. 
Wetzel, 14, 16, 188, 190. 

Weyanoke, 84. 

Weyberg, 15. 

Weymar (We3mier), 13, 18. 

White, 27, 28, 31, 83, 130, 131. 230, 245, 
261, 262, 264, 268, 272. 

Whiting, 177, 282. 

WhiUker, 114. 

Whittle, 135. 

Wlckham, 44, 229. 

Wight, 45. 

Wilcox, 66. 

Wildy, 179. 

Wiley, 271. 

Willie (Wyllie, Willy), 4, 193. 

Wilkerson, 105. 

Wilkins, 55. 

Wilkinson, 96. 

Williams, 144, 264. 

Williamson, 33, 149, 150, 263. 

Willis, 133. 

Wills, 223. 

Wilmer, 82, 148. 

Wilson, 26, 33, 66, 109, 113-114, 164, 
167, 169, 212, 276. 

Winch, 264. 

Windebank, 118. 

Winder, 175, 176. 

Winkhaus, 9. 

Winslow, 274. 

Winston, 11, 137. 

Wirt, 44, 235. 

Wise, 195, 201, 241. 

Withers, 58, 136. 

Williamsburg (Middle Plantation), 23, 
34, 45, 54, 64, 65, 67, 73, 99, 121, 
137, 145, 147, 149. 157, 213-215, 222, 
229, 255, 266, 278-280, 284, 286. 

William and Mary College, 25-31. 34, 
37, 57, 58, 68, 71-83, 107, 115, 121, 
122, 126, 133, 146, 148, 153, 174, 
193, 216, 242-246, 262, 266, 280, 283. 

William and Mary Quarterly, 37, 60, 66, 
71, 72, 74, 76, 78, 107, 115-124, 129, 
151, 155, 165-167. 173-175, 178, 179, 
254, 263, 266, 268, 273, 280-283, 286. 

Wood (Woode), 109, 196, 277. 

Woodbridge, 45. 

Woodbury, 232. 

Woodchurch, 53. 

Woodland, 125. 

Woodroof, 61. 

Woods, 151. 

Woodson, 7, 8, 84, 85, 271. 

Woodward, 1. 

Woolfolk, 58, 137, 138. 

Wooton, 53, 96. 

Wormley (Wormeley), 35, 44, 45, 65, 
139, 248. 249, 279-281. 

Worsham, 132. 

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Wray. 28, 173. 

Wright, 106. 276, 277, 283. 

Wyatt, 97, 98, 134, 152. 

Wyche, 1, 3, 5, 59-62, 103-107. 

Wythe, 77, 82, 214. 

Yancey, 107, 109. 

Yates, 26-29, 82, 211, 212, 242, 

York Hampton Parish, 120, 276, 277, 

Yorktown (York Towne), 58, 64, 65, 
116, 119, 121, 123, 126, 128, 145, 
158, 259, 266, 277, 280. 287. 

York County, 65, 67, 116, 117, 145. 146, 
148, 153-160. 177, 178, 179, 262. 275- 
278. 281, 286. 

York CJounty Records, 53, 115, 119. 158- 

"York," 65. 

York, the, 144. 

Zehrfass, 187. 

Zeller (Sellers), 10, 16, 17. 

Zimmerman, 10. 

Zuill, 141. 

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